Obrazy na stronie

peared before a competent military board, and erous people will recognize their services and rupting the proceedings of the House without if on examination were found to possess the provide for and maintain them in their mili- the consent of the House. requisite military knowledge, and by a suitable tary pride and glory as a part of the United Mr. ELDRIDGE. I rise to a point of order. medical board they were found to possess the States Army.

I wish to know whether the point of order necessary physical strength for the performance I deny that the Veteran Reserve corps are raised by the gentleman from New Jersey ought of the duties assigned them, they were mus- inadequate to discharge the duties of any ordi- not to be decided before any other. I want tered into the service.

nary post or garrison of any branch of the ser- to know whether it is not as proper for me to Sir, those of this Veteran Reserve corps who || vice while the country is at peace. I beg the call the gentleman from Illinois a traitor, as I now remain in service-many of them have || country and this House not to disregard the do, as for him to call me a copperhead.” been mustered out-are No. 1 men. They claims-yes, sir, the claims of these noble The SPEAKER pro tempore. The gentiehave been tested on the field of battle, and not soldiers. Let us maintain this organization man from Wisconsin is out of order. found wanting. They are men of courage and as an independent organization of the Army, Mr. INGERSOLL. Mr. Speaker, I believe experience; and I say it is a.slander upon a whether it consist of five or ten regiments. "I || I have the floor. [Laughter.] I want it unnoble organization to say that these men can- am not satisfied we need fifty thousand or sixty | derstood that I place upon whatever the gennot do half the service that can be rendered thousand men in a time of peace to maintain the tleman from Wisconsin has said no sort of by men who have never seen service in the || dignity of this country. When I am convinced importancefield. I say that a man with a cork leg and that we do I shall vote for such number of The SPEAKER pro tempore. The Chair with only one arm, if he has ordinary ability men, but not until I am. I shall want to hear calls the gentleman to order. in other respects, is as capable of doing duty further from the Committee on Military Af- Mr. ELDRIDGE. · I rise to a question of at a fort or a military rendezvous in time of fairs or those who have carefully investigated | order. The Chair has decided that the gentlepeace as any man.

the subject. But whether the Army shall man from Mlinois was out of order. I hold, sir, that this nation has some inter- consist of twenty-five thousand men or fifty The SPEAKER pro tempore. The Chair est in caring for the men who constitute this thousand men, I insist that the Veteran Re. decided that his application to the gentleman Veteran Reserve corps. We have no right to serve corps, men who have pobly won renown from Wisconsin was out of order. muster them summarily out of the service, upon the field of battle, shall have their place Mr. ELDRIDGE. I insist upon the enforcesaying to them, “We are willing to give you a in the Army and shall not be overslaughed by ment of the rule, that being decided to be out pension of $100 or $200 a year, and with this, any opposition from any quarter, whether it of order, the gentleman from Illinois must take you can, if you exercise ordinary prudence and be under the guise of pretended economy or

his seat. economy, make your living."

by the regular Army or by any other interest Mr. INGERSOLL. I rise to a point of order. Mr. CÓNKLING. Will the gentleman perwhatever.

The Chair has decided a moment ago thatmit me to ask him a question ?

Mr. ELDRIDGE. As it is a glorious thing Mr. ROGERS. One point at a time. Mr. INGERSOLL. Yes, sir.

to belong to the Army, I ask why it is the gen- The SPEAKER pro tempore. The gentleMr. CONKLING. The gentleman has tleman was not heard of in the war?

man from Illinois (Mr. INGERSOLL] will susstated that, when this corps was organized, Mr. INGERSOLL. I tell you I was required pend. The gentleman from Wisconsin [Mr. there was an understanding, in some way, or at home to take care of just such contemptible | EldriDGE] raises the point of order that the on the part of somebody, that it was to be a copperheads” as that gentleman. [Laugh. I gentleman from Illinois (Mr. INGERSOLL] was permanent organization. Will the gentleman ter.] My services were required at home. If held by the Chair to have been out of order. be kind enough to state to the House on what all the patriotic and honest men like myself That was $0. he relies on making that assertion ?

had gone to the front such “copperheads” as Mr. INGERSOLL. I do not doubt that. Mr. INGERSOLL. Yes, sir; if it is a you would have taken the country, and it would [Laughter.] matter of any importance, I will do so. I state have gone to eternal ruin. [Applause on the The SPEAKER pro tempore. The remark from my recollection that, at the time of the floor and in the galleries.]

of the gentleman from Illinois [Mr. INGERorganization of this corps, it was so understood. Mr. ELDRIDGE. I desire to know from SOLL] as applied to the gentleman from WisI remember that I spoke with reference to it the gentleman why he has not taken care of consin (Mr. EldriDGE] was out of order. myself. I recollect that an officer of my own copperheads?

Mr. ELDRIDGE. The question of order State consulted me with reference to the ques.

Mr. tion whether he had better give up the business [Renewed applause.]

Mr. INGERSOLL. I rise to a point of order. by which he could make a livelihood at home The SPEAKER pro tempore. Applause in Mr. ELDRIDGE. I insist that the gentlefor the purpose of going into the Veteran Re- the galleries and upon the floor is out of order. man from Illinois [Mr. INGERSOLL] shall take serve corps. I remember that I told him that Mr. INGERSOLL. I say that we have his seat until the House permits him to proI supposed it would be a permanent organiza- taken good care of the copperheads."

ceed. tion, and that therefore it would be advisable Mr. ROGERS. I rise to a point of order. Mr. INGERSOLL. My time bas not expired for him to go into it as a lieutenant, the pay of Is it in order, in public debate to go to the yet, I believe. which position would be sufficient, under country, for one member to abuse his fellow- The SPEAKER pro tempore. The gentleordinary circumstances to support him and his member of the house by calling him a con- man's time has not yet expired. The gentlefamily. temptible copperhead?

man from Wisconsin [Mr. ELDRIDGE] insists It was my understanding, and I think it The SPEAKER pro tempore. The Chair that the rule shall be enforced, that the gentlewas the general understanding, that that corps thinks it is not in order.

man from Illinois (Mr. IngERSOLL] having been should be a permanent organization. I know Mr. ELDRIDGE. I wish the decision had declared out of order shall take his seat until that there are now in that corps men who aban- been that it was in order, as he has not more he is permitted to proceed. doned their ordinary pursuits and professions contempt for me than I have for him.

Mr. BLAINE. 'I move that he be permitted to enter this corps, believing in good faith that Mr. İNGERSOLL. I do not care about to proceed in order. they could by the services which they would anything he says. It matters nothing to me. Mr. ELDRIDGE. I insist that he has not render compensate the Government for its out- || (Laughter.] I have been used to hearing their || yet taken bis seat. lay in maintaining that organization. Does || slang and their slanders for several years. I The SPEAKER pro tempore. The gentle. any gentleman believe that those men would wish to say I did not personally call him con- man from Illinois [Mr. INGERSOLL] will be have entered that corps if they had understood temptible, but his political party which has seated. [Laughter.] that they were to remain only a year or eigh- embarrassed the Union party, which has en- The motion that the gentleman be allowed teen months, and were then to be turned off couraged the rebellion, which has done all it to proceed in order was agreed to. that their places might be filled by able-bodied could to defeat the Government in its great Mr. INGERSOLL. Suppose Jeff. Davis men?

struggle with the rebellion. I do call them should call me a traitor, should I pay any Mr. CONKLING. Does the gentleman put contemptible.

attention to it? that question for the purpose of having it Mr. ROGERS. Is that in order ?

Mr. ROGERS. I rise to a point of order. answered?

Mr. INGERSOLL. I think it is in order. The gentleman is not speaking to the question Mr. INGERSOLL. No, sir; I do not care Mr. ROGERS. On what gronnd?

before the House. Jeff. Davis has nothing to to be interupted just now.

Mr. INGERSOLL. Because it is the truth. do with it. (Laughter.] Mr. CONKLING. If the gentleman de- [Laughter.]

Mr. INGERSOLL. He may have, from sires an answer, I would be glad to give it. Mr. ROGERS. Is it in order for a member present indications. If this copperhead party

Mr. INGERSOLL. But I can answer for to stand here and abuse another party? If it ever gets into power Jeff. may be one of their myself. It is a plain and real answer. They || is, I am willing to have this out. (Cries of leaders. did not dream of such a thing. They supposed

"Order!"']. If there are traitors anywhere Mr. ROGERS. I insist that the gentleman they were part of the Army of the United. they are in the other party. [Continued cries should confine himself to the question before States, and that we would take a pride in them of * Order!"'] They are the disunionists to- the House or take his seat. He is not talking for the services they had rendered; that their day, and we are the only real Union men in upon the question at all. organization should have the dignity and some- the country. thing of the éclat of the Old Guard."


The SPEAKER pro tempore. The Chair

What is the ruling of sustains the point of order. Yes, Mr. Speaker, the Veteran Reserve corps the Chair?

Mr. ELDRIDGE. I raise another question can be pointed to with pride and glory by The SPEAKER pro tempore. That the gen- of order. The gentleman from Illinois [Mr. American citizens, for they have proved the tleman from Wisconsin is out of order.

IngersOLL) has no right to charge upon this defenders of the Republic against a wicked,


side of the House that they are followers of inhuman, aud atrocious rebellion. And a gen- The SPEAKER pro tempore. For inter. ll Jeff. Davis, or that he is their leader. It is an

goes further.

abuse of the privileges of this House. I ask smith, and others, dealers in leaf tobacco and manu- citizens of Matteson, in the same county and State, the Chair to decide that question.

facturers of cigars in the city of Detroit, praying for for the same purpose. The SPEAKER pro tempore. The Chair relief touching the tariff on imported cigars.

Also, the petition of Martin Kinsley, and 50 others,

By Mr. CONKLING: The petition of Milton H. of Ovid, in the same county and State, for the samo has decided the point of order raised by the Thoinpson, and others, of Utica, New York, praying || purpose. gentleman from New Jersey, that the gentleman tho passage of laws regulating inter-State insurances. Also, the petition of William Chase, and 36 others, was not in order in the line of his remarks.

Also, the petition of several flax mills, praying that citizens of Kinderhook, in the same county and State,

a duty of at least fifty per cent. ad valorem may belaid for the same purpose. Mr. ELDRIDGE. Then I insist that the on coarse flax, yarns, coarse linens, hemp, and jute By Mr. VAN HORN, of New York : Petitions rule shall be enforced, and he shall sit down. goods, and no duty upon foreign flax for fine fabrics. from Niagara and Genesee counties, signed by 245 The SPEAKER pro tempore. The Chair

By Mr. DAVIS: The petition of S.C. Gardner, Syl- citizens, asking an increase of duty on wool.

vester Gardner, and 31 others, citizens of Onondaga By Mr. WARD: The resolution of the Legislature has decided that he was not in order in the

county, New York, praying increased protection on of the State of New York, asking an appropriation to remarks he was proceeding to make. The genAmerican wool.

pay the claims of the militia of New York for clothtleman can proceed in order.

Also, the petition of Drs. John G. Shipman, Theo- ing, &c., who served in the war of 1812.

dore Bradford, and 18 others, practicing physicians of By Mr. WELKER: The petition of George C. UnMr. ELDRIDGE. I insist that he cannot Syracuse, New York, asking for a change in the inter- derhill, and 106 others, wool-growers of Lorain county, go on, when the Chair has decided him out of nal duty affecting medicines.

Ohio, asking protection on wool. order, until the House again allows him to

By Mr. ECKLEY: The petition of 175 wool-grow- Also, the petitiop of D. A. Fenn, and 123 others,

ers of Island Creek township, Jefferson county, Ohio, wool-growers of Ashlaud county, on the same subject. proceed. asking an additional duty on wool.

Also, the petition of Daniel Musser, and 99 others, The SPEAKER pro tempore. The gentle

By Mr. FI VOK: The petition of Thomas P. Skin- wool-growers of Ashland county, Ohio, on the samo

subject. man was not in order, was not speaking

to the

ner, and others, citizens of Perry county, Ohio, pray

ing for an increase of duty on all foreign wool Also, the petition of J. H. Dudley, and 55 others, amendment. If he shall speak to the amend- imported into the United States.

wool-growers of Henrietta township, Lorain county, ment before the House he is in order.

By Mr. HARDING, of Illinois: The memorial of for the samo purpose.

citizens of Rock Island county, Illinois, protesting Mr. ELDRIDGE: Then my point is not

By Mr. WILSON, of Pennsylvania. The petition against the permitting of disloyal men to hold office, of the physicians of Tioga, Tioga county, Pennsylallowed. I desire now to make another ques- and against the repeal or modification of the "test" vania, praying to be relcased from tax on medicinos, tion of order of some importance. He has oaths.

&c. applied to this side of the House the epithet | Illinois, for a post route, &c.

Also, the petition of citizens of Mercer county, By Mr. WOODBRIDGE: The remonstrance of E.

W. Stoughton, William M. Evarts, Daniel Lord, that they are followers of Jeff. Davis. I insist Also, the

petition of Joanna Winans, for a pension. Charles O'Conor, James T. Brady, and 56 others, that that is not a proper remark to make against

By Mr. HUBBELL, of New York: The petition of members of the bar, practicing in the Federal courts,

brewers of the United States, praying for reduction of members of Congress.

against the passage of Senate bill No. 103, to reor. duty on barley imported from Canada.

ganize the Federal judiciary.
The SPEAKER pro tempore. The gentle- By Mr. HULBURD: The petition of sundry in-
man raises another point of order, that the

habitants of St. Lawrence county, New York, asking
a general insurance law.

IN SENATE. application of the remark to the side of the

Also, the petition of sundry other citizens of St. LawHouse to which the gentleman belongs, that rence county, New York, praying reduction of im

Tuesday, April 17, 1866. they are followers of Jefferson Davis, is not in ports on certain articles that are used in compounding medicines, &c.

Prayer by the Chaplain, Rev. E. H. GRAY. order. The Chair cannot decide whether that

By Mr. INGERSOLL: The petition of 100 citizens The Journal of yesterday was read and is in order or not. [Laughter.]

of Putnam county, Illinois, asking for an increase approved. Mr. ROGERS. I rise to a point of order: of duty on imported wool. By Mr, KELSO: The petition of citizens of Barton

LIQUOR IN THE CAPITOL. that we will withdraw all objection and allow

county, Missouri, for the relief of William B. Smedthe gentlemen on the other side to proceed if ley, late postmaster at Lamar, Missouri.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. In comthey will allow us to answer.

By Mr. KETCHAM: The concurrent resolutions of pliance with the order of the Senate directing

the Legislature of the State of New York, in regard The SPEAKER pro tempore. The gentle

the Chair to appoint a committee of conference to the adjudicated claims of the militia of that State man from Illinois (Mr. INGERSOLL] has the who served in the war of 1812.

on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on floor.

By Mr. LAWRENCE, of Pennsylvania: Several the concurrent resolution prohibiting the sale Mr. NIBLACK. I insist on knowing what

petitions from citizens of Lawrence and Washington
counties, Pennsylvania, for an increase of duties on

of spirituous liquors in the Capitol building the amendment under consideration is. foreign wools.

and grounds, the Chair appointed Mr. Wilson, The SPEAKER pro tempore. The Clerk By Mr. LONGYEAR: The remonstranoe of Alex- Mr. Suerman, and Mr. GUTHRIE. will report the amendment.

ander Monroe, and 1,262 others, citizens of Ingham
county, Michigan, against an extension ofthe Amboy,

The Clerk read the amendment, namely, Lansing, and Traverse Bay railroad land grant to the
to strike out the following from section four: company of that name.

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The Chair Of ten regiments, to be raised and officercd as here

Also, the petition of A. B. Gibson, and 23 others, has received and been requested to present to

citizens of Jackson, Michigan, asking for the estabafter provided for, to be called the Veteran Reservo lishment of a Bureau of Insurance.

the Senate a petition numerously signed from corps.

By Mr. MOULTON: The petition of Mrs. Imogene the sixth congressional district of Iowa, setMr. McKEE. I ask the gentleman to yield

Buckingham, praying for the allowance of a pension ting forth that certain persons in the interest of

or an annuity. to me a moment.

By Mr. NIBLACK: The petition of Owen Fuller

the Des Moines River Navigation Company, a Mr. INGERSOLL. I will do so.

and Ulysses E. Fisher, contractors on mait route No. corporation that the petitioners describe as a Mr. McKEE. I only wish to make a single 10618, praying relief from the terms of their contract.

defunct corporation, are interfering with and

Also, the claims of John J. McGrew and R. H. statement. So far as this side of the House is Hoffman, for property destroyed at Lexington, Mis

making certain improper allegations in regard concerned there is a part of us at least who do souri, by order of the military authorities of the to the extension of the Dubuque and Sioux not take any exception whatever to being called United States.

City railroad. They assert that the continufollowers of Jeff. Davis, because we have never

By Mr. PAINE: The petition of Thomas Kershaw, and 30 others, citizens of Milwaukee, for the enact

ance and extension of that road is of great been considered as being in that line. A num- ment of a law regulating insurance in the United importance to that district and to the State of ber of us at least have a record by which the States.

Iowa, and hope that these allegations will not

Also, the petition of Jacob Olp, and 33 others, citicountry at large will not put us in that catezens of Geneva, Wisconsin, for increase of duty on for

be credited by Congress. This petition, if there gory. As to the gentlemen who are a little eign wools.

be no objection, will be received and referred further over, that seem to have fears of such Also, the petition of R. H. Bristol, and 90 others, to the Committee on Public Lands.

citizens of Delaran. Walworth county, Wisconsin, charges, there may be some ground for those

Mr. HOWARD. I move that it be referred for increased tariff on foreign wools. fears. [Laughter.]

Also, the petition of Alonzo Potter, and 51 others,

to the Committee on the Pacific Railroad. I Mr. INGERSOLL. I was showing the ne

citizens of Lyons, Walworth county, Wisconsin, for think it more appropriately belongs to that

increase of tar ff on foreign wools. cessity of preserving the Veteran Reserve corps, By Mr. RANDALL, of Kentucky: The petition of

committee. and in order to do that I was showing that from Leonard Casey, of Whitley county, Kentucky, for

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It will present proceedings and present indications pension for disability received in the service of the be referred to that committee if there be no

Government. the rebel power is liable to be restored in this Also, the petition of citizens of Somerset, Kentucky,

objection. country, with Jeff. Davis at its head.

for a post route from that town to Knoxville, East Mr. POMEROY presented the petition of Mr. ROSS. I would inquire of my colleague Tennessee.

William A. Carter, praying that he may be if he has heard of the result of the municipal | Kentucky, for a post route from Beatyville to Thomp

Also, the petition of citizens of Owsley county,

permitted to preëmpt certain sections of land election at Peoria, Illinois. sonville, in said county.

in Utah Territory represented to contain deMr. INGERSOLL. Yes, sir. The copper

By Mr. RICE, of Massachusetts: The petition of
John Ridgway, of Boston, that the Secretary of the

posits of iron ore and bituminous coal, upon heads have a majority there, I am sorry to say. Navy may be authorized to make trial of his "verti

the condition that he construct thereon a blast (Laughter.] There are some who have been cal revolving battery."

furnace and foundery; which was referred to pardoned and restored to political power who

By Mr. TROWBRIDGE: The petition of L. Wood

the Committee on Public Lands. ward, and 22 others, citizens of Avon, Michigan, askare as deeply dyed in crime as Jeff. Davis, his ing for an increased duty on foreign wool.

Mr. HOWE presented the petition of Joseph compeers, and coconspirators, and I want to Also, the petition of citizens of Michigan, asking for W. J. Holmes, sr., praying for compensation protect the country against such men.

the passage of just and equitable laws to regulate
inter-Stato insurances of all kinds.

for property destroyed in Columbia, South [Here the hammer fell.]

By Mr. UPSON: The petition of Walton J. Barnes, Carolina, by the United States forces under Mr. WARD. I move that the House adjourn.

and 81 others, citizens of Quincy, Branch county, General Sherman; which was referred to the

Michigan, praying Congress for an increase of duties The motion was agreed to; and accordingly

Committee on Claims. on foreign wools. (at four o'clock and twenty minutes p. m.) the Also, the petition of Z. G. Swan, and 66 others, citi- Mr. WILLEY. I offer the petition of cerHouse adjourned.

zens of the same place, for the same purpose. tain residents of the town of Martinsburg,

Also, the petition of David Stephenson, and 27 others, citizens of Bethel, in the same county and State, for

Berkeley county, West Virginia, members of the same purpose.

the German Evangelical church of that town, PETITIONS, ETC.

Also, the petition of Asahel Brown, and 120 others, praying for relief for the destruction of the The following petitions, &c., were presented under citizens of Ålgansee, in the same county and State, church belonging to that denomination by fire the rule and referred to the appropriate

committees : for the same purpose. By Mr. BEAMAN: The petition of Oliver Gold- Also, the petition of John McNett, and 88 others, during the recent rebellion while occupied by


the forces of the United States as quarters for Without dwelling upon this question, sir, I the following bills, in which it requested the troops. In offering this petition I desire to will briefly say that he alludes to a nomination concurrence of the Senate: attract the attention of the Committee on of his, or a candidacy of his, for the House of A bill (H. R. No. 493) granting a pension to Claims to it. The members of this denomina- Representatives in 1832, before the Democratic Mrs. Joanna Winans; tion, the Germans of this country, manifested convention assembled at Benicia, in Califor- A bill (H. R. No. 494) for the relief of an unexampled fidelity to the Union during nia, in that year; and he makes a long state- Martha J. Willey; and the progress of the war, and were most faithful

ment, in regard to which I have no personal A bill (H. R. No. 495) for the relief of Mary to it in all sections, and suffered great perse- knowledge, and most of which, I apprehend, || A. Patrick. cution in the lines of the confederacy. These exists only in his own fancies and brain. But The message also returned to the Senate, in persons now memorializing Congress are no he brings to my mind one material fact that I compliance with its request, the bill (H. R. exception to the general rule. They have not desire to put on record; and for that purpose No. 458) granting a pension to Sarah E. only lost the house in which they worshiped, I rise. I think it is more than probable that I Pickell. but they have been great sufferers from the was a member of that convention and would The message further announced that the effects of the war individually. I hope the have supported him for Congress but that his House of Representatives had passed the folCommittee on Claims will give the memorial chief advocate, the man who put him in nom- lowing bills without amendment: of these excellent gentlemen and most faithful ination, was a notorious traitor, ex-Governor A bill (S. No. 201) for the relief of Ann citizens due consideration, and if it be possible, Smith of Virginia, who was then in our State | Heth, widow of William Heth, of Harrison that the relief they ask for inay be granted. I || for the express purpose of giving that State to county, Indiana; move that it be referred to the Committee on the South as an outlet for the future confed- A bill (S. No. 241) directing the enrollment Claims.

eracy; He aimed at political power there and of Agnes W. Laughlin, the widow of a deceased It was so referred.

was then laying its foundation, and the man soldier, as a pensioner; Mr. WADE presented the petition of Lizzie who was put forward in that convention by A bill (S. No. 252) granting a pension to Mrs. A. Jones and Semantha Jones, representing

Smith could not, under any circumstances, Sarah E. Wilson; and that they lost two brothers in the United States secure then any vote of mine, for my purpose A bill (S. No. 260) granting a pension to Mrs. service during the late war, upon whom they in being a member of that convention was to Emerance Gouler. were dependent for support, being totally offer all the resistance that I could to the blind, and praying that they may be allowed schemes then in embryo and being developed

The message_further announced that the a pension; which was referred to the Com- there for the attempt to establish a southern mittee on Pensions.

confederacy at a later day, founded upon the | Speaker of the House of Representatives had Mr. SHERMAN presented resolutions of the corner-stone of slavery. I remember very well | signed the following enrolled bills; and they Legislature of Ohio in favor of such a modifi. that I did reply to Smith in the convention, and

were thereupon signed by the President pro

tempore of the Senate ; cation of the laws now in force as shall clearly thereafter opposed the nomination that he put

A bill (H. R. No. 25) for the relief of Thomas leave subject to State taxation nation cur- forward, but that nominee was nominated and

Hurly; rency and all other obligations and securities elected, and was a member of the House of

A bill (H. R. No. 184) to authorize the sale of the United States not exempted from such Representatives in 1854, and, I believe, there

of marine hospitals and of revenue-cutters ; taxation by a subsisting contract with the hold- voted for the celebrated Kansas-Nebraska act,

A bill (S. No. 241) directing the enrollment ers thereof; which were referred to the Com- which was a part of the beginning of the end. mittee on Finance. That is all that I desire to say on the subject,

of Agnes W. Laughlin, the widow of a de

ceased soldier, as a pensioner; Mr. BUCKALEW presented a petition of and I say it only that it may go as a part of the American Slate Exchange, of Bethlehem,

A bill (S. No. 201) for the relief of Ann this record.

Heth, widow of William Heth, of Harrison Pennsylvania, praying for a reduction of the

REPORTS OF COMMITTEES. tax on American slate and for an increase of

county, Indiana ; the duty on importations of foreign slate ; which Mr. SUMNER, from the Committee on For

A bill (S. No. 252) granting a pension to was referred to the Committee on Finance. eign Relations, to whom were referred two

Mrs. Sarah E. Wilson; and He also presented a memorial of the Board memorials of brewers of the United States,

A bill (S. No. 260) granting a pension to

Mrs. Emerance Gouler. of Trade of Philadelphia, praying for an appro- praying for a reduction of the duty on barley priation by Congress to secure a full display imported from Canada and the British Prov.

SARAH E. PICKELL. of the products of our country at the Exposi:

inces in North America, so that it may not Mr. JOHNSON moved to reconsider the tion to be held at Paris, France, in 1867; which exceed the sum of five cents per bushel, asked vote by which the bill (H. R. No. 458) grantwas ordered to lie on the table.

to be discharged from their further considera- ing a pension to Sarah E. Pickell was indefi. Mr. NYE presented the petition of Joseph tion, and that they be referred to the Commit- || nitely postponed on the 13th instant; and the R. Morris, praying that the Commissioner of tee on Finance; which was agreed to.

motion was entered. Patents may be authorized to issue to him a Mr. HOWE, from the Committee on Claims, patent for a new and useful improvement in to whom was referred the petition of Oliver furnaces; which was referred to the Commit- Holman, late additional paymaster in the Uni

Mr. ANTHONY. I am instructed by the tee on Patents and the Patent Office. ted States Army, praying that he may be re

Committee on Printing, to whom was referred Mr. BROWN presented the memorial of lieved from all responsibility for money alleged || annual Report of the Commissioner of the

resolution to print ten thousand copies of the James A. Paige and others, late chaplains in to have been stolen from him while acting as the service of the Government, praying that the paymaster at Boston, Massachusetts, submitted

Patent Office, to report it back with an amend.

ment; commutation for fuel and quarters drawn by an adverse report thereon; which was ordered

and I ask for its present consideration. them from June, 1862, to April, 1863, inclusive, to be printed.

There being no objection, the Senate pro

ceeded to consider the resolution, as follows: may not be required to be refunded by them;

ALEXANDER THOMPSON. which was referred to the Committee on Mili:

Resolved, That there be printed for the use of the tary Affairs and the Militia.

Mr. SUMNER. The Committee on Foreign

Senate ten thousand copies of the annual Report of

the Commissioner of the Patent Office for the year Mr. BROWN. I have received a letter from

Relations, to whom was referred the joint reso- 1865. the Secretary of the Interior, transmitting a

lution (H. R. No. 102) for the relief of Alex. The amendment of the committce was in line communication from the contractors for build

ander Thompson, late United States consul at two, to strike out "ten" and insert "four; ing the Center market-house on Pennsylvania || Maranham, have had it under consideration, and so as to read, "four thousand copies." avenue and Eighth street, inviting the atten

have directed me to report it back with a rec- Mr. ANTHONY. I desire to say a word in tion of Congress to the subject, which I lay

ommendation that it pass. I think business | regard to this amendment. It has been cus. before the Senate, and move to refer to the would be facilitated if the Senate would act on

tomary, ever since I have been connected with Committee on the District of Columbia. It was

this joint resolution at once. It will take but the public printing, to print ten thousand copies sent by mistake to the Committee on Public a minute.

of the annual Report of the Commissioner of Buildings and Grounds, of which I am chair- By unanimous consent, the joint resolution Patents. It is undoubtedly a book of very

was considered as in Committee of the Whole. great value, and if it is proper for the GovernThe motion was agreed to.

It proposes to require the proper accounting ment to print any documents of this kind for

officers of the Treasury Department to adjust popular distribution, which is a question that PERSONAL EXPLANATION.

and pay all proper accounts and claims of Alex- may well be considered, this is one of the most Mr. CONNESS. I rise for a single moment, ander Thompson for salary and services as con- valuable. It is the history of the inventive sir, to a question of privilege. I find in the sul at Maranham, in Brazil, in as full and ample genius of the country for the year that has gone Globe of this morning that after I left the Senate a manner as if he had been a citizen of the Uni- || by. It not only disseminates among the people Chamber yesterday, pending a personal diffi- ted States while discharging the duties of the a knowledge of what has been invented, but it culty forced upon me here, the Senator from office.

stimulates the public ingenuity in all direcCalifornia [Mr. McDOUGALL) went on with a The bill was reported to the Senate without || tions. Under ordinary circumstances of the long statement of a grievance that he professed amendment, ordered to a third reading, read | Treasury, the committee would not recomto have against me dating as far back as 1852, the third time, and passed.

mend any reduction of the number to be which he said was the cause of his attack, as I


printed, but probably would recommend an understand the statement he made here. It

increased number, corresponding with the inwould fully prove at least that the Senator had A message from the House of Representa- crease of population and mechanical developa good memory and held revenge better than tives, by Mr. McPherson, its Clerk, announced ment; but in the present condition of the he holds some other things.

that the House of Representatives had passed ll Treasųry it is deemed advisable that the great



per cent.


est economy should be used, and it is the

cost of printing is the increase of the cost of Houses of Congress, leaving out the paper and determination of the committee to reduce this

paper, of labor, and of all the materials enter- the binding, the printing alone is $125,311 46, branch of public expenditure to the lowest ing into printing. Paper has been two and a against $ 192,782 49 under the old system, point that is consistent with the public interest. half prices ; I suppose paper is now about when everything was a great deal cheaper than

If this resolution and the amendment shall double what it was before the war, and it has it is now, showing a saving of over twenty-five be adopted, I am instructed by the same com- been three times more than it was before the mittee to offer another resolution reducing the The same is also true with all the mate- No such documents are printed now as the number of these documents for 1863 and 1864 rials for binding, although the Government has Pacific Railroad Reports, the Japan Expein like proportion. Those have not been not suffered so much as might have been ap- || dition, and the Mexican Boundary Survey. printed owing to the great pressure on the prehended from this cause because the con- The Mexican Boundary Survey Report cost public Printing Office. If the resolution shall tracts have been made at very low rates by the || $80,000, and the Pacific railroad publication pass as amended, and the other resolution | Superintendent, and, as all his contracts have cost three quarters of a million." I do not which I shall offer shall pass, it will effect a been, made with men reliable and men of high || know what the Japan expedition volumes cost, reduction of sixty per cent., or of eighteen reputation, and they have fulfilled their con. but the money that was expended on these thousand in the whole number of copies. tracts in the most honorable manner at consid- three publications would have placed a good Mr. President, in this connection I wish to erable loss to themselves.

library in every congressional district in the say a few words for the correction of some The Senator from Indiana spoke of a time United States. mistakes into which the country and the Sen. when the printing was $200,000 a year. I do The Treasury blanks, which are printed at ate hare fallen with regard to the expenditures | not know when that was. The average cost the public Printing Office, I think might be for the public printing. The documents which of the printing of the Thirty-Third, Thirty- | printed more economically elsewhere, for printare distributed are mainly the reports of the Fourth, and Thirty-Fifth Congresses, the three ing is very high here, but there is a particular executive Departments that contain the his- last Congresses under the contract system, was reason for having them all printed here. It is tory of the Government for the year. They | $374,000 a year. That was for the Senate and very desirable that the blanks should be idenare the reports which the trustees of the people | House of Representatives alone--the printing, tical; it is very desirable for the detection of render of their stewardship. They contain a paper, and binding. The whole printing now errors and frauds that the returns which are large amount of statistical and historicalinfor- for the Senate and House of Representatives | made to the Treasury Department should be mation of very great value, such as all Gov- and for all the Executive Departments is not precisely the same, such as the clerks are ernments have been accustomed to put into a $2,000,000; in round numbers it is $1,750,000 familiar with looking over, all over the country, permanent form. They must be printed. These a little less than that. Now, sir, let us see and many of them are printed in duplicate, great reports as they come.to us in manuscript || how much of that is the printing of Congress. one set being bound in the Department and are of no use; they are not accessible; mem- The first item is for the War Department, the other set sent out, and when the returns bers of the two Houses of Congress must have $484,000. That is something more than a come in it requires less clerical labor for the them in type or they might as well not be pre- quarter of the whole.

examination, and the examination can be consented to them. When they are once put in Mr. CONNESS. Of course that belongs to ducted with a great deal more accuracy, and type it is comparatively little additional cost this period of the country,

gives much better opportunities for authentito strike off copies for the State archives and Mr. ANTHONY. Certainly, it will not be cating the returns. for public libraries; and the importance of that continued ; but for the present year it will cost I have made these remarks, Mr. President, is very evident, that these documents may be a great deal on account of the mustering out because I did not wish to see Congress laboraccessible for reference, and that they may be of so many men. It is not an annual expend. || ing under the impatation of great extravagance in various places for preservation and security iture but it goes in to make up the $1,750,000 where it has really induced important econagainst fire. Then there is another temptation, which is called two millionis.

omy. I need not say after these remarks that when this is done, which is liable to consider- The next great item is the Treasury Depart- | I consider the establishment of a Government able abuse, to print large numbers of copies | ment; that is $261,000. The printing of the Printing Oflice as a very economical arrangefor popular distribution; and the impression || Treasury Department, of course, must be im- ment for the Government. I tremble to think seems to prevail throughout the country that mensely greater for a revenue of four or five | what would be the bills brought in upon us if all this practice is now carried to a greater extent hundred millions, drawn from every depart- this printing was done now by contract, if we than it has been heretofore; and it is to cor- ment of industry and almost every department were at the mercy of contractors for the printrect this error that I wish to call the attention of life, going in and counting a man's silver || ing of the various blanks and forms that have of the Senate to the cost of public printing for spoons and requiring returns of them, than it | been made necessary during the war, the prices

was for an income of $80,000,000 drawn from of which could not be stipulated for in advance ; I saw it stated the other day, in a paper customs. This item of $261,000, instead of and I should not do justice to my own feelings of very large circulation, and of very high diminishing will doubtless increase, because and to a very faithful officer if I did not say character, that “ Pub. Doc."' cost, last year, the internal revenue increases, and as the that I think the Superintendent of Public $2,000,000. The idea intended to be conveyed, southern States are becoming objects of taxa- || Printing is one of the most economical, careand doubtless entertained by the editor, was tion a large amount of printing will be required ful, and faithful officers that I ever came in that we distribute annually $2,000,000 worth for the revenue officers there, for, I believe, contact with. His whole object is to reduce of books among the people; and my friend from whatever differences of opinion may exist | the expenditures of his department as much Indiana (Mr. HENDRICKS] the other day stated about admitting the southern States to a share as possible, and to reduce the amount of printthat the public printing had in some way risen in the representation, the blackest Republican || ing ordered by Congress, constantly persuading from $200,000 to $2,000,000, and he seemed does not mean to deny them the blessings of us to do it, and also to print the executive work to call upon us for some explanation. This, taxation. The printing for this Department, at the lowest price that is compatible with its coming from a Senator generally so accurate

, instead . accuracy and with the efliciency of the public

service. The printing is done now a great deal unless when he is talking on politics, is cal- which is more than $100,000. The Depart- better than it ever was before and a great deal culated to produce some impression on the ment of Agriculture is $45,000; the Judiciary cheaper. Senate.

is $28,000 ; the Interior Department is the The amendment was agreed to. The cost of the public printing is undoubtedly modest sum of $25,000. All of these sums I The resolution, as amended, was adopted. a great deal larger than it was, and the reasons have no reason to doubt are necessary and the

Mr. ANTHONY. I am instructed by the for it are too palpable to require more than amount is economically expended.

Committee on Printing to offer the following enumeration. In the first place the country has duces the cost for Congress alone, for the two resolution, and to ask for its present considincreased. The same increase that the growth || Honses, for the printing, paper, and binding, eration : and progress of the country require in all other to $690,000. The cost for the same items for

Resolved, That the number of copies heretofore departments is 'naturally to be expected to be the Thirty-Third, Thirty-Fourth, and Thirty. ordered of the Reports of the Patent Office for the required in the department of printing, and Fifth Congresses was $374,000 a year.

Six years 1863 and 1861 bo reduced from ten thousand of rather more perhaps with a progressing and hundred and ninety thousand dollars to-day.) each to four thousand of cach. enterprising people like ours, because printing | will not do as much printing as $374,000 would Mr. CLARK. I think that had better lie may be regarded almost as a type of civilization, then, nothing like it, and the reason why we and the more progressive a people are the more can do for $690,000 now what required only The PRESIDENT pro tempore. Objection printing they will require.

$374,000 then is because it is done now much being made, the resolution lies over. Then the war has enormously increased the more economically. There was a large profit Mr. ANTHONY. I would make one sug. amount of public printing. The printing that to the contractors in the smaller item, and gestion to the Senator from New Hampshire. would answer for an army of ten or twenty there is none in the larger item.

The whole number will have to be printed pretty thousand men that were lying around in bar. Take the printing alone, leaving out the

The resolution, the Senator is mcks would be manifestly but a very small paper and the binding, of which the prices | aware, is to reduce the number from ten thoupercentage of that required for a million men have risen enormously--the amount now paid sand to four thousand, and the work is now upon engaged, in active operations all over the coun- for the Senate is $50,000, against $67,000 six

the press, and unless the reduction is made now try, and very often in a large degree officered years ago, and the amount for the House of the Superintendent will be obliged to go ou; by inexperienced men who would naturally Representatives is $75,000, against $125,000 || therefore I shall call it up to-morrow. waste more blanks than an instructed officer six years ago, the average of the six years pre

Mr. CLARK. I do not know that I am would require for his use.

ceding the establishment of the Government il opposed to it, but I think I would like to talk A still greater cause of the increase in the Printing Office. The whole printing now of both

with the Senator a little about it.

the last year.

og mange fiend froman and in my on all matters the mother item is the Post Slice Wepartment,

This re


soon, if at all.

Mr. ANTHONY. Very well. I liave no of the original bill, and that order will be

ADMISSION OF COLORADO. objection to let it go over. taken unless some Senator asks for the read

Mr. WILSON. I move to take up the moBILLS INTRODUCED. ing of the original bill.

tion entered by me some time since to reconMr. NYE asked, and by unanimous consent

The Secretary read the amendment of the

sider the vote by which the bill to admit ColCommittee on Public Lands, which was to obtained, leave to introduce a joint resolution

orado into the Union was defeated. strike out all of the bill after the enacting (S. R. No. 66) for the relief of Joseph R.

The motion was agreed to. clause, and to insert the following in lieu Morris; which was read twice by its title, and

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The questhereof: referred to the Committee on Patents and the

tion now is, Will the Senate reconsider its vote Patent Office.

That there be, and hereby is, granted to the State of Mr. WILSON asked, and by unanimous con

Michigan, to aid in the building of a harbor and ship- | rejecting the bill (S. No. 74) for the admission

canal at Portage Lake, Keweenaw Point, Lake Supe- of the State of Colorado into the Union ? sent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No. rior, in addition to a former grant for that purpose, Mr. GRIMES and Mr. JOHNSON called

approved March 3, 1865, two hundred thousand acres 268) to prevent and punish the manufacture and of land in the upper peninsula of the State of Michi

for the yeas and nays, and they were ordered. use of false, forged, or counterfeited brands,

gan, and from land to which the right of homestead The Secretary proceeded to call the roll, stamps, and stencils; which was read twice by or preemption has not attached : Provided, That one and Mr. ANTHONY answered to his name. its title, and referred to the Committee on

hundred and fifty thousand acres of said lands shall
be selected from alternate odd-numbered sections,

Mr. BROWN. If it is proposed that a reMilitary Affairs and the Militia.

and fifty thousand acres from even-numbered sec- consideration of this vote shall take place, as He also asked, and by unanimous consent tions of the lands of the United States, Said grant a matter of course or of courtesy I do not wish

of lands shall inure to the use and benefit of the obtained, leave to introduce a joint resolution Portago Lake and Lake Superior Ship-Canal Com

to contest such a course although doubting its (S. R. No. 67) to provide for the erection of pany, in accordance with an act of the Legislature propriety, but I do not wish any acquiescence fire-proof buildings at the Schuylkill arsenal, of the State of Michigan, conferring the land granted on my part to be construed into an approval

to the said State, by the act hereby amended, on said near Philadelphia ; which was read twice by

company: And provided further, "That the time al- of the joint resolution in favor of the admission its title, and referred to the Committee on lowed for the completion of said work and the right of Colorado with its present constitution. I Military Affairs and the Militia. of reversion to the United States under the said aet

was sick and absent in Philadelphia when the Mr. SPRAGUE asked, and by unanimous

of Congress, approved March 3, 1865, be extended
three additional years.

vote was taken on this proposition before, or consent obtained, leave to introduce a joint

I should have voted against it. As it is, if resolution (S. R. No. 68) providing for a change

Mr. POMEROY. I notice that in the amend

enabled to be present whenever the vote may of name of certain forts and Government works; ment as printed there is an omission of a pro

again be taken, if it is to be reconsidered, I which was read twice by its title, and referred viso in regard to the mineral lands. It should

will unquestionably oppose it. The chief obto the Committee on Military Affairs and the have been in the amendment, but through some Militia.

jection which I wish to state—not that there mistake it has been left out. I therefore move

are no others-is that the constitution under Mr. GRIMES asked, and by unanimous conto amend the amendment by adding as an

which it claims admission contains a clause sent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. No. additional proviso the following:

denying the right of suffrage to persons on ac269) to define the number and regulate the Provided further, That no mineral lands shall be count of color and race. I will never indorse appointment of officers in the Navy; which included within this grant.

by any vote of mine in this Senate any such was read twice by its title.

Mr. CONNESS. I suggest to the Senator odious discrimination, and as I propose to exMr. GRIMES. I desire to say, in connec- that he should define the mineral lands” in ercise my constitutional right in that behalf in tion with the fact that I introduce that bill, that inserting that clause; otherwise it would include

regard to other States of the Union which have it has been drawn at the Navy Department, all minerals.

lately been in rebellion, so I am willing that and is accompanied by a letter from the Sec Mr. POMEROY. In States like Michigan, | the political reform, the assertion of this funretary of the Navy, which I desire to have | where there never have been any precious me- damental principle, should begin in the house printed and laid on the tables of Senators in tals, we have always confined ourselves to the

of my friends, and apply first to the admission connection with the bill. I desire further to use of the words "mineral lands;'' but in those of Colorado. say that I do not feel myself committed to the States where the precious metals are found, Mr. SUMNER. I hope the Senate will not provisions of the bill which I have submitted, we designate the mineral lands as containing | reconsider that vote. but I have presented it to the Senate for its precious metals.

Mr. TRUMBULL. There has been an consideration in compliance with the request The PRESIDENT pro tempore. The amend

answer to the roll-call. of the Secretary of the Navy. I move that ment of the committee will be modified as sug. Mr. SUMNER. I beg the Senator's pardon; the bill be referred to the Committee on Naval gested by the Senator from Kansas, and the I think no answer was given. Affairs, and that the letter of the Secretary of question is on the amendment as modified, Mr. BROWN. I voted. the Navy be printed.

The amendment, as modified, was agreed to. Mr. ANTHONY. I voted twice; the SenThe motion was agreed to.

The bill was reported to the Senate as

ator from Missouri once. Mr. SHERMAN asked, and by unanimous amended; the amendment was concurred in. Mr. SUMNER. I was called out of the consent obtained, leave to introduce a bill (S. Mr. POMEROY. There is a clerical error Senate for one minute, and during my absence No. 270) securing to non-resident litigants the in the eighteenth line of the amendment. The this motion has been made; I do not know by benefit of the jurisdiction of the United States word "to" should be substituted for the word whom. courts, in the States lately in rebellion, in cer- “on;" so as to read, "to said company." Mr. WILSON. I made the motion. I did tain cases; which was read twice by its title, The PRESIDENT pro tempore. That cor- not know that my colleague was absent. and referred to the Committee on the Judiciary. rection will be made, being merely a clerical Mr. ANTHONY. If the Senator from Mas. Mr. DOOLITTLE asked, and by.unanimous mistake.

sachusetts wishes to address the Senate on the consent obtained, leave to introduce a joint The bill was ordered to be engrossed for a subject, I hope he will be allowed to do so by resolution (S. R. No. 69) making an appro- third reading, was read the third time, and unanimous consent. priation to enable the President to negotiate | passed. The title of the bill was amended so Mr. RAMSEY. He can do it just as well on treaties with certain Indian tribes; which was as to read :

the bill when it comes before us. read twice by its title, and ordered to lie on the

A bill granting lands to the State of Michigan, to Mr. GRIMES. He has a right to do it on table. aid in the construction of a harbor and ship-canal at

the motion to reconsider. The Secretary called Mr. DOOLITTLE. I will say to the Senate Portage Lake, Koweenaw Point, Lake Superior, in said State.

the name of the Senator from Rhode Island and that I desire to take up this resolution to-mor

he answered before the Senator from Missouri row morning. It is a very important matter, Mr. POMEROY subsequently said: I ask and is based on facts that have just come to leave to enter a motion to reconsider the bill

rose to his feet to explain the vote he was

about to give. The Senator from Missouri was my knowledge from the Interior Department. || (S. No. 193) to amend an act entitled "An LAKE PORTAGE SHIP-CANAL. act granting lands to the State of Michigan, to

permitted to give that explanation, and now I Mr. POMEROY. I move to take up for conaid in building a harbor and ship-canal at

suppose the same courtesy might with equal sideration Senate bill No. 193, which was oriPortage Lake, Keweenaw Point, Lake Supe propriety be extended to the Senator from

Massachusetts. rior,'' approved March 3, 1865, which passed ginally reported from the Committee on Com

Mr. TRUMBULL. The Senator from Misthis morning during the morning hour. There merce, considered at length in the Senate, and is a mistake in the bill. I merely want to

souri says his name was called and he answered. then referred to the Committee on Public

Mr. GRIMES. So had the Senator from enter a motion to reconsider. Lands, who have reported it back in a new

The PRESIDENT pro tempore. That mo

Rhode Island been called, and he answered draft. The amendment only need be read, tion will be entered.

before the Senator from Missouri's name was because it is a substitute for the original bill.


IIOUSE BILLS REFERRED, The motion was agreed to; and the Senate,

Mr. TRUMBULL, As I understand it, the as in Committee of the Whole, resumed the The following bills from the House of Rep: || Senator from Missouri was called, and when consideration of the bill (S. No. 193) to amend resentatives were severally read twice by their | his name was called he rose and explained his an act entitled "An act granting land to the titles, and referred to the Committee on Pen- vote. State of Michigan to aid in building a harbor | sions :

Mr. GRIMES. He had no right to do that. and ship-canal at Portage Lake, Keweenaw A bill (H. R. No. 493) granting a pension

Mr. TRUMBULL. Perhaps not if anybody Point, Lake Superior," approved March 3, to Mrs. Joanna Winans ;

had objected. 1865.

A bill (H. R. No. 494) for the relief of Mr. GRIMES. He was permitted to do it, The PRESIDENT pro tempore. It is Martha J. Willey; and

and now the Senator from Massachusetts ought moved that the substitute reported by the A bill (H. R. No. 495) for the relief of to have the same privilege. Committee on Public Lands be read instead ll Mary A. Patrick.

Mr. TRUMBULL. If the Senator from

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