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pecially their impious profanation of the Lord's day. I conceived great disgust at such conduet, from what I had heard and read on the subject, which of course, was considerably augmented on witnefiing it. Since my return, I have frequently revolved the matter in my mind, and am convinced, it is a source of infinite inischief to many who are called to visit foreign countries. An Englishinan is fhocked on his first arrival abroad, at the prevailing maxims and foilies, which influence all classes, especially at the open immoralities pra&lised on the Sabbath. He cannot join the crowd, whore joys and pleasures on ihat day are fuperlarire. He is conient to bear the character-of a prejudiced English. man: but too often the early seed of instruction is found to have fallen amonga thorns ; it is soon choaked by the finful customs and pleasures of the place, Conscience loses her former activity, and is lulied to view with indiiference “the living manners asiliey fly.” The unwary stranger drinks of the gilded cup, is intoxicated with the liquor, and is soon enabled to swallow large draughts of the deadly potion.

Thus is he shorn of his strength, thinks and acts like those around him, where Tintiments once adopted, maintain their · usurped power, and annillate the remains of decayed virtue.

I will juit şarrate iwo infances'en polant; a Scotch gentleman, whose knowledge of his duty iar exceeded his prac. tice, informed me, that a young man of his acquaintance, remarkable for piety, went to Hamburgh, which place he visited some months afterwards, and going to the theatre one Sunday evening, found his friend a spectator; he was surprized at the circumstance, and declared that it hocked his feelings. A youth with whom I lodged, told me, that he was accuitomed to attend church twice in London, on the Sabbath; but since his refidence at Hamburgh, he seldom went to any place of worship, and even danbied the truth of revelation; attributing both circumftances of the change in his practice and sentiments to the profligacy of the place, Let me now call your attention to the condu&t of such as return io their native country, to see if my ideas are not subtantiated by their lives and principles. What levity mani. teits itself in all their conduct! How much are they attached to the theatre, and gaining which amusements they would gladly follow even on the Sabbath if permitted, as on the Continent. Instead of feeling any delire to attend public worship, they now ineer at religion altogether, and consider the Sabbath as a day of nought. Doubtless there are many exceptions : but í verily believe, that such sentiments, if oat

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openly avowed, maintain a predominance in the hearts of too many. To this evil I attribute in a great degree that la. mentable apathy and negligence, manifeited in our moral and religious duties, the prevalence of which we have to depiore; nor will this appear an uncharitable and unfounded affertion, when we consider the influence of such characters, and still more of foreigners resident amongit us, on the minds of our youth. Such being the case, permit me to furgent fome hints, to operate as an antilote to the evil com. plained of. The nobility and oihers should be extremely careful to whom they coinmit the superinicndance of their ions, when they send them to visit foreign parts. I fear a great part of the mischief originates in not choosing suitable persons. The travelling tutor and companion should be of middle açe, and pulledled of found religious principles. He 'fhould be of a domestic difpofition, and fully capable of instructing his charge in ille pursuit of useful knowledge, and the choice of good books and company. Moreover, it is es. sential that fucia as go abroad, whether accompanied by a tutor or not, should be well grounded in Chriflian principles, and polless a good acquaintance with the Scriptures. They should be taught the advantages of retirement, the danger of being too much attached to company, and the evil of follow. ing the vain maxims and cultons of the world. Their minds ought to be well forsified, by a deep reverence of the Sab. bath; this cannot be too much inased on, as I am persuaded the enemy seldom fails in his attack on this part of duty, whence its violation should be a theme of conitant animadversion.

It is to be presumed, that a due attention to these points would, under God's blessing, ofien prove a prelervative to the tried, inine hour of emptation. And now I fpeak of the Continent, may I be allowed to advert to the situation of a British chaplain abroad. I have often contemplated it, with mingled sentiments of awe and sympathy. What a ftream of iniquity has he to withstand! How should he warn his countrymen to hold fait the profeffion of their faith " without wavering," 10 disregard the taunting, epithets of English piety and singularity! What language thould he not ule, to prevent iheir transgressing the limits of decency, and to induce them to keep holy the Sabbath-day! Above all, to walk himself as becometh the gospel, and as a shepherd, to teed the flock with diligence, over which God has made him overleer; ever remembering, that he muit give an account of his itewardihip at the last day. I hope, Sir, your readers

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will improve these few hints : had I been more equal to the task I should have entered into detail on so important a subject, as I think this matter has not been treated by any writer with the attention due to its consequence, and if my remarks prompt any person to undertake so necessary a task, it will afford pleasure to,

Sir,

Your constant reader,

Manchester, March 9, 1808.

J. W.

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SIR, M U CH has been said on the necessity of the co-opera.

V tion of Christians of all denominations in spreading the knowledge of their common religion. Of the duty it. self which lies upon us to extend the truth as far as lies in our power, no one who believes the gospel can well doubt ; but we may be permitted to question whether genuine Chris. tianity is likely to be propagated by an union of men whose religious principles and practices are discordant. For example, when we give our assistance to missionaries of the Baptist persuasion, and at the same time send among the heathen teachers of our own, very soon a striking difference, must arise, which will naturally lead to controversies and divisions among the converts, and produce ridicule and stronger opposition in those who reject Christianity. One missionary feels it his duty to exhort all parents to bring their children for admission into the church of Christ, and the privileges of the new covenant, by the facrament of bap. tism;--the other missionary tells the converts that this is not only unnecessary, but contrary to the doctrine and example of Chrift. So glaring a difference upon a solemn ceremonial, the necessity of which is admitted by both parties, cannot, in the nature of things, be viewed without concern by strangers who are desirous of knowing the true principles of the Chriftian religion.

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· The regard shewn to infants by those missionaries who are for early baptism is certainly calculated to make an impresfion upon tender and benevolent minds ;- but the grateful sentiment is not likely to last long when opposed by sophis. try of argument, and the adduction of particular examples, which though men of understanding know have nothing to do with the doctrine, yet upon minds little informed they never fail to produce a powerful effect.

I was led to these remarks by reading the melancholy account of the Protestant missions in the East Indies for the year 1806, appended to the sermon preached at St. Paul's on Thursday, May 28, 1807, being the time of the yearly meeting of the children educated in the charity schools, in and about the cities of London and Westminster. By G. O. Cambridge, M. A.

As the account is short, and as the sermon may not fall in the way of all your readers, I have here transcribed it for your Magazine, and hope that by its insertion you may be enabled to obtain more information on the subjeét. '

" Since the publication of the last account, very little information has been received from the missionaries; and of that little, some is of a nature by no means satisfactory to the society. A spirit of insubordination appears to have arisen in the Malabar congregations, both at Vepery, and at Tran. quebar; which, at the former place, seems to have given much trouble and uneasiness to Mr. Pæzold; and at Tran. quebar, to have occasioned the departure of the Danish misfionaries from their station, and from that territory. The documents before the mission committee of the society are quite insufficient to enable them to form a judgment of the true ground of these disastrous circumitances. It appears, however, that certain missionaries, sent out by an Anabaptist society, and by that called the London Missionary Society, had received a degree of countenance, from the Danish mis. fionaries at least, if not also from some of those more im. mediately connected with the society, which tended to pro. duce disorder in the established missions, and could not but be very dissatisfactory to the Church of England Society for promoting Christian knowledge. How far these circum. fances may have contributed to occasion the evils before mentioned, it may be difficult to say, without additional evidence upon the matter, which may soon be expected to ara riye from India. It is certain, indeed, that an unhappy disa cord subsists at Vepery, between the missionaries Pazold and Rottler; and it seems more than probable that these cir.

cumstances cumstances mav at least in part have occasioned that discord. Mr. Ror:ler, however, who was appeinted by the society, from his station at Tranquebar, to the Venery mition, under a provilo :hat the same thould meet with the concurrence of his fuperiors at Copenhagen, will, probab v, foon remove again from the Vepery miffion, as the Dania mifiion coilege appear to be very unwilling that he should altogether quit Tranquebar.”

I am, vours,

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VINDICATION OF THE CLERGY.

TO THE EDITOR OF THE ORTHODOX CHURCHMAN'S

MAGAZINE

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TN the Funeral Sermon on the death of the Rey. John

Newton, I met with the following palage. " It is nothing to him that other servants in the same house may be off their watch. Some may be absent, some gamning, some waiting their master's fubftance, fome stealing his property, some abusing his character, and some quarrelling and fighting; but what is all this to hiin? His choughes are on the Lord.” p. 10.

Now if the above has any meaning, I conceive it must be this, the house of which Mr. Newton was one of the servants is the Established Church, then the other servants are the regular clergy of the Established Church; and now let us ob. terve what a pi&ture the preacher has drawn of them: for it will be in vain to say that he only meant to compliment Mr. Neion, but he must compliment him at the expense of his brethren in the Establishment.--Now was this candid? was it juist? was it doing to others as he would be done into ? Are all the other clergy, except a few Calvinistic farovrizes, that worthless set of men here described ? Could not Mr, Newton be commended unless all the rest were thus severely. and unjustly condemned? Charity thinketh no evil, charity does not imbibe the spirit of the acculer of his brethren and

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