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ba killed themselves. Neither fortresses, fought two battles; was victorious both numerous squadrons, nor the oaths and at Leipzig and Lutzen, but met his death duties of states, could save the vanquish in the latter field. In this short career, ed from the ascendancy and activity of the however, he established a great reputavictor. In the year 45, the sons of Pom- tion, by his boldness, the rapidity of his pey having assembled in Spain the rem- movements, the discipline and intrepidity nants of the armies of Pharsalia and of his troops. Gustavus Adolphus was Thapsus, found themselves at the head of actuated by the principles of Alexander, a more numerous force than that of their Hannibal, and Cæsar." father. Cæsar set out from Rome, reach. He pursues this review through the ed the Guadalquivir in twenty-three days, campaigns of Turenne-whom he conand defeated Sextus Pompey at Munda. siders as altogether superior to his riIt was there that, being on the point of val Montecuculi—and those of Fredelosing the battle, and perceiving that his old ric and Eugene. His own campaigns, legions seemed shaken, it is said he had the most triumphant and celebrated of thoughts of killing himself. Labienus fell them all, are rapidly traversed, and in the battle. The head of Sextus Pom- his military similitude to the race of pey was laid at the victor's feet. Six

conquerors sustained in every shape of months after, in the Ides of March, Cæsar

profound theory and fierce and resistwas assassinated in the midst of the Ro

less execution. It is here that we see man Senate. Had he been defeated at

Napoleon in his true point of distincPharsalia, Thapsus, or Munda, he would

tion. In all other aspects he was rehave suffered the fate of the great Pom

pulsive or contemptible. As a politipey, Metellus, Scipio, and Sextus Pom

cian, ignorant, narrow, and tyrannical; pey. Pompey, to whom the Romans were so much attached; whom they sur

as an individual, vicious, mean, and named the Great, when he was but

cruel ; but, as a soldier, exhibiting the twenty-four years of age; who, after con

first rank of genius; bold, comprequering in eighteen campaigns, triumphed

hensive, indefatigable, and original. over three parts of the world, and carried Du

Englishmen are not likely to be the the Roman name to such an elevation of adulators of this scourge of the human glory; Pompey, defeated at Pharsalia, race; but it is impossible to look upon there closed his career. Yet he was mas his rise and his career, the sudden ter of the sea, while his rival had no splendour in which he shot above the fleet.

clouds of that stormy and sullen ReCæsar's principles were the same as volution; the mighty mastery with those of Alexander and Hannibal; to keep

and Hannibal: to keep which he wielded the national strength, his forces in junction ; not to be vulne broken and dismayed as it had been; rable in any direction; to advance rapid- the appalling rapidity with which he ly on important points; to calculate on crushed all that Europe had been build. moral means, the reputation of his arms, ing up of sovereignty for ages, without and the fear he inspired ; and also on po- acknowledging that Napoleon was litical means, for the preservation of the among the most powerful and most fidelity of his allies, and the obedience of formidable spirits that ever influenced the conquered nations.

society. Mankind may well rejoice that “ Gustavus Adolphus crossed the Bal- he is in his grave. Of what other man tic, took possession of the isle of Rugen for these thousand years can it be said, and Pomerania, and led his forces to the that his life was a terror, and his death Vistula, the Rhine, and the Danube. He a relief to the world ?



marches to bed with a cocked hat, Your anger with me for not writing booted and spurred, with a huge sword articles for your Magazine, is most un- carried in state before him, and his reasonable. You know that the mo- bride bringing up the rear in her bedment I turn my back on Edinburgh, gown? you and all your concerns are forgot- “ Remorseless, treacherous, lecherous, kindten, or, if remembered, heartily wish less villain.” ed at the devil. Then come your infernal letters, week after week, with “ Besides, the jingle of lecherous that huge head on the wax, the look and treacherous, the first is become of which makes me break out into almost obsolete, and, in compliance a cold sweat. Oh, that the Magazine with modern manners, should be had never existed! Then might I omitted, or exchanged for a word less have had some comfort in this life. offensive.” Well done, Tom, again. How the devil can I write articles, What think ye of that, Mr Bowdler without books, pen, ink, and paper of Bath ? Oh, Lord ! that the Magazine would

The play's the thing, but stop for a few months now and

Wherein I'U catch the conscience of the king."

w then, like My Grandmother. With what a venerable grace does that old “ That the representation of murder, lady re-appear on her crutch! and how before the murder, will not always complacently does the public welcome produce the desired effect, (who the the bed-ridden! So would it be with devil supposes it would ?) we have a Maga. Let her pretend to be dead till remarkable instance in the story of Christmas, and all her sins will be for Derby and Fisher. gotten. But, oh! my dear sir, these “ They were two gentlemen, very eternal torments are more than flesh intimately acquainted. The latter was and blood can endure ; and, good a dependent on the former, who geepiscopal as I am, you have sickened nerously supplied him with the means me indeed with the THIRTY-NINE AR- of living as became a man of birth TICLES.

and education. But no benefits are Well-well-what is to be done? sufficient to bind the base and the unHere is a book in three volumes. What grateful. After parting oneevening with is it? “ Dramatic Miscellanies, by Mr Derby, at his chambers in the Thomas Davies, 1784.” Perhaps he Temple, with all the usual marks of is a blockhead. But, blockhead or not, friendship, Fisher contrived to get into he shall be made to contribute, and be his apartments, with an intent to rob hanged to him, like his betters. Now and murder his friend. This he un. for his Notes on Hamlet

happily accomplished. For some time

no suspicion fell on the murderer. He " That thou, dead corse, again in complete

appeared as usual in all public places.

He was in a side-box at the play of “Mr Stevens, from Olaus Wormius, Hamlet ; and when Wilkes uttered that, proves it to be a custom of the Danish part of the soliloquy, which spoke of a kings to be buried in their armour. Guilty creature's sitting at a play,'a Seward, Earl of Northumberland, who lady turned about, and, looking at him, lived in the days of Edward the Con- said, 'I wish the villain who murderfessor, was, by his desire, buried, arm- ed Mr Derby were here. The lady ed at all points. But what is more and Fisher were strangers to each strange, Fuller, in his Worthies, re- other. It was afterwards known, that lates, that one of our old savage war- this was the man who had killed his riors would go to bed dressed in his are friend. The persons present in the mour to his new-married bride." Well box declared, that neither the speech done, Tom Davies! Thou art the first from the actor, nor the exclamation man that ever indulged in such a fancy from the lady, made the least exteron beholding the buried Majesty of nal impression on the murderer. Fisher Denmark. Is it the King of Portugal, soon escaped to Rome, where he proor who is it, that on his inarriage night, fessed himself a Roman Catholic, and


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gained an asylum. About five-and- “ Save me, and hover o'er me with your twenty years since, my friend, Mr wings, Richard Wilson, the landscape painter, You heavenly guards." saw Fisher at Rome, and spoke to him. He was then, I think, one of the “ At the appearance of the ghost, conoscenti, and a picture-dealer." Hamlet immediately rises from his

seat affrighted ; at the same time he " And let those that play your clowns, contrives to kick down his chair, which, speak no more than is set down for them." by making a sudden noise, it was ima

gined, would conTRIBUTE TO THE “ In the play of the Recruiting Of. PERTURBATION AND TERROR OF THE ficer, Wilkes was the Captain Plume, INCIDENT. But this, in my opinion, and Pinkethman one of the recruits. is a poor stage-trick, and should be The Captain, when he enlisted him, avoided.” asked his name. Instead of answer- Well done, Tom Davies, again say ing as he ought, Pinkey replied, 'Why we. Let us see what sort of notes you don't you know my name, Bob? Í write on Julius Cæsar. Not so very thought every fool had known that!' bad, by any means, as might have Wilkes, in a rage, whispered to him been anticipated. Tom argues the cethe name of the recruit, Thomas Ap- lebrated question, “Was Brutus jus. peltree. The other retorted aloud, tifiable,” &c., and we think be puts it * Thomas Appeltree! Thomas Devil! in a new light. " The Romans," says My name is Will Pinkethman;' and he, “ weighed their fishes at table, and immediately addressing an inhabitant took a pleasure in beholding them exof the upper regions, he said, 'Harkee, pire. The death of a mullus, with the friend, don't you know my name?' variety and change of colours in its last • Yes, Master Pinky,' said a respond moments, says Dr Arbuthnot from ent, we know it very well. The Pliny, was reckoned one of the most playhouse was now in an uproar; the entertaining spectacles in the world. audience at first enjoyed the petulant AND NOW I HOPE WE SHALL HEAR folly of Pinkethman, and the distress NO MORE OF THE WISEST AND BEST of Wilkes ; but, in the progress of the MEN AMONGST THE ROMANS APPROjoke, it grew tiresome, and Pinkey met VING THE ASSASSINATION OF JULIUS his deserts-a very severe reprimand Cæsar.” This settles the question for in a hiss; and this mark of displea- ever—so let the Speculative Society sure he changed into applause, by cry- discuss it no more.-Oh! North ! I ing out, with a countenance as melan- can read no more of this Tom Davies. choly as he could make it, in a loud The book is said to be extremely ennasal twang, - Odso, I fear I am tertaining, and no doubt your correwrong!'– Let Liston and others spondent T. D. could shew it to be so. read this, and blush for their gratui- But I hate the stage, and all that betous buffoonery. A low jester on the longs to it; and am of opinion that stage ought never to be suffered to use none of Shakespeare's plays were orithe slightest insolence to the audience. ginally intended for representation. I His drollery must be bounded by the have no heart to prove this just now; row of lights above the heads of the but, take my word for it, it was the fiddlers; and the moment he presumes case; and in this way can we at once farther, every person in the theatre has account for ouradmirable friend Lamb's a right to pelt him with bad pence, or being affected so much more in the worse oranges. A hiss is insufficient closet than the theatre by Willy's tra- nothing like a lash on the brazen gedies. brow of the buffoon. Low farce is, at Here is “ British Field Sports, by the best, somewhere about the mean William Henry Scott. Sherwood, est of all allowable human recreation ; Neely, and Jones, &c. 1818." “ There and the animal performing it does, for must,” says this humane and excellent the time being, make himself too con- writer, be no indiscriminate perioditemptible to retain any right to look a cal whipping of the hounds in the lump." gentleman in the face, much less to I seriously recommend this advice to colloquy with a lady in a side-box. the gentlemen of your Magazine. What There can be no illiberality in saying do they mean by everlastingly laying 80-and therefore once more we re on these poor hounds, Hazlitt, the peat, “ Well done, Tom Davies !” Hunts, and all that pack? It is of no use. Nothing will do but hanging. can enjoy, during a life of one, two, By the way, Scott, my good fellow, or three years, as may happen; and will you have the goodness, in another the death of one and all of them, time edition of your excellent volume, to taken at an average, occupies about tell me, whether a fox-hound or a three minutes of cut and come again. race-horse is swiftest for a race of four But besides these five hundred birds miles? I observe that, at page 498, which fight, several hundred more you inform us, that Flying Childers, have been called into existence, which perhaps the fleetest horse that ever do not fight at all, but enjoy the luxran, did the Beacon course of four ury of a natural death, in their chickmiles, one furlong, one hundred and enhood, from the hands of Dolly the thirty-eight yards, in seven minutes scullion. Moreover, somewhere about and thirty seconds; and, at page 407, a thousand hen-chickens have been you state positively, that a fox-hound clacked, which, but for cock-fighting, bitch of Colonel Thornton's ran four had never chipped the shell, and which miles in seven minutes and half a se- are either humanely made into pies cond, which, good sir, is faster than during the tenderness of their untrodChilders. Curse me if I can swallow den virginity, or kept for breeding ; that at my time of life. You also in- and in neither predicament are they form us, that Childers ran three miles, ever heard to utter a complaint. A six furlongs, and ninety-three yards, prodigious sum total of feathered hapin six minutes and forty seconds, add piness is thus produced ; and a con

ing, “ nearly after the rate of one mile stant cock-a-doodle-doo kept up from · in the minute.” Now, worthy sir, farm-house to farm-house all over

Joseph Hume himself could not have England, than which nothing can be exposed himself more than you do more agreeable to the feelings of a man here ; for, look again, and you will at and a Christian. Q. E. D. once observe, that such running is “ Patience,” says Mr Scott, “ is the more nearly at the rate of a mile in angler's chief virtue." Here, sir, you two minutes.

are wrong. No doubt, if you take your “ Cock-fighting,” says our author, station at the stern of a punt in a pond, « is pronounced in a breath horrible! and voluntarily stake your credit on Weighed, however, in the balance of an attempt to delude a brace of perch, reason and fact, it is attended with out of the scanty brotherhood that are the least cruelty of all our diversions, par-boiled in stagnant mud during not even my favourite horse-racing the dog-days, patience will be found excepted. I shall be very expeditious highly useful, indeed indispensable. in my proof. The game-cock is kept But what has patience to do on the in a state of happiness and comfort green or rocky banks of a beautiful until the day of battle; he cannot stream, with all its pools and shallows, then be forced; but, in fighting, is and its light and shade, and its calms actuated by his natural instincts—is and breezes, and its silence, its murin fact gratified ; and if he falls by his murs, its dashing, and its thunder ? adversary's weapon, he is the sooner Why, the angler so placed, is happy out of the sense of pain. Let not the as a bridegroom on his wedding-day; reader, however, mistake me for an and you may as well tell me, that of advocate of cock-fighting, for which, an ardent youth of twenty, on that in truth, I have no kind of relish; latter occasion, the chief virtue is paand probably should feel almost as tience. Stuff! The less patience the wearied, and out of place, at the cock better. An angler should be impatient, pit royal, as at sitting to hear a long- eager, bold, active, vigorous, and full winded puritanical sermon-an enter- of fire-in every respect the reverse of taininent to which stale bread and sour Mr H. of the Liber Amoris, who, for small beer are luxuries.”

his drivelling, was despised, even by This is well put, North ; and per the daughter of a tailor; knew not how fectly justifies you and me in our fa- to bait his hook, or fasten his rod; vourite sport. A cocker on a large nor, after he had missed the mouth of scale, like my Lord Derby, for exam. a loose-fish by his awkward and imple, fights, we shall say, (trial battles potent skillessness, had the sense, by and all,) five hundred birds per an- a sudden jerk, to catch her by the num. Óne and all of these birds en- tail-fin. A Cockney, sitting in the joys the utmost happiness that bird stocks, must have patience; but not so

ed Portugal 72,000 strong. It attacked tered thoughts are highly characteris-. the enemy in position on the heights of tic of the man. Busaco. The two armies were of equal “After the re-embarkation of the Engs force, but the position of Busaco was lish army (at Corunna), the King of Spain very strong. The attack failed, and the (Joseph) remained inactive. He ought to next morning the army turned those lines have marched on Cadiz, Valencia, and by proceeding on Coimbra. The enemy Lisbon. Political means would then have then effected his retreat on Lisbon, burn- done the rest. No one can deny, that

ing and laying waste the country. The if the court of Austria, instead of decla· French general pursued him closely, left ring war, had allowed Napoleon to reno corps of observation to restrain the main four months longer in Spain, all division of 15,000 militia at Oporto, aban- would have been over. The presence of doned his rear, and Coimbra, his place of a general is indispensable. He is the depot, where he left 5000 sick and wound head, the whole of an army. It was not ed. Before he had arrived at Lisbon, the the Roman army that subdued Gaul--it Portuguese division had already occupied was Cæsar himself; nor was it the Car. Coimbra, and cut him off from all means thaginian army that made the Republic of retreat. He ought to have left a corps tremble, but Hannibal himself; nor was of 6000 men to occupy Coimbra, and it the Macedonian army which reached keep the Portuguese division in awe. the Indus, but Alexander. It was not

“It is true, that he would in that case the French army which carried the war have arrived at Lisbon with only 60,000 to the Weser and the Inn, but Turenne; men, but that number was sufficient, if it nor was it the Prussian army which, for was the English General's intention to seven years, defended Prussia against the embark; if, on the contrary, he intended three greatest powers of Europe_it was to maintain himself in Portugal, as there Frederick the Great.” was every reason to believe, the French ought not to have passed Coimbra, but to

The motive of the Russian war was have taken up a good position before that undoubtedly Napoleon's ambition of city, even at several marches distance, for being a universal conqueror, urged tified themselves there, subjected Oporto

on by his personal hatred of England. by means of a detachment, organized their

The conquest of Russia was contemrear and their communications with Al

plated as completing the European meida, and waited till Badajoz was taken,

barrier against English commerce and and the army of Andalusia arrived on the

continental alliance. The alleged moTagus. When arrived at the foot of the

tives, however, are curious, and not intrenchments of Lisbon, the French general failed in resolution ; yet he was

inconsistent with the true. aware of the existence of those lines, “ It was considered that the French since the enemy had been labouring on empire, which Napoleon had created by them for three months. The prevalent so many victories wonld infallibly be opinion is, that if he had attacked them dismembered at his death ; and the scepon the day of his arrival, he would have

tre of Europe would pass into the hands carried them, but two days after it was

of a Czar, unless Napoleon drove back no longer possible. The Anglo-Portuguese the Russians beyond the Borysthenes, army was there reinforced by a great and raised up the throne of Poland, the number of battalions of militia ; so that, natural barrier of the empire. In 1812, without gaining any advantage, the French Austria, Prussia, Germany, Swisserland, general lost 5000 sick and wounded, and and Italy, marched under the French his communications with his rear. When eagles-was it not natural that Napoleon before Lisbon, he discovered that he had

should think the moment was arrived for not sufficient ammunition, he had made consolidating the immense edificewhich he no calculation previously to his opera- had raised; but on the summit of which tion."

Russia would lean with the whole weight Napoleon here labours to shift the

of her power, as long as she should be defeat on the shoulders of his old ri.

able to send her armies at pleasure on

the Oder ? Alexander was young and val, the Enfant guté de la Victoire. That an old soldier like Massena

vigorous, like his empire. It was to be

presumed that he would survive Naposhould have forgotten to calculate his

Jeon. Such was the whole secret of the cartridges, is absurd ; the true miscal

war.” culation was on the bravery of the British, and the ability of their gene The invasion of Russia, as it was the ral. Some of his desultory and scat. last, was the mightiest effort of the

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