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come before any temporal court of judicature; I suspeat it never has. But I think I can explain what the Dissenter means, which is this, viz. that the courts of judicature do receive as evidence, certain proofs of dissenting baptism : that is, dissenting baptism is valid in a court of judicature to prove such and such facts, which the court want to ascertain. So a Jewish oath upon the Old Testament, or the Mahometan oath upon the Koran, may be called a valid oath in a court of judicature. But this is quite a different thing from the validity of baptism in the view of the Christian church of this kingdom, which has no concern with baptism, but as it is the means of admission into the Church of Christ, and making inheritors of the kingdom of heaven.
I believe, Sir, I have now remarked upon every thing in the Dissenter's letter that is of importance. As for those few contemptuous sentences with which his production is closed, he had better not have penned them: such things never do a cause any good. If he wilhes to convince us that the diflenters have a right to church burial, he must take dif. ferent means. If they have the right, (and it is the right, not an indulgence, which they contend for,) they must have it by some grant of church or state. Let him then, in your next number, shew how they came by that right. If by church law, let him at once produce it; if by secular law, let him point out the statute which obliges the clergyman to bury them. I really at present am acquainted with none whatever. I will therefore request of the Basingstoke Dis. senter a plain and unequivocal reply to two plain questions. The first is this. Why do the dissenters disturb the peace of society, by endeavouring to compel the clergy, against their judgment, to bury their dead with a service which they des. pise, where they can have a minister and a service of their own? · The second is this. Where do we find that law, which gives to the dissenters a right to the burial service of the church?
I am, Sir,
Your obedient Servant, o Jan. 8, 1808.
J. W. N. B. If any of your readers are desirous of sound infor. mation upon this subject, they will peruse with pleasure Lellie's “ Discourse Thewing who they are that are now qualified to administer Baptism and the Lord's Supper,”' which is to be found in vol. 2. of his Theological Works; “ Laurence's Lay Baptism Invalid ;” or rather, a shorter
treatise of Laurence, and more to our purpose, entitled, “ Diflenters and other Unauthorised Baptisms, Null and Void, by the Articles, Canons, and Rubricks of the Church of England.” In all of these, he will find much informa. tion, and strong argument.
MURDER OF DEAN RALEIGH.
TO THE EDITOR OF THE ORTHODOX CHURCHMAN'S
cism and he's with fame fourcook is becomipear.
THE account which you lately gave of the sufferings of
1 Mr. Swift, is very interesting and important, as a fpe. cimen of what might be expected in the ascendancy of fanati. cism and republicanism. You will do well, I think, to favour your readers with some more instances of Presbyterian persecurion from the same source. They will be the more ac. ceptable as Dr. Walker's book is becoming scarce, and the promised new edition is not likely to appear. I have here sent you the account of the murder of Dr. Walter Raleigh, dean of Wells, for your purpose, if you judge the hint here given deserving attention.
AN OCCASIONAL CORRESPONDENT.
DR. WALTER RALEIGH was the second son of Sir Carew (elder brother to the famous Sir Walter) Raleigh, and was born at Downton, in Wilts. He had his education at Magdalen College, in Oxford; and taking orders, became chaplain to the earl of Pembroke, prebendary of Wells, and rector of Chedzoy, in Somersetłhire; and chaplain to king Charles I. who, in 1641, promoted him to this deanry of Wells. Upon the breaking out of the rebellion, he was, for no other cause than loyalty to his prince, and zeal for the church, persecuted in the most outrageous and barbarous manner imaginable; being sequeftered, and hurried from one prison to another; and still ihere immured where several prisoners died of the plague; and at laft, fhut up in his own house at Wells, which they had turned into a jail; and after he had escaped the peftilence in many places, was villainously
murdered murdered by the man appointed to be his keeper. Some of the particulars are these: “It being the doctor's month to wait upon the king, as his chaplain, the committee of Somer. set raised the rabble, and commissioned the soldiers to plun, der his parsonage-house of Chedzoy; in his absence seized upon all his estate, spiritual and temporal, drove away the cattle and horses they found upon his ground, and barbarously turned his family out of doors. His poor lady was forced to lie two nights in the corn fields ; it being a capital crime for any of the parishioners to afford them lodgings, After this, she made the best of her way to Downton, in Wilts, the seat of Sir Carew Raleigh, the doctor's father, and here her husband returning from waiting, met her. The king's party meeting with some successes in the West, the doctor had an opportunity to return to his family, and resettle at Chedzoy; but the rebels soon getting the upperhand, by the defeat of lord Goring, he was forced to fly ta Bridgwater (a place garrisoned for the king) for refuge. Here he continued, with other loyal gentlemen, till that town was surrendered to Fairfax and Cromwell; at which time he was taken prisoner, and after much barbarous usage, was set upon a horse, with his legs tied under the belly, and so feni in tri, umph to his parsonage-house in Chedzoy, to expose him as a malefactor to his parishioners. The doctor's house was then the head-quarters of Fairfax and Cromwell, and the dean being violently fick, in consequence of biş former usage, obtained the favour of them to continue prisoner in his own house. But as soon as these two generals were marched, Henry Jeanes (who coveted his rectory of Chedzoy, and afterwards succeeded himn in the fame,) entered violently into the house, took the doctor out
of his bed, and carried him away prisoner with all his goods. * · His wife and children were turned out to the wide world,
and must have perished, had not colonel Ash procured them the income of some small tenements, that were purchased by the doctor in Chedzoy. After this, Dr. Raleigh was sent a prisoner to Ilchester, the county jail, then to Banwell-House, and lastly, to the deanery in Wells: where he was committed to the custody of one David Barrett, a shoemaker, and at that time a constable of the city; who treated him far be.
neath • It is worthy of observation, that Dr. Calamy, who rarely fails to vindicate his heroes of nonconformity from the charges brought against them, by roundly denying the accusations, or by palliating excuses, in this instance leaves Mr. Jeanes without say: ing one word in his favour.
neath his quality and function, and at last murdered him in the following manner. Whilst the committee of Somerset were sitting at Wells, the doctor took the opportunity of preferring a request to them for liberty to go to his wife and children, in order to settle some affairs which nearly con, cerned them; and at the same time a gentleman of 10pol. per annum, offered to be bound for his return at the time they should appoint him : bụt this common favour being inhu, manly denied him, the excellent doctor was moved and con. cerned at it; and replied, - that it was hard he should not be permitted to go, who asked leave, whilft others who asked no leave, had that liberty allowed them for a week or fortnight together. This saying of the doctor's proved an intimation to the committee, that Barrett the jailor took the liberty of let, ting some of the prisoners abroad without their privacy ; upon which they were very angry, and threatened to turn him out if ever he should grant such a liberty to any prisoner for the future. This so incensed Barrett, that coming the next morning into the doctor's chamber, who happened to be then writing to his wife, he presently laid his hand upon the letter to see it, but the doctor refused to permit him, unless he had an order from the committee for that purpose; and so wrested the paper out of his hands; upon this, the fellow flipped back, drew his sword, ran it immediately into the good man's belly · home to his back-bone ; and gave him such an incurable wound, that he fell out of his chair dead; but being brought to life again by some help and assistance, he lingered on about six weeks, and then died of his wound. Thus was the blood of this great and good man fhed as the blood of a dog! Nor was this all: for though hịs wife pro. secuted the vile murderer two aslizes coger her, she could not get him brought to a trial; but she falling sick, before the third time came, and not able to attend it, then the fellow ap. peared, and was acquitted! And what is yet more, the committee fo much favoured the execrable murderer, that they sent out their warrants to apprehend the doctor's eldest son, because he carried on the prosecution against Barreit; insomuch that Mr. Raleigh was forced to fly for his security; and then Barrett was released, and restored by the com. mittee, to his place. To which let me add this one thing more, that the committee likewise apprehended, imprisoned, and kept in cuftody (till the very hour of his death) one Mr. Standith, a priest vicar of this church, because he had given the doctor Christian burial; that is, in other words, had buried him by the Common-Prayer. The day of Dr. Raleigh's
death was O&tober 10, 1646. He was a person not only of genteel behaviour, but of great wit and elocution; a good orator, and a master of strong reason; which won him the familiarity and friendship of those great men, who were the envy of the last age, and wonder of this; viz. Lucius, lord Falkland, Dr. Henry Hammond, and Mr. William Chilling worth; the last of whom was wont to say, that Dr. Ra. leigh was the best disputant that he ever met withal. What became of the rest of his family, I know not; but I am in. formed, that his son Henry was, after his father's murder, taken and maintained by Mr. Mallet of Enmore; and did laftly ride in the duke of Northumberland's guards. As for Barrett, who murdered Dr. Raleigh, I am informed by a very ancient gentleman of Wells, that he was a renegado Welchman, not worth a groat when he came to Wells; but that by plundering, and such like practices of those times, he had got an estate, (which to observe that by the way, is now crumbled into nothing again) and that having married a wo. man in Wells, there was another from Wales, who had two children by him, came after him, and sued him for her huf. band. Such was this reforming saint, (exactly agreeable to the principles of the times) whom neither murder nor adul. tery could blemish; but he must be still continued in the fa. vour and service of the committee, as one of the godly. I have been further informed at Wells, that the sister of this fellow's wife had her mouth drawn back into her neck, in a most frightful and dismal manner; and expired in that posa ture, crying out on her death-bed, that her brother-in law had made her damn her soul by false swearing; because she had upon her oath deposed, that Dr. Raleigh struck Barrett first.”
Such is the account given by Dr. Walker, to which it is proper to add from Wood, (Athen. Oxon. Vol. II. 96.) ihat“ Dr. Raleigh's papers after his death, such as could be kept, were for more than thirty years reserved in obscurity, At length they coming into the hands of the worthy, and learned Dr. Simon Patrick, then rector of St. Paul's, Covent Garden, and afterwards bishop of Ely, he viewed, amended and methodized them, which being done, they were made public under this title “Reliquiæe Raleighanze, being Dif. courses and Sermons on several subjects.” London, 1679, 4to. It is faid that the dean wrote a tract on the Millennium, for which he was an advocate, but it was never printed.