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That never fet a squadron in the field,
For having such a blefing in his lady,
Merchant of Venice. Beaumont and Fletcher likewise, in their King and no King, make Tigranes speak of such a degree of beauty suficient to damn souls;
had the in tempting fair, That Me could wish it off for damning fouls: i. e. either, for that it did damn fouls, or for fear it should.
(4) Wherein the tongued confuls) So the generality of the impresions read; but the oldest Quarto has it, toged, (which gave the hint for my emendation) the senators, that allisted the duke in council, in their proper gowns.lower, says to Brabantio; Zounds, Sir, you're robbed; for shame, put on your
gown. Now, I think, 'tis pretty certain that lago does not mean, “ Slip on your night.gozin, but your gown of office, your fenatorial gown; put on your authority, and pursue the thief who has stole your daughter.” Belides, there is not that contralt of terms betwixt tengued, as there is betwixt luged and Joldiership. This reading is peculiarly proper here, and the Tame opposition is almost for ever made by the Roman wsi.
Cedant arma toga.
Sed quod pacis est insigne et otii, toga ; contrà autern arma,
tumultus atque belli. Vell. Paterculus de Scipione Æmiliano :
- lago, a little
As masterly as he; mere prattle, without practice,
-paternisque Lúcii Pauli virtutibus fimillimus, omnibus
Etenim tua toga emnium arniis felicior. Ovid. Metamo. lib. XV.
Cæsar in urte fua deus eft; quam Marte tog agur,
----Jam nunc hæc à me, juvei um bello.que toge que
-nocitura toga, nocitura petuntur Militia. And in a great number of passages more, that might be quoted. But now let ine proceed to explain, wlry I have ventured to substitute counsellors in the room of consuls; and then, I hope, the alteration will not appear arbitrary. The Venetian nobility, 'tis well known, constitute the great coun. cil of the fenate, and are a part of the administration, anıt fummoned to allist and counsel the Doge, who is prince of the senate; and, in that regard, has only precedency before the other magistrates. So that, in this respect, they may very properly be called counsellors. Again, when the officer comes from the Duke to Brabantio, in a subsequent scene of this ack, he says;
The Duke's in council, and your noble self,
I'm sure, is sent for. And when Brabantio comes into the fenate, the Duke says. to him;
We lacked your counsel, and your help to-night. Now Brabantio was a senator, but no confula Besides, though the government of Venice was democratic at first, under conjuis and tribunes; that form of power has been totally abrogated since Doges have been elected; and whatever confuls of other states may be resident there, yet they have no more a voice, or place, in the public courcils, or iix what concerns peace or war, than foreign ambassadors can have in our parliament.
(5) Must be led and calmied] There is no consonance of
By Debitor and Creditor, this Counter-Cafter;
hangman. lago. But there's no remedy, 'tis the curse of serPreferment goes by letter and affection, (vice; And not by old gradation, where each second Stood heir to the first. Now, Sir, be judge yourIf I in any just term am assigned To love the Moor.
Rod. I would not follow him then.
lago. O Sir, content you; I follow him to serve my turn upon
him, We cannot all be masters, nor all masters Cannot be truly followed. You shall mark Many a duteous and knee-crooking knave, That, doating on his own obsequious bondage, Wears out his time, much like his master's ass, For nought but provender; and when he's old, ca
Thiered: Whip me such honest knaves -Others there are, Who trimmd in forms and visages of duty, Keep yet their hearts attending on themselves; And, throwing but shows of service on their lords, Well thrive by them; and when they've lin’d their
coats, Do themselves homage. These folks have some foul, And such a one do I profess myself. It is as sure as you are Rodorigo, Were I the Moor, I would not be Iago:
metaphor in these two terms. I have chose to read with the first Folio, and several other of the old editions. Bea leea is a sea term as well as calmed; and a ship is said to be beleed when she lyes close under the wind on the lee-thore, makes no fail.
In fo!lowing him, I follow but myself,
Rod. What a full fortune doth the thick-lips owe,
lago. Call up her father,
Rod. Here is her father's house, l'll call aloud.
laga. Do, with like timorous accent, and dire As when, by night and negligence, the fire [yell, Is spied in populous cities.
Rod. What, ho! Brabantio! Signior Brabantio, ho. lago. Awake! what ho! Brabantio! ho! thieves!
BRABANTIO appears above at a Window.
Ród. Signior, is all your family within?
on your gown,
Ev'n now, ev'n very now, an old black ram
Bia. What, have you lost your wits?
(voice? *Rod. My name is Rodorigo.
Bra. The worse welcome;
doors : In honeit plainness thou hast heard me fay, My daughter's not for thee. And now in madness, Being full of fupper and distemp'ring draughts, Upon malicious bravery dost thou come To start my quiet.
Rod. Sir, Sir, Sir
Dra. But thou must needs be sure,
Rod. Patience, good Sir.
Bra. What tellest thou me of robbing? this is My house is not a grange.
Rod. Most grave Brabantio,
Iago. Zounds ! Sir, you are one of those that will not serve God, if the devil bid you. Because we come to do you service, you think we are ruffians. You'll have your daughter covered with a Barbary horse, you'll have your nephews neigh to you; you'll have coursers for cousins, and gennets for germans,
Bra. What profane wretch art thou ?
lago. I am one, Sir, that comes to tell you, your daughter and the Moor are now making the beast with two backs.