Obrazy na stronie

believe that he lived in incest with his merit-Massena, his fils cheri de la vicown sister:- the murder of D’Enghien, toire, he speaks slightingly of in these the massacre of prisoners, and poi- volumes-Soult, he says, would make soning of the sick at Jaffa, with respect merely a good ordonnateur, a proper mito which he sought to brave public nister at war-Moreau and Bernadotte opinion, much more than to plead ex- we have already mentioned. But with cuses before it, are sufficient, and respect to his enemies, to those who strongly enough attested, to blast his foiled and conquered him, nothing can moral character in public acts. equal his spite and malice. His plead· In private life, we think him to have ing against the Duke of Wellington for been amiable. Passion of any kind winning the battle of Waterloo, is very he had done all his scoldings and serious, and most ridiculous; and his talking big to his Marshals and lac- exposure of the faults of the English queys, were, by his own confession, put general, shews only with what odds of on. An hundred times in Las Cases, fortune against Wellington he yet conwe hear him confess that all his bursts trived to beat the Emperor. The first of passion were pretended, and calcu- gravamen of Napoleon is, that the lated for a purpose. No doubt those Duke was surprised in his intrenchtowards Sir Hudson Lowe were as real, ments—the more wonderful and praiseand with as much calculation called worthy, then, the talent that could forth. Passion, indeed !- What busin change a surprise into a victory. But ness had he ever to be in one?-the whose fault was it, that Wellington luckiest dog in Christendom, and out was surprised ? Buonaparte can anof it—that ran the most glorious career swer, that it was that of the Prince of that ever modern ran, and was set down Saxe-Weimar, “ who, if he had sent with nothing to trouble him, in good an aid-de-camp direct to Brussels, he dry lodgings for the rest of his days, would have arrived there, with news to write his Memoirs, and pinch the of Napoleon's approach, at six in the lugs of Counts and Marshals. Be- evening, whereas it was not till eleven sides, physically, how could he be pas that his approach was known to Welsionate-a fellow without an ounce of lington.” His next complaint against bile in his composition, so snugly lard. the Duke is, the arrangement of forces, ed upon the ribs, that he never once and the want of artillery or cavalry felt his heart beat, as he confessed to among the English at Quatre Bras. To Las Cases, nor ever experienced pain this we may oppose Napoleon's own either in head or stomach ? No-he words :-“ Ney received orders on the had not even the excuse of hasty tem- 16th to advance with the 43,000 men per for one of his crimes, to save his which he commanded, forming the left morality, nor yet the same excuse for wing of the army, before Quatre Bras, one of his blunders, to save his cha, and there take up his position, &c. racter for talent.

The Prince of Orange, with only 9000 The most, indeed the only intereste men, preserved this important position ing parts of these volumes, are those against Ney till three in the afterdictated by Napoleon himself, giving noon.” This, from Buonaparte's own an account of the battles of Ariole, Ri- mouth, shews that the Duke knew his voli, and that period of his Italian cam men, and what they could effect; 9000 paigns; as also the anecdotes and re- of them, headed by the young Prince marks on the leading characters of the of Orange, against 43,000, led by the revolution and consulate. The cha- veteran Ney. The next accusation of racter of Sieyes is finely developed ; Napoleon against the Duke of Wellingand mostly all his Marshals are por- ton commences thus :-" The Engtrayed in lively traits ; his hatred of lish general gave us battle at Waterloo Moreau and Bernadotte is undisgui- on the 18th. This act was contrary to sed; he cannot allow them even talent. the interests of his nation,” &c. &c. Nothing surprises one so much in Na- We believe that this article of impeachpoleon, as the total want of liberality ment needs no very elaborate answer. towards his enemies. We look for But what ought the English general to something above envy and petty pas- have done, in the opinion of the Emsions in a being whom his own genius peror Napoleon ?- Hear it, good Mocertainly had placed on such an unpa- mus, if thou knowest the French diaralleled eminence. Even of his own lect, for we should be ashamed to put generals, those who had acquired fame such stuff into English. as tacticians, he never would allow their “On demandera que devait donc faire

le general Anglais après la bataille de east, south, and west, by the Mediterra. Ligny, et le combat de Quatre Bras ? La nean and the Adriatic. On the side of the posterité n'aura pas deux opinions : il de- Continent, it is bounded by the chains of vait traverser, dans la nuit du 17 au 18, la the Alps,” &c. &c. forêt de Soignes, sur la chaussée de Char

Pretty information this of the Emleroi ; l'armée Prussienne la devait également traverser sur la chausée de Wavres ;

peror Napoleon's, for us to be paying les deux arınées se reunir a la pointe du

our half-guinea a volume for. But the jour, sur Bruxelles ; laisser des arrière

fact is, Napoleon never wrote or dicgardes pour défendre la forêt ; gagner

tated one line of such nonsense. And,

tated one line of suc quelques jours pour donner le temps aux in proof, just read the following senPrussiens, dispersés par la bataille de Lig. tence: ny, de rejoindre leur armée, se renforcer “De l'autre côté, le Saint-Gothard est de quatorze régimens Anglais, qui étaient plus haut que le Simplon ; le Simplon plus en garnison dans les places fortes de la Bel. haut que le Saint Bernard ; le Saint Bergique, on venaient de debarquer á Osténde, nard plus haut que le Mont-Cenis ; le de retour d'Amerique, et laisser manæu. Mont Cenis que le Col de Tende."- Las vrer l'Empereur des Français comme il Cases. Journal, Tom. 3. Sixieme Partie. aurait voulu.”

Why, the blockhead! we did not The plain English of which is, that think there was a man in Europe, who the Duke of Wellington was, in duty

did not know, that the St Bernard, inand propriety, bound to run away stead of being, as here represented, through Brussels on the night of the lower than the Simplon, was nearly 17th, and “ leave the Emperor of the double its height. Napoleon, who had French to manæuvre as he pleased.” crossed both, and had run his road We think this is quite sample enough over the Simplon as the lowest and of his pleading and liberality.

most feasible of the two, could never Esteeming Napoleon, as we do, one have uttered such ignorance. And the of the first characters of modern times, Count de Las Cases to write this — one is indignant at meeting these pages counsellor of state ! one that went on of spite, ignorance, and absurdity, as missions to Illyria! a geographer--go coming from his pen, or even as slip

to! and the immortal author of the ping from him in intemperate moments.

never-to-be-enough-lauded, but neThe only refuge for the great man's ver-once-heard-of Atlas Historique ! character is, in doubting the veracity

“ If you find as much brains in his of M.de Las Cases; and there are proofs head as would clog the foot of a flea, scattered through the volumes to shew we'll eat the rest of the anatomy." that that egregious blockhead has palm. There is another sentence of Bonaed no small portion of his own pre- parte's pleadings, which we will quote, cious compositions on us for the ge- and leave to our readers to judge, whenuine produce of the imperial head. ther it was written before or after the One thing, at any rate, is pretty evi death of the unfortunate Lord Londondent, that all those profound disqui- derry, and the accession to the minissitions on geography and topography, try of Mr Canning, which will decide put by Las Cases into the mouth of whether it be Napoleon's, as asserted, Napoleon, came from the same source or Las Cases's. as Mon Atlas Historique--some Tura

« Le ministre Castlereagh passera, et ner's Geography of an affair, by which. celui qui lui succédera, heritier de tant de it seems, the noble Count de Las Ca

fautes, deviendra grand, s'il veut seulement ses made his fortune. How can any

ne pas les continuer. Tout son genie peut one for a moment suppose that Napo

se borner uniquement à laisser faire, à obéir leon, in St Helena, would seriously

aux vents qui soufflent; au rebours de sit down to dictate to any one a geo

Castlereagh, il n'a qu'à se mettre à la tête

des idées libérales, au lieu de se liguer avec graphical account of such a well-known le pouvoir absolu, et il recueillera les béné. country as Italy? --what Las Cases dictions universelles, et tous lest torts de calls “ un très-bien morceau de geogra- l'Angleterre seront oubliés." phie politique :" and that this beauti- But the most notable humbug of ful morceau should be nothing more all, is the pretence of the Ex-Emperor than what is to be found in every and his suite to literary taste. They child's “Geography, made Easy for the talk of reading Homer to amuse them use of Schools.'--.g.

selves of evenings; to be sure, they read * Italy is one of the finest parts of the the “Charlemagne” of Lucien Bonaglobe. It is a peninsula, surrounded on the parte with it, comparing the two one


writers—which is like them, and ar- So much for his taste. gues something of truth. But what A vast deal of noise has been made Homer, we marvel much, did these respecting the mal-treatment of Nagentlemen read? Not the Greek, we poleon. The Quarterly has given its may be sworn ; a language, of which opinion on the subject ; now it is ours, the most learned of their nation are in that a great deal of needless annoyance general ignorant. French translation was heaped upon Napoleon. The order there is none at all tolerable, at least from the Home Department to take none calculated to call forth the enco- away his sword, was ungenerous; and miums of these gentlemen-they pa- it would, no doubt, have been put intronize Homer, as some one said Lord to strict execution had Sir Hudson Bolingbroke patronized Providence. Lowe then been in command. 'Twas Perhaps they read him in the version doubly wrong to place the Emperor of Cesarotti, in whose Ossian Napoleon first in the hands of so amiable and had been once so wrapt; but Cesarot- deferent a gentleman as the Admiral, ti's Homer is as bad as his Ossian is and then transfer him into the hands good; he translated the former to de- of Sir Hudson : it was the change, the preciate him, so that, even in this best continual changes and increase of petof accessible Homers, they could have ty vexations, that embittered his existbut a poor taste of the great original. ence. If the utmost severity had been Mind Las Cases, however he never adopted at first, and adhered to, it once mentions a translation-he would would have been something. No afhave us suppose that he and the Em- fair could have been worse managed, peror amused themselves in the even with due deference to Lord Bathurst; ings reading Greek. What a quiz!, the instructions were mean and uncerWe verily believe, even the translation, tain, changing by every dispatch-all prose for verse, was brought forward those employed were unfit, from the but to look learned in a paragraph of fine, blunt seaman, first employed, to Las Cases' Journal, and to astonish the sensitive, nervous, irresolute, and the old grognards with the deep learn- ill-looking gentleman last in command. ing they little suspected in their old Every military man in the island murgeneral. His studies on board the fri- mured at the treatment of Napoleon ; gate which conveyed him clandestine, and the Quarterly Review knows well ly from Egypt, were more characteris- they did. As to O'Meara, the unprintic. “ He spent the greater part of cipled blockhead is not worth attendthe day," says Ganthaume, “shut up ing to-read but his letter to Lord in his chamber, reading one time the Keith, refusing to serve as surgeon to Bible, at another the Alcoran.” The Napoleon, unless as a British officer, Emperor's dictatorial criticisms on under British control, and to be conCorneille, Racine, and the poets of his sidered in nowise belonging to Napoown country, are in the true common- leon ; and then read his answer to Naplace style of the French, and worthy poleon, on being asked whose servant of that most common-place of our cri. he thought himself. The man who tics, whom the French admire so much, could publish such a book must have Dr Blair. Of his general taste, too, deemed the people of England strangethere are samples in this work. Hearly inapprehensive of truth and falsehim, after declaring that his soul was hood. But put O'Meara out of the oriental, that he loved the desert, and question; the undenied facts are enough gloried that his name signified the -it was beneath the dignity of the Lion of the Desert-listen to this hero British nation to tell Napoleon she liof the oriental soul describing the im- mited him to a bottle of wine per day, pression made upon him by those thus denying him in exile even the sograndest objects in the range of anti lace of intoxication, His extravagant quity and man's creation :

wearing of one shirt a-day was also a " At dinner, the Emperor said many

subject more worthy to be handled by

Joseph Hume, than by a general officurious things respecting Egypt. He found, he said, that all which he had seen in Egypt,

cer of his Majesty's forces. And we especially those so celebrated and so vaunt

must say, that Sir Hudson's late step ed ruins, could never stand in comparison

of transmitting to Las Cases extracts with Paris and the Thuilleries, or give an

from O'Meara's letters, in which he idea of them.” Journal, Tome 3. Sixieme happened to speak ill of Las Cases, for Partie. P. 235.

the mere and mean end of creating a

quarrel between these par nobile fra- Ninth, and Charles the Third of Engtrum, was also a revenge unlike that land-he, thus generous to the Stuarts, taken generally by British officers. the unfortunate rivals of his house,

To conclude, we think the empty would havegranted the consoling name title of Emperor ought to have been of Emperor, if such be a consolation, allowed to Napoleon. The denial of to the exiled, the captive Napoleon. it has caused one-half of the shameful We are Tories, but we have feelings. turmoil of St Helena. We are certain, The Quarterly is ever unjust when the that had the noble and liberal-minded name of Napoleon is mentioned, and George the Fourth been consulted on sure this war of hate may cease, “when the occasion-he, who, so much above all its political ends have been acprejudice, gave, upon a public monu- complished.” ment, the titles of King to Henry the

. . E.


The French Revolution is now a Ottoman empire. It was contrary to her dream, and its leaders are like the inclination that Maria Theresa entered rambling and shadowy hopes with into the conspiracy against Poland, a nawhich dreams are filled. T'he true tion placed at the entrance of Europe to. bearing of its day of blood and tumult defend it from the irruptions of the northhas been discovered, and Napoleon ern nations. The disadvantages attendand his instruments are now judged ing the aggrandizement of Russia, were in the same balance that weighs the feared at Vienna, but great satisfaction ashes of the Neros and Borgias of the was nevertheless felt at the acquisition of world.

several millions of souls, and the influx of A new volume of Napoleon's Recol

many millions of money into the treasury. lections has been lately published, and

The House of Austria would, in the same itcontains some speculations sufficient

manner, feel averse, at the present day, to ly suitable to the vivid and stern sa

the partition of Turkey, but would never

theless consent to it. Austria would be gacity of a soldier, undoubtedly en

much gratified at the increase of her rast titled to rank among the most daring

8 dominions, by the addition of Servia, Borand brilliant military minds of his

nia, and the ancient Illyrian provinces, of tory. Those fragments are valuable, which Vienna was formerly the capital. as supplying the key to his policy, as What will England and France do ? One the grounds on which he would pro- of them will take Egypt-a poor combably be acting, if he were still upon pensation. A statesman of the first orthe French throne ; and, at all events, der used to say – Whenever I hear of the thoughts of one of the most pene- fleets sailing under the Greek cross, casttrating intellects, that ever looked up- ing anchor under the walls of the Seragon the map of European power. His lio, I seem to hear a cry prophetic of the conceptions of the result of a Turkish fall of the empire of the Crescent.'" and Russian war, may yet be quoted His remarks on Massena's Portuas oracles.

guese campaign, are probably tinged “ A modern Turkish army is a thing by its ill success, but they form the of very little importance. The Ottomans reluctant panegyric of the British Gewill not be able to maintain their ground, neral.either in Asia Minor, Syria, or Egypt, “ Another offensive campaign, which when once the Russians shall, in addi- was equally contrary to the most importtion to the Crimea, the Phasis, and the ant rules of the art of war, was that of shores of the Caspian, become possessed Portugal. The Anglo-Portuguese army of Constantinople. Neither the patriot. consisted of 80,000 men, of which numism of the people, nor the policy of the ber 15,000 were militia, who were in obcourts of Europe, prevented the partition servation at Coimbra, and supported upof Poland, or the spoliation of several na- on Oporto. The French army, after tations, nor will they prevent the fall of the king Ciudad Rodrigo and Almeida, enter

• Napoleon's Memoirs of the History of France during his Reign. 8vo. Colburn.


ed Portugal 72,000 strong. It attacked tered thoughts are highly characteristhe enemy in position on the heights of tic of the man. Busaco. "The two armies were of equal “ After the re-embarkation of the Engforce, but the position of Busaco was lish army (at Corunna), the King of Spain very strong. The attack failed, and the (Joseph) remained inactive. He ought to next morning the army turned those lines have marched on Cadiz, Valencia, and by proceeding on Coimbra. The enemy Lisbon. Political means would then have then effected his retreat on Lisbon, burn- done the rest. No one can deny, that ing and laying waste the country. The if the court of Austria, instead of decla

if the court of Anst French general pursued him closely, left ring war, had allowed Napoleon to reno corps of observation to restrain the main four months longer in Spain, all division of 15,000 militia at Oporto, aban- would have been over. The presence of doned his rear, and Coimbra, his place of a general is indispensable. He is the depot, where he left 5000 sick and wound head, the whole of an army. It was not ed. Before he had arrived at Lisbon, the the Roman army that subdued Gaul-it Portuguese division had already occupied was Cæsar himself; nor was it the CarCoimbra, and cut him off from all means thaginian army that made the Republic of retreat. He ought to have left a corps tremble, but Hannibal himself; nor was of 6000 men to occupy Coimbra, and it the Macedonian army which reached keep the Portuguese division in awe. the Indus, but Alexander. It was not

“ It is true, that he would in that case the French army which carried the war have arrived at Lisbon with only 60,000 to the Weser and the Inn, but Turenne; men, but that number was sufficient, if it nor was it the Prussian army which, for was the English General's intention to seven years, defended Prussia against the embark; if, on the contrary, he intended three greatest powers of Europe it was to maintain himself in Portugal, as there Frederick the Great." was every reason to believe, the French ought not to have passed Coimbra, but to

The motive of the Russian war was have taken up a good position before that

undoubtedly Napoleon's ambition of city, even at several marches distance, for

being a universal conqueror, urged tified themselves there, subjected Oporto on by his personal hatred of England. by means of a detachment, organized their

The conquest of Russia was contemrear and their communications with Al

plated as completing the European meida, and waited till Badajoz was taken,

barrier against English commerce and and the army of Andalusia arrived on the

continental alliance. The alleged moTagus. When arrived at the foot of the

tives, however, are curious, and not intrenchments of Lisbon, the French general failed in resolution ; yet he was

inconsistent with the true. aware of the existence of those lines, « It was considered that the French since the enemy had been labouring on empire, which Napoleon had created by them for three months. The prevalent so many victories. would infallibly ha opinion is, that if he had attacked them dismembered at his death; and the scepon the day of his arrival, he would have tre of Europe would pass into the hands carried them, but two days after it was

of a Czar, unless Napoleon drove back no longer possible. The Anglo-Portuguese

the Russians beyond the Borysthenes, army was there reinforced by a great and raised up the throne of Poland, the number of battalions of militia ; so that, natural barrier of the empire. In 1812, without gaining any advantage, the French Austria, Prussia, Germany, Swisserland, general lost 5000 sick and wounded, and and Italy, marched under the French his communications with his rear. When eagles-was it not natural that Napoleon before Lisbon, he discovered that he had should think the moment was arrived for not sufficient ammunition, he had made consolidating the immense edificewhich he no calculation previously to his opera had raised; but on the summit of which tion.”

Russia would lean with the whole weight Napoleon here labours to shift the of her power, as long as she should be defeat on the shoulders of his old ri.

able to send her armies at pleasure on val, the Enfant gaté de la Victoire.

the Oder ? Alexander was young and

vigorous, like his empire. It was to be That an old soldier like Massena

presumed that he would survive Naposhould have forgotten to calculate his

leon. Such was the whole secret of the cartridges, is absurd ; the true miscal

war." culation was on the bravery of the British, and the ability of their gene The invasion of Russia, as it was the ral. Some of his desultory and scat last, was the mightiest effort of the

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