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afterwards duke of Wirtemburg-Stutgard, by whom she had issue two sons and a daughter. After her decease the duke of Wirtemburg married his second wife, Charlotte, Princess royal of Great Britain. 2. Charles George Augustus, duke of Brunswick Wolfenbuttle, born Feburary 8, 1766; married October 14, 1790, to Princese Frederica Louisa Wilhelmina, daughter of William the Fifth, Stadtholder. 3. Caroline Amelia Elizabeth, (the royal subject of these memoirs.) 4. George William Christian, born June 27, 1769. 5. William Frederick, born October 9, 1771. 6. Leopold.
Frederick Augustus, the next brother of the duke of Brunswick, Charles William Ferdinand, likewise distinguished himself as a military commander. This prince, after the surrender of Wolfenbuttle, to prince Xavier of Saxony, in October 1761, marched with general Luckner, to the relief of Brunswick, then besieged by the French troops. His highness, whilst the general marched to Peina, attacked the enemy in their entrenchments, forced them, made above 200 prisoners, and took possession of the town, in consequence of which success, Wolfenbuttle was evacuated in a few days. He likewise had the command in investing the town of Cassel, in 1762, and was, with his eldest brother, at the battle of Graberstein. He was a general under Frederick the Third, king of Prussia, as was also the duke's second brother, prince Williain
Adolphus. The third brother, prince Albert Henry, was slain at the age of 18, on the 20th of July, 1761, in a skirmish with a body of French troops. Duke Charles's third daughter, Elizabeth Chris tina Ulrica, was married to Frederick 4th, king of Prussia, by whom he had her R. H. the present duchess of York.
The benign qualities of the excellent Prince Leopold, duke Charles's youngest son, were prevented from beaming forth to bless mankind, by a catastrophe of the most distressing nature, thus related in the Leyden Gazette, about the beginning of May 1785 :
“ We have within these few days experienced the greatest calamities, by the overflowing of the Oder, which burst its banks in several places, and carried away houses, bridges, and every thing that opposed its course. Numbers of people lost their lives in this rapid inundation; but of all the accidentas rising from it, none was so generally lamented as the death of the good prince Leopold of Brunswick. This amiable personage standing at the side of the river, a woman threw herself at his feet, beseeching him to give orders for some persons to go to the rescue of her children, whom, bewildered by the sudden danger, she had left behind her in the house ; some soldiers who were also in the same place were crying for help. The prince endeavour. ed to procure a flat bottomed boat, but no one
could be found' to venture across the river, even though the prince offered large sums' of money, and promised to share the danger. At last, moved by the cries of the unfortanate inhabitants of the suburb, and led by the sentiment of his own benevolent heart, he took the resolution of going to their assistance himself. Those who were about him endeavoured to dissuade him from this hazard. ous enterprise, but touched to the soul by the distress of the miserable people, he replied in the following words; “What am I more than either you or they? I am a man like yourselves, and nothing ought to be attended to here but the voice of humanity.” Unshaken therefore in his resolution, he immediately embarked with three watermen in a small boat, and crossed the river; the boat did not want the three lengths of the bank, when it struck against a tree, and in an instant they all together, with the boat, disappeared. A few minutes after the prince rose again, and supported himself a short time by taking hold of a tree, but the violence of the current soon bore him down, and he never appeared more. The boatmen, more fortunate, were every one saved, and the prince alone became the victim of his own humanity. The whole city was in affliction for the loss of this truly amiable prince, whose humility, gentleness of manners, and compassionate disposition endear. ed him to all ranks. He lived, indeed, as he died, in the highest exercise of humanity. Had not the current been so rapid, he would no doubt have been saved, as he was a remarkably good swimmer.”
Education of the Princess Caroline-Gaiety of the
Court of Brunswick-Her partiality to the “good and brave English"-An alliance with the Royal Family of England contemplatedMarriage among potentates generally a matter of state policy-Pecuniary embarrassments of his R. H. the Prince of Wales—Is prevailed
upon to marry-Dangerous journey of her Serene Highness to England-Ceremonial of the Royal Nuptials-Addresses on the occasion.
HER serene highness the princess Caroline, like her elder sister princess Charlotte, was chiefly educated under the immediate inspection of her mnother the duchess of Brunswick. She had an early introduction to fashionable society, her father's court having been the resort of gallant offcers and unfortunate foreigners-a refuge for the then wretched exiles, as well as an open palace for the reception and entertainment of occasional visitors of consequence. Here persons of all nations met, and the young princess had frequent opportunities of observing their respective manners. Among an assemblage so mixed, there were no doubt some dissolute characters, but the delicate