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door, which had been left open, and the lieutenant, who really had received no orders, cares not oppose his departure.
Once in the Dominican convent, it was no easy matter to get, him out.* It became necessary to open a negociation with the provincial of the order, and with the archbishop of Seville; the nuncio's authority was brought into play. At last the Dominicans agreed to wave their privileges, and to allow the prisoner to be seized in their house, provided this could be effected without bloodshed.t
The officer charged with the execution of this duty, enters the prince's chamber, his hat in one hand, his sword in the other, and says to him, “surrender, sir, by his majesty's order.” But the young man in an instant arms himself, and springs into a corner of the apartment, protesting that he will put to death the first person who offers to touch him. He is surrounded with bayonets; he opposes these with his sword, and at the same time deals about him such violent blows with it, that the prescribed condition became impracticable. The guard rctire; in the meantime the populace assembles at the door; the affair is quickly known throughout the city. The government is censured both for what it has done, and what it has not done; the women, especially, are indignant at the violence committed against the stranger. What a shame to treat thus a young man, so handsome, so noble, so generous, so brave! he is a prince beyond all manner of doubt, and such a prince as there are very few who resemble him; it is scandalous to ill use him so!
The agents of the government, who were made sensible by this fermentation of people's minds, of the necessity of quickly terminating the business, renewed their negociations with the Dominicans. The latter, at last, consent to deliver up
their selves; but the thing was difficult to execute. He never stirred but with a brace of pistols at his girdle; when sleeping they were placed under his pillow; at table they were on each side of his plate; and for greater surety, he always ate alone, in his own.
* The convent in Spain are privileged; those who take refuge in them cannot be forced away.
† These details, which Garnier could not be acquainted with, are taken from a letter written by a Dominican of Seville, to father Serre, a Dominican. of Martinique
l'oom, with his face fronting the door. IIowever, a plan was fixed upon. They had appointed to wait on him a young lay brother; gay, vigorous, and active, whose services were well received, and whose good humour diverted him much. One day this man, who always stood behind his chair during meals, had been telling him a story which was probably very droll; the prince held his sides for laughter. The young monk seized his opportunity, laid hold of both his arms from behind, and at the same moment stamped on the floor with all his might. Immediately the alguazils, who were concealed close by, made their appearance. The poor prince is carried off, and thrown into the darkest dungeon of the most infamous prison in the city, el cataboer de los Putos; chains are fastened round his waist, his legs, and his hands; they load him to such a degree with fetters, that to use the expressions of Dr. Garnier, “ ho resembled a bundle of pieces of iron; they must have been greatly afraid of him.”
In this situation they bring before him the marquis d'Eragny, Garnier, and Rhodez, who had been probably arrested when he had left the fort. ' See,” they were told, “ if this be a prince, and ask him from what motive he has deceived you." His spirit did not appear in the least cast down; le expressed astonishment at the violence with which he was treated, was grieved that his friends should suffer such humiliation on his account; but he promises them they should have justice; he expected it of Europe, of God, of his sword. “ Never,” exclaims the enthusiastic Garnier, in his account of this interview, “nerer did he appear more like a prince, niore superior to the rest of mankind, than under the pressure of the unworthy fetters with which he was loaded.”
Four and twenty hours afterwards, he is conducted to the council-hall, in order to undergo an examination. “You have no rigtilto ask me questions,” said hic to his judges; “ my name is sufficient to inform you, that being born your master, I owe no account of my conduct but to God. I am called Hercules Rinaldo d'Este, son of the reigning prince, and of Charlotte Aglae,” &c.
He was asked, “Have you not endeavoured to withdraw the island of Martinique from its allegiance to the king of France?"
“I have no answer to make to a question so totally without foundation."
Here ended the interrogatories; the judges retire, and the scene changes once more. Instead of leading the prince back to his dungeon, he is established in the council-chamber, the only lodgeable room in the prison, which is fitted up commodiously for his use.
For the enormous heap of chains, sufficient to bear down an elephant, is substituted a polished iron ring, round his ankle, of about three ounces weight. He is supplied with paper and ink for his amusement, (for he was not allowed to send lctters to any body,) and also with books, and drawing pencils. They place a special guard in the prison on his account, commanded by a captain and a lieutenant of infantry, and these officers are established permanently near his person, and are searched with the greatest severity whenever they leave his apartment. In the meantime, the people of his suite are interrogated respecting the pretended project of exciting the colony to insurrection; they answer by shrugging up their shoulders, and immediately, without further process, without re-examination, or confrontation, the principal personage is condemned to the gallies, or hard labour in Africa, and his followers are banished the territory of Spain. The details of the sentence were stated to Garnier in his prison by the clerk of the court, a Frenchman by birth, and whom the former had inspired with a friendship for him. The clerk, when telling what had passed, added, “ all this is very extraordinary; I cannot understand it."'*
* On Garnier's inquiring of this clerk, what could have given rise to the idea of exciting a revolt in the colony, he informed him that it originated with the French court, where the pretended prince was accused of such a project. We have already stated that the marquis of Caylus, by way of excusing his weakness and folly, had declared his apprehension, that the colony would reyolt; but the French minister despised this accusation; and the pretended actors in this pretended insurrection of the prince's adherents, who had been arrested by the marquis's orders, were liberated very soon afterwards, without any trial. Nadau alone was ordered to France, to give the account of his conduct; but M. de Caylus dying about this time, nobody took any interest in the prosecution of Nadau, the family of Penthiévre took no part against him; so that he got well out of the scrape, and returned to Martinique, probably less persuaded of the story, than he had been on setting out, but still supporting the same opinion. As for Dr., Garnier, he retained the same sentiments to the last. The marquis d'Eragny, who had gone to France, was rather less firm in the faith. The others have been lost sight of
Before the sentence could be carried into execution, the prince, who remained in prison, had found means to open a correspondence with his friends. He informed them that his table was well served, that he was well treated, in short that he wanted nothing except wine and snuff which were refused him. He had won the hearts of the officers who guarded him. These gentlemen carried away his notes rolled up between their fingers, and as they were not searched, when they came in, they brought back in their pockets the wine and snuff, which were furnished them by Garnicr, Ferol and d’Eragny, who were also in prison but less closely watched.
It was now time to set off for Cadiz, where the convicts destinci to the king's works at Ceuta, in Africa were assembled. A coach with sis mulcs appeared at the door of the prison, the whole garrison of Seville was ur.der arms. The prince came down, dressed in a handsome scarlet coat, his head well powdered, leaning on the arm of the captain who guarded him, and supporting with a rose colored ribbon, the little fetter which embarrassed him when walking. He was helped into the carriage by the captain and the lieutenant, and these officers followed him into it. They set off escorted by the little troop to whom the guard of the prince was entrusted, and were driven through Seville between two rows of infantry who lined the streets.*
On the prisoner's arrival at Cadiz, he was conducted to the fort de la Caragna, which commands the harbour. mandant of the fort was informed that he should be answerable
* It has been said that an insurrection in his favor was apprehended. It is most certain that people's imaginations were singularly excited on the occasion, there were bets laid in Spain to the amount of sixty thousand dollars, on the question whether it was or was not the prince of Modena. The court forbade any wagers to be made; and this appeared the most extraordinary circumstance of all. The betters went in quest of the true prince; they were a long time without finding him. He was at that time neither at Modena, nor at Reggio, nor at Massa Carrara. It was said he was at Venice; but four public notaries certified that he had not appeared there. One would have thought that he hid himself on purpose to keep up the uncertainty, and to give the usurper of his name, time to lay aside in Africa, the title he had assumed in America and brought with him to Europe,
for him; but the order mentioned at the same time that he was to be treated con maniera, with attention and respect. This officer was a Frenchman, named Devan, who had risen to his present rank by his merit: when I make myself answerable for a man, body for body, answered in French, this old soldier, after reading the order, I know but one maniera of treating him, which is to frut irons on his hands and feet. Then the intendant, who had also received orders, caused the prince to be transferred to the ordinary prison, where an apartment was handsomely fitted up for his accommodation. He excited an extreme curiosity in all the inhabitants of Cadiz; but nobody was allowed to see him. The intendant wished to make an exception in favour of his own sons; the prince refused to receive their visit, and even caused them to be dismissed in a humiliating manner.
When the time arrived for the convicts to set out for Ceuta, he was put on board of a separate vessel from the other galley slaves. Just as they were setting sail, a secretary of the intendant made his appearance; he brought with him what remained of the proceeds of the sale of his equipage, out of which had been deducted the amount of the expenses incurred for and against him. The sum was from seven to eight hundred rials.* “Ah! Ah!” said he, “ the intendant chooses to make me his almoner!” then, raising his voice, “ sailors, the intendant is very generous, here is some money which he makes you a present of.” He distributes the money among them in presence of the secretary, and away they sail.
Nadau, on his return to Martinique, received a present of a gun and a pair of pistols of Barcelona manufacture and of exquisite workmanship. This present was accompanied by a letter from the prince, in which, after some excuses for the trouble he had caused this officer, he informed him that he was at Ceuta in the Cordelier convent, where he was kindiy treated and “enjoyed sufficient liberty. He pretended to have · been visited by Aly-Obaba, brother to the emperor of Morocco, who had offered him forty thousand men and artillery in proportion, to attack the Spaniards, but being restrained by motives of honour and religion, he had refused the proffered service. The interview had however gone off very well. Aly-Obaba had given
* libout 200 livers.