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in some faculty, or a batchelor of divinity at the least, or a preacher lawfully allowed by some bishop within this realm, or by one of the universities of Cambridge or Oxford, and shall give open tryall of his preaching before the bishop or ordinary or some other learned men ap-5 pointed by him, before his admission to such dignity or benefice; and nevertheless where the stipends or livings be very small, there to choose and admit of the best that can be found in such case of necessity.

VIII. Item, That all licences for preaching granted 10 out by any archbishops or bishops within the province of Canterbury, bearing date before the 8th of February, M.D.lxxv. be voyd and of none effect. And nevertheless all such as shall be thought meet for that office, to be admitted again without difficulty or charge, paying 15 nothing for the same.

instruat parochianos, quod non solum sacerdotes, verum etiam clerici et laici, insuper pater et mater, in necessitatis articulo.... suos parvulos valeant baptizare.” The feeling of king James I. as declared in the conference at Hampton Court, was altogether different: “that any but 20 a lawful minister might baptize any where, he utterly disliked; and in this point his highness grew somewhat earnest against the baptizing by women and laikes.” (Hist. of Conf. p. 172.)

There are two minor differences also which deserve to be noticed. In the fourth article, the expression of the bishops was, “they may be 25 deposed and punished;” but the two words “and punished” were not allowed to be published. In the eighth article the clause “paying nothing for the same” had been framed by the bishops in the following manner, “ paying not above fourpence for the seal, parchment, writing and wax for the same, according to an article of the Advertisements in 30 that behalf.” By inserting this clause the bishops might have wished to obtain indirectly the queen's confirmation of the Advertisements; from which however she appears to have withheld her official sanction during the whole of her reign, although they were drawn up and enforced at her command.

35 Comp. Collier, Hist. vol. ii. p. 551. Heylin, Hist. Presb. b. 7, sect. 14. Wake's State of the Church, p. 606. App. p. 230.

IX. Item, That every bishop take order, that able preachers within his diocese do earnestly and with diligence teach their auditors sound doctrine of faith and true religion, and continually exhort them to repentance and amendment of life, that they may bring forth the 5 fruits of faith and charity, and be liberal in alms and other good deeds commanded by God's word. And that none be admitted to be a preacher, unless he be first a deacon at the least.

X. Item, That every bishop in his diocese shall with 10 all expedition take order, that the catechism allowed be diligently taught to the youth in every parish church, and that the homilies, (where no sermons be had,) be duly read in order, as they be prescribed, every Sunday and holy day.

15 XI. Item, That every bishop shall likewise take order within his diocese, that every parson, vicar, curate and stipendiary priest being under the degree of a master of art, and being no preacher, shall provide and have of his own, within two months after warning given to him or 20 them, the New Testament both in Latin and English or Welch, and shall confer daily one chapter of the same the Latin and English or Welch together. And that archdeacons, commissaries and officials in their synods and visitations shall by their discretion appoint to every 25 of the said parsons, vicars, curates, and stipendiary priests some certain 'tax of the New Testament to be conned without book, or otherwise to be travailed in, as shall be thought most convenient to the said archdeacons, commissaries, or officials, and shall exact a rehearsal of the 30 same, and examine them how they have profited in the study thereof, at their next synods and visitations, or such other time or times, as to them shall be thought

meet.

XII. Item, That from henceforth there be no commu-35 tation of any penance by any having ordinary jurisdiction ecclesiastical, or any their officers or deputies, into any mulct pecuniary, unless the same be done upon great and urgent causes by the consent of the bishop of the diocese, declared in writing and under his hand and seal. 5

XIII. Item, That all archdeacons and others, which have ordinary jurisdiction ecclesiastical, and their officers and deputies, shall call before them all such person and persons, as shall be detected or presented before them, or any of them, of any ecclesiastical crime or fault, and shall 10 use all means by law prescribed to convince and punish such as be found to be offenders, effectually, upon pain of suspension from his and their office.

God save the Queen.

III.

Reg. Angliæ

Archiep. Cant.
Joh. WHITGIFT 2.

Anno Christi

1585

ELIZ. 27.

Articuli per archiepiscopum, episcopos, et reliquum clerum

Cantuariensis provinciæ in synodo inchoata Londini 5 vicesimo quarto die mensis Novembris, anno Domini M. D. LXXXIV. regnique serenissimæ in Christo principis dominæ Elizabethæ, Dei gratia Angliæ, Franciæ, et Hibernie regina, fidei defensoris, &c. vicesimo septimo stabiliti, et regia auctoritate approbati et confirmati. 10 Londini in ædibus A. I.

Ut homines idonei ad sacros ordines, et beneficia (uti

vocant) ecclesiastica admittantur. DRIMO cautum est, ne quis posthac ad sacros ordines 1 suscipiatur, qui non eodem quoque tempore præ- 15 sentationem suiipsius ad beneficium aliquod intra dice

Articuli per archiepiscopum] These articles are printed after the original edition, a copy of which is in the Selden collection in the Bodleian. Strype printed them (Whitg. vol. iii. p. 145.) from a MS. in the papers of lord treasurer Burghley, and notices the following 20 clause in the first article, which he supposes to have been erased at the treasurer's suggestion, as encroaching upon the rights of patronage (Ann. vol. iii. P. i. p. 331. Whitg. vol. i. p. 397). “Quod si patronus quispiam clericum aliquem ad beneficium aliquod præsentaverit, qui prædictis qualitatibus non fuerit innbutus, licebit etiam episcopo 25 ejusmodi præsentationem rejicere, nec brevi illo de 'Quare impedit' nec ulla alia ratione cogetur eundem instituere, aut ea de causa ullum legis periculum subire." Besides his jealous feeling in favour of the rights of patronage, the treasurer was probably persuaded that such a clause as this would be powerless in a court of law.

30 The great exertions made by Cartwright and his followers, the evil impression that was left on public opinion, the numerous petitions

m

cesim sive jurisdictionem ejusdem episcopi a quo sacros ordines petit, tunc vacans exhibuerit ; vel qui non eidem episcopo certum, verum, et indubitatum certificatorium attulerit de ecclesia aliqua intra diæcesim sive jurisdictionem dicti episcopi, in qua curæ animarum inservire 5 possit; vel qui in aliqua cathedrali aut collegiata ecclesia, vel collegio Cantabrigiensi aut Oxoniensi non fuerit constitutus; vel saltem, qui ab eodem episcopo in beneficium aliquod, sive ad curam (uti vocant) inserviendam tunc etiam vacantem, non sit mox admittendus.

10 Deinde, ne quis episcopus posthac aliquem in sacros ordines cooptet, qui non ex sua ipsius diæcesi fuerit, nisi vel ex altera nostratium academiarum prodierit; vel, nisi literas (ut loquuntur) dimissorias ab episcopo, cujus dicecesanus existit, attulerit, et vicesimum quartum ætatis 15 suæ annum jam compleverit, ac etiam in altera dictarum

presented in parliament, the hostility of the house of commons, were all of them warnings which archbishop Whitgift was too wise to neglect, but which, confident that he should be supported by the queen, he determined to meet with his usual vigour. The sixteen 20 articles of complaint exhibited by the commons in December 1584, though answered with much discretion by archbishop Sandys, and with his characteristic firmness by the primate, were the occasion of frequent discussions in the convocation of that period, and ultimately led to the adoption of these six canons, bearing upon the most vulner- 25 able points in the government of the church. But as they were designed, so they merely acted, in the way of palliation. They had scarcely received the royal assent, when, in a letter written on the 24th of March, 1585, the archbishop complained to the queen in the following manner of the proceedings of the house of commons : “ Not- 30 withstanding the charge of late given by your highness to the lower house of parliament for dealing in causes of the church ; albeit also, according to your majesty's good liking, we have set down order for the admitting of meet men in the ministry hereafter ; yet have they passed a bill in that house yesterday touching that matter. Which, 35 besides other inconveniences (as, namely, the trial of the minister's sufficiency by twelve laymen, and such like) hath this also, that if it pass by parliament, it cannot hereafter but in parliament be altered, what necessity soever shall urge thereunto.....Whereas if it is but as

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