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AVERAGE PRICES OF CORN FROM THE LONDON GAZETTE.

S.

8. d.

46

69 0

53 7 64 0

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By the Quarter of Eight Winchester Bushels, and of Oatmeal per Boll of 140 lbs Avoirdupois, from the Official Returns received in the Week ending March 29, 1817.

INLAND COUNTIES. "Wheat. Rye. Barley Oats. Beans. Pease. Oatm. S. d. s. d.

S. d.

s. d. 8. d. Middlesex, mammunnan

109 10
59 3 45 10 34 8 45 11 51 9

0 Surreyguma 105 4 54 6 46 2 33 8 46 8 49 4

0 Hertford,

93 4

0 43 2 33 0 42 6 41 3 Bedford,wowowowo

96 10 63 2 46 2 34 10 46 0 53 0 Huntingdon,

98 9 0 0 43 10 29 44 0 Northampton, mamin 108 4 0 43 6 29 2 58 8

0 Rutland, 92 3 0 44 6 32 0 47

0 41 2 Leicester, men ondernemer 103 11 60 56 4 37 4 67 6

29 10 Nottingham, 1024 75 58 0 35 10 61 8 71

0 0 Derby,

98 0

55 37 6 66 8 56 0 0 0 Stafford,

101 3

51 5 399 74 8 0 0 36 9 Salop, woman

111 7 50 59 3 37 6 78 56 60 2 Hereford,

113 0 64 52 3 28 46 45 10 46 1 Worcester, mmander

1122 0 0 47 0 33 1 49 4 Warwick,mmmmmm 123 8 0 0 51 8 36 0 64 5 73 9 36 6 Wilts,nisamma

96 0 0 0 52 6 31 8 61 0 Berks, 116 10 0 0 40 11 29 1

45 10 48 6 0 Oxford, 124 0 0 0 50 4 33 0 60 0

70 0

0 Bucks, 1090 0 0 41 9 33 45 9

0 Brecon, 105 7 60 9 62 4

0

42 8 Montgomery, 111 2 0 64 0 329

0

57 7 39 Radnor, 109 3 1 0 0 | 526 28

51 2 0 MARITIME COUNTIES. Essex,

98 0 56 0 43 2 32 4 56 6 45 6 0 0 Kent,

102 6

0 44 38 8 49 0 56 6 0 0 Sussexgrad

111 10 0 0 41 28 0 50 0 0 0 61 9 Suffolk,

112 9 0 0 48 4 29 5 34 9 47 3 0 0 Cambridge,

93 0 0 0 28 5 20 3 38 10 32 0 0 0 Norfolk, 111 2 48 11 40 8 34 9 33 41 0

0 Lincoln, 83 74 0 47 11 29 5 44 11

28 0 York,marianna

179

54 10 41 2 32 10 52 0 0 0 31 0 Durham,

87 4 0 0

62 0 40 2 76 0 0 0 · 0 0 Northumberland, 70 7 60 0 48 8 40 0 0 0 61 6

0 0 Cumberland,

76 9 79 8 60 43 2 0 0 0 0 31 3 Westmorland,

96 10 84 0

58 46 0 0 0 74 0 37 4 Lancaster,mmm 104 11 0 0 0 0 41 6 64 4 0 0

36 11 Chester, mammaman

94 6

63 7 43 9 0 0 0 0 35 6 Flint,

108 2
60 4 0 0

0 0 0 0 Denbeigh,

98
599 40 11

0 0 Anglesea,

0 0
0 60 0
30 0

0 0 0 0 Carnarvon gromnomna 108 6 0 0 63 4 40 8

0 0 41 6 Merioneth, 112 6 0 0 61 3 44 5

0 0 40 5 Cardigan,

112 0
0
16 0 0 0

0 0 Pembroke,

99 3

0

43 8 18 10 0 0 0 0 0 Carmarthen,

114 0

0 54 3 18 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 Glamorgan,

104

0 60 0 28 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Gloucester,

123

58 11 295 799 0 0 0 Somerset,

122

54 7 24 0 0 0 0 0 O Monmouth,

123
0 61 10 0 0 0 0

0 0 Devon,mwa

117
0 54 10 0 0 0

0 0 0 Cornwall,

96 9 0 0 55 11 22 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 Dorset,

114 10 0 0 45 8 28 10 58 9 0 0 0 0 Hants,

123 0 0 0
52 11 28 2 50 4 0 0 0

0 All England and Wales. Wheat, 104s. 9d.-Rye, 61s. 10d. Barley, 51s. 80.-Oats, 32s. 60.-Beans, 54s. Id.--Pease, 55s. 2d.

Oatmeal, 40s. 70.-Beer or Big, Os. Od. Average Prices of Corn, per quarter, of the Twelve Maritime Districts, for the Week

ending March 22. Wheat, 101s. 10d.-Rye, 63s. 3d.-Barley, 51s. 2.-Oats, 32s. ld.-Beans, 56s. 6d.-Pease, 53s.

Average of Scotland for the Four Weeks preceding 15th March.
Wheat, 74s. 1d.-Rye, 589. 3d.-Barley, 17s. 1d.-Oats, 37s. 2d.-Beans, 60s. 3d.-Pease, 62s.

Oatmeal, 32s. 100.-Beer or Big, 42s. 7d

55 10

METEOROLOGICAL TABLE.

Extracted from the Register kept on the Banks of the Tay, four miles east from

Perth, Latitude 56° 25', Elevation 185 feet.

JANUARY 1817.

Means.

Extremes. Thermometer. Mean of greatest daily heat, 430.8

cold,

34.7 Thermometer. Greatest heat, 50th day, 56.0 ......... temperature, 10 A.M.

38.8
Greatest cold, 15th,

25.0 10 P.M. 38.2

Highest, 10 A.M. 50th. 52.0 of daily extremes, 39.2

Lowest, ....15th, 28.0 of 10 A.M. and 10 P.M. 38.5

Highest, 10 P.M. 10th, 46.5 ......... of 4 daily observations, 38.9

Lowest, ..............14th, 27.0 In. Barometer. Highest, 10 A.M. 31st,

30.3 "Barometer. Mean, 10 A.M. (temp. of mer. 18°) 29.467

Lowest,
17th,

28.4 ......... 10 P.M. (temp. of mer. 54)

29.507

Highest, 10 P.M.zist, ........ of both, (temp. of mer. 51)

29.487

Lowest,
.......... 20th,

28.3 Hygrometer (Leslie's). Mean dryness, 10 A.M. 70.8 Hygrometer. Highest, 10 A.M. 11th,

30. .... 10 P.M. 7.1

Lowest,... .. 4th,

0.0 of both, 7.5 Highest, 10 P.M. 13th,

15.0 Rain, 1.904 in. Evaporation, 1.400 in.

Lowest................5th,

0.C Fair.days 19; rainy days 12. Wind West of meridian, including North, 21; East of meridian, including

South, 7.

30.5

FEBRUARY

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Mcans.

Extremes. Thermometer. Mean of greatest daily heat, 46°.7

...cold, 35.5 Thermometer. Greatest heat, 28th day, .........temperature, 10 A.M. 41,6

Greatest cold, 10th, 10 P.M. 38.7

Highest, 10 A.M. 17th, .......of daily extremes, 41.0

Lowest,.. ....13th, .....of 10 A.M. and 10 P.M. 40.1

Highest, 10 P.M. 7th,

49. .........of 4 daily observations, 40.6

Lowest,.. .12th,

32 In. Barometer. Highest, 10 A.M. 1st, Barometer. Mean, 10 A.M. (temp. of mer. 50) 29.515

Lowest,....... 21st, 10 P.M. (temp. of mer. 52) 29.481

Highest, 10 P.M. 1st, ......... of both, (temp. of mer. 51) 29,498

Lowest,...

.15th, Hygrometer (Leslie's). Mean dryness, 10 A.M. 12.1 Hygrometer. Highest, 10 A.M. 27th,

10 P.M.

Lowest,..... ... 13th,
of both,
9.6

Highest, 10 P.M. 14th,
Rain, 1.684 in. Evaporation, 1.753.

Lowest,...............4th, Fair days 13; rainy days 15. Wind West of meridian, including North, 27; East of meridian, including

South, 1.

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DIARCII.

Means.

Extremes. "Thermometer. Mean of highest every day, 45.241 Thermometer. Greatest heat, 12th day,

55 ....lowest, 33.822

Greatest cold, 20th, .............10 A.M.

40.113

Highest, 10 A.M. 13th,
..10 P.M.
36.903

Lowest, .....20th,
........... highest and lowest,

39.532

Highest, 10 P.M. 11th, ...10 A.M. and 10 P.M. 38.508

Lowest, ...20th, ............ 4 daily observations, 39.020 Barometer. Highest, 10 A.M. 17th, Barometer. Mean of 10 A.M.

29.534

Lowest................6th, 29.530

Highest, 10 P.M. 17th. .2 daily observations, 29.532

Lowest, .........3d, Hygrometer. Mean of 10 A.M.

18.097 Hygrometer. Highest, 10 A.M, 15th, .......10 P.M.

6.322

Lowest, .....5th, .... 2 daily observations 12.209

Highest, 10 P.M. 18th,

1 Rain, .958 in. Evaporation, 2.010 inches.

Lowest..............3d,
Number of fair days 18; rainy days 13. Wind from Western side of horizon, including the North, 28;

from Eastern sied, including the South, 3.

............10 P.M.

BIRTHS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS.

BIRTHS.

Elizabeth, eldest daughter and co-heiress of 1817. Jan. 2.--In Devonshire Place, the Montague Burgoyne, Esq. of Mark Hall, lady of Maj.-Gen. Sir Wm Anson, K.C.B. Essex.–At Broadfield, Wm Macknight a son.-4. In Hertford Street, the Countess Crawford, Esq. of Ratho, to Jean, second of Clonmell, a son and heir.-At_Holy daughter of the late John Crawford, Esq. of combe, Sussex, the wife of C. W. Taylor, Broadfield.-14. Rev. T. Clarke, vicar of Esq. M. P. a son and heir.-At Cortachy Mitchel-dever, Hants, to Anna Maria, Castle, the lady of the Hon. Donald Ogilvy, youngest daughter of the late Hon. John a daughter.-At Montreal, the Countess of Gray.–20. John Becket, Esq. under secreSelkirk, a daughter. 11. In Wimpole tary of state for the home department, to Street, the lady of Hon. J. T. Melville, a Lady Anne Lowther, third daughter of the son.-14. In Wimpole Street, the lady of Earl of Lonsdale.--21. Thomas Boswell, Right Hon. Lord Bridport, a daughter.- Esq. of Blackadder, co. Berwick, to Lucy 15. At Clova, Lady Niven Lumsden, a Anne, eldest daughter of Robert Preston, daughter.--16. Viscountess Folkestone, a Esq. of New Sidney Place, Bath.-22. The daughter. 26. At Salton Hall, Lady Elea. Earl of Longford to the lady Georgiana nor Balfour, a daughter.—27. In Charlotte Lygon, daughter of the late, and sister of Street, Pimlico, the wife of Michael Countze, the present, Earl of Beauchamp. At BouEsq. three boys and one girl.-31. At the logne, Col. William Staveley, C.B. to Sarah, Admiralty, the wife of John Wilson Croker, eldest daughter of T. Mather, Esq. 23. At Esq. a son.

Musselburgh, Major John Sutherland Sin. Feb. 4.-At Powerscourt House, Chelten. clair of the Royal Artillery, to Frances, ham, the lady of Sir Hungerford Hoskyns, youngest daughter of Captain David RamBart. of Harewood House, co. Hereford, a say of the Royal Navy.--27. At Ugbrooke son.-At Valenciennes, the wife of Lieut.- Park, Devon, Hon. Mr Langdale of HaughCol. Macgregor, 88th Regiment, a daugh- ton, co. York, to the Hon. Charlotte Clifter.-6. At Èdinburgh, the lady of Generalford, daughter of Lord Clifford.–28. LieutMacpherson Grant, Esq. M. P. a daughter. Col. H. F. Muller, 1st Royal Scots Foot, to -11. At Edinburgh, the wife of George Susan, second daughter of the late P. Wyatt Francis Dundas, a son.-17. Viscountess Crowther, Esq. comptroller of the city of Duncannon, a daughter.-20. At Brussels, London.-29. Captain Ord, Royal Artillery, the Princess of Orange, a son. 27. The second son of Craven Ord, Esq. of Greenwife of William Henry Ashhurst, Esq. M.P. sted Hall, Essex, to Miss Blagrave, niece a daughter.

to the late Lady Cullum of Hardwicke March 3.–At Aqualate Hall, Salope, the House, Suffolk.-30. Peter Herve, Esq. lady of Sir John Fenton Boughay, Bart. a founder of “ the National Benevolent In. daughter.-5. At Guines, in France, the stitution,” to Miss Nicholls of Hampstead, lady of John Abercromby, Esq. 2d Dragoon daughter of the late J. Nicholls, Esq. of Guards, a son.-6. At Wells, the lady of Lincoln's Inn. the Hon. Dr Ryder, Bishop of Gloucester, a Feb. 1.-William Henry Layton, Esq. daughter.-8. At Bath, the lady of Rear- eldest son of Rev. T. Layton, vicar of ChigAdmiral Sir John Gore, K.C.B. a daughter. well, to Frances Elizabeth, second daughter -13. At Runcorn, Cheshire, the wife of and co-heiress of Ellys Anderson Stephens, Captain Bradshaw, R. N. a son and heir.- Esq. of Bower Hall, Essex.-3. Captain J. 13. At Yester House, the Marchioness of L, Stuart of the Bengal Army, grandson of Tweeddale, a daughter.--14. Mrs Buchanan Francis, late Earl of Moray, to Sarah, sixth of Auchintorlie, a son and heir..-17. At daughter of the late Robert Morris, Esq. Methley Park, co. York, Viscountess Pol. M.P. for Gloucester.-A. Donaldson Camplington, a son.-21. At Melbury, the Coun- bell, Esq. of Glasgow, to J. Maria, daugħtess of Ilchester, a son.

ter of Colonel Dunlop of Househill, co. Renfrew.-4. At Ickham Church, Kent,

and at the Chapel at Hales Placé, Edward Jan. 6.-Lord Huntingfield to Miss Blois, Quillinan, Esq. 3d Dragoon Guards, to daughter of Sir C. Blois, Bart. of Cockfield Jemima, second daughter of Sir Egerton Hall, Suffolk.--8. H. J. Conyers, Esq. only Brydges of Lee Priory, near Canterbury, son of J. Conyers, Esq. of Copthall, Essex, Bart M.P.-5. Sir Watkin Williams Wyn. to Harriet, second daughter of Right Hon. ne, Bart. to Lady Harriet Clive, eldest T. Steel.-9. At Strone, Captain William daughter of the Earl of Powis._-6. At Del. Cameron, 79th Regiment, to Miss Jane vine, Robert Smythe, Esq. of Methven, to Cameron, daughter to Captain Donald Susan, eldest daughter of Sir Alexander Cameron of Strone.--Lieutenant-Colonel Muir Mackenzie, Bart.11. Sir John Beresford, deputy quarter-master-general Anstruther of Anstruther, Bart. M. P. to in Nova Scotia, to Mary, daughter of the Jessie, third daughter of Major-General Rev. J. Gilby, rector of Barmston, county Dewar of Gilston.-15. Major-General of York.-13. By special license, Lieut.. Moore, to Cecilia, only child of W. Watson, Col. Sir Guy Campbell, Bart. to Frances Esq. of Queen's Square.-17. Philip Zacha.

MARRIAGES.

DEATIIS.

riah Cox, Esq. Captain of 230 Lancers, to colonel of the 2d battalion 60th foot, and Louisa Frances, youngest daughter of the great uncle to the present Lord Dorchester. Late Tho. Waleston, Esq. of Walton-hall, -3. Sir Isaac Pennington, Knt. M.D. Reco. York.-22. Thomas Stamford Raffles, gius professor of physic, Cambridge.-4. Mrs Esq. of Berner's-street, to Sophia, daughter Christiana Howell, in her 107th year. She of James Watson Hull, Esq. late of Great was sister to the late Colonel Monro of the Baddow.-27. George Ulric Barlow, Esq. royal marines.-6. The Right Hon. Lady eldest son of Sir George Barlow, Bart. G.C.B. Glenbervie.—7. At the Jews' Hospital, to Hilare, third daughter of Sir R. Barlow. Mile-end, aged 101, Henry Cohen. He was March 5.-At Albury-vale,

Surrey, Jas. taken ill in the morning, and expired in the Simpson, Esq. advocate, to Eliza, second evening, retaining his faculties to the lastdaughter of the late Jonas Maldin, Esq. of 8. At Pisa, Francis Horner, Esq. M.P. (See Putney.

our first article.)—In her 89th year, the Dowager Lady Carew.-11. Aged 82, Sir

John Palmer, Bart.--14. At Marseilles, Jan. 1. At Berlin, the celebrated che. Lieut.-Gen. the Hon. Sir John Abercromby, mist Klaproth, in the 71st year of his age.

G.C.B. and Member of Parliament for the 2. At Foveran-house, Andrew Robertson, county of Clackmannan. At her hotel, in Esq. of Foveran, aged 86.--In his 66th Paris, aged 85, the Countess of Coislin, foryear, Sir Martin Stapylton, Bart. of Myton- merly one of the attendants on the Queen of hall, county of York.-4. In the 77th year Louis XV. and grand-aunt of the duchess of of his age, Sir Arthur Owen, Bart. He is Pia of Bavaria.-15. At Edinburgh, Lady succeeded in his title by his nephew, Wil. Miller, wife of Sir William Miller of Glenliam Owen, of the Temple, barrister-at-law. lee, Bart.-17. Aged 80, Rear-Admiral 8. At Hainfield, in Styria, Godfrey Win- Alexander Edgar. Ile was the last male deceslaus, Count of Purgstall, &c. only son of scendant of the Edgars of Wedderlie, in Ber. the late Winceslaus, Count of Purgstall, &c. wickshire, one of the oldest families in Scotand of Jane Anne, second daughter of the land, as appears by deeds as far back as 1170. late Hon. George Cranston.-9. At Wells, -19. At Edinburgh, the Lady of Sir AlexTho. Clark, Esq. of Westholme-house. He ander Don of Newton-Don, Bart. M.P.was descended from a branch of the ancient 21. At Stirling, the Rev. John Russel, one and well-known family of his name of Pen- of the ministers of that town, in the 44th nicuick, near Edinburgh.-10. At West year of his ministry.--At Little Dunkeld, Ham, Essex, George Anderson, Esq. F.L.S. Perthshire, aged 102, Mr J. Borrie.-23. son of the late Dr James Anderson, author The Right Ilon. Lady Amelia Leslie, second of Essays on Ágriculture, The Bee, and daughter of the late Earl of Rothes.-24. other works.-Af St Andrews, Rev. Dr Lady Henrietta Cecilia Johnstone.-Lately, Robertson, professor of oriental languages. at Rudding Park, in her 83d year, the Dow. 11. At Edinburgh, Mr Moss, long the ager Countess of Aberdeen.-At Cammaes, dramatic favourite of the Edinburgh public, in the parish of Llanhadrick, Anglesea, aged and well known for the excellence with 105, Mary Zebulon.At Trawnstynydd, which he pourtrayed Lingo, and many other county of Merioneth, aged 110, Edmund characters of the same stamp.-14. At Clif- Morgan, being, as it is believed, the oldest ton, Lady Miller, widow of the late Sir inhabitant of Wales. He retained his facul. Thomas Miller of Glenlee, Bart. 15. At ties to the hour of his death.–At Eglinton Dundee, Charles Craig, weaver, at the ad. Castle, aged 74, Eleonora, Countess of Eg. vanced age of 108.–20. At Edinburgh, linton.-l'he ci-devant Prince Primate of General Drummond of Strathallan.-21. At the Rhine, and Grand-duke of Frankfort. Johannisberg, aged 76, the Prince Ho March 2.--At Brighton, in her 74th henloe-Waldenberg-Bartenstein, Bishop of year, Theodosia, Countess of Clanwilliam. Breslau.-23. At Turin, the Count de Bar Her ladyship was lineally descended from ruel-Bauvert. He was one of the hostages the illustrious Earl of Clarendon.-3. At for Louis XVI.---24. At Warsaw, General Edinburgh, Major-Gen. William Lockhart, Bronickowski, who commanded the Polish late of the 30th regiment.-5. At Gilcomlegion of the Vistula, in France.—26. In ston, Aberdeenshire, aged 101, John MacGrosvenor-place, Caroline, Dowager Coun. Bain. He was present at the battle of Cultess of Buckinghamshire.-28. Lieut.-Col. loden, and was attached to the corps brought Norris, of the engineers in the East India into the field by Lady M·Intosh.-9. In Company's service.-Lieut.-Col. Finlayson. Bolton-row, in her 75th year, Jane, Coun-Lately at Aron, Galway, in his 120th tess of Uxbridge, mother of the present Maryear, Mr Dirrane. He retained his facul- quis of Anglesea.-12. In his 84th year, G. ties to the last, could read without spectacles, P. Towry, Esq. commissioner of the Victual. and till within the last three or four years, ling-office, father of Lady Ellenborough. would walk some miles a-day.

13. Sir William Innes, Bart. of Balvenie, at Feb. 2.-At Seagrove, near Leith, Dame the age of about 100 years. The title is now Jane Hunter Blair, widow of the late Sir extinct.-15. At the encampment at Honni. James Hunter Blair of Dunskey and Robert. ton, Mrs Boswill, sister to the Queen of the land, Bart.-Aged 85, General Carleton, Gypsies. She was interred with great pomp

Oliver & Boyd, Printers, Edinburghi.

EDINBURGH MAGAZINE,

No II.]

MAY 1817.

[VOL. I.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

ON THE

OFFICE

NATURE OF THE
OF MARESCHAL.

were

“ He callit his marschall till him tyt,
And bad him luke on all maner;

That he ma till his gem gud cher;
The learned Selden has traced the For he wald in his chambre be,

A weill gret quhile in private." etymology of MARSHAL under all its

BARBOUR, II. 4. MS. * variations of Mariscaldus, Marscaldus, Edward the Second's valet is called and Marscalcus, from the Teutonic

marescallus aule regis.”+ It was “ schalk," a servant, and “maere," a indiscriminately given to stewards of horse, or rather a mare the mare, it bishops and abbots, # governors of jails seems, being always the better horse*,

and prisons, ß and officers attending and therefore very properly used ge- upon courts of law; || &c. &c. nerically to designate the species These were not unfrequently depuadding, that the term strictly describes ties of the hereditary marshal of the a person who busied himself about

kingdom, but most commonly they horses and the manege.

servientes," or functionaries of This popular derivation is, in some

rather a higher order. degree, countenanced by the epithet

There was also an old English office, having been applied to innkeepers,

of a singular import to modern ears, grooms, farriers, and horse-doctors, as

held heritably by grand sergeantry, is proved by sundry passages from and attached to a manor,—" maresBecanust, the capitularies of Charle- callus de meretricibus in hospitio regis." magne, and other authorities. It is,

An ancient roll of Edward the Third however, at the same time, evinced to indicates, that “ Johannes de Warhave very early received other signifi- blynton, filius et hæres Thomæ de cations, having no reference either to Warblyntone, fecit finem cum rege, the above quadrupeds or to their at

&c. quod dictus Thomas tenuit matendants. Marshal notoriously denoted a civil

* Quoted by Dr Jamieson under this officer whose jurisdiction lay alone word. Vid. also Du Cange, voce Marescal. within the state rooms of a palace— lus. “ marechal de palais”-an adept in + “ Rex concessit valetto Galfrido de the ceremonies and forms of court Mildenhall, marescallo aule regis, unum etiquette ; and, at the same time, any messuagium-in Bredon.” (17 Ed. II. superior domestic servant or steward, Abbreviat. Rot. Orig. Scaccar.) in which last sense it is used in this lus Abbatis," with their explanations. Du

“ Marescallus Episcopi,” “ Marescal. passage from Barbour :

Cange.

8 " Marescallus Banci Regis,” in statuto * “ Marescalcus, equorum minister vel Edwardi III. ar. 5, c. 8. Cui pottissimum potius equarum, quod præstare olim vide- incarceratorum incumbebat. Inde « Mabatur genus fæmincum, ut apud Græcos in reschalcia,” dictus ipse carcer Londoniensis. Jovis Olympiaci certaminibus,” &c. Seld. Ib. Glossar.

Il “ Marescallus Curiæ,” in Bulla Aurea of Bec. Lib. Francicorum.

Caroli IV. Imper. cap. 27. Ib. Vol. I.

Q9

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