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try, oracles, and ordinances of God, for the gathering and perfecting of the saints in this life, to the end of the world; and doth by his own presence and Spirit, according to his promise, make them effectual thereunto.
IV. This catholick church hath been sometimes more, sometimes less visible. And particular churches, which are members thereof, are more or less pure, according as the doctrine of the gospel is taught and embraced, ordinances administered, and publick worship performed more or less purely in them.
V. The purest churches under heaven are subject both to mixture and error ;and some have so degenerated as to become no churches of Christ, but synagogues of Satan. Nevertheless, there shall
III, 8 1 Cor. xii. 28. And God hath great eagle, that she might fly into the set some in the church, first, apostles; wilderness, into her place, where she secondarily, prophets; thirdly, teach- is nourished for a time, and times, ers; after that miracles; then gifts of and half a time, from the face of the healings, helps, governments, diversi. serpent, ties of tongues. Eph. iv. 11. And he [Rev. Chapters ii. and iii. through. gave some, apostles; and some, pro- out.] 1 Cor. v. 6. Your glorying is phets; and some, evangelists; and not good. Know ye not that a little some, pastors and teachers; Ver. 12. leaven leaveneth the whole lump! For the perfecting of the saints, for Ver 7. Purge out therefore the old the work of the ministry, for the edi. leaven, that ye may be a new lump, fying of the body of Christ: Ver. 13. as ye are unleavened. For even Christ Till we all come in the unity of the our passover is sacrificed for us. faith, and of the knowledge of the Son V * 1 Cor. xiii. 12. For now we see of God, unto a perfect man, unto the through a glass, darkly; but then face measure of the stature of the fulness to face: now I know in part; but then of Christ. Matt. xxviii. 19. Go ye shall I know even as also I am known. therefore, and teach all nations, bap- [Rev. Chapters ii. and iii.] Matt. xiii. tizing them in the name of the Father, 24–30. Another parable put he forth and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost; unto them, saying, The kingdom of Ver. 20. Teaching them to observe all heaven is likened unto a man which things whatsoever I have commanded sowed good seed in his field; but you: and, lo, I am with you alway, while men slept, his enemy came and even unto the end of the world. Amen. sowed tares among the wheat, and Isa. lix. 21. As for me, this is my went his way. But when the blade covenant with them, saith the Lord; was sprung up, and brought forth My Spirit that is upon thee, and my fruit, then appeared the tares also, words which I have put in thy mouth, &c. Ver. 47. Again, the kingdom of shall not depart out of thy mouth, nor heaven is like unto a net, that was out of the mouth of thy seed, nor out cast into the sea, and gathered of of the month of thy seed's seed, saith every kind. the Lord, from henceforth and for ever. Rev. xviii. 2. And he cried mightily
IV. 5 Rom. xi. 3. Lord, they have with a strong voice, saying, Babylon killed thy prophets, and digged down the great is fallen, is fallen, and is bethine altars; and I am left alone, and come the habitation of devils, and the they seek my life. Ver. 4. But what hold of every foul spirit, and a cage of saith the answer of God unto him? I every unclean and hateful bird. Rom. have reserved to myself seven thou. xi. 18. Boast not against the branches : sand men, who have not bowed the but if thou boast, thou bearest not the knee to the image of Baal. Rev. xii. root, but the root thee. Ver. 19. 6. And the woman fled into the wil. Thou wilt say then, The branches derness, where she hath a place pre- were broken off, that I might be graf. pared of God, that they should feed fed in. Ver. 20. Well; because of her there a thousand two hundred and unbelief they were broken off, and threescore days. Ver. 14. And to the thou standest by faith. Be not high. woman were given two wings of a minded, but fear: Ver 21. For if God
be always a church on earth to worship God according to his will.»
VI. There is no other head of the church but the Lord Jesus Christ :* nor can the Pope of Rome in any sense be head thereof; but is that antichrist, that man of sin, and son of perdition, that exalteth himself in the church against Christ, and all that is called God."
CHAP. XXVI.-Of Communion of Saints. I. A ,
and by faith, have fellowship with him in his graces, sufferings, death, resurrection, and glory.* Ånd being united to one another in spared not the natural branches, take that he, as God, sitteth in the temple heed lest he also spare not thee. 'Ver. of God, shewing himself that he is 22. Behold therefore the goodness and God. Ver. 8. And then shall that severity of God: on them which fell, Wicked be revealed, whom the Lord severity; but toward thee, goodness, shall consume with the spirit of his if thou continue in his goodness; mouth, and shall destroy with the otherwise thou also shalt be cut off. brightness of his coming: Ver. 9.
m Matt. xvi. 18. And I say also un- Even him, whose coming is after the to thee, That_thou art Peter, and working of Satan, with all power, and upon this rock I will build my church; signs, and lying wonders. Rev. xiii. and the gates of hell shall not prevail 6. And he opened his mouth in blasagainst it
. Ps. lxxii. 17. His name phemy against God, to blaspheme his shall endure for ever: his name shall name, and his tabernacle, and them be continued as long as the sun; and that dwell in heaven. men shall be blessed in him: all na- I. * 1 John i. 3. That which we have tions shall call him blessed. Ps. cii. seen and heard declare we unto you, 28. The children of thy servants shall that ye also may have fellowship with continue, and their seed shall be esta- us: and truly our fellowship is with blished before thee. Matt. xxviii. 19, the Father, and with his Son Jesus 20. [See in letter 8.)
Christ. Eph. iii. 16. That he would VI. Col. i. 18. And he is the head grant you, according to the riches of of the body, the church; who is the his glory, to be strengthened with beginning, the first-born from the might by his Spirit in the inner man; dead ; that in all things he might Ver. 17. That Christ may dwell in have the pre-eminence. Eph. i. 22. your hearts by faith; that ye, being And hath put all things under his rooted and grounded in love, Ver. 18. feet, and gave him to be the head over May be able to comprehend with all all things to the church.
saints what is the breadth, and length, • Matt. xxiii. 8. But be not ye called and depth, and height; Ver. 19. And Rabbi: for one is your Master, even to know the love of Christ, which Christ; and all ye åre brethren. Ver. påsseth knowledge, that ye might be 9. And call no man your father upon filled with all the fulness of God. the earth: for one is your Father, John i. 16. And of his fulness have all which is in heaven. Ver. 10. Neither we received, and grace for grace. Eph. be ye called masters: for one is your ji. 5. Even when we were dead in sins, Master, even Christ. 2 Thess. ii. 3. hath quickened us together with Let no man deceive you by any means: Christ; (by grace ye are saved;) Ver, for that day shall not come, except 6. And hath raised us up together, and there come a falling away first, and made us sit together
places that man of sin be revealed, the son of in Christ Jesus. Phil. iii. 10. "That I perdition; Ver. 4. Who opposeth and may know him, and the power of his exalteth himself above all that is resurrection, and the fellowship of his called God, or that is worshipped; so sufferings, being made conformable
love, they have communion in each other's gifts and graces; b and are obliged to the performance of such duties,
publick and private, as do conduce to their mutual good, both in the inward and outward man..
II. Saints, by profession, are bound to maintain an holy fellowship and communion in the worship of God, and in performing such other spiritual services as tend to their mutual edification;d as also in relieving each other in outward things, according to their several abilities and necessities. Which communion, as God offereth opportunity, is to be extended unto all those who in every place call upon
the name of the Lord Jesus. unto his death. Rom. vi. 5. For if we Barbarians, both to the wise and to the have been planted together in the unwise. 1 John iii. 16. Hereby perlikeness of his death, we shall be also ceive we the love of God, because he in the likeness of his resurrection: laid down his life for us: and we ought Ver. 6. Knowing this, that our old to lay down our lives for the brethren. man is crucified with him, that the Ver. 17. But whoso hath this world's body of sin might be destroyed, that good, and seeth his brother have need, henceforth we should not serve sin. and shutteth up his bowels of compas2 Tim. ii. 12. If we suffer, we shall sion from him, how dwelleth the love also reign with him : if we deny him, of God in him? Ver. 18. My little he also will deny us.
children, let us not love in word, neither b Eph. iv. 15. But, speaking the in tongue; but in deed, and in truth. truth in love, may grow up into him Gal. vi. 10. As we have therefore op. in all things, which is the head, even portunity, let us do good unto all men, Christ: Ver. 16. From whom the especially unto them who are of the whole body fitly joined together and household of faith. compacted by that which every joint II. Heb. x. 24. And let us consider supplieth, according to the effectual one another, to provoke unto love, and working in the measure of every part, to good works: Ver 25. Not forsaking maketh increase of the body, unto the the
assembling of ourselves together, edifying of itself in love. 1 Cor. xii. as the manner of some is; but exhort7. But the manifestation of the Spi- ing one another: and so much the rit is given to every man to profit more, as ye see the day approaching. withal. 1 Cor. iii. 21. Therefore let Acts ii. 47. And they continued stead. no man glory in men: for all things fastly in the apostles' doctrine and are yours; Ver. 22. Whether Paul, or fellowship, and in breaking of bread, Apollos, or Cephas, or the world, or and in prayers. Ver. 46.
And they, life, or death, or things present or continuing daily with one accord in things to come; all are yours ; Ver. the temple, and breaking bread from 23. And ye are Christ's; and Christ house to house, did eat their meat is God's. Col. ii. 19. And not holding with gladness and singleness of heart. the head, from which all the body by Isa. ii. 3. And many people shall go joints and bands having nourishment and say, Come ye, and let us go up to ministered, and knit together, in the mountain of the Lord, to the house creaseth with the increase of God. of the God of Jacob; and he will
• 1 Thess. v. 11. Wherefore comfort teach us of his ways, and we will walk yourselves together, and edify one an. in his paths: for out of Zion shall go other, even as also ye do. Ver. 14. forth the law, and the word of the Now we exhort you, brethren, warn Lord from Jerusalem. 1 Cor. xi. 20. them that are unruly, comfort the When ye come together therefore into feeble-minded, support the weak, be one place, this is not to eat the Lord's patient toward all men.
Rom. i. 11. supper: For I long to see you, that I may im. • Acts ii. 44. And all that believed part unto you some spiritual gift, to were together, and had all things com. the end ye may be established; Ver, mon; Ver 45. And sold their posses12. That is, that I may be comforted sions and goods, and parted them to together with you, by the mutual faith all men, as every man had need. 1 both of you and me. Ver. 14. I am John iii. 17. [See in letter 2 Cor. debtor both to the Grecks and to the Chapters viii. and ix.] Acts xi. 29.
III. This communion which the saints have with Christ, doth not make them in any wise partakers of the substance of his Godhead, or to be equal with Christ in any respect: either of which to affirm is impious and blasphemous. Nor doth their communion one with another, as saints, take away or infringe the title or property which each man hath in his goods and possessions.s
CHAP. XXVII.-Of the Sacraments.
YACRAMENTS are holy signs and seals of the covenant of grace,
benefits, and to confirm our interest in him ; e as also to put a visible Then the disciples, every man accord, more: but rather let him labour, ing to his ability, determined to send working with his hands the thing relief unto the brethren which dwelt which is good, that he may have to in Judea: Ver. 30. Which also they give to him that needeth. Acts v: 4. did, and sent it to the elders by the Whiles it remained, was it not thine hands of Barnabas and Saul.
own ? and after it was sold, was it not III. ' Col. i. 18. And he is the head in thine own power? why hast thou of the body, the church; who is the conceived this thing in thine heart? beginning, the first-born from the thou hast not lied unto men, but unto dead; that in all things he might God. have the pre-eminence: Ver. 19. For I. * Rom. iv. 11. And he received it pleased the Father, that in him the sign of circumcision, a seal of the should all fulness dwell. 1 Cor. viii. righteousness of the faith which he 6. But to us there is but one God, the had yet being uncircumcised: that he Father, of whom are all things, and we might be the father of all them that in him; and oue Lord Jesus Christ, by believe, though they be not circum. whom are all things, and we by him. cised; that righteousness might be Isa. xlii. 8. I am the Lord; that is my imputed unto them also. Gen. xvii. 7. name: and my glory will I not give to And I will establish my covenant beanother, neither my praise to graven tween me and thee, and thy seed after images. 1 Tim. vi. 15. Which in his thee, in their generations, for an evertimes he shall shew, who is the blessed lasting covenant, to be a God unto and only Potentate, the King of kings, thee, and to thy seed after thee. Ver. and Lord of lords; Ver. 16. Who only 10. [See below in letter!.] hath immortality, dwelling in the light b Matt. xxviii. 19. Go ye therefore, which no man can approach unto; and teach all nations, baptizing them whom no man hath seen, nor can see in the name of the Father, and of the to whom be honour and power ever- Son, and of the Holy Ghost. 1 Cor. lasting. Amen. Ps. xlv. 7. Thou xi. 23. For I have received of the Lord lovest righteousness, and hatest wick. that which also I delivered unto you, edness: therefore God, thy God, hath That the Lord Jesus, the same night anointed thee with the oil of gladness in which he was betrayed, took bread. above thy fellows. With Heb. i. 8. o 1 Cor. x. 16. The cup of blessing But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, which we bless, is it not the comO God, is for ever and ever; å sceptre munion of the blood of Christ ? the of righteousness is the sceptre of thy bread which we break, is it not the kingdom. Ver. 9. Thou hast loved communion of the body of Christ ? righteousness, and hated iniquity; 1 Cor. xi. 25. After the same manner therefore God, even thy God, hath also he took the cup, when he had anointed thee with the oil of gladness supped, saying, This cup is the new above thy fellows.
testament in my blood. this do ye, as & Exod. xx. 15. Thou shalt not steal. oft as ye drink it, in reinembrance of Eph. iv. 28. Let him that stolo steal no me.Ver. 26. For as often as ye eat
difference between those that belong unto the church and the rest of the world;a and solemnly to engage them to the service of God in Christ, according to his word.”
II. There is in every sacrament a spiritual relation, or sacramental union, between the sign and the thing signified; whence it comes to pass, that the names and effects of the one are attributed to the other.!
HII. The grace which is exhibited in or by the sacraments, rightly used, is not conferred by any power in them; neither doth the efficacy of a sacrament depend upon the piety or intention of him that doth administer it, but upon the work of the Spirit,. and the word of institution; which contains, together with a precept authorizing the use thereof, a promise of benefit to worthy receivers.
IV. There be only two sacraments ordained by Christ our Lord in the gospel, that is to say, Baptism, and the Supper of the Lord; nei.
this bread, and drink this cup, ye do Every man-child among you shall be shew the Lord's death till he come. circumcised. Matt. xxvi. 27. And he *Gal. iii. 27. For as many of you as took the cup, and gave thanks, and have been baptized into Christ have gave it to them, saying, Drink ye all put on Christ. Gal. ii. 17. And this of it: Ver. 28. For this is my blood of
say, that the covenant, that was con- the new testament, which is shed for firmed before of God in Christ, the many for the remission of sins. Tit. law, which was four hundred and iii. 5. Not by works of righteousness thirty years after, cannot disannul, which we have done, but according to that it should make the promise of his mercy he saved us, by the washing none effect.
of regeneration, and renewing of the d Rom. xv. 8. Now I say, that Jesus Holy Ghost. Christ was a minister of the circum- III. Rom. ii. 28. For he is not a cision for the truth of God, to confirm Jew which is one outwardly; neither the promises made unto the fathers. is that circumcision which is outward Exod. xii. 48. And when a stranger in the flesh: Ver. 29. But he is a Jew shall sojourn with thee, and will keep which is one inwardly; and circumthe passover to the Lord, let all his cision is that of the heart, in the males be circumcised, and then let spirit, and not in the letter; whose him come near and keep it; and he praise is not of men, but of God. 1 Pet. shall be as one that is born in the iii. 21. The like figure whereunto land: for no uncircumcised person even baptism doth also now save us, shall eat thereof. Gen. xxxiv. 14. And (not the putting away of the filth of they said unto them, We cannot do the flesh, but the answer of a good this thing, to give our sister to one conscience toward God,) by the resurthat is uncircumcised; for that were rection of Jesus Christ. à reproach unto us.
h Matt. iii. 11. I indeed baptize you e Rom. vi. 3. Know ye not, that so with water unto repentance; but he many of us as were baptized into Jesus that cometh after me is mightier than Christ were baptized into his death? I, whose shoes I am not worthy to bear: Ver. 4. Therefore we are buried with he shall baptize you with the Holy him by baptism into death; that like Ghost, and with fire. 1 Cor. xii. 13. as Christ was raised up from the dead For by one Spirit are we all baptized by the glory of the Father, even so into one body, whether we be Jews or we also should walk in newness of life. Gentiles, whether we be bond or free; 1 Cor. x. 16. [See in letter ] Ver. 21. and have been all made to drink into Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, one Spirit. and the cup of devils: ye cannot be Matt. xxvi. 27, 28. [See in letter? ] partakers of the Lord's table, and of Matt. xxviii. 19. [See in letter b.] Ver. 20. the table of devils.
Teaching them to observe all things II. ? Gen. xvii. 10. This is my cove- whatsoever I have commanded you: nant, which ye shall keep, between and, lo, I am with you alway, even me and you, and thy seed after thee; unto the end of the world. Amen.