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PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT.

success.

season.

Tuesday, 28th January.--The Prince lation to believe, that you will find it pracRegent came to the House of Lords with ticable to provide for the public service the

usual state at three o'clock, and opened of the year, without making any addition the Session of Parliament with the following to the burdens of the people, and without speech from the throne :

adopting any measure injurious to that sysMy Lords and Gentlemen,

tem, by which the public credit of the coun. It is with the deepest regret that I am try has been hitherto sustained. again obliged to announce to you, that no My Lords and Gentlemen, alteration has occurred in the state of his I have the satisfaction of informing you, Majesty's lamented indisposition.

that the arrangements which were made in I continue to receive from Foreign Powers the last Session of Parliament, with a view the strongest assurances of their friendly to a new silver coinage, have been completed disposition towards this country, and of with unprecedented expedition. their earnest desire to maintain the general I have given directions for the immediate tranquillity.

issue of the new coin, and I trust that this The hostilities to which I was compelled measure will be productive of considerable to resort, in vindication of the honour of the advantages to the trade and internal trans. country, against the government of Algiers, actions of the country. have been attended with the most complete The distresses consequent upon the ter

mination of a war of such unusual extent The splendid achievement of his Majesty's and duration, have been felt, with greater fleet, in conjunction with a squadron of the or less severity, throughout all the nations King of the Netherlands, under the gallant of Europe, and have been considerably agand able conduct of Admiral Viscount Ex. gravated by the unfavourable state of the mouth, led to the immediate and uncondi. tional liberation of all Christian captives Deeply as I lament the pressure of these then within the territory of Algiers, and to evils upon this country, I am sensible that the renunciation by its government of the they are of a nature not to admit of an impractice of Christian slavery.

mediate remedy ; but whilst I observe with I am persuaded, that you will be duly sen- peculiar satisfaction the fortitude with which sible of the importance of an arrangement so many privations have been borne, and so interesting to humanity, and reflecting, the active benevolence which has been emfrom the manner in which it has been ac. ployed to mitigate them, I am persuaded complished, such signal honour on the that the great sources of our national proBritish nation.

sperity are essentially unimpaired, and I enIn India, the refusal of the Government tertain a confident expectation, that the na. of Nepaul to ratify a treaty of peace which tive energy of the country will at no distant had been signed by its Plenipotentiaries period surmount all the difficulties in which occasioned a renewal of military operations. we are involved.

The judicious arrangements of the Go. In considering our internal situation, you, vernor-general, seconded by the bravery and will, I doubt not, feel a just indignation at perseverance of his Majesty's forces, and of the attempts which have been made to take those of the East India Company, brought advantage of the distresses of the country, the campaign to a speedy and successful for the purpose of exciting a spirit of sedi. issue ; and peace has been finally establish- tion and violence. ed, upon the just and honourable terms of I am too well convinced of the loyalty the original treaty:

and good sense of the great body of his Gentlemen of the House of Commons, Majesty's subjects, to believe them capable I have directed the estimates of the cur- of being perverted by the arts which are rent year to be laid before you.

employed to seduce them ; but I am deter. They have been formed upon a full con- mined to omit no precautions for preserving sideration of all the present circumstances the public peace, and for counteracting the of the country, with an anxious desire to designs of the disaffected : and I rely with make every reduction in our establishments the utmost confidence on your cordial supwhich the safety of the empire and sound port and co-operation, in upholding a syspolicy allow.

tem of law and government, from which we I recommend the state of the public in. have derived inestimable advantages, which come and expenditure to your early and se- has enabled us to conclude, with unexam. rious attention.

pled glory, a contest whereon depended the I regret to be under the necessity of in- best interests of mankind, and which has forming you, that there has been a deficien- been hitherto felt by ourselves, as it is accy in the produce of the revenue in the last knowledged by other nations, to be the most year ; but I trust that it is to be ascribed perfect that has ever fallen to the lot of any to temporary causes ; and I have the conso- people.

CEYLON.- The dutch planters of Ceylon deed, that the mortality was entirely owing have adopted some judicious regulations for to the land journey beyond these rapids, the gradual abolition of slavery ; all children and that Captain Tuckey died of complete born of slaves, after the 12th of August last, exhaustion after leaving the river, and not are to be considered free, but to remain in from fever. their master's house, and serve him for We lament to learn, that when the Doroboard, lodging, and clothing; the males thy transport was at Cabendo, in the end of till the age of 14, and the females till 12– October last, there were ten Portuguese after which to be fully emancipated. ships in the port waiting for slaves, and two

CHINA.-Although no official intelligence from Spain. has been received by government from Lord The Congo discovery vessel arrived at Amherst, since his arrival at Pekin, yet Portsmouth from Bahia last month. The there is reason to believe, from private ac- journal of the lamented Captain Tuckey is counts from Canton, of the 17th November, said to describe the country he explored for that the British embassy to that court has 226 miles, as a rocky desert, and thinly entirely failed ; though it is impossible at peopled region, not worthy of further represent to assign the reasons. Another cir- search. cumstance mentioned in these letters, threat- March 29.-Information has just been ens to produce still more unfortunate effects. received of the death of Major Peddie, be. The Alceste British frigate, commanded by fore he reached the Niger. Lieutenant Captain Maxwell, was fired at by the forts on Campbell is now the commanding officer ; either side of the river; but the ship, being and, we understand, proceeded to carry immediately moored within pistle shot of into execution the orders received by Major one of them mounting forty guns, with two Peddie. broadsides silenced both batteries. The ST HELENA.—The Orontes frigate, Alceste was then suffered to proceed quietly which left St Helena on the 4th January, to her destination ; and what is most singu- has brought to England Colonel Poniowski, lar, up to the 17th November, not the the Polish officer who followed Bonaparte, slightest notice had been taken of the affair and who was sometime since banished from by the governor of Canton.

that island to the Cape, for improper conPERSIA...The government of Persia, it duct; and Lord Somerset has now sent him is said, have applied for the permission of to Europe. Les Casas and his son have been the British government to take British offi- also sent to the Cape in the Griffin sloop of cers on half pay into their army, with a war, in consequence, it is said, of their view of introducing modern tactics into the concerting a plan of correspondence with military establishment of that country; an

France. attack being apprehended on the part of A letter, addressed by order of Bonaparte Russia. It is even stated in a letter from to Sir Hudson Lowe, governor of St Helena, Calcutta, of the 15th October, that the by General Montholon, brought to this Archduke Constantine has entered Persia country by Napoleon's usher of the cabinet, at the head of 100,000 Russians ; but this M. St Santini, has been published, in report as yet gains little credit in this coun- which the Ex-emperor loudly complains of try.

the rigorous manner in which he is treated by Sir Hudson Lowe. But the conduct of

this officer was defended by Earl Bathurst, africa.

in the debate to which Lord Holland's late

motion on the subject gave rise, and the inCONGO EXPEDITION. The detailed sinuations thrown out by Bonaparte against accounts of the expedition to explore the the British government were very satisfacriver Congo, or Zaire, reached the Ad. torily repelled. miralty some weeks ago. Melancholy as ISLE OF FRANCE.--On the 25th of the result has been, from the great mor- September, a great fire happened at Porttality of officers and men, owing to the ex- Louis, which is said to have destroyed processive fatigue rather than to the effects of perty to the value of a million and a half climate, the journals of Captain Tuckey, Sterling. Nineteen streets were entirely and the gentlemen in the scientific depart- consumed, including hospitals, prisons, barments, are, it is said, highly interesting and racks, magazines, and other public buildsatisfactory, as far as they go, and we be ings. The greater number of the unfortu. lieve they extend considerably beyond the nate inhabitants have been reduced to absofirst rapid, or cataract. It would seem, in- lute poverty.

PROCEEDINGS OF PARLIAMENT.

success.

season.

Tuesday, 28th January.-The Prince lation to believe, that you will find it pracRegent came to the House of Lords with ticable to provide for the public service the usual state at three o'clock, and opened of the year, without making any addition the Session of Parliament with the following to the burdens of the people, and without speech from the throne :

adopting any measure injurious to that sysMy Lords and Gentlemen,

tem, by which the public credit of the coun. It is with the deepest regret that I am try has been hitherto sustained. again obliged to announce to you, that no My Lords and Gentlemen, alteration has occurred in the state of his I have the satisfaction of informing you, Majesty's lamented indisposition.

that the arrangements which were made in I continue to receive from Foreign Powers the last Session of Parliament, with a view the strongest assurances of their friendly to a new silver coinage, have been completed disposition towards this country, and of with unprecedented expedition. their earnest desire to maintain the general I have given directions for the immediate tranquillity.

issue of the new coin, and I trust that this The hostilities to which I was compelled measure will be productive of considerable to resort, in vindication of the honour of the advantages to the trade and internal transcountry, against the government of Algiers, actions of the country. have been attended with the most complete The distresses consequent upon the ter

mination of a war of such unusual extent The splendid achievement of his Majesty's and duration, have been felt, with greater fleet, in conjunction with a squadron of the or less severity, throughout all the nations King of the Netherlands, under the gallant of Europe, and have been considerably agand able conduct of Admiral Viscount Ex. gravated by the unfavourable state of the mouth, led to the immediate and uncondi. tional liberation of all Christian captives Deeply as I lament the pressure of these then within the territory of Algiers, and to evils upon this country, I am sensible that the renunciation by its government of the they are of a nature not to admit of an impractice of Christian slavery.

mediate remedy ; but whilst I observe with I am persuaded, that you will be duly sen- peculiar satisfaction the fortitude with which sible of the importance of an arrangement so many privations have been borne, and so interesting to humanity, and reflecting, the active benevolence which has been em. from the manner in which it has been ac- ployed to mitigate them, I am persuaded complished, such signal honour on the that the great sources of our national proBritish nation.

sperity are essentially unimpaired, and I en. In India, the refusal of the Government tertain a confident expectation, that the na. of Nepaul to ratify a treaty of peace which tive energy of the country will at no distant had been signed by its Plenipotentiaries period surmount all the difficulties in which occasioned a renewal of military operations. we are involved.

The judicious arrangements of the Go- In considering our internal situation, you vernor-general, seconded by the bravery and will, I doubt not, feel a just indignation at perseverance of his Majesty's forces, and of the attempts which have been made to take those of the East India Company, brought advantage of the distresses of the country, the campaign to a speedy and successful for the purpose of exciting a spirit of sedi. issue ; and peace has been finally establish- tion and violence. ed, upon the just and honourable terms of I am too well convinced of the loyalty the original treaty.

and good sense of the great body of his Gentlemen of the House of Commons, Majesty's subjects, to believe them capable I have directed the estimates of the cur- of being perverted by the arts which are rent year to be laid before you.

employed to seduce them ; but I am deterThey have been formed upon a full con- mined to omit no precautions for preserving sideration of all the present circumstances the public peace, and for counteracting the of the country, with an anxious desire to designs of the disaffected : and I rely with make every reduction in our establishments the utmost confidence on your cordial supwhich the safety of the empire and sound port and co-operation, in upholding a syspolicy allow.

tem of law and government, from which we I recommend the state of the public in- have derived inestimable advantages, which come and expenditure to your early and se- has enabled us to conclude, with unexam. rious attention.

pled glory, a contest whereon depended the I regret to be under the necessity of in- best interests of mankind, and which has forming you, that there has been a deficien- been hitherto felt by ourselves, as it is accy in the produce of the revenue in the last knowledged by other nations, to be the most year ; but I trust that it is to be ascribed perfect that has ever fallen to the lot of any. to temporary causes ; and I have the conso. people.

NEPAUL WAR.

SECRECY.

Lord SIDMOUTH, after strangers had ings, and recommend that nothing should withdrawn, informed the House, that as the be said or done until the report of the ComPrince Regent was returning from the mittee should be laid before the House. The House and the carriage was passing in the atrocious outrage lately committed against Park, at the back of the garden of Carleton the Prince Regent was certainly regarded House, the glass of the carriage window with the utmost horror and reprobation by had been broken by a stone, as some repre- an overwhelming majority of the nation ; sented it, or by two balls fired from an air- and he felt it his duty to state, that the gun, as others stated it, which appeared to present communication was not at all conbe aimed at his Royal Highness.

nected with that outrage. Both Houses examined witnesses on this After some general remarks by Lord communication, and presented addresses to Grosvenor, Lord Holland, the Earl of the Prince Regent.

Liverpool, Earl Grey, and the Marquis of The address on the speech from the Buckingham, the address was agreed to, Throne was moved and seconded by the and the papers on the table were ordered to Earl of DARTMOUTH and Lord ROTHES be referred to-morrow to a committee of in the House of Lords; and in the House Secrecy, consisting of eleven Lords, to be of Commons by Lord VALLETORT and then chosen by ballot. Mr Dawson. Earl GREY moved an amendment in the Lords, which was nega- Feb. 6.-The Earl of LIVERPOOL took tived without a division ; and the original a review of the cause of this war, and of the address was carried in the House of Com- operations which led to its successful termimons, in opposition to an amendment mov- nation, and moved that the thanks of the ed by Mr PONSONBY, by a majority of House be given to the Most Noble the 152.

Marquis of Hastings, for the able and ju

dicious arrangements by which the war in HOUSE OF LORDS.

Nepaul had been brought to a successful

conclusion. The motion was agreed to; Monday, Feb. 3.-Lord SIDMOUTH after which, thanks were voted to Sir David presented the following message, which was Ochterlony, and the troops under his comread by the Lord Chancellor : “ His Royal mand. Highness the Prince Regent, acting in the REPORT OF THE COMMITTEE OF name and on the behalf of his Majesty, has thought proper to order to be laid before Feb. 18.-- The Earl of HARROWBY prethe House of Lords, papers containing an sented the report of the Secret Committee account of certain meetings and combina- appointed to inquire into certain meetings tions held in different parts of the country, and combinations endangering the public tending to the disturbance of the public tranquillity, which was laid on the table, tranquillity, the alienation of the affections and

ordered to be taken into consideration of the people from his Majesty's person and on Friday, and that the House be summongovernment, and to the overthrow of the ed for that day, whole frame and system of the laws and constitution; and his Royal Highness recommends these papers to the immediate Feb. 21.-Lord SiDMOUTH introduced and serious consideration of the House." a bill, under the title of “A bill to enable

his Majesty to secure, and detain in custody, Lord MELVILLE, after taking a review such persons as his Majesty shall suspect of of the cause, the mode, and the effects of the treasonable intentions against his Majesty's expedition to Algiers, and paying a well- person and government.” His Lordship inmerited tribute of applause to the promp- timated, that it was thought most convenititude, skill, and gallantry, displayed in ent for their Lordships to discuss the printhat memorable achievement, moved the ciple of the measure on the second reading thanks of the House to Lord Exmouth, Sir of the bill, which he intended to propose David Milne, and the officers, seamen, and should take place on Monday next. Read marines; and also to Admiral Capellen, a first time, and ordered to be read a second and the officers and crews under his com. time on Monday. mand; which motions were unanimously Feb. 24.-Lord SIDMOUTH, after move agreed to.

ing the order of the day for the second read. PRINCE REGENT'S MESSAGE. ing of the bill, observed, that whatever Feb 4.—Lord SiDMOUTH rose to pro- differences of opinion might exist as to this pose to their Lordships, an answer to the and other measures in contemplation, he message which he had last night laid before was confident that no Noble Lord could them from the Prince Regent. Their Lord. have read and reflected upon the report of ships would, he had no doubt, concur in the Committee upon the table, without the the address which he should have the hon- deepest regret, calculated as it was to shock our to propose, as it would pledge their every feeling of loyalty to the Throne, and Lordships to nothing except to an exami- of affection for the illustrious individual es nation of the evidence. He would refrain ercising its functions, and to cast a loat: from all reference to any ulterior proceed some stigma upon the character and dispe •

SUSPENSION OF THE HABEAS CORPUS

ACT.

THANKS TO LORD EXMOUTH.

TIONS.

COMMITTEE OF SECRECY.

sition of the country. His Lordship then

HOUSE OF COMMONS. at great length commented on the leading

PARLIAMENTARY REFORM-RULES TO points of the report ; urged the necessity of

BE OBSERVED IN PRESENTING PETI. the measure for the preservation of the con. stitution and the salvation of the country ; and concluded with moving, that the bill be Friday, Jan. 31.Sir FRANCIS BURnow read a second time.

DETT, having some petitions to present, After an animated debate, protracted till praying for a Reform in the Representation past two in the morning, the House divid- of that House, acknowledged that he had ed. Contents 150 ; non-contents 35. The not felt it his duty to read them throughout, bill was then committed, reported, read a but declared that he had read their prayer. third time, passed, and ordered to be sent The CHANCELLOR of the EXCHEQUER to the Commons.

referred to the Speaker to know whether the PROTEST.

Hon. Baronet had read the petition he was Dissentient, Because it does not appear about to present, when to us that, in the report of the Secret Com- The SPEAKER said, there were two clear mittee, there has been stated such a case of points on this subject ; the first was, that it imminent and pressing danger as may not was the duty of a Member to state the subbe sufficiently provided against by the powers stance of the petition he was about to preof the Executive Government under the ex

sent ; secondly, it was the Member's duty isting laws, and as requires the suspension to know if it was couched in respectful lanof the most important security of the liberty guage ; if not, he departed from the line of of the country.

his duty in offering it. This was the estaba AUGUSTUS FREDERICK, BEDFORD, lished practice of the House.

ALBEMARLE, FOLEY, SUNDRIDGE, Monday, Feb. 3.—Lord CASTLEREAGH
ALVANLEY, MONTFORD, Essex, presented a message from the Prince Re-
LAUDERDALE, GREY, WELLESLEY, gent, similar to that presented in the House
THANET, GROSVENOR, AUCKLAND, of Lords.
St John, SAY AND SELE, Rosslyn, THANKS TO LORD EXMOUTH.
VASSAL HOLLAND.

On the motion of Lord CASTLEREAGH, OFFICE'S CONTRIBUTION BILL.

votes of thanks, similar to those voted in

the House of Lords, were agreed to. Feb. 28.

The House having gone into a Committee on the Malt Duty, and Offices' Feb. 5.On the motion of Lord CASContribution Bill, Lord REDESDALE rose, TLEREAGH, the House proceeded to ballot pursuant to notice, to propose an amend. for the Committee of Secrecy, and after the ment. The bill contained a clause of a very prescribed forms were gone through, peculiar description, stating, That whereas Mr BRODGEN appeared at the Bar with his Royal Highness the Prince Regent, and the report of the Committee appointed to many persons holding public offices, were scrutinize the lists given in for composing desirous of contributing a certain portion of the Committee of Secrecy, when, the report the incomes derived from these offices to having been read, twenty-one gentlemen wards the public service, it was enacted, were named of the Committee. that it should be lawful to give the proper instructions to the officers of the Exchequer Mr Rose moved to bring in a Bill for to receive such contributions, &c. The regulating Provident Institutions or Saving contributions were to be voluntary; but then Banks. In reply to some remarks from Mr they would be voluntary only in the sense Curwen, respecting the increasing burden of in which the contribution for beer-money the poor-rates, Mr Rose said that he felt was formerly raised among their Lordships' great anxiety that it should not go forth to servants. When a new servant made his the public that the poor-rates would be conappearance for the first time, he was called siderably diminished by the measure he now upon to pay this beer-money; and if he re- proposed. He merely wished it to be unfused, the process of hooting was resorted derstood, that as far as it went, it would to, and they continued to hoot him until he tend to afford very great relief, not only by paid the money. But he would not consent diminishing the wants and distresses of the to be hooted out of his money, and he trust- labouring, poor, but also by teaching them ed that others would not be induced to be to rely in future on themselves for happiness taxed in this way, under pretence of a vo- and independence. luntary contribution. His Lordship then proceeded at some length to contend, that Feb. 6.-Mr CANNING gave a history of men who held official situations frequently the rise and extending power of the Goorkinjured their private fortunes by the ex- has, with an account of the war, and its penses which they felt it necessary to incur, close ; and concluded with moving votes of and to which their salaries were in many thanks similar to those agreed to in the instances inadequate. His Lordship there. House of Lords. fore disapproved of the whole clause; but COMMITTEE OF WAYS AND MEANS. his amendment was negatived without a di. Feb. 7.-The CHANCELLOR of the Exvision.

CHEQUER having moved the order of the

SAVING BANKS.

NEPAUL WAR.

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