Obrazy na stronie



tending sales by auction, and there he would purchase ' I know it, I know it,' gasped the old man, quickly. the most inconceivable lumber, provided he got what he 'I know what you are going to say-nevertheless-yes, let called “ a bargain,' regardless of the utility of the articles my will be drawn up-now, Mr Notary,' said he, turning to him, or the prospect of turning them into cash where to that individual, who at this moment entered the room, he lived. His house, from cellar to garret, was a con- ' I wish to bequeath all my goods and property to feed the fused heap of broken chairs, legless tables, pots, kettles, poor. Write down, quick.' and every kind of rubbish. It was amusing, yet melan- * Have you no relatives, sir, to whom this might be choly, at these times to watch the trembling eagerness left. of the old man's eye, as he hesitatingly advanced penny • Not a drop of my blood flows in human veins-no, no by penny in his biddings; and certain wicked wags would —alone-horribly alone.' delight in teasing old Grab-all,' by purposely raising At this moment a knocking was heard at the outer the price of some worthless article which he wanted a door, and presently a voice soliciting charity reached his bargain. We doubt not he considered his morbid excitement at these places as a costly luxury.

He shall have it-he shall have it!' and he fumbled But the closing scene arrived at last, and a memorable beneath his pillow, whence he produced a silver coin. example it was of the workings of an inscrutable Provi- . Send him in, Barbara, that the last act of this hand may dence. For some time Clement Ford had been drooping, be to give to the needy-it has almost forgotten the way.' and, with his natural parsimony, had refused himself the The mendicant entered the apartment, and approached additional comforts which his declining strength required. the bed to receive the proffered gift; but scarcely had he He was now confined to bed. It was a cold, rainy, De- done so, when the old man uttered a piercing shriek, and cember day, the wind came in gusts down the chimney of fell senseless on the couch. That beggar was the lost the uncouthly furnished apartment in which he lay on his nephew. By the prompt use of the means at hand, death-bed, and the stifling smoke of the newly kindled Clement Ford was restored to consciousness, and then fire rendered the atmosphere nearly intolerable, even to after a long, wistful gaze at the stranger's countenance, one in robust health. A miserable farthing candle glim- he lifted up his voice and wept. The ice that had been mered on a shattered table, while the old charwoman sat forming for a lifetime around the old man's heart melted on a low stool before the fire, fanning it into life with her away at the flow of these holy tears ! apron.

He lived long enough to establish his nephew in the • Barbara,' groaned the dying man.

succession, and died, leaving behind him an example of Well, Mr Ford,' replied his help, without discontinu- the insufficiency of self to confer happiness, and a lesson ing her operation.

of Providence which the inhabitants of the town he dwelt • Barbara, I am going to leave this world, and I've been in will not soon forget. a great sinner.'

Well, Mr Ford,' was again the cool rejoinder. • Reach me that glass—take care, don't break it-now

BIOGRAPHICAL SKETCHES. go along to the curate, and tell him I want him immediately-mind immediately—and call on the notary as

THOMAS CAMPBELL. you come back, and send him too-do you hear, Barbara.' In the preceding number of the INSTRUCTOR we brought

• Yes, Mr Ford'—and the fire was left to fight its own our sketch of the poet's history down to the time when battle for existence, while the old woman departed on her he published Gertrude of Wyoming;' we now resume it. mission. The miser now fell into an uneasy slumber, Mr Campbell himself preferred his “Gertrude of Wyom. from which he was shortly awakened by the arrival of the ing' to “ The Pleasures of Hope.' It was a more matured curate. He raised himself upon his elbow in the bed, and effort of his genius, and the stanza which he had chosen, glanced anxiously into the countenance of the new comer. perhaps the most difficult in our language to manage

• You have sent for me, Mr Ford, I presume, in my successfully, was finely adapted for the simple story which clerical capacity,' said the curate mildly.

formed the groundwork of the poem. Thomson in his 'I have sent for you sir, to unburden my conscience- Castle of Indolence, and Beattie in his Minstrel, had I'm a great sinner, sir ; a cold-blooded systematic old rendered the Spenserian stanza familiar to all readers of sinner.'

poetry, but Campbell, in Gertrude, clothed it with a new • When we arrive at a proper

beauty, as he had done the heroic verse in his Pleasures • Hear me. All my life long I have been a rigidly just of Hope. It has been stated, that one cause of the preman—the sins of the passions have had no place in me, ference we have mentioned, was the constant coupling of yet I've been a black-hearted sinner-just, yes, very just his name with the latter poem. Thomas Campbell, ---but-but-God help us all, were we weighed in the the author of "The Pleasures of Hope,' was invariably his balance of justice. I had a nephew, sir, the son of my designation, till, from being so hackneyed, he came to feel brother; and what feeling this lieart bad at its command respecting it, as a certain Athenian felt, who refused to give was his—I could not help that it had not more—'twas my a vote in favour of Aristides, because he grew tired of hearnature. I took him to my bosom, and he was welcome ing him perpetually styled Aristides the just. The desig. to what warmth that bosom could afford-cold cherish nation, too, in all likelihood, suggested the rather humbling ing, in good truth-no matter. He lived under my roof, reflection, that no subsequent effort of his muse had raised ate at my table, and I meant to have left him my all. him higher in public estimation than the first had done. But his old uncle's ways did not suit his young notions, Soon after the publication of his Gertrude, he was enand he crossed me—and thus it wrought on till I spurned gaged to deliver à course of lectures on poetry, at the him from my door, and sent him a beggar upon the world. Royal Institution, which, from his high reputation, and Where he is now I know not. Oh! how often have I his thorough acquaintance with a subject so congenial to cursed that hour in which I left myself a blasted trunk, his taste, excited much attention at the time. These he leafless, branchless, withered ! Here the workings of the again delivered in 1820, at the Surrey Literary and miser's countenance and the writhings of his body be- Scientific Institution. He was also employed by Mr came extreme, nor could the clergyman behold without Murray, the eminent publisher, to edit selections from the wonder the sudden awakening of such a torrent of emotion British poets, intended as specimens of each, with bioin one he had considered so soulless.

graphical and critical notices; and this work, which at • Reach me that cordial, Barbara. Now, Sir, I'll tell once took its place among our standard publications, apyou what I'll do-yes I will. I'll leave twenty thousand peared in 1819, in seven volumes. The same fastidious pounds to endow an hospital-every farthing shall go to care which he bestowed on his poetry, he devoted to his it--as I'm a dying sinner, I'll do it.'

criticisms on the poets, and these, though at times some• Mr Ford,' said the curate, “build not your hope upon what over-refined in expression, show, with his other the deeds of the law.'

prose publications, that he excelled as a prose writer as

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well as a poet. One striking characteristic of Campbell and emotion; and we almost fancy we still hear the trewas, that he never wearied in retouching what he had mulous tones in which he spoke his oration; the touching written, although his diction must, in some instances, have allusion to early scenes and youthful associates; the adsuffered in strength from his extreme fastidiousness. He vertence to the boy poet' in connexion with a valuable valued his reputation, however, too highly to publish that counsel which drew forth deafening applause. It was a whereon he had bestowed little or no pains.

proud day that with every Glasgow student-we may add As an instance of the high estination in which he was with every Glasgow citizen-for the poet was their held in England, the following incident has been related fellow-citizen. We recall numerous incidents evidential by a gentleman, who had it from Mr Alison, his teacher of the enthusiasm felt by all classes towards their illusat the grammar school of Glasgow. An English gentle- trious townsman; among others the notice taken of a man, a stranger, one day called to visit his school, and, very beautiful rainbow, the first, said to be, that had among other things, he asked if any distinguished indi- appeared that season, which was seen on the day he vidual had ever been educated by him. Mr Alison re-entered his native city, and which some fond admirer of plied— No, except Thomas Campbell

, the poet.' On hear his genius was pleased to regard as a token that Heaven ing the name, the Englishman, with enthusiasm, ex- was smiling on the event, and thus to record in verse :claimed, · Thomas Campbell! Thomas Campbell: the

Beneath thy span, first of the year, he comes, author of the Pleasures of Hope! Where is the spot he Who lynn d thy glories, radiant bow of heaven; usually sat ?' This being pointed out to him, he imme- Warriors may wake their homes with trunps and drums, diately took possession, in presence of all the boys, of

Thy arch is to the poet's triumph given!' Campbell's old seat when a schoolboy ; nor could he be The degree of LL.D. was conferred on the poet, by induced to rise, till the master had given him a minute the Senatus Academicus, soon after his inauguration, but account of his appearance when under his care, his habits, he never assumed the title of Doctor before his name. his acquirements, and, in short, all he knew or could re- We have already stated that Campbell was thrice collect about him.

chosen to the Lord Rectorship. The students in the In 1818, Campbell revisited Germany, and was absent Glasgow college are divided, according to certain geograa year. In 1820, he undertook the editorship of the New phical boundaries, into four different nations, as they are Monthly Magazine, which, under his management, soon called, and the choice of the rector is determined by the became the most popular of the monthlies. In this preponderance not of votes but nations. When Campbell Magazine appeared several of his minor pieces, among was proposed the third time, his supporters had to conwhich, that perfect emanation of his muse, “ The Last tend against claims not less weighty than those of Sir Man,' deserves to be particularly mentioned. In 1821, Walter Scott, who was the other candidate nominated. in consequence of his literary engagements, he left Though the former had by far the greatest number of Sydenham, where he had resided since 1803, and removed votes, there was a parity of nations. The casting vote in to the metropolis. In 1824 his . Theodoric' appeared, a this case devolving upon the former rector, or, as the

poem not at all equal to his former productions. The professors thought, in the event of his absence, on the i volume in which it was published contained several vice-rector, Professor Gibb, the latter was brought, i pieces of great excellence, and, with the influence of his it was said, from a sick-béd, and he declared for Sir

name, it had an extensive sale. We recollect it was de- Walter. The honour was due to his genius certainly, and clared by some anonymous punster of the day, to be the under other circumstances the mighty minstrel' might odd trick' of the season.

have prized and coveted it: as it was he respectfully deTo Mr Campbell, we believe, belongs the merit of clined its acceptance. Another election was appointed, having originated the London University, in which pro- when Campbell was again chosen. The enthusiasm of his ject Lord Brougham was an active coadjutor. During the supporters on this triumph knew no bounds. He had struggle for independence in which Greece was engaged, come to Glasgow in the interim, and was residing with and in which she was ultimately successful, he took a his relative Mr Gray, the jeweller, whose house was in strong interest in the cause of that country, as he subse- Great Clyde Street, a few paces from the river whence it quently, and indeed all his life, did in that of Poland. takes its name. Thither in grand mass the students re

In November, 1826, he was chosen Lord Rector of the paired, when Campbell shortly addressed them from Mr University of Glasgow—the greatest honour' as he him- Gray's window. We remember but one sentence of that self declared, when addressing the professors and students address-it was the first : Students, sooner shall that in the College Hall, on the day of his installation, “ which river,' alluding to the Clyde, cease to flow into the sea, had ever been conferred upon him.'. To this event of his than 1, while I live, will forget the honour this day done life he was fond of referring : often has the writer of this me. There is but a step, it has been said, between the sketch seen his eye kindling with joy and pride when sublime and the ludicrous, and in connexion with this scene talking of it. And the honour was the more valuable in we have heard an anecdote rather illustrative of the rehis estimation, by his being elected to the same office mark. An elderly washerwoman passing on the outskirts three years in succession.

of the crowd, with a bundle of clothes on her back, was The enthusiasm manifested by the students in his arrested by the sight of what she conceived to be a lunatic farour he reciprocated with the characteristic ardour of speaking from a window, and naïvely said, “ Puir man ! a poet. He got his inaugural address printed, and sent can his freends no tak’hin in!' On his re-election the to each of them a copy of it, the presentation inscription students presented him with a silver bowl, which, his being in his own hand, which, we need scarcely say, will, he styles one of the ‘jewels of his property. At greatly enhanced the value of such a gift. Letters on the same time a literary club was founded, and named the epochs of Greek and Roman literature were also ad- after him, “ The Campbell Club,' which still exists in a dressed to them, which appeared in the New Monthly, flourishing state, and possesses an excellent library, many and were afterwards reprinted for the purpose of be- of the works having been donations from Campbell himing presented to the students, with the view, as he ex- self, who continued to be its patron till his death. From pressed it, of keeping himself in their friendly recollec- an elegant silver cup, presented to the club, the memtion, and from a desire to contribute towards their inte bers on anniversary occasions have been wont, to drink rest in literary pursuits. We have a vivid recollection of the poet's health. Alas, they must now in solemn silence the day when the bard of Hohenlinden and the Baltic' drink his memory! -50 Sir Daniel Sandford used to call him—was installed On the publication of Moore's Life of Byron, about the Lord Rector of that University, of which, as a student, in beginning of 1830, Mr Campbell's gallant feelings led his boyish days, he had been so distinguished an orna- him to espouse the cause of Lady Byron, who, he con

We see him, as we pen these sentences, standing ceived, had been unjustly treated in that work. Her at the top of the professors' bench, clothed in the rec- ladyship herself, it will be recollected, published an intetorial gown, his keen piercing eye beaming with intellect I resting letter on the occasion. The same year he resigned the editorship of the New Monthly Magazine, he published his life of Mrs Siddons. On the death, that which he had conducted for ten years with acknowledged year, of his friend Mr Telford the engineer, after whom spirit and taste. He soon after established the Metro- he had named his surviving son, he, as well as Mr !; politan, but did not long continue at its head. In 1830, Southey, was left a legacy of £500; which, added to the : too-to him an eventful year-he experienced the loss of gains from his works, placed him in very comfortable his wife, who had for some time previously been in a state circunıstances so far as money was concerned. The of mental alienation. Two sons were the fruit of his general impression was that he was poor, but he himmarriage, one of whom, a youth of great promise, died self took an opportunity of correcting the erroneous idea early; the other, after having been for years in a private entertained by the public on that score. At the time of asylum, under the care of Dr Matthew Allen, physician, the coronation of her Majesty Queen Victoria, in 1838, High Beach, Essex, was, in September last, restored to Mr Campbell applied to the Earl Marshal for a ticket of society by the verdict of a jury, under a commission de admission to Westminster Abbey to view the august cerelunatico inquirendo, which verdict declared him to be of mony. His request was immediately complied with, and sound mind. The poet's domestic calamities left their he was accordingly present on the occasion. A report trace on the latter years of his life, and clouded the even- became current, and crept into the newspapers, that he ing of his days; but, as long as he was able, he continued had applied for admission in the character of a poor poet, his literary occupations.


which annoyed him exceedingly, and he addressed the After the death of Mrs Campbell, he went into cham- following characteristic note to one of the morning bers, and for some years resided in a state of comparative papers : loneliness, at No. 61 Lincoln's Inn Fields. His chambers "Sir,—The anecdote respecting me that has gone the were on the second floor, where he had a large well-fur- round of the newspapers is in so far true, that I wrote to nished sitting-room, off which was his bed-room. One the Earl Marshal requesting a ticket to the Abbey at the side of his principal room, all along, was arranged with Coronation, and that the Earl sent me one with a polite shelves, like a library, which were full of books. In that note. But it is not true that I asked admission for a poor room has the writer of this sketch passed many a pleasant poet. I have no occasion to prefix that epithet to my and profitable hour with him, and he never shall forget name.- I am, Sir, yours respectfully, T. CAMFBELL.' the active benevolence and genuine kindliness of heart So far from being a “poor poet,' Campbell derired condisplayed by the poet on one occasion when he called siderable profit from his writings, his poetry in particular ; upon him. On entering the room one forenoon in the although, considering the surpassing merit of the latter, year 1839, he found Mr Campbell busy looking over his a remark which we have heard him make was correct books, while, near the fire-place, was seated an elderly enough in fact, viz., that his works had not produced him gentlewoman in widow's weeds. He was desired to take one-fiftieth part of what they ought to have done. It has a chair for a few minutes. Presently the poet disappeared been calculated that for the early editions of “The Pleainto his bed-room, and returned with an armful of books, sures of Hope' he received in all more than £850. which he placed among a heap of others that he had col- From the various editions of his poems, which he was lected together on the floor. • There now," he said, ad- always bringing out, and which sold rapidly, he must dressing the widow, these will help you a little, and I have acquired considerable sums. Following the example shall see what more I can do for you by the time you call of Rogers in his ' Italy,' he published an edition, beautiagain. I shall get them sent to you in the course of the fully illustrated by Turner and Harvey: Of the cheap day.' The widow thanked him with tears in her eyes, edition of his poetical works, published by Moxon, about and shaking her cordially by the hand, he wished her a ten thousand copies were sold in one week! He once thus good morning. On her departure, the poet said with summed up his income for one year--it was either in 1839 great feeling – That lady whom you saw just now is the or 1810, the writer of this does not now recollect which, widow of an early friend of mine, and as she is now in but he thinks it was the former year-From the sale of somewhat reduced circumstances, she wishes to open a the large edition of my poems,' he said, 'I have received little book and stationery shop, and I have been busy £300, and from that of the small edition £600—then looking out all the books for which I have no use, to add there's my pension £300, and about £150 from other to her stock. She has taken a small shop in the neigh-sources—so that this year I think I have done very well.' bourhood of town, and I shall do all I can to serve her, These sales might have extended over a larger period and forward her prospects, as far as my assistance and in- than a year, but generally his receipts, from the diffefluence extend. Old times should not be forgotten.' He rent editions, yielded him, in his latter years, annually mentioned the name of the place, and asked if the writer about £400. With regard to the amount of his pension, had any acquaintances in the vicinity to whose notice he several erroneous statements have been published. In might recommend the widow, but was answered in the one paper it is said to have been £187, and in another negative. The abstraction of the volumes he thus so nominally £100, but on deduction of the duty, no more generously bestowed on the poor widow made a sensible than £83. Beattie had a pension of £200, and Moore alteration on the appearance of his library. On another and some other authors of the present day have £300, if, occasion, soon after this, when the writer introduced to indeed, in Moore's case, it does not amount to more. him a friend of his of the name of Sinclair, he said, while The writer, on the occasion above referred to, heard from he shook him by the hand, “I am glad to see you, sir, Cainpbell's own lips that his pension from Government your name recommends you to me,' adding, with much was £300. tenderness, my wife's name was Sinclair,'

The portrait of the Queen which, shortly after the coroIn 1832, the interest excited by the French conquest nation, was sent to Mr Campbell from her Majesty, and and colonization of Algiers induced him to pay it a visit, which he mentions in such special terms in his will, was and on his return he furnished an account of his journey highly prized by him. Always when he spoke of it he to the New Monthly Magazine, which he afterwards pub- was in an ecstacy of admiration and excitement. It was, lished under the name of Letters from the South,' in or rather is, a large full-length engraving, enclosed in a 11 two volumes. He did not confine himself to Algiers, but splendid frame, and was hung up in his sitting-room in made an excursion into the interior of the country as far Lincoln's Inn Fields, on the same side as the fire-place, as Mascara ; and his work, with a great deal of light gos- but nearer the window. The writer of this called upon sipping matter, contains much interesting information him a day or two after he received it, and the explanarespecting Algiers and the various races inhabiting that tion he then gave of the way in which it was presented to part of Barbary. The same year, in conjunction with him, is so nearly alike what has already appeared regardthe Polish poet Niemcewiez, Prince Czartoryski, and ing it, that it may be given here in nearly the same words, others, he founded the society styled the Literary Asso- Indeed, he was so much flattered by the unexpected ciation of the Friends of Poland. He also originated compliment of a present of her portrait from his sorethe Clarence Club, where he occasionally dined. In 1834 reign, that he must have spoken of it in a somewhat simi

lar manner to every one on terms of intimacy with him, by the students of Glasgow when I was rector of that who about that time happened to come into his company. university, and the copy of the portrait of her Majesty 'I was at her Majesty's coronation in Westminster Queen Victoria, which was sent to me by the Queen herAbbey,' said Campbell, and she conducted herself so self (and which two articles I reckon the jewels of my well, during the long and fatiguing ceremony, that I shed property), and also all and every my manuscripts and tears many times. On returning home, I resolved, out of copyrights of my compositions, whether in prose or verse, pure esteem and veneration, to send her a copy of all my and the vignettes which have illustrated my poems, and works. Accordingly, I had them bound up, and went also all and every my books, prints, pictures, furniture, personally with them to Sir Henry Wheatley, who, when plate, money, personal estate, and effects whatsoever and he understood my errand, told me that her Majesty made wheresoever, whereof I may die possessed, after and subit a rule to decline presents of this kind, as it placed her ject to the payment of my just debts, funeral and testaunder obligations which were unpleasant to her. Say to mentary expenses, which I do direct to be paid as soon as her Majesty, Sir Henry, I replied, that there is not a conveniently may be after my decease, unto my niece, single thing the Queen can touch with her sceptre in any Mary Campbell, the daughter of my deceased brother of her dominions which I covet, and I therefore entreat Alexander Campbell, late of Glasgow, for her own sole you, in your office, to present them with my devotion as and separate use and benefit. a subject. Sir Henry then promised to comply with my "And I do hereby appoint my staunch and inestimable request; but next day they were returned. I hesitated,' friend, Dr William Beattie, of No. 6 Park Square, Recontinued Campbell, - to open the parcel, but, on doing so, gent's Park, in the said county of Middlesex, and William I found, to my inexpressible joy, a note enclosed desiring Moxon, of the Middle Temple, Esq., to be executors of my autograph upon them. Having complied with the this my will, and also to act as guardians to my said son; wish, I again transmitted the books to her Majesty, and and I revoke all former and other wills and testamentary in the course of a day or two received in return this ele- dispositions by me at any time heretofore made, and degant engraving, with her Majesty's autograph, as you see clare this only to be my last will and testament. In below.' He then directed particular attention to the witness whereof I have hereunto set my hand, the seventh royal signature, which was in her Majesty's usual bold day of November, 1812.

· Thomas CAMPBELL. and beautiful hand-writing.

*Signed, published, and declared by the testator, ThoIn 1812, his · Pilgrim of Glencoe, and other poems,' mas Campbell, as and for his last will and testament, in appeared, dedicated to his friend and physician Dr Wil- the presence of us, present at the same time, who in his liam Beattie, whom he also named one of his executors; presence, and at his request, have subscribed our names Mr William Moxon, of the Middle Temple, brother of Mr as witnesses, Edward Moxon, his publisher, being the other. He also * EDWARD CLIFFORD, 9 Ranelagh Grove, Pimlico. wrote a Life of Petrarch, and a year or two before his "HENRY Moxon, 67 Ebury Street, Eaton Square. death he edited the Life of Frederick the Great, published Campbell's funeral was worthy of his fame. He was by Colburn. In this year, that is in 1812, he again buried in the Poet's Corner of Westminster Abbey, on visited Germany. On one occasion, in the writer's pre- Wednesday, July 3, 1814. The funeral was attended by sence, he expressed a strong desire to go to Greece, but he a large body of noblemen and gentlemen, and by several never carried that intention into effect, probably from the of the most eminent authors of the day. Mr Alexander want of a companion. On his return from Germany, with Campbell and Mr Wiss, two nephews of the deceased which he was now become familiar, he took a house at poet, with his executors, were the chief mourners; and No. 8 Victoria Square, Pimlico, and devoted his time to the pall was borne by Sir Robert Peel, the Earl of Aberthe education of his niece, Miss Mary Campbell, a Glas- deen, the Duke of Argyll, Lord Morpeth, Lord Brougham, gow lady, whom he took to live with him. But his Lord Campbell, Lord Dudley Coutts Stuart, and Lord health, which had long been in a declining state, began Leigh. The corpse was followed by a large number of to give way rapidly. He was no longer the man he was; members of Parliament and other distinguished gentlethe energy of his body and mind was gone, and in the men. The following interesting account of the funeral summer of 1813 he retired to Boulogne, where at first he was written by an American, who was present among the derived beneat from the change of air and scene. But crowd of spectators on the mournful occasion :this did not continue long, and he gradually grew feebler; "At twelve o'clock the procession, which had been he seldom went into society, and for some months before formed in the Jerusalem Chamber, adjoining the abbey, his death he corresponded but little with his friends in came in sight, as you looked through the length of the this country. A week before his decease Dr Beattie was abbey towards the western door. All you could see at sent for from London, and on his arrival at Boulogne he first, at this immense distance, was a dark mass, and so found him much worse than he had anticipated. The slowly did the procession advance that it scarcely seemed hour was approaching when the spirit of the Poet of Hope to move. As it came near, every voice was hushed, and was to quit this transitory scene, and return to God who beside the solemn tramp of the procession, the only voice gave it. On Saturday afternoon, the 15th June, 1814, he audible was the voice of the clergymnan echoing along the breathed his last, in the presence of his niece, his friend vaulted passages, “I am the resurrection and the life.' Dr Beattie, and his medical attendants. His last hours Borne before the coffin were a number of mourning were marked by calmness and resignation. The Rev. Mr plumes, so arranged as to correspond with it in shape. Hassell, an English clergyman, was also with Mr Camp- When the procession halted, and the coffin was laid upon bell at the time of his death.

the temporary scaffold before the desk, the plumes were By his will, dated in November, 1842, he left all his placed upon it. There was no other attempt at splenproperty to his niece. It is short, and as it is an in- dour. All was as simple as in the most ordinary funeral teresting document of itself, it may be inserted here. solemnity. It was a grand spectacle, and such as I never The personal property of the poct, it is stated, was sworn expect to see again. Not merely the nobles of the land, under £2000. The following is the will :-

but its ablest men, who from day to day are directing the This is the last will and testament of me, Thomas destinies of the inightiest monarchy on the globe, and Campbell, LL.D., now resident at No. 8 Victoria Square, whose names will live in after times, were bearing the in the county of Middlesex.

remains of the departed poet to the hallowed palace of Whereas, under and by virtue of the will of Archibald the dead. Among the pall-bearers were Lord Brougham, Macarthur Stewart, late of Ascog, deceased, my only son, Sir Robert Peel, and Lord Aberdeen; and among the Thomas Telford Campbell, will, upon my decease, be en- mourners, Macaulay, D'Israeli

, Lockhart, and many others titled to a certain sum of money, which í deem a compe- known to fame. I had hoped to see Wordsworth, and tent provision for him, I do not, therefore, intend to make perhaps Carlyle, but neither of them were there. The any provision for him by this my will.

burial service was read by the Rev. Dr Millman (canon 'I give and bequeath the silver bowl, presented to me of Westminster, and rector of St Margaret's], author of


'the Siege of Jerusalem,' "History of the Jews,' and 'Ye Mariners of England,' and 'Hohenlinden.' To him other works. At the close of the service, the plumes eminently belongs the character of being the most claswere taken from the coffin and the body lowered into the sical of our modern poets. None of them all has shown grave. As the mourners gathered around the opening, the the same originality and elegance, the same purity and sound of what seemed distant thunder called my atten-freedom, and, notwithstanding his fastidiousness, the tion to the windows. It was a dull dark day, and I sup- same energy of thought and style. It has been well said posed for a moment that a storm was at hand, till the that a poet should be read with faith; but Campbell will sweet strain of a beautiful melody, from the organ in the be read not only with faith but with affection ; and he choir, in the rear, undeceived me. Then followed again will be read with safety too. The high moral tone of his the rumbling of thunder, like the marching of mighty verse is not the least of its many merits. There is not a masses of the dead, varied occasionally by snatches of sentiment throughout all his poetry, so far as we rememharmony, and conveying an impression of unutterable ber, that can be deemed objectionable—not a line which, solemnity. It was the Dead March in Saul !

dying, he himself need have wished to blot.' • There was one part of the ceremony more impressive still. A deputation from the Polish Association was present, in addition to the Poles who attended as mourners,

EMULATION. and when the officiating clergyman arrived at that por- EMULATION, taken in its restricted and exact sense, may be tion of the ceremony in which dust is consigned to dust, defined as that principle by which we are incited to cope one of the number (Colonel Szyrma] took a handful of with others whose path of exertion runs parallel to our dust, brought for the occasion from the tomb of Kosciusko, own. There are two affections of the mind partially resemand scattered it upon the coffin. It was a worthy tribute bling this, from both of which it is of consequence to disto the memory of him who has done so much to immor- tinguish it. Ambition and envy are certainly to be viewed talise the man and the cause ; and not the less impres- as two varieties of the same general tendency. The aimn sive because so perfectly simple. At the conclusion of the of the former exceeds that of emulation. There is emservice, the solemn peals of the organ again reverberated braced in it, as a co-element with the desire of distinction, for some minutes through the aisles of the abbey, and the an avidity of power. The ambitious man will not be satisprocession retired as it came.

fied with quiescent and contemplative superiority; his • The barrier with iron spikes, which protected the ultimate and proper object--an object the losing sight of mourners from the jostling of the crowd, was then re- which would denude him of the quality in question-is moved, and there was a rush to get a sight of the coffin. the vigorous and continued assertion of his anticipated After waiting a little while, I succeeded in looking into ascendancy. The aim of emulation is praise, that of amthe grave, and read the inscription on the large gilt | bition is power. A mind under the influence of the one plate :

feeling looks beyond the contest to the otium cum digniTHOMAS CAMPBELL, LL.D.,

tate, the blended distinction and repose in which it is erAUTHOR OF THE PLEASURES OF HORE,

pected to issue ; a mind actuated by the other only conDied June 15, 1811,

templates the struggle as introductory to the toils of a Aged 67.

higher sphere. Of the insignia of success, those of emu"On visiting the abbey the next day, I found the stone lation are the robe and the crown, those of ambition the over the grave so carefully replaced that a stranger would sword and the sceptre. never suspect there had been a recent interment. To If a difference is thus perceptible between two emotions, those who may hereafter visit this spot, it may be inte- each of which, though vicious in excess, is essentially good resting to know that it is situated between the monument and praiseworthy, that, surely, subsisting between either of Addison and the opposite pillar, not far from that of and a third essentially evil and reprehensible, although in Goldsmith, and closely adjoining that of Sheridan. His one aspect resembling the others, cannot be difficult of most christian wish is accomplished. He lies in the detection. To dilate on the distinction between envy and Poet's Corner, surrounded by the tombs and monuments ambition is foreign to the design of this paper. Perhaps of kings, statesmen, warriors, and scholars, in the massy the latter of these dispositions is at a still more apprecibuilding, guarded with religious care, and visited from able remove from the former than emulation is, the pureall parts of the land with religious veneration. Ah! did ly benevolent feelings being more decidedly implied in he think of that more glorious resting-place, where the the right exercise of power, than in the mere possession spirits of the just made perfect find an eternal home!' of superiority. Our present plan, however, only requires

One tribute of admiration of his genius and respect for us to distinguish emulation from envy. his memory remains to be paid, namely, the erection of The line of demarcation is bold and broad. Envy, re a monument to his memory in the Poet's Corner of have said, is in its own nature an evil affection ; emulaWestminster Abbey. This, too, will be done. A com- tion, existing in proper measure, a good. The one has been mittee has been formed, composed of noblemen and gen- habitually present to the bosoms of the best and most iltlemen, to raise, by subscription, a sufficient fund for the lustrious of the human race, and we have strong grounds purpose, that future generations may be directed to the for concluding that it is common with ours to superior spot where his dust reposes, till the last trump shall natures; the other is the characteristic of the vicious and sound,' and Hope, springing with him from the tomb, depraved among men, and if harboured by an angel would shall light its torch at nature's funeral pile.'

transform him into a fiend. Emulation springs from a In person, Mr Campbell was rather under the middle due regard to our own character and position, a wish for size, well made, and, in his younger days, remarkably such advancement in any pursuit as may procure for us fascinating in his appearance. His eyes, which were the approval of our own consciences, and also the esteem large and of a deep blue colour, had a quiet poetical ex- and good offices of our fellows; envy is a state of mind pression about them; and his face, altogether, was hand- usually resulting from culpable inferiority, in which the some and manly. He wore a wig of chestnut brown. In depression or downfall of a competitor is the one thing conversation he was animated and agreeable, frank and contemplated and desired. “A man,' says Lord Bacon, unreserved. He had great sociability, and an exhaust- that hath no virtue in himself ever envieth virtue in less fund of anecdote; and his manner was marked by others, for men's minds will either feed upon their own affability and kindness. In all matters relating to poetry good or upon others' eril; and who wanteth the one will and criticism he was thoroughly versant, and was fond of play upon the other, and whoso is out of hope to attain discoursing on the beauties of the Greek and English another's virtue, will seek to come at even hand by dewriters, occasionally enriching his remarks by quotations. pressing another's fortune. The one feeling is a just and As a poet, his fame will rest securely on The Pleasures proper mode of self-love; the other is a wicked perversion of Hope, Gertrude of Wyoming, and on his spirit of that law of our being, making evil its good, turning the stirring lyrics, particularly 'The Battle of the Baltic,' I successes of other men into gall and bitterness to the

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