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terested a friend; and I can most truly bear this testi- The second charge admits of question. That he was mony to his memory, that I never witnessed in any fa- frugal, especially in early life, is certain ; but that he mily more decorum, propriety, and regularity, than in was a niggard may very fairly be doubted. It is true that his: where I never saw a card, or even met (except in he was alleged by a celebrated wit to have been frightenone instance) a person of his own profession at his table ; ed from a generous action by the ghost of a halfpenny, of which Mrs Garrick, by her elegance of taste, her cor- and that he grumbled in Johnson's presence at the rectness of manners, and very original turn of humour, strength of the tea—'Why, it is as red as blood.' And was the brightest ornament. All his pursuits were so yet, if stingy by fits and starts in trifles, he must have decidedly intellectual, that it made the society and the been, on the whole, a generous man. Johnson, who would conversation which was always to be found in his circle let no one find fault with Garrick but himself, gave freinteresting and delightful.' In reference to the regu- quent testimonies to his liberality. “Garrick,' we quote larity of their household arrangements, she jocularly from Boswell, ‘was a very good man, the cheerfulest complains in another letter—- Alas! I dare not lie in man of his age; a decent liver in a profession which is bed in a morning, for the Garricks are as much my con- supposed to give indulgence to licentiousness; and a man science here as the doctor (a clerical friend) is at Bris- who gave away freely money acquired by himself. He tol.' It is pleasing to find ground for the hope that to began the world with a great hunger for money; the son mere amiability and general excellence, Mrs Garrick of a half-pay officer, bred in a family whose study was (who died so recently as 1822, at the advanced age of to make fourpence do as much as others made fourpence97) added those distinctive religious feelings which seem halfpenny do. But when he had got money, he was very -a consideration which ought to weigh much in any liberal. Sir, a liberal man. He has given away discussion of the lawfulness of stage amusements- more money than any man in England. There may be scarcely compatible with the profession of her husband. a little vanity mixed; but he has shown that money is Mrs More's account of her behaviour about the time of not his first object. To his relations he was ever kind the funeral is, in this view, highly interesting :- She and considerate. The distressed he was always prompt ran into my arms, and we both remained silent for some to relieve. The poor at Hampton lost in him a constant minutes. At last she whispered, “I have this moment benefactor. Numerous instances of his liberality are reembraced his coffin, and you come next.' She soon recorded by his biographiers. It seems, for instance, that covered herself, and said, with great composure, 'The to rescue a friend from difficulties, he once made a proffer, goodness of God to me is inexpressible. I desired to die, with little prospect of repayment, of no less than £5000. but it is his will that I should live; and he has con- And yet, of the two defects, real or alleged, in Garvinced me he will not let my life be quite miserable ; rick's character, the great doctor would sometimes exfor he gives astonishing strength to my body and grace aggerate the second, and now and then palliate the first. to my heart; neither do I deserve, but I am thankful for For example-- What do you think of Garrick ? He has both.” Traits, all of them, which may prepare us for refused me an order for the play for Miss Williams, bethe emphatic protestation of another friend—“Never did cause he knows that the house will be full, and that an I behold so happy a pair.'

order will be worth three shillings. On the other hand Two faults have been laid to his charge. That he was - It is wonderful how littlo Garrick assumes. Consider, vain and also somewhat addicted to envy there can be no sir, celebrated men such as you have mentioned have had doubt. He was never known to praise another actor. their applause at a distance; but Garrick had it dashed Adulation, when he himself was its object, was rarely in his face, sounded in his ears, and went home every too gross to be grateful. For fame and distinction, his night with the plaudits of a thousand in his cranium. If appetite was insatiable. Mallet had but to hint that he this, sir, had happened to me, I should have had a couple had found a nook for him in his promised life of Marl- of fellows with long poles walking before me, to knock borough, in order to introduce his Elvira on the boards down every body that stood in the way.' of Drury; and notwithstanding the unlikelihood of any Of Garrick's conversational powers, often put forth in such notice, considering the period and the subject, the connexion with his turn for mimicry, the same authority bait was swallowed, and the play accepted. This cupidity declared — After all, I thought him less to be envied on of praise often exposed him to mortifications. He was the stage than at the head of a table.' The doctor was once exhibiting a very rich snuff-box he had had present- not, perhaps, aware that the talent for entertaining on ed to him by a German Prince during one of his foreign which he passed this encomium, was occasionally exerexcursions, as a mark of his Serene Highness's pleasure cised at his own expense. The author of the dictionary, at witnessing a private performance of his. “So,' said a it seems, had never got rid of certain provincialisms. On cynical member of the company, you went about the Con- these Garrick would fasten ; and squeezing a lemon into tinent mouthing for snuff-boxes.' Dr Johnson turned to a punch-bowl, a la Johnson, mimicking, at the same time, ridicule a line in one of his songs

his singularly uncouth manner, would demand of the I'd smile with the simple, and feed with the poor. company, 'Who's for poonsh ?' Poor David !' said the literary dictator ; ósmile with Mimicry, however, was but the unbending for an hour; the simple! what folly is that ! and who would feed with Imitation, its more serious sister, was the study of his the poor that can help it? No, no; let me smile with life. It is the business of an actor to be every body but the-wise, and feed with the rich.' This rough handling, himself. In all the rest of the fine arts, the artist and when reported to Garrick, instead of being treated as his work are distinct; but the player must be at once a jest, gave him sensible annoyance.-On one occasion the imitator and the imitation. No one ever applied he played Richard the Third before the reigning mo- himself to his task better fitted for it than Garrick. narch, whose opinion of the performance he was anxious There were combined in him the three great requisites to reach. It seems that, for George the Second, the for success-taste, talent, and enthusiasm. His person, personation of his predecessor had no peculiar charms. though slight, was symmetrical ; his voice was melodious But when an obscure actor appeared as Lord Mayor and clear, his eye was lightning, and his face a lanof London, his Majesty seemed highly gratified: guage.** His versatility and range were amazing. He • Duke of Grafton,' said he, I like that Lord Mayor;' could do anything, and do everything well. In single again, when the scene was over, “ Duke of Grafton, that parts he might be equalled, but in universality of power is good Lord Mayor ;' and once more, when Garrick was and excellence he was without a rival. Comedy and shouting, “A horse, a horse, my kingdom for a horse!' tragedy came alike to him. He was favoured alike by the sovereign expressed his desire for another sight of Thalia and Melpomene. He would melt his audience the civic functionary— Duke of Grafton, will that Lord into tears in Lear, or make their blood run cold in MacMayor come again ? On this occasion, it is presumed, his solicitude for the royal approbation would have its * The expression of one of Garrick's admirers, who was deaf and antidote in his contempt for the royal taste.


beth ; and in less than half an hour they would be con- Praises thus accorded by the mass were re-echoed by the vulsed with laughter at Abel Drugger, the tobacco-boy, gifted few; and the name of Garrick has found a place Bayes in the Rehearsal, or the Lying Valet.

in the pages of the poet, the historian, and the moralist. It was, however, in the depicting of the passions that Johnson averred that his death 'eclipsed the harmless his great strength lay. Discarding that bombastic rant | gaiety of nations ; ' Smollett expressed his eagerness to and foolish gesticulation which had rendered the drama * do him justice in a work of truth, for the injury he had ridiculous, he adopted the tones and attitudes of real done him in a work of fiction,' and he kept his word ; feeling; and by making himself simply a looking-glass to his genius and his virtues employed the elegant pen of nature, earned a title to the applause of the satirist who Sheridan ; and the tribute paid him in the verse of lashed so unmercifully his predecessors and cotempo- | Churchill stamps him to posterity as the Shakspeare of raries :

actors :Hence to thy praises, Garrick, I agree;

If manly sense, if nature linked with art, And, pleased with nature, must be pleased with thee.

If thorough knowledge of the human heart,

If powers of acting vast and unconfined, One anecdote, in connexion with this excellence, is

If fewest faults with greatest beauties joined, Fell worthy of preservation. A friend of Garrick's had

If strong expression and strange powers which lio

Within the magic circle of the eye, let his only daughter, a child of two years old, fall from

If feelings which few hearts like his can know, his arms at an open window, and the infant was killed on

And which no face so well as his can show, the spot. The unfortunate father went distracted, and

Deserve the preference-Garrick take the chair,

Nor quit it till thou place an equal there. the rest of his life was passed in imaginary repetitions of the tragical incident. He would daily repair to the same window, there seem occupied for a little in dandling his

LECTURES ON THE ORDINARY AGENTS child, then appear to let it fall, and lastly give vent to

OF LIFE.* the most poignant agony. At this melancholy spectacle We present our readers with a few extracts from this Garrick was often present. He would give such an affecting representation of it in private, that the com- volume, in the belief that as it was published in the form pany would be dissolved in tears. It furnished him with of lectures addressed to the medical profession, it may the hint for Lear, one of his grandest efforts. “It was

have been seen by comparatively few of those who stand then,' he would say, when relating the story, that I learned to imitate madness. I copied nature ; and to that most in need of information on the subjects so ably treated I owed my success in Lear.'

by Mr Kilgour, and which all who feel an interest in the Garrick may be styled the reformer of the drama ; he comfort and well-being of their fellow-creatures must recertainly accelerated the popularity of the prince of dra- joice to think are now beginning to attract that share of matists. He discountenanced at once offences against public attention which they so well deserve. Without good taste in acting, and offences against good morals in venturing an opinion on points on which the most emiplays. The histrionic art, till he appeared, was at a very low ebb in Britain. Here is the idea given in the Rosciad nent medical authorities differ, we would recommend 3 of the style of acting he laboured to supersede :

perusal of Mr Kilgour's lectures, in the confidence that When, to enforce some very tender part,

there will be found in them much valuable information The right hand sleeps by instinct on the heart,

on subjects of great importance to all classes. The soul, of every other thought bereft, Is only anxious where to place the left;

Atmosphere.—The necessity of a pure atmosphere for He sobs and pants to soothe his weeping spouse,

the preservation of health is readily admitted ; but how To soothe his weeping mother turns and bows : Awkward, embarrassed, stiff, without the skill

few persons provide themselves with that which they acOf moving gracefully or standing still,

knowledge to be beneficial to them? The man who takes, One leg, as if suspicious of his brother,

on some special occasion, a walk into the open fields, feels Desirous seems to run away frorn t'other.

an exhilaration of spirits, and a lightness and vigour of This wretched parody of nature Garrick had the good body as he inhales the pure ether. But he seems to think sense to avoid, and the power, in some degree, to put that a pure atmosphere is only to be obtained or enjoyed down. His taste raised the taste of the age ; he made in the country, and that in his dwelling-house, or his the stage respectable, and the player a gentleman. In workshop, the atmosphere within the walls is better that the course of his public life, he realized the enormous that without. How few ventilate their apartments, how fortune of £100,000. He was thus enabled to maintain few workmen seek to give exit to the vapours and odours, a style of living, which, together with his pleasing talents, separated from the materials of their trade, provided that his superior intelligence, and his strict decorum, gained has to be done by sending a current of cold air through him admittance to the first circles in the nation. The the workshop. There is nothing in nature but is undergreat Lord Chatham courted his society, he lived on terms going a decomposition, nothing which is not giving off of intimacy with all the wits of his day, and the first no- something to the atmosphere, or taking some of its conbility of England bore him to his grave. The popu- stituents. It has been said that air, by stagnation, may larity which he had enjoyed from the outset of his career corrupt itself, and become a subtile poison. It is more continued unimpaired to the last. One summer he played correct to say, that air cannot exist in any place without at Dublin, an epidemic which then raged in the city re- acting or being acted upon by that perishable matter ceived the nickname of the Garrick fever.' Pope said which encloses it. The air of a room which has been long of him in the dawn of his fortunes— This young man will closely shut, has a smell which is well known. That air be spoiled, for he will have no competitor. For five-and has been loaded with the decaying matter around it, and thirty years, at a period when the stage was half men's the more extensively that the air becomes deteriorated, business, Garrick was the lion of London—the prime the more rapidly does decomposition of all things around, minister of entertainment to the metropolis of the world. or in it, advance. The foul air in an old well, or in a comClarion, herself the most brilliant actress in France, was mon sewer, does not arise in consequence of the stagnation So enraptured with his consummate performance, that in of atmospheric air inducing decomposition of the particles the presence of Mrs Garrick, to whom she afterwards by action upon each other; but in consequence of that air apologized for the freedom, she caught him in her arms being

decomposed by the
chemical affinities of the

bodies and kissed him. When he took his final leave of the to which it is exposed. Habit has a very great effect in stage, tears told still better, though they told in silence, reconciling the constitution to vitiated state of the air.

the public for their favourite player, than The countryman soon feels the pernicious effect of the air the thunders of applause amidst which he withdrew; and sadness itself lent value to the triumph which was borne to him on the universal and enthusiastic farewell.' | lege of Surgeons, London. Edinburgh : Adam & Charles Black.

* By AlexaNDER KILGOUR, M. D., Member of the Royal Col.

the regard

which appears to have little or no effect on the workman large room ; and many of our hospital wards are highly who has breathed it for years. There is a practical re- dangerous to the sick inmates from this circumstance. It mark here of great importance. Children suffer from a would be very easy to ventilate wards, jails, school-rooms, vitiated air, in proportion to their youth. The great and public rooms, with air raised to any required tempemortality amongst the children of the poor has been rature. Square rooms are not so easily warmed as oval. ascribed not so much to a deficiency of food as to a defi- Bed-rooms ought to be spacious, and well-aired daily. ciency of pure air. Sir John Sinclair affirms that one- We are beginning to recover from that absurd plan of half of the children born in London, die before two years cramming our beds into small closets, in order that they of age, in consequence of the impurity of the air of that might be out of sight, and out of the way. Architects and city. In the lying-in hospital of Dublin, the proportion the public seemed to think, some few years ago, that the was found still greater ; for, in the space of four years, public rooms could not be too large, nor the bed-rooms too ending anno 1.784, no less a number than 2944 infants, small, provided only a dressing-closet was attached. A out of 7650, died within the first fortnight after their third part of the twenty-four hours at least we spend birth.'. It was fortunately discovered that this melan- motionless, and exhaling the rankest and most fetid part choly circum stance arose from their not having a sufficient of our cutaneous and pulmonary secretion, in a small and quantity of food air to breathe. The hospital, therefore, confined bed-room, in order that we may shiver and starve was comple tely ventilated, the consequence of which was in large dining or drawing-rooms, during the rest of the that the proportion of deaths was reduced to 279. Hence day that we remain in the house! How oftea has the there was reason to suppose that out of 2944 who had died physician to regret the confined bed-room in which his in the spac e of four years before, no less a number than 2655 patient is placed ? Often it is impossible to ventilate it had peris' aed solely from want of a due supply of fresh air. by raising the window, without risking the full draught

Sudde i alterations of Atmospheric Caloric and Mois- of cold air on his patient. I have more than once seen ture.-P.esides the effects of a cold or moist atmosphere, the convalescent from fever cut off by pneumonia, from the most frequent and exciting cause of disease is the being exposed to the current of cold air, from a window rapid d lange from the one to the other, and more particu- raised a little in order to refresh him, or to ventilate the larly the change of temperature. The constitution is taken room. Alcove beds are improper, from retaining the foul by sur prise. It had accommodated itself to the season, air. The bed should stand in the middle of the room, the hat on the surface or in the internal parts was in and not in a corner, but yet not so as to be in the draught accori lance with the external temperature, and cold occur- from door to window or chimney. Windows ought to be ring unexpectedly sends the blood on the unprepared in- very large, so as to admit plenty of light. The relative terna lviscera, producing congestion orinflammation; whilst position of doors to windows or fire-places ought to be well unes pected external heat brings the blood to the unpre- attended to, in order to secure a proper ventilation when parer i vessels of the surface. We have here, therefore, no other special contrivance for ventilation has been made. the cause of the colds and catarrhs of an early winter, Clothing.–The influence of particular kinds of clothing and the cutaneous affections of an early spring. We in the removal of disease is by no means trifling ; but the obser ve the fatality amongst those who pass rapidly from influence of clothing in the preservation of health is of one (limate to another, and the comparative security of the greatest magnitude. Yet there is no part of Hygiene those : who gradually bring themselves from the one to in which there has been more error, from the raw and the ( ther. We all know the greater health of the British undigested opinions of theoretical men or careless obtrooj is by being gradually carried from station to station, servers. One of these errors it will be necessary to conuntil they are eventually able to bear the hot and miasmal sider at some length, because of its most mischievous climate of the East Indies. The most injurious sudden effects on the community. There has a maxim long prechan ge is thz' from warm to cold. This cannot take place vailed, that the body should be reared in the most hardy with out a deposit of moisture—the capacity of the air for manner, so as to be able to endure every vicissitude of water being lessened by the alteration of temperature. weather; and the method followed to ensure this hardiness The worst state of the atmosphere, that of cold and moist, of the system, is to expose the body as much as possible is tb en present. This change produces a contraction of to the action of the air, whatever may be its moisture or the skin, with a feeling of pain in the part most exposed heat. We see the plants of the northern or cold climates to ť he air. There is an irritation over the skin, and a strong and hardy; and why should not the human body get general shivering. This irritation is conveyed to those hardy in the same manner, by exposure to the atmosphere? par is most predisposed to disease, and excites the diseased Inure the body to it from infancy, they cry; and then they action in them. The gouty, the rheumatic, the phthisical, boldly appeal to the children of the poor, as the hardy huthe asthmatical, always suffer fron this change; and man plants of the climate. Now, the matter comes to provided the change be sudden, it has the same effect, al- this: Is it better to have a very scanty population which the jugh the variation in the thermometer may not be great. is able to endure all the vicissitudes of weather, or to have A falling of 10 degrees at once will produce it. The change a numerous and abundant population, which, by proper fri m cold to heat is not accompanied with such injurious clothing, &c., can defend itself against the injurious effects ef fects, except in those cases where a very great cold has of cold and moisture ? I do not deny but that, by gradual br 'en previously applied. The effect, in more moderate seasoning, the body will be brought to endure every change cises, is merely to produce an expansion of the fluids. The of season without injury; but how few are they who pass question may be asked, have we any means of correcting through the trial; and who, to provide for that which can

he state of the atmosphere, or of preventing its injurious be by other means obtained, would hazard the experiaction upon the human body? We have both. We may ment? The example of the children of the poor is not a correct the moisture, the dryness, caloric, and motion of fair one. No doubt we see many hardy persons reared the air, by draining or irrigation, by the extension of cul- from amongst them, but then we forget how many deaths tivation, and by the rearing or cutting down of trees or have taken place, which would not have been the case had forests. Or we may defend ourselves against its influence they been kept warm. Mr Wilmot Horton stated in! by habitations, by artificial heat, by ventilation, by baths, Parliament, session 1829, that one-half of the children of by clothes, and by cleanliness.

the poor of London die before twelve years of age ; and Habitations.-Low-roofed rooms are worse ventilated, Charles Dupin stated in the French Chamber, session and much more unwholesome than high-roofed. Moderate- 1829, that out of 73,000 foundlings, 30,000 died before sized rooms are much more equable in their temperature twelve years of age. A late writer on the diseases of than very small or very large rooms, and do not require children says,— It is a subject of very common obsersuch an expenditure of fuel as either of the former. In vation, that children who have been inured to cold, and some cases the size and height of rooms are carried too brought up hardily (as it is called) are the strongest in far, and they are thus rendered cold and cheerless for the adult age, and this has induced many parents to expose inmates. The draught of cold air is always great in a their children thinly clad to all the severities of weather.

It is in part true, since children who survive the season- his ale, drank his ale, and always slept upon his ale; and ing are generally the strongest. The original strength of we know that the same honest innkeeper must have their constitution probably enabled theni to bear it in the been intended to represent, in rotundity, one of his own first instance; and if they are able to encounter it in early ale puncheons; whilst his wife again, always wishing to life, they will in some measure lose the susceptibility of qualify the ale with a dram, was a poor thin sickly woman, being readily affected by changes of temperature after- that went to her grave after an Irish gentleman had prewards. But all medical men, who have had opportunities sented her with a dozen bottles of usquebah. The conof attending much to the diseases of children, must have stitution acquired by the constant use of fermented liquors, observed that those families in which children are least the beer-swiller's, is the worst possible to endure disease, exposed to cold in winter, are generally most healthy; worse even than that of the wine-bibber or whisky-tippler. whilst those who act on the erroneous principle of hard- The system will not stand depletion when the disease ening them, by the exposure of their tender bodies to is inflammatory, as it often is; and when of a cachetic severe weather, are scarcely ever free from disease of some character, there are no medicines that have much effect kind. Disorders which might otherwise have remained on the diseased chylopoietic viscera of the beer-drinker. dormant are thus brought into activity by this mode of Witness the effect of disease or injury on the London treating children, and many fall sacrifices to pulmonary brewery draymen. consumption and scrofulous complaints, in more advanced Alcoholic Liquors.—The long-continued use of alcolife, from this error alone, of being exposed in childhood holic liquors, including brandy, rum, gin, and whisky, to cold, with the intention of being made strong and produces weakness and emaciation, and leads to a numehardy. He then adds—The present fashion of clothing rous train of nervous affections in the first place, and ultiyoung children, founded upon the same erroneous notion mately to the most incurable disease of the chylopoietic of hardening them, is also very injurious to their health. viscera, attended generally by dropsy. The mind is not Their arms and chests are entirely uncovered. They rendered dull and stupid like that of the drinker of beer : generally wear no stockings at all; and from the stomach it is at first brightened intensely, and appears ultimately downwards, they are almost in a state of nudity:' A to have been consumed as it were by its own fire. The chubby child in this dress, in a drawing-room, is no doubt clog may be removed from the mental workings of the a pretty sight; and the guests tickle the mamma by pat- beer sot; but the intellect of the dram-drinker is not ting the cheeks and bare necks of the sweet little masters checked by want of exercise or by foreign impediments : and misses ; but there cannot be a more infamous practice the machinery has been shattered and knocked to pieces than that of sending young children out, with their arms, beyond the hope of repair. Emaciated in his frame, their necks and breasts, and their legs, exposed almost dropsical, diseased in his stomach and his liver, with wholly to the influence of a cold and dry, or cold and a mind that has lost all that is dignified and majestic moist day. Mamma will not budge without her shawl, in his species, the tippler, in the prime of his years, and furs, and flannels; but as to a piece of flannel about crawls over the earth in the imbecility of premature old any of the children, unless when they are really sick, she age-despised and shunned by old friends and acquaintwould as soon think of wrapping them in a Cachmere ances--without an affection for one living thing—without shawl, or a Siberian fur. When the children thus rear- the least spark of shanie or feeling-caring for nothinging on the hardy system are looked at on the street, their valuing nothing but that glass which his now palsied hand bodies are observed to be blue, from the congestion of the will not allow him to carry full to his mouth, and for blood by the cold; and when they get within doors again, which he has bartered independence, fortune, fame, and they rush pell mell to the fire, and heat themselves as even honesty. rapidly as they can. If we look to the creatures of in

We must, for the present, conclude our extracts from stinct, we find them exhibiting the law, that the younger the work of Mr Kilgour ; but so thoroughly do we feel the animal is, the warmer does it require to be kept: convinced of the benefits to be derived by the community The feathered tribe line their nests with the warmest substances; they pluck the down from their own breasts at large from a knowledge of its contents, that we may to form the warmest bed ; they bring forth their young possibly recur to the volume on some future occasion. only in the spring and the summer; the mother, by sitting We would suggest to its enterprising publishers, that a upon them, furnishes them with a portion of caloric, cheap edition of the work, in an abridged form, and parwhich, by huddling together, they retain in the fine down that covers their bodies, whilst in her short absences she tially divested of its professional phraseology, would, at

seeking for their food; and she does not forsake them the present time, be most acceptable to the public. until they are clothed with a garment of feathers, until they have taken to themselves wings and fled away in the breath of the summer morning. And we have reason over The elder Herschel, directing his wonderful tube tothe brutes, and what hath it availed us?

wards the sides of our system, where stars are planted Fermented Liquors.-Ale and porter are prepared most rarely, and raising the powers of the instruinent to from the same grain, but differ in this, that the ale con- the required pitch, was enabled, with awe-struck mind, tains nothing but as much of the bitter of the hop as will to see suspended in the vast empyrean, astral systems, or serve to keep the infusion of malt from running into the as he called them, firmaments, resembling our own. Like acetous fermentation, whilst the porter, besides containing light cloudlets to a certain power of the telescope, they much more of this bitter, holds other substances in solu- resolved themselves, under a greater power, into stars, tion. Porter is, in fact, a composition known only to those though these generally seemed no larger than the finest initiated into the mysteries of the brewery. These liquors particles of diamond dust. The general forms of these contain a quantity of sugar, gluten, mucilage, bitter er- systems are various; but one at least has been detected tract, alcohol, and carbonic acid. They are stimulating as bearing a striking resemblance to the supposed form of in proportion to the quantity of alcohol they contain, and our own. The distances are also various, as proved by the nourishing in proportion to the mucilage and sugar. The different degrees of telescopic power necessary to bring constitution acquired by the use of fermented liquors them into view. The farthest observed by the astronois, to all appearance, the same as that from the mucila- mer were estimated by him as thirty-five thousand times ginous foods. The body is fat and plethoric, but at the more remote than Sirius, supposing its distance to be same time not muscular, and by no means powerful or about twenty thousand millions of miles. It would thus vigorous, except when under the immediate stimulus of appear, that not only does gravitation keep our earth in a large quantity of the drink. The alcohol contained in its place in our solar system, and the solar system in its it acts on the sensorium, and the beer-drinker is indo- place in our astral system, but it also may be presumed lent, dull, or choleric-a dolt, or half a savage, whilst to have the duty of preserving a local arrangement bedrunk. We all know Mr Boniface, who fed purely on tween that astral system and an immensity of others.



No,' answered the child. 'Father said I should learn,

but he died just as I was going to begin.' AND HIS FIRST SHILLING.

Wouldn't you let us put your child to school for you? By Mrs CROWE, Authoress of ' Susan Hopley,' &c. asked the lady.

*And what am I to do without him the while answered PART I.

the woman. “Who's to help me to carry the baby, I should

like to know? I can't be lugging him all day myself, CHAPTER I.

when I've no place to lay him down out of my arms.' 'Make me to understand the way of thy precepts; 60 shall I talk 'I don't think he'll want any body to carry him long,' of thy wondrous works.

observed one of the ladies to the other. "Well,' she said, It was on a very cold day in the month of December, again addressing Arthur, ‘your mother won't let us do that a woman was observed seated on the step of a hand- anything for you now; but we live at No. 25 Brook some house in one of the fashionable streets of London, Street, Grosvenor Square; and if we can at any time by two ladies, who, arm in arm, and with a footman be of use to you, come there, and tell the servants se behind them, happened to be passing that way. Beside desired you to call.' the woman stood a pale, wan, thinly-clad little boy, whose Arthur said he would; and he repeated over to him. attention seemed to be divided between the gay scene self several times the name and number, that he might around him and a sickly-looking baby that lay in the impress them thoroughly on his memory. woman's lap.

What's that they gave you Po asked the mother, as the * Don't cry, Bobby,' said he to the whimpering in- ladies walked away, after slipping a shilling into the fant, making a vain attempt to extract a smile from its boy's hand. suffering features, by poking his own dirty little finger We might buy plenty to eat with this, and get a place into its hollow cheek. But the baby cried on; and in- to sleep in too,' said Arthur, unwillingly exhibiting the deed well it might, for it was exceedingly ill.

money. • What wretched-looking children ! said one of the What do you know about buying ? said the woman, ladies, stopping opposite the group. "Why do you sit snatching it from him. “Come along! I'm cold sitting there, good woman, this cold day po

here so long; we'll go and get something to warm us :' At this address, the woman lifted up her head, which and so saying she rose, and staggering away to the most had before been hanging on her breast, and exhibited a convenient liquor shop, the shilling was soon exchanged countenance in which vice and intemperance were written for a fiery fluid, which she poured down her own throat with a too legible hand; she was evidently half intoxicated. and that of her wretched children.

• Poor children !' said the lady, how shocking to Although Helen Hunter was obstinately resolved not have such a mother! Whilst the other, who had pulled to let her son profit by the proffered kindness of the out her purse, replaced it in her pocket, saying, of ladies, she had nevertheless no objection to take their what use would it be to give her money? She would money; and she therefore placed herself very frequentl; spend it all in drink.'

in their path, in hopes of experiencing a repetition It's hard that the children should suffer,' said the their bounty. And, accordingly, the interest they took in first. 'I wish we could do anything for them. I like Arthur did sometimes induce them to slip sixpence or a the boy's face very much. Where do you live, child po shilling into his hand as they passed; but it all went the

This, however, was a question not easily answered, for same way: and we may venture to say, without any esthe mother's intemperance had made her children home-travagant figure of speech, that every alms they gave this less; and, for some nights past, they had slept in the miserable family only served to injure the children's most wretched tramp-houses, after passing the day in health, and drive another nail into their wretched the streets.

mother's coffin. We don't live any where now,' replied the child. In this way had passed some months, when, one day, "We used to live in Rose Street, Whitechapel.'

Helen Hunter, after swallowing several glasses of liquor, He is certainly intelligent, observed one of the fell down dead in a gin-shop, leaving little Arthur standladies to the other. What is your name" she added, ing beside her body, with the baby in his arms, which be addressing the boy.

happened to be holding at the moment, about as forlorn “Arthur Hunter,' replied he ; "and this is Bobby.' a creature as existed on the face of the earth. Not a And where is your father ?

friend in the wide world had he, that he knew of, tha: • Father's dead.'

was either willing or able to serve him; and a mere And is this your mother?'

child, clothed in rags, and without any education, he apYes,' answered the child, with a slow subdued tone peared very little able to help himself. and downcast eye, which plainly betokened that, young As the company assembled in the shop were there for as he was, he had already sensibility enough to blush for the same purpose as Helen herself, two things may be

predicated of them pretty securely-one, that they were am really interested in the child,' said the first not very respectable, and the other that they had empty lady; ‘I wish we could do something for him.'

pockets; and therefore, though some amongst them The first step towards doing him any good, would be really felt for the desolate child, they were not in : to separate him from his mother,' returned the other; situation to offer him either protection or assistance. Bu: 'and perhaps she would not part with him.'

it so happened that there was a young carpenter amongs You never said a truer word than that in your life,' the bystanders, who, at the moment of Helen's death, said the miserable woman, looking at the ladies with de- had been engaged in repairing some piece of furniture in fiance. "What for should I part with my child to the the back-room, and who, being a sober, industrious lad, like of you ?

was in better circumstances; so, moved by the poor “We wished to serve him,' answered the ladies, some- child's helpless situation, he put his hand in his pocket what terrified by the fierceness of her address; whilst and drew forth a shilling. Here, my boy,' said he, the footman advanced and said, 'You had better not slipping it into Arthur's hand; this may keep you from speak to her, ma'am ; she's quite drunk.'

starving till you get some friend to look after you a bit. * And yet what a pity it is to leave that poor child to I'd try and help you myself, but I've got my mother her mercy,' said the lady. 'I am sure there is some that's somewhat sickly upon my hands, and a young promise in him, if we could help to bring it out; but sister-and that's as much as I can well manage. Howwhat can he do without assistance, and with such a ever, if you look sharp and keep out of this here shop mother as that?

and the like of it, you may do for yourself perhaps-1 • It is hard, indeed,' replied the other. "Can you read, believe most people could if they would. You must look boy? Did you ever learn your letters pe

about, and try if you can't get a bit of work somewhere.

his parent.

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