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cessfully met with. The marquis, however, seldom stirred the rest of the band given up; and yet no exertions of from the immediate vicinity of his castle, and the num- the police can discover where these bold negociators are ber of his servants, as well as the neighbourhood of the concealed. Meanwhile, the marquis has rejected all provillage, rendered any attempt to carry him off during his posals of accommodation, and thirsts for nothing but venshort walks or rides all but hopeless; and whenever he geance. This is regarded as a piece of perfect infatuation; visited Granada, he was well armed and well attended. and it is universally expected that he will ultimately fall Despairing of any more favourable opportunity occurring, a sacrifice to his own revenge, and be murdered by those and impatient of delay, the bandit resolved to surprise for whose blood he thirsts.-Robertson's Journal of a him in his chateau itself. It was about half an hour after Visit to the Peninsula. midnight when the porter of the chateau was disturbed by a summons to the gate. His inquiries were answered by a man, who, in the pale light of the moonless sky, ap
LITERARY CHARACTERISTICS OF peared dressed like a courier, and who stated that he
THE HOLY SCRIPTURES. had just arrived from Cadiz with dispatches of conse- The Bible is unquestionably the most wonderful of quence, for the marquis's own hand. The unsuspicious literary wonders. We say this altogether irrespective porter 'immediately undid the strong fastenings of the of its peculiar character as the record of God's dealings gate, and admitted the pretended courier. The stranger on entering proceeded to disencumber himself of his cloak; with our race, and as the only source of divine truth. when, suddenly wheeling round on the porter, who was John Locke, one of the wisest and best men our country busy securing the gate, he cast the cloak over his head, ever produced, gave doubtless a most emph atic utterance and having fairly enveloped him in its ample folds, so as
to the convictions of the entire Christian world, when he to prevent the slightest outcry, he deliberately gagged and bound him. This done, the gate was again gently said of the Bible, that it had God for its author, salvaopened, and a score of robbers glided noiselessly into the tion for its end, and truth without any mixture of erro hall. Under the direction of some who must have been for its matter. But independently of every consideration intimately acquainted with the chateau, the band divided, of its religious advantages, it has contributed more than the greater number proceeding to the servants' apart- all other works put together to purify and exalt the literary ments, lest any of them should escape and alarm the vil- tastes of mankind. The ancient Hebrews recognised in lage; while the captain himself advanced directly to the the Old Testament Scriptures nearly the entire literasleeping-chamber of the marquis. All this was not ma- ture of their nation ; and they doubtless owed to themi naged so quietly as not to disturb the lord of the mansion, much of that intellectual superiority which they possessed who, on hearing some unusual noise, hastily, arose, and over surrounding nations. The mere labour of transcribappeared at the door of his bedchamber with a lighted ing and preserving the sacred records was a great means lamp in his hand. This was all the robbers required to under Providence of keeping alive a knowledge of, and guide them to their prey; and, after an ineffectual at- taste for letters, in the dark ages of Europe ; and indetempt to escape, he was secured without resistance. Mean- pendently of the intellectual energy which they have since time, the rest of the band having gagged and bound all called forth from learned commentators and others, they they could find in the chateau, they made haste to depart must be regarded as the magazine whence modern poetry with their prize. A number of valuables which lay readily and philosophy have drawn their loftiest imagery and to hand were carried off; but they refrained from ran- their sublimest truths. As the eloquent Seiler well resacking the house, having suspicions that one or more of marks, * The labour bestowed by so many of the learned the domestics had escaped unperceived, and fearing that upon the just interpretation of this inestimable book, is the village might be alarmed, and their retreat cut off. of itself an attestation of its worth, and countenances the Their fears were not groundless: the villagers were supposition that Divine Providence has appointed it for aroused; the alarm spread from house to house ; and, the attainment of great designs.' seizing their firelocks, a band of half-naked peasants rushed But while learned and pious men have at all times disto the castle, but too late to rescue the captive nobleman; played a laudable desire for the accuracy of the text, and and all they heard of the robbers was the rapid clang of also to elucidate the exact meaning of the Scriptures, there their horses' hoofs as they galloped at full speed in an op- is perhaps some reason to believe that its transcendent posite direction. Intelligence of this daring exploit was literary merits have in a great measure been overlooked. immediately despatched to Granada, and no little stir To call attention to this certainly far from unimportant and commotion it excited. Large bodies of soldiers were point, is the design of the eloquent pamphlet here quoted, sent to scour the mountains; the most noted thief-catch- being the substance of two lectures lately delivered to the ers were set upon the trail ; and every exertion made to youth of Greenock. Its author, the Rev. Dr M'Culloch, trace the robbers to their lair and rescue their captive. possesses a more than British celebrity for his contriMeanwhile, the bandits, having secured their prisoner, butions to the cause of education, and we heartily wish coolly sent information to his family that he was in per- that his views had led him to give to the world a more fect safety, and should want for nothing ; but should not extended work on this most interesting theme. We feel be set at liberty until a sum equal to £30,000 sterling assured that our readers will coincide in this opinion, wher should be paid down for his ransom. This only roused the they have perused the extracts we mean to make from it. authorities to still greater exertions. Again the soldiers He himself has remarked in his preface, as disgraceful to scoured the mountains and searched the valleys; but our literature, that while nearly all works of genius be neither bandit nor marquis was to be heard of. By what sides, from the Iliad downwards, have attracted the attenmeans his hiding-place was ultimately discovered, I could tion of accomplished critics, the
sacred volume bas bat not learn ; but he was found at last, neither among the seldom been made the subject of literary criticism, and inhospitable rocks of the barren mountains, nor in the re- has never yet found, except in the solitary instance of cesses of their secluded valleys, but in a quiet village not Bishop Lowth, a commentator fully qualified to elucidate many miles from the city of Granada. Once at liberty, its characteristic beauties.' the rage of the marquis against his captors knew no The Bible has now, we believe, been translated in bounds; and through his information and exertions six of every known language of the world, and it must be re the robbers were seized, and his emissaries are still on the interesting to know how the original has borne these ar watch for the rest. But what is most singular in the merous transmutations. On this subject of Translateabe. whole affair is, that several of the robbers are known at this moment in Granada ; nay, they have actually put * Literary Characteristics of the Holy Scriptures; the Substan themselves in communication with their late captive, of- of Two Lectures delivered in connexion with the Scientific fering to restore the articles carried off from the
chateau, ByJ. M. M'Culloch, D.D., minister of the West Church, Greenc provided their comrades be liberated and the pursuit after Greenock : John Hislop.
ness, the reverend author forcibly remarks :- Take any of human thought, or been dismissed as subjects beyond fine passage of a Greek or Latin classic, and render it into its cognizance. And how plainly and distinctly are these English, word for word, in the same strictly literal man- high and mysterious themes exhibited! The Scripture ner as our translators have rendered the Scriptures, authors never deal in vague guesses or darkling conjecwhat is the result
! You obtain a version utterly flat, tame, tures. Their delineation of the tract of thought, which and spiritless. Scarce a trace of the fire of the original is common to them with other writers, is not more fresh remains; every nicety of idiom and felicity of phrase has and vivid, than their delineation of that unseen and spiridisappeared ; fine poetry bas dwindled into bad prose; tual region which is their own peculiar walk. In passing and, in short, your version, if not wholly unlike the ori- from the present scene of things to the invisible things of ginal, bears only such a resemblance as a dead corpse does God, there is no appearance of effort, and no abatement to a man in health. Mark how different it is with the of verisimilitude. Both worlds seem equally familiar to Bible. Our authorized version is throughout a literal them; and, what is still more singular, both worlds are rendering ; yet where is the passage which is not instinct exhibited in their due and relative proportions. Other with life and colour? where the psalm or prophecy which books place sublunary things in the foreground, and throw does not glow with the fire and afflatus of genius? It the spiritual economy into distance and indistinctness. would be a flagrant injustice to Homer to institute a com- But the Bible, like the astronomy of Copernicus, no parison between a literal English version of the Iliad and longer leaves the earth in the centre of the universe, but the Paradise Lost of his great rival in its native dress. diminishes its magnitude to a point in space, and its duraBut the Bible may be subjected to a similar ordeal with- tion to a moment of time.'•' If this is not originality, out suffering from it. In its plain and unambitious attire where is it to be found ? Our impressions indeed on the of literal English prose, it will bear comparison, not only subject are necessarily inadequate; for the discoveries of for the sublimity of its conceptions, but even for the beauty the Bible, from our long familiarity with them, have ceased of its style and imagery, with the most finished models of to wear to our eye the gloss of novelty. But if one of the literary excellence-nay, it will cause the best of them to ancient sages, who had no better light than philosophy to 'pale its ineffectual fires,' by reason of a glory that ex- guide him in his search for heavenly truth, could be celleth.
brought back from the tomb no wiser than he died, and • Nor is this remark applicable to the Bible in its Eng- persuaded to betake himself to the study of the Bible, 0, lish dress only. It is applicable to every other literal ver- what an impression would he receive of its wondrous orision. Singular to tell, the Bible is the easiest of all books ginality! The steersman of an ancient Roman trireme to translate, and in every tongue into which it is rendered, would not be more astonished at the vastness of the change the easiest to read; while it is, over and above, the fullest which the compass, and the sextant, and the steam-enof life and vivacity. The beauties and delicate touches of gine, have introduced into navigation, than a Socrates or other books decline to be transferred into a foreign tongue, a Cicero at the new and marvellous light which the Bible and die under the process; but the vitality of the Scrip- has shed on the terra incognita of religion and morals. tures ‘passes immortal, like the transmigrating spirit, • There is no more decisive mark of a great writer than from one body to another.'
this, that his thoughts are pregnant thoughts—that they • What the precise quality, or combination of qualities, germinate in the mind of the reader, and suggest a mulis, which endues the sacred style with this singular apti- titude of ideas beyond what is written. Tried by this tude for transfusion, it is not very easy to determine. criterion, how plainly does the Bible stand at the head of Part of the effect may be due to the primitive character all literature! What other book has been so suggestive of of the Hebrew tongue; part, to the inartificial simplicity thought in its readers? What other book has furnished of the diction employed by the sacred writers; and part, the seed from which so many productions of genius have to the peculiar nature of Scripture-thought, which com; sprung? It has been noted as the highest proof of Sir Isaac pels language to receive something of its own force and Newton's divining genius, that most of the great discofreshness. But however difficult it may be to explain the veries of later philosophers are but the developments of rationale of the fact, there can be no difference of opinion, hints and principles thrown out in his writings. With at least among Christian believers—as to the final cause equal truth may it be affirmed, that to the Bible belongs of the fact. Is it not a remarkable coincidence, that the the glory of having originated nearly all that is sublime only book which professes to contain a religion for all and pure in the literature of Christendom for the last mankind, should be also the only book which admits of eighteen hundred years. What are the countless treatises being easily and effectually translated into all languages ? which illustrate the Christian doctrine ; what the countIs it possible to note this beautiful congruity between the less sermons and essays which enforce moral and Chrisdesign and the diction, without being struck with it-nay, tian duties; what the innumerable controversial works without deriving from it a confirmation of our faith in the which discuss articles of faith and modes of worship and divine authority of the Bible? The infidel may scout such government; what the noblest conceptions and finest an inference ; but he had better suspend his sneer till he images of our Christian poets and orators—what are all can explain how it comes to pass that the sole book in the these but a mass of evidence illustrative of the germinant, world which aims at teaching all men, is at the same prolific, exhaustless quality of the thoughts and sentitime the sole book in the world which all men may read.' ments of the Bible ? Nay, were all other proof wanting,
The truth of the following observations on the origina- the singular richness of Scripture-thought would be suffility and depth of thought pervading the Scriptures, must ciently evinced by the undiminished profit and unflagging strike every one at all familiar with the subject :- Ori- interest with which pious readers peruse the sacred books ginality displays itself either in throwing out new thoughts, from the beginning to the close of life. In numberless or in re-casting old thoughts into new and striking forms. passages, there is a fulness of meaning which repeated In both respects, the Bible is without a rival in litera- perusal fails to exhaust. There is, indeed, for the most ture. While it sheds on many topics, previously can- | part, a plain and obvious sense which any one may pervassed by mankind, a flood of radiance which gives them ceive; but there is usually also a deep and recondite sense the freshness of new discoveries, it also propounds a mul- which patient examination alone can detect. There is a titude of doctrines and principles which, at the time of its wine which flows at the first gentle treading of the grapes ; publication, were entirely new to the human mind. No but there is also a wine, stronger and more exhilarating, one who has studied the history of human opinions can which flows out only after the crush of the winepress. deny that the views which the sacred writings unfold of Most literary works will hardly bear a second reading ; the character of God, of the relations of God to man, of the best become flat and uninteresting after you have the way of acceptance with God, of the influences of the gone three or four times through them; you have gained Holy Spirit, of angelic agency, of a spiritual church, of all their ideas—you have exhausted their beauties—you the resurrection of the dead, of the day of judgment, are such as had either never before come within the range
* Douglas' Truths of Religion, p. 108.
no longer delight in them. But it is not thus with the occasioned. While every sentence has its correspondent Bible. There are countless passages which you may have and equivalent member, the sense which in one is ob
1 read hundreds of times, and which you may yet read over scured, in the other remains perfect; or if an error should again to-morrow with fresh relish. As often as you pe- have crept into each, it is impossible that they should be ruse them with attention, you discover something new; parallel errors, at once corresponding to each other and to and the more attentively you peruse them, you discover the general structure of the context. A conjectural readthe more.
• The fairest productions of human art,' re- ing, too, has much more certainty here than in other marks Bishop Horne, ' after a few perusals, like gathered writings, since the conjecture is checked by the condition flowers, wither in our hands and lose their fragrancy : that the conjectural reading must suit both members of but these unfading plants of paradise become, as we are the sentence. How congruous such a structure is to the accustomed to them, still more and more beautiful; their purpose of writings intended for the religious instruction bloom appears to be daily heightened, fresh odours are of all ages, it is superfluous to remark. As the acute emitted, and new sweets are extracted from them. He writer just quoted remarks, we may trace in it the same who hath once tasted their excellencies, will desire to wise design as in the structure of the human body ; for, taste them yet again ; and he who tastes them oftenest, from the frame being double, the loss of one eye does not will relish them best.'
altogether deprive us of sight, nor the loss of one limb of The following elucidation of a familiar peculiarity of the the power of moving? Hebrew poetry—the parallelistic structure of the sen- • But has not parallelism too much the air of a rhetotences—appears very happy :— Every observant reader rical artifice, to be in keeping with the unstudied simpliof the Hebrew poets must have remarked the symmetri- city of the Scripture style? On a cursory glance this may cal structure of their periods, and the nice correspondence appear to be its aspect. But we are misled here, as in in sentiment and phraseology between the two members many other cases, by our preconceived notions. We make of which a period is usually composed. This correspond- our own system of versification the standard of comparience is called parallelism; and it assumes a considerable son; and because another system is dissimilar to ours, Fe variety of forms. Sometimes the members correspond rashly pronounce it unnatural and artificial. Parallelism, exactly—the second being responsive to the first both in so far from being a refinement of art, is really the prisense and in grammatical structure. Thus,
mordial and simplest form of metrical composition. In I will greatly rejoice in Jehovah,
the earliest stages of language, before syllables admitted My soul shall be glad in my God;
of being accurately scanned and measured, a symmetrical For he hath clothed me with the garment of salvation, arrangement of ideas and words was the only metbod of He hath covered ine with the robe of righteousness : distinguishing poetry from prose, and therefore the only As a bridegroom decketh himself with ornaments,
form of poetic verse. We learn from the specimens preAnd as a bride adorneth herself with her jewels.
served in the Pentateuch, that the poetry of the antediSometimes there is a double correspondence:
luvians, and also of the Edomites and Amorites, vas cast And they shall build houses-and inhabit them;
in the parallelistic mould; and travellers inform us that And they shall plant vineyards—and eat the fruit thereof : a similar structure characterizes the rude verse of most They shall not build-and another inhabit;
modern semi-barbarous tribes. Even in languages which They shall not plant-and another eat.
employ a versification of measured syllables, some FesSometimes the correspondence is one of contrast : tiges may be discerned of an older style of composition Some trust in chariots, and some in horses ;
closely resembling the Hebrew model. The verses of the But we will be strong in the name of Jehovah our God. Grecian oracles are occasionally parallelistic. The Greek They are bowed down, and fallen;
chorus, with its alternate strophe and antistrophe-analoBut we are risen, and stand upright.
gous to the responsive strains of Moses and Miriam-is a For the mountains shall depart,
refinement on the parallelism. Even some of the choicest And the hills be removed ;
Greek metres-for example, the Elegiac and the Sapphie But my kindness from thee shall not depart,
-are indebted for their charm, as much to the symmeAnd the covenant of my peace shall not be removed.
trical proportion of their alternate parts as to their fine And there are also parallelisms where the correspond rhythmical intonation : while in modern tongues, those ence consists merely in the similar form of construction : correspondences of sound which we call rhyme, may be The law of Jehovah is perfect, converting the soul;
traced, for their origin, to the uniform movement of the The testimony of Jehovah is sure, making wise the simple; The statutes of Jehovah are right, rejoicing the heart:
parallelism. The commandment of Jehovali is clear, enlightening the eyes ;
“So far, then, is Hebrew poetry from being anomalous The fear of Jehovah is pure, enduring for ever ;
in metrical structure, that it is the only poetry which The judgments of Jehovah are truth, they are just altogether. still retains the primeval form. It is not the sweet singers Now, strange as this parallelistic arrangement may of Israel, but the poets of other nations, that have indosound to modern cars, no form of verse could have been vated on the system of nature, and adopted the fastidious framed, more entirely accordant with the nature and pur- refinements of art. The truth is, parallelism, instead poses of Scripture poetry. Among the Hebrews, poetry of being an artifice of rhetoric, is one of those figures of was always united to music; and as the music was per- speech in which strong feeling instinctively and unconformed in alternate chorus—one choir repeating and pro- sciously clothes itself. Strong feeling is never satisfied longing the strain of the other, the poet's hemistichs re- with the simple assertion of a sentiment. It delights to quired to correspond in an alternation of parts. We are express it again and again, and to recast it in a series of expressly told, in reference to one of the earliest paral- symmetrical forms. In resorting to the parallelism, the lelistic compositions in Scripture—the song of Moses—that Hebrew poets only obeyed the promptings of nature: and when Moses and the children of Israel sang it, Miriam it is just because they wrote from the unsought and sponand all the women answered them,' that is, responded taneous impulses of the heart, that this figure is in their with voice and timbrel. And from the instance of Elisha, pages invariably beautiful. In the hands of an affected who, when about to prophesy, called for a minstrel, we or artificial writer this method of ceaseless reiteration may infer that the poets were in the habit of composing would inevitably become languid and monotonous. But with the aid of instrumental music, and of chanting their the Hebrew Muse is never tiresome. In repeating the hymns in accompaniment with the strain.
same idea in different words, she seems (to borrow the • Its adaptation to the ancient method of singing, is, language of an English poet) as if displaying a fine opal however, the least of the recommendations of this pecu- that discovers fresh beauty in every new light to which it liar nietre. • Parallelism,' to adopt the words of Mr is turned. Her amplifications of a given thought are like Douglas, has enabled the Hebrew poems to resist the the echoes of a solemn melody-her repetitions of it, like darkness which time brings over other writings, and to the landscape reflected in the stream. And whilst her repair the losses which the negligence of transcribers has questions and responses give a life-like effect to her com
positions, they remind us of the alternate voices in public any quarrel, if a service it could be called, where a battle devotion, to which they were adapted, and help us to was little more than a mockery, and the slain, as on an connect with the pleasures of taste the higher pleasures opera-stage, were up and fighting to-morrow. Overcome of piety.”
with the heat, they threw aside their cloaks, and with Did our limits permit, we would gladly have culled a their gloves tucked under their belts, continued for some few more extracts from this fascinating little work. But time in earnest conversation. while cordially recommending it to our readers, we must At length they rose to go, and the Venetian thus adnow conclude with the author's own emphatic peroration : dressed the hostess :— Excellent lady, may we leave "I must not close this essay without adding a single sen- under your roof, for a day or two, this bag of gold ?' tence to remind the reader, that, much as the Bible is to • You may,' she replied, gaily. • But remember, we be valued and admired on account of its fine literary pro- fasten only with a latch. Bars and bolts we have none perties, it ought chiefly to be prized by a fallen and sin- in our village; and if we had, where would be your ful creature, not for what it is, but for what it contains. security ?' There is much in the Bible that may be used to minister 'In your word, lady,' to our sense of beauty—there is much entertaining his- . But what if I die to-night? Where would it be tory, much stirring eloquence, much unrivalled poetry. then !' said she, laughing. The money would go to the But, better far than any or all of these, there is salva-church ; for none could claim it.' tion in the Bible. And if we allow the former to exclude Perhaps you will favour us with an acknowledgment.' the latter from our thoughts, what better or wiser are we . If you will write it.' than the classic traveller who counted the stones in the An acknowledgment was written accordingly, and she Appian way, instead of gazing on the monuments of the signed it before Mr Bartolo, the village physician, who eternal city?' The Bible, let us ever remember, derives had just called by chance to learn the news of the day; its chief claim upon our regard, from its revealing a Sa- the gold to be delivered when applied for, but to be deviour and the way of salvation; and we exalt it into an livered (these were the words) not to one-nor to twoidol, and turn it into an enemy to our highest interests, but to the three; words wisely introduced by those to whom when we use it merely for the gratification of taste, to the it belonged, knowing what they knew of each other. The oblivion of Him of whom it testifies. It is designed to be gold they had just released from a miser's chest in Peto us what the star was to the wise men of the East; and rugia, and they were now on a scent that promised more. we mistake its purpose and render it a useless light, They and their shadows had no sooner departed than when we content ourselves with admiring its brilliancy, the Venetian returned, saying, "Give me leave to set my instead of taking and following it as a guide to lead us to seal on the bag, as the others have done;' and she placed Christ.'
it on a table before him. But in that moment she was called away to receive a cavalier, who had just dismounted
from his horse ; and when she came back it was gone. THE BAG OF GOLD.
The temptation had proved irresistible; and the man and There lived, in the fourteenth century, near Bologna, a the money had vanished together. widow lady of the Lambertini family, called Madonna • Wretched woman that I am !' she cried, as in an Lucrezia, who, in a revolution of the state, had known agony of grief she fell on her daughter's neck. • What the bitterness of poverty, and had even begged her bread, will become of us! Are we again to be cast out into the kneeling day after day, like a statue at the gate of the wide world? Unhappy child, would that thou hadst cathedral, her rosary in her left hand and her right held never been born !' and all day long she lamented; but her out for charity, her long black veil concealing a face that tears availed her little. The others were not slow in rehad once adorned a court, and had received the homage turning to claim their due; and there were no tidings of of as many sonnets as Petrarch has written on Laura. the thief: he had fled far away with his plunder. A pro
But fortune at last relented; a legacy from a distant cess against her was instantly begun in Bologna : and relation had come to her relief; and she was now the what defence could she make; how release herself from mistress of a small inn at the foot of the Apennines, the obligation of the bond? Wilfully or in negligence where she entertained as well as she could, and where she had parted with it to one, when she should have kept those only stopped who were contented with a little. The it for all, and inevitable ruin awaited her. house was still standing when in my youth I passed that . Go, Giannette,' said she, to her daughter, 'take this way, though the Sign of the White Cross, the Cross of the veil which your mother has worn and wept under so often, Hospitallars, was no longer to be seen over the door-a and implore the Counsellor Calderino to plead for us on sign which she had taken, if we may believe the tradition the day of trial. He is generous, and will listen to the there, in honour of a maternal uncle, a grand-master of unfortunate. But, if he will not, go from door to door; that order, whose achievements in Palestine she would Monaldi cannot refuse us. Make haste, my child; but sometimes relate. A mountain stream ran through the reniember the chapel as you pass by it. Nothing prospers garden; and at no great distance, where the road turned without a prayer.' on its way to Bologna, stood a little chapel, in which a Alas, she went, but in vain. These were retained lamp was always burning before a picture of the Virgin, against them; those demanded more than they had to a picture of great antiquity, the work of some Greek artist. give; and all bade them despair. What was to be done ?
Here she was dwelling, respected by all who knew her, No advocate, and the cause to come on to-morrow! when an event took place which threw her into the deep- Now Gianetta had a lover, and he was a student of the est affliction. It was at noon-day in September that three law, a young man of great promise-Lorenzo Martelli. foot-trarellers arrived, and, seating themselves on a bench He had studied long and diligently under that learned under her vine-trellis, were supplied with a flagon of lawyer, Giovanni Andreas, who, though little of stature, Aleatico by a lovely girl, her only child, the image of her was great in renown, and by his cotemporaries was called former self. The eldest spoke like a Venetian, and his the arch-doctor, the rabbi of doctors, the light of the beard was short and pointed after the fashion of Venice; world. Under him he had studied, sitting on the same in his demeanour he affected great courtesy, but his look bench with Petrarch ; and also under his daughter Noinspired little confidence, for when he siniled, which he vello, who would often lecture to the scholars when her did continually, it was with his lips only, not with his father was otherwise engaged, placing herself behind a eyes; and they were always turned from yours. His small curtain, lest her beauty should divert their companions were bluff and frank in their manner, thoughts—a precaution in this instance at least unnecesand on their tongues had many an oath. In their hats sary, Lorenzo having given his heart to another. they wore a medal, such as in that age was often distri- To him she flies in her necessity; but of what assistance buted in war; and they were evidently subalteros in one can he be ? He has just taken his place at the bar, but of those free bands which were always ready to serve in he has never spoken ; and how stand up alone, unprac
TESTS OF BOOKS.
And let me look on thee!
If sever'd from its sire !
tised and unprepared as he is, against an array that foe; but the atheist holds mankind at large in contempt; would alarm the most experienced ?- Were I as mighty and would be ready with a jest to blot out all life from as I am weak,' said he, my fears for you would make the world. Besides, as the atheist cannot expunge from me as nothing But I will be there, Gianetta ; and may human nature its latent instincts of religious fear and the Friend of the friendless give me strength in that hope, these principles will be always at work to trouble hour! Even now my heart fails me; but come what will, his security, and therefore to provoke his resentment. while I have a loaf to share, you and your mother shall Let but the day come when it shall be fearlessly and never want. I will beg through the world for you.' commonly professed that death is annihilation, and
The day arrives, and the court assembles. The claim that therefore the pleasures of appetite graced by intelliis stated, and the evidence given. And now the defence gence are the whole portion of man, and this horrible is called for—but none is made; not a syllable is uttered: opinion shall quickly become parent to a giant cruelty, and, after a pause and consultation of some minutes, the loftier in stature and more malign than any the earth judges are proceeding to give judgment, silence having has hitherto beheld. Even the most sanguinary superbeen proclaimed in the court, when Lorenzo rises and stitions have had some profession of sanctity to maintain thus addresses them :
-a reserve, a saving hypocrisy, a balance of sentiments, * Reverend Signors-Young as I am, may I venture to which has set bounds to their demand for blood. But speak before you? I would speak in behalf of one who atheism is a simple element: it has no restraining mohas none else to help her; and I will not keep you long. tive; and must act like itself with a dreadful ingenuousMuch has been said; much on the sacred nature of the ness. And with what vehemence of spite shall this obligation--and we acknowledge it in its full force. Let monster, should he ever win the sceptre of the world, it be fulfilled, and to the last letter. It is what we solicit, turn and search for the residence of those who, by their what we require. But to whom is the bag of gold to be testimony in favour of the future life, sicken bis gust of delivered ? What says the bond ? Not to one-not to pleasure, and make pallid his joyous and florid health.two-but to the three. Let the three stand forth and Isaac Taylor. claim it.' From that day (for who can doubt the issue?) none
HYMN. were sought, none employed, but the subtle, the eloquent
"GOD IS A SUN.' Lorenzo. Wealth followed fame; nor need I say how
Eternal Father! et whose word soon he sat at his marriage-feast, or who sat beside him.
Of majesty and might -Note to Rogers's Italy.
The joyous day was born, and buret
On the dark infinite !
I clearly light would see :
Oh! shine thou on mine inward sight, Young readers, you whose hearts are open, whose understandings are not yet hardened, and whose feelings
A planet from her path astray, are neither exhausted nor encrusted by the world, would
And lost in darkness dire you know whether the tendency of a book is good or evil,
Meet emblem of the soul of man, examine in what state of mind you lay it down? Has it
Of Him that orb of living fire, induced you to suspect that what you have been accus
But feeble type may be : tomed to think unlawful may, after all, be innocent, and
Lord ! lift to thee my heart's desire, that that may be harmless which you have hitherto been
And put thy life in me! taught to think dangerous ? Has it tended to make you dissatisfied and impatient under the control of others,
AFTER REFLECTIONS. and disposed you to relax in that self-government, with- Who has not experienced the sad revolution of feeling out which both the laws of God and man tell us there can which takes place, when, after an evening spent with an be no virtue, and consequently no happiness? Has it agreeable party, we begin to reflect on what has passed, attempted to abate your reverence for what is great and and perceive that, in the hilarity of the moment, we bare good, and to diminish in you the love of your country and been betrayed into errors which conscience condemns
. your fellow-crcatures? Has it addressed itself to your This is a very painful experience. The desire of enterpride, your vanity, your selfishness, or any other of your taining induced us to exaggerate, or led us to ridkule evil propensities? Has it defiled the imagination with those who were really worthy of respect; for the sake of what is loathsome, and shocked the heart with what is saying something funny or witty, we have sacrificed monstrous ? Has it disturbed the sense of right and I truth, justice, and charity. The laugh is over, and the wrong which the Creator has implanted in the human companions gone, and we are left alone with a rounded soul? If so-if you are conscious of all or any of these conscience. But if we were to exercise powers in proeffects; or if, having escaped from all, you have felt that ducing the same amount of gaiety by innocent means, hox such were the effects it was intended to produce--throw delightful it would be, if, after entertaining the company, the book into the fire, whatever name it may bear in the we were left with an approving conscience! A very comtitle-page! Throw it into the fire, young man, though it mon mode of amusement is, that of turning persons into should have been the gift of a friend. Young lady, away ridicule, which it requires very little sense or wit to de. with the whole set, though it should be the prominent It is the cheapest of all kinds of fun, and the meanest
. furniture of a rosewood bookcase.-Dr Parr.
Its effect upon those who indulge in it is, to harden the MODERATION.
heart, sear the conscience, and blunt the perceptions of Moderation is the silken string running through the moral beauty. The pleasure which its most unbridled pearl chain of all virtue.
exercise gives is of a far lower order than that wbich a
quick perception of goodness and moral greatness affords, The whole history of man makes it certain that sen- ing is great and lasting, and can be enjoyed alone; the
and the two are incompatible. The happiness of admirsuality, frivolity, and cupidity (which are the close com- pleasure is transient, and requires an audience.- Yous, panions always of atheism), connect themselves with
Ladies' Friend. ferocity, as surely as superstition and fanaticism do so. If false religion has always been sanguinary, so likewise has lust, so has voluptuous levity, so has covetousness; Printed and published by JAMES HOGG, 122 Nicolson Street, the alliance is deep seated among the very roots of pas
Edinburgh; to whom all communications are to be addresse:
Sold also by J. Johnstone, Edinburgh ; J. M'LEOD, Glasgor; W. sion in the human heart. Shall we affirm that none but M'Comk, Belfast ; J.CLANCY, Dublin; G. & R. Kixg, Abenieza; the priest is by nature persecutor; and that the atheist R. WALKER, Dundee; G. PAILIP, Liverpool; FINLAY & CHAL has no fang? Vain conceit! The priest, indced, curses
TON, Newcastle ; WRIGHTSON & WEBB, Birmingham; GALT
Co., Manchester; R. GROOMBRIDGE & Sons, London; and all this or that rival sect, and would fain exterminate his
TENDENCY OF ATIIEISM.