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about six feet one or two; his hair still jet black; his His actions were misrepresented to the court of directors eyes small but piercing; his nose almost straight; long -in one instance most grossly; the court thereafter disupper lip; and finely rounded chin. In conversation, approved of his extensive operations at Guelph, and blamed Galt's manner was somewhat measured and solemn, yet him for lavish expenditure. Convinced that every thing characterized by a peculiar benignity and sweetness. was prospering to the utmost, these effects of insidious Escept when questioned, he was not particularly commu- machinations against him occasioned Galt no little heartnicative; and in mixed company was silent and reserved. burning; and to such a height did these malicious attacks In a quiet téte-à-tête, he was very fond of metaphysical at length proceed, that it soon became impossible for him or abstract discussions-a fact which it would be difficult any longer efficiently to discharge the duties of his office. to infer from the general tenor of his writings.

Previous, however, to quitting the colony, he was anxious In 1824 commenced Galt's connexion with the Canada that the state of the company's lands should be inspected Company—a circumstance which brought him still more by some person of skill. Mr Fellowes, one of the ablest prominently before the public. It was in the interval men in the United States, accordingly did so; and his between his first and second visits to Canada that the report is, in every particular, in the highest degree euloOmen' was composed. The narrative of this delicately gistic of Galt's management-an opinion in which Colonel beautiful tale is sufficiently melancholy in its tone, and Troup entirely coincided.- -Galt now set sail for Eng

dipped in the hues of earthquake and eclipse;' but it land, carrying with him the warmest wishes of the Canareceived, no doubt, an additional tinge of gloom from the dians, with whom he had ever been highly popular, and death, at this time, of his mother, to whom he had been whom he, more than any other man, has so greatly benealways most tenderly attached. On hearing that a sud- fited, both as a nation and as individuals. den stroke of paralysis had deprived her of speech, he It is now universally agreed by all competent judges in hurried down to Scotland to see her once more. For the matter, that the dissatisfaction of the Canadian Comdays she had been apparently insensible to all around; pany with Galt's management was without a shadow of but when she heard his voice in the room where she lay, a plea, except that he did not wring money from the the powers of nature made a last wild rally, and after a settlement fast enough, which, in plain fact, would have fond ineffectual attempt to address him, the tears flowed been totally to prevent its ever rising into prosperity. down her aged cheeks—nor did she ever afterwards show That he was ungratefully dealt with, has long since been any signs of recognition.

conceded on all hands. Would that the conviction had While at Quebec, in the beginning of 1827, he was in- come in time! duced to cross the St Lawrence when the ice was break- Galt's recall was sufficiently disastrous to his fortunes. ing up. “We had eight rowers,' he writes, 'in the boat, Application was made to him for the immediate settleor rather canoe-we laid ourselves down in the bottom, ment of whatever debts he owed—especially by Dr Valpy and were launched like a shuttle in the loom down the of Reading. The doctor was an old personal acquaintglass brae' of the shore. The boatmen then began to ance, and Galt counted on some leniency on his part; an sing their hum-drum songs; away we went—when a vast arrest was his answer.—Galt was now past middle life, sheet of ice, some acres wide, caught us; in a moment yet all his previous herculean exertions had hitherto out leapt the men-drew the boat on the ice-hauled us proved unavailing even to land him on the shores of comover, and launched us in the water on the other side-in petency. Depressed, but still determined to battle on they were again, and again at their paddling and singing. with his fate, he now set himself doggedly to support himThis was repeated three times before we landed.' On re- self and family by his writings. So much did he feel the turning, they had a narrow escape. Their boat was caught change in his situation, that he would not even renew any in a loose mass of ice, and carried six or seven miles down acquaintance with former associates, unless some friendly the river—the thermometer being more than 10 deg. demonstrations were made on their part. Under these below zero, and darkness setting in. While at Quebec, feelings it was that “ Lawrie Todd' was produced—a work he also wrote a farce, hitting off the humours of the place; in every way highly characteristic of its author. Such it was performed by an amateur company, and was ap- was his zeal and industry at this time, and so prolific and plauded to the echo.

versatile his genius, that in the next six months he proGalt now set out to survey the colony, traversing a duced as many volumes. Through the kindness of Lockwide extent of country, much of which was a wilderness, hart, the editorship of the Courier' was now offered to and meeting in his progress, at the Falls of Niagara, Cap- him. He accepted; but he had never taken an interest tain Basil Hall, then returning from his tour in the south- in politics; he could not enter into the arena heartily ; ern states. Galt's most important official act in Canada and, after a short trial, he gave it up. was his founding the now flourishing town of Guelph, the In the summer of 1830, his health began to fail. Shortly site of which was then covered with primeval forests. before leaving Canada, he had one day stumbled, receivGalt's outline of the proceeding is striking. The sun had ing a severe shock on the spine from the root of a tree. just set. 'Intimating that the main body of the men Excepting the pain of the moment, he felt no injury at were not to come, we walked to the brow of the neigh- the time, but on his return to London, symptoms of a bouring rising ground, and Mr Prior having shown the nervous disease appeared, and a touch of paralysis followsite selected for the town, a large maple-tree was chosen; ed. He was fully sensible of his impaired strength. I on which, taking an axe from one of the woodmen, I could no longer equivocate to myself,' he said, that the struck the first stroke. To me, at least, the moment was afternoon of life was come, and the hour striking.' impressive-and the silence of the woods, that echoed to It was at this time that his Life of Byron' appeared the sound, was as the sigh of the solemn genius of the -a work which became extensively popular. It treated wilderness departing for ever. -The doctor followed its subject fearlessly and uncompromisingly, yet without me; then, if I recollect correctly, Mr Prior and the wood- the slightest acerbity. Nevertheless, its author was men finished the work. The tree fell with a crash of ac- furiously assailed by the press-Moore and Hobhouse cumulating thunder, as if ancient nature were alarmed at joining in, or rather heading, the attack--but quite inefthe entrance of social man into her innocent solitudes, fectively, except in so far as they gave annoyance to the with his sorrows, his follies, and his crimes.'

biographer, already suffering severely from ill health. No site could have been better chosen, and nothing In the spring of 1832, Galt's complaints grew more could exceed the prosperity of the infant township; yet aggravated; he was now much shattered.

Instead of with the rise of Guelph, a series of vexations-shall we not the once powerful frame,' says his friend Delta, 'which call them persecutions ?-commenced against its distin- seemed destined to support the weight of a century, beguished founder, which but ill requited him for his un- fore me sat the drooping figure of one old before his time, wearied exertions in behalf of the colony. From the crippled in his movements, and evidently but half resigned moment that he set foot in Canada, it became evident to this premature curtailment of his mental and bodily that an underhand opposition was at work against him. I exertions. His sons were all gone to Canada now,


he missed them sadly; his parting with Alexander, the Hence, where these rest on each other in an undisturbed youngest, seems to have affected him deeply.

position, there is no difficulty in discovering the order of Late in the spring of 1834, Galt came down to Edin- time in which they were formed, and what is obscure in burgh, took lodgings in Hill Street, and remained there one place is often cleared up in another. But in the two months. He then proceeded to Greenock, where he igneous rocks no such order is discoverable. They have had fixed to take up his residence. For some time after been produced in every period, and exhibit few, if any, removing thither, he frequently took airings in an open certain marks by which their relative age can be detercarriage; but as his illness increased, this became im- nined. This is also true of the metamorphic formations, practicable. He bore his sufferings with great firmness which have been produced at various times, and from and patience, and, as the close drew nigh, with remark-strata of very different ages. From their mode of formaable placidity: Mrs Galt was ever beside him; and he tion, however, they are usually found in the lowest posiwas cheered by the affectionate attentions of his only tion, and covered by all the other strata which may be sister, Mrs Macfie, who made her house his home.- present, and hence have been named primitive or primary Galt breathed his last on the 11th April, 1839; and his rocks by the Wernerians, and supposed to constitute part remains lie interred in the family grave, within the new of the original structure of the globe. burying-ground of Greenock.

These three classes of rocks are generally distinguished As an author, Galt was possessed of strong and original in all systems of geology. The varieties of the igneous and powers: he excelled in delineating Scottish character; metamorphic rocks, to which particular names have been and to his pages will posterity turn for a faithful record assigned, are also very nearly the same. More diversity preof the manners, habits of thought, and modes of expres- vails in the division and classification of the stratified rocks, sion prevalent in Scotland towards the latter end of last almost every author altering the system of his predecessors century. As a man, he was open and generous, sanguine to suit his own views. The arrangement of Werner, the in all his projects, unselfish in pecuniary matters; formed celebrated German mineralogist, is still the best known, to lead, he was ever fond of leading ; yet inspiring at- and, with a few modifications from recent discoveries, the tachment in all with whom he became acquainted, and most suitable for our purpose, and we shall consequently unaffected and sincere as his own Mica Balwhidder. In adopt it here. According to this, there are five divisions his official capacity, Canada, which is still managed on of stratified rocks. The first, or primary, corresponds the system wbich he devised, will be an enduring monu- to those classed above as metamorphic. The second diment to his genius.

vision, or the transition rocks, includes the oldest unaltered beds, and was so named as forming a passage from

the crystalline to the fragmentary formations. In these GEOLOG Y.

animal remains begin to appear, though in less profusion

than in the third or secondary beds, which are also more CLASSIFICATION OF ROCKS.-PRIMARY FORMATIONS.

truly fragmentary in structure. These are followed by

the tertiary formations, with still more abundant remains There are two principles on which the classification of of animals and vegetables, belonging also to species more the rocks composing the crust of the earth may proceed. closely allied to those now existing on the earth. The In the one they are regarded as mineral compounds, and fifth and last class are the recent or alluvial formations, arranged according to the similarity of their composition produced by causes now in actual operation on the globe. and physical properties. In the other, they are viewed To these we shall successively advert, noticing, at the as produced at successive periods, and classed according same time, the igneous rocks connected with them in to their age. The latter is evidently best adapted to nature. Though it might seem more scientific to hare geology, considered as a history of the earth and of those described the latter by themselves, yet this arrangenient revolutions it has undergone, and is now generally adopted appears better adapted for popular illustration, and even in all cases where the relative age of the various forma- for giving correct notions of the structure of the earth. tions can be determined. This, however, is not always In examining a district of primary rocks, like the the case, when the former must be chosen, and the rocks Highlands of Scotland, or the similar parts of England named simply as mineral compounds.

and other countries, an arrangement of this kind is often In the conclusion of our last paper on geology, we In the highest and central part of the district are pointed out some remarkable distinctions in the structure granite mountains, enclosed by zones of gneiss, quartz and form of rocks. Some, we saw, were stratified, or rock, mica-slate, clay-slate, limestone, and other primary divided into beds of great length and breadth compared strata. It was at one time believed that these followed to their thickness; others formed irregular masses of no each other in the order now stated, but further investideterminate shape. This is the foundation of the first gation has shown that, though very common, this arrangegreat division of rocks into stratified and unstratified; ment is by no means invariable. The order is not only the former supposed to have been deposited from water, reversed, but the rocks alternate or are mixed with each the latter to have been produced by igneous agency other in various ways. Some rocks, it also appeared, were crystalline in their The mineral characters of rocks, unless where they structure, others uncrystalline, and composed of frag- can be illustrated by specimens, are not very interesting, ments. Dividing the rocks on this principle, the classi- and we shall therefore avoid entering into details. Grafication is found nearly to correspond with the former; nite, as formerly stated, is a compound of quartz, felspar, the igneous or massive rocks having in general a crystal- and mica, sometimes also containing hornblende. Its line structure, the stratified being, on the other hand, varieties are very numerous, two, three, or all the four mostly fragmentary. There is, however, a class of rocks minerals above, being mixed in almost every degree of participating in both characters, being stratified in form relative abundance; but that of quartz, felspar, and mica but crystalline in structure. These are supposed to have is by far the most common, and is that most usually been originally strata consisting of fragments like the understood by this name. Gneiss agrees with it in comothers, but to have been exposed to intense heat, which position, in almost every respect, but is divided into beds has altered their structure and arranged the materials of or strata, and has often a slaty structure. Mica-slate which they were composed in new forms. On this ac- consists of quartz and mica, arranged in distinct layers count they are named metamorphic rocks, as having been and, consequently, divides into very thin beds, which are metamorphosed or changed in their forms.

often curiously bent and contorted. Sometimes quartz is of these three classes, only the stratified rocks occur found alone, composing quartzite or quartz-rock. Claç. in a certain known chronological order. Having been slate is well known as the common roofing slate with which deposited from water, at the bottom of lakes or the sea, houses are covered. Limestone is not very abundant, the oldest or first formed beds are necessarily the lowest, but is remarkable as furnishing the various statuary and and are covered successively by newer and newer strata. I ornamental marbles of commerce, the former being pure


white, the latter various shades of grey, yellow, green, are found to have been formed at a period which, geored, or black. With these rocks, other beds of less im- logically considered, is very recent. Thus the mica-slate portance occasionally occur, which it is unnecessary to forming Mont Blanc, the monarch of European mounmention.

tains, changes gradually into a rock newer than the coal The manner in which these rocks have been formed strata round Edinburgh, and this giant hill is probably has given rise to much controversy, and the theory of more recently formed than the diminutive Arthur Seat. them stated above is only partially received. Werner There is thus, therefore, no ground for considering them supposed that the whole materials of this globe were ori- as portions of the original structure of the globe, at least ginally dissolved in the waters of a primeval ocean, which in their present condition. gradually deposited the various substances it contained. These rocks are found, almost with the same characFirst of all, the granite rocks were thrown down in vast ters, over nearly the whole earth, and from its lowest beds extending over the whole globe. Then the gneiss plains to the summits of its highest mountains. In followed, succeeded in turn by mica-slate, clay-slate, and Europe, they have been traced from Finland and the the other primary forinations, investing the earth in suc- North Cape to the mountains of Spain and Greece, on the cessive shells, almost like the coats of an onion. His op- one hand, and, on the other, from the western isles of ponents soon pointed out the inconsistency of this theory Scotland to the far distant Urals on the borders of Asia. with facts, and the impossibility of finding a mass of Humboldt found them in the mountains of South America, water capable of dissolving these rocks, and his aqueous and in the north of that continent they are seen encircling chaos is now almost forgotten. Some, however, seem the great Canadian lakes and the still more vast basin of inclined to put an igneous one in its place. They affirm the Mississippi and Missouri. They form the extreme that the solar system was originally a nebula, like one of south of both the old and new continents in the Cape of those which astronomers still observe in the heavens. Good Hope and Terra del Fuego. In Asia, they are not That it was then a mass of intensely heated vapour, less dominant from Siberia and the Altai mountains to which, cooling down, condensed and threw off the various the lofty chain of the Himalaya. In our own island, planets which surround the sun; that the earth was they are most abundant in the north of Scotland; in Engthen a fluid mass of molten rocks, and thus acquired its land, only a few small patches being seen in Cumberland, present form ; continuing, however, to cool, first the the north of Wales, and Cornwall. granite rocks, and next the gneiss, with its associated The character these rocks impress on the scenery is beds, formed on the surface, whilst the interior, still re- often very diverse, but in all a species of harsh rugged taining its heat and fluidity, produces earthquakes and grandeur prevails. The granite in this country somevolcanoes, with changes in the elevation of the land, and times rises, as in Arran, into mountains of a sharp and dislocations in the strata, by contracting as it cools still serrated outline, with numerous projecting points and more. This theory is supported by many ingenious ana- pinnacles, or, as in the central Grampians in Aberdeen logies in astronomy, but only its geological bearing can and Inverness shires, forms lofty rounded hills. These be here considered.

often enclose, as in their bosom, a deep ravine or corry, Dr James Hutton, a singular, eccentric, but profound with steep precipitous sides, dipping down into a dark philosopher, who lived in Edinburgh in the end of the blue lake. The sides and summits of these mountains last century, has the merit of proposing the true theory are strewed with huge quadrangular blocks, built up as of these rocks. He considered that granite was an igne- it were into lofty walls and ruins. Such masses form ous production, similar to lava, but differing from this in the Land's End, the most western point of Cornwall, and consequence of having been formed in the interior of the the Logan or rocking-stones of that district are granite earth, below other rocks, and not like the latter on the blocks, worn into a roundish form, and nicely poised on surface. He also thought that many of the peculiarities one side. The gneiss is a far less picturesque rock, its in the primary beds were owing to their being in contact hills are less lofty, more rounded and uniform, and, in with this rock, which had hardened them and given them Scotland at least, often hid by black moss and pools of their crystalline aspect. He had long looked for some brown stagnant water. The quartz rock forms rugged, confirination of this opinion in nature, but geology then bare, and often conical hills, of a dazzling white colour, was little understood in Scotland, and no description of as if covered by snow. The most romantic scenery, howits rocks, or the places where they were found, existed. ever, of the Scottish Highlands is found in the region At last, when on a visit in Perthshire, he examined the where mica-slate prevails. The Trossachs, and Loch phenomena of Glen Tilt, a wild romantic glen which runs Katrine, Loch Earn, Loch Tay, and Killiecrankie, need down from the central mountains of the Grampians to only to be mentioned to confirm this encomium. But words the valley of the Garry at Blair-Athol. The hills on cannot do justice to these scenes, nor point out those pethe south-east side of the Tilt consist of quartz rock, culiarities in the aspect of each rock, and the scenery it mixed near the bottom with limestone, whilst on the forms, which yet are easily recognised by the experienced north-east are granite mountains. Here Hutton found geologist. Each rock formation has its own peculiar chawhat he had long looked for, veins of granite running into racter, arising from its nature and mode of decomposition, the strata above, and was so delighted with this confirma- and is also favourable to the growth of certain plants and tion of his speculations as to shout aloud for joy, so that trees, which form as it were its appropriate clothing, bis companions thought him out of his senses. Such There is a harmony prevailing throughout nature, and all junctions of granite with other rocks are now well known its various kingdoms, which show it to be the work of inin many parts of this island, as on the coast of Cornwall finite goodness and intelligence. Not only are the variin England, and between Aberdeen and Stonehaven in ous parts of the material world beautifully adapted to Scotland, where the Grampian mountains are cut off by each other, but also fitted to inspire the mind of man with

In Glen Tilt the changes on the stratified rocks those elevated emotions which constitute his truest and near the granite are very interesting, and fully confirm most lasting enjoyments. the Huttonian view of their origin. There seems little But these rocks possess other recommendations, in the doubt that the marble, of green, yellow, white, or grey rich mines they contain and the valuable gems or precious colours, quarried near the foot of this glen, is only a lime- stones found in them. In Scotland, mines are rare, prostone altered by the vicinity of the igneous rocks. Even bably because the country has never been thoroughly inthe fine white statuary marble of Carrara is now known vestigated; but precious stones are not altogether awantto be a recent limestone changed by heat. The quarries ing. The rock-crystal of the Cairngorm mountains was lie in a wild desolate valley, at some distance from the at one time in great reputation as an ornamental stone; town, on the western declivity of the Apennines; and the and the amethyst, topaz, and some others, more rarely marble bas probably been produced by the igneous agency occurred. Garnets of various sizes are common everyelevating these mountains. In many other places, simi- where in the mica-slate, but are too abundant to have lar rocks, once believed to be the oldest on the earth, much value. In Brazil, this rock contains diamonds, more commonly, however, found in the debris or frag- their new residence, which was small but comfortable, ments near primary mountains. The emerald of Peru, with a plot of ground before the house tastefully laid out the ruby, and corundum, seem to be derived principally as a garden. Edward in a short time was much esteemed from the granite, but, for obvious reasons, are more fre- by the children and their parents for his uniform kindquently sought for among the gravel formed by its decay. ness, diligence, and attention, and found himself comfortLess attractive, but more valuable, are the mines for able with his charge, and his father and sister; but the which these rocks are justly celebrated. The granite of old man was rapidly sinking, and a beautiful evening in Cornwall contains those stores of tin which drew to its autumn saw him on a bed of sickness. Edward and shores Phænician merchants, centuries before the Roman Caroline knelt beside him, and finding that he was soon, legions had crossed the channel. In Sweden, the gneiss in the course of nature, to pass into another world, he contains the richest mines of copper and iron. Gold and spoke to them of his youth, how he had revelled in the silver are also found in it in that land, but in less abund- lap of luxury and given way to the vicious pleasures of ance than in the Ural chain which bounds the eastern the world, and having a quarrel with a friend, he had enside of the great plain of northern Europe. From the gaged in what was falsely styled an “affair of honour,' and mines in these mountains, and in Siberia, the Russian in conforming to the customs of society, had committed a government has obtained, in the twenty years before breach of the law of God, which says - Thou shalt do no 1842, about 250,000 lb. troy of gold, besides silver and murder,' and had robbed himself of peace of conscience, and platina. But the expense, even in that country, where a devoted family of one who was dearer to them than the labour costs little, is enorinous, and the profit far less whole material universe. For this he had fled from the than might be imagined. The rich mines of America home of his fathers, an outcast in the world, with one are also in similar rocks, where igneous formations have only who shared his sorrows and partook of his misfordisturbed and altered the regular beds.

the sea.

tunes. She was devoted and faithful, till she breathed A speculative author of the seventeenth century main- her last, ere much of her fostering care had been felt, in tained that the original form of the earth was a great the land of the stranger.-He was now becoming weaker plain, hills and mountains being the effects of that curse and more weak, he gave his children his blessing, a ferrent pronounced on the ground for the sin of man. This prayer was offered up to the throne of grace; he knes, notion could only have originated in the mind of a native though he had sinned, that his merciful Father had forof a level country, who knew little of the true economy of given him, and his last hour was one of peace and comfort, nature. To an eye accustomed to a mountain land, few and his eyes were closed in the hope of acceptance through objects are more tiresome than a great extent of level that Saviour who had suffered death that he might be ground with no inequalities, and such regions are seldom saved. so fertile as those of more varied outline. In like man- This was a severe blow to the lonely orphans; but they ner, the igneous rocks, with the disruption, confusion, had been taught, and the truth was treasured like precious and alteration they produce on the connected beds, have jewels in their hearts, that · Blessed are the dead which been looked on as inconsistent with a system of perfect die in the Lord. Human tears and mourning pre led wisdom and beneficence. Yet this view undoubtedly for a moment; but placid confidence and cheerful bope arises merely from our ignorance and partial knowledge gradually wiped away the tears and turned the mourning of the innumerable relations subsisting among the various into joy. portions of the universe. So far as we do see, we can Edward and Caroline were models of brotherly and perceive that this irregularity is productive of beauty and sisterly love. He was of a thoughtful turn of mind, but it a higher harmony; that these igneous rocks decompose was refreshed with an ever-gushing cheerfulness and a into a rich and fertile soil; and that these convulsions manly bearing; and from his eyes, the windows of the promote the natural drainage of the land, so essential to soul,' streamed the light of an imaginative intellect and its salubrity, and give rise to springs, as these, by their of a warm and generous spirit. His face was luminous union, to brooks and rivers; whilst the rocks in which with intelligence, and fair brown locks hung over and change and alteration are most evident, are the most adorned his frank and open brow, like the golden clouds prolific of those minerals on which so much of the com- that soften the light of the departing sun, and clothe him fort and happiness of men pend. It is indeed rarely with a milder glory. Caroline was a gentle, lovely, dutiful safe for man to propose amendments in that system which girl ; a Saxon in form, mind, and heart. Her figure was infinite wisdom has adopted.

rounded and yet sylph-like, and her plain and modest dress, from its very simplicity, heightened the charm of

nature. Cheerfulness breathed around her. Her deep A VILLAGE STORY.

blue eyes, finely chiselled face, where the rival roses vied

in mingling their harmonious tints; the clustering lock, 1 SOME years ago, William Herbert, who was then in the born of the sun, that shaded her radiant brow, and the

sere and yellow leaf' of age, became a resident in the Christian purity of her manners, made Caroline Herbert village of Lorton. His face was care worn, and his shrunk the grace of the village, and the affectionate pride of her figure bore evidence of his having felt much of the hard- humble but gifted brother; these charms, too, were the ships and misfortunes of the world; and now that many more admired from her own heedlessness or ignorance of years had passed over him, and left their impress on his them, for brow, it might be seen that he had, when young, possessed

* Though by all a woman owned, a noble form and graceful bearing. He seemed to have

She knew not she was fair.' seen other and better days; to have been one who had Household and professional duties occupied the day, mingled in the society of the wealthy and the great. Often and well and faithfully were they performed; for duty was did the village youths, who were companions of his son to them the voice of God, and their hearts listened to it, Edward, listen with delight as he recounted the travels and their hands were glad to perform its bidding. Inof his life; he would speak of the East, of Mecca, of the stead of wasting the summer mornings in useless slumber, tomb of Mahomet, and when, with innocent curiosity, the they saluted the lark, hymning his earliest matin song. rosy-cheeked and lovely Caroline asked him why he had Many a time and oft, they saw the purple morn rising left the home of his kindred, he would turn aside in from the eastern wave, toying with the breezes and dimpsilence, and a tear started in his eye. That he lived ling the waters with innumerable smiles, when sleep was in exile was believed by all the villagers, but the why holding its quiet reign over the earth, and golden dreams, and wherefore remained a mystery.

perchance, were making sweet visitings to young hearts Edward was young when he came to Lorton, where he and lighter heads.

• The bree call of incense-breathreceived at school and from his father a respectable edu- ing morn' hailed them on the heath, craggy mountain, or cation, and a vacancy having occurred he was appointed by the verdant banks of the river. Their little garden, the village schoolmaster. The little family removed to I also, was a source of great and pains-taking enjoyment.

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The first flowers of the spring blossomed there, and they rate, for Auckland Hall, which was a short distance from were looked forward to and welcomed as the face of early Lorton. The conversation which took place gave him an friends. Yet, amid all these things, Edward found time opportunity of appreciating her worth, and Sydney Lisle to pursue his studies and fashion his mind for conversing parted not from Caroline Herbert before he had felt the aright with the mighty dead, and for the intellectual working of that mysterious principle which colours for struggle which he was fond of dimly foreshadowing in the ever after the thread of life-an inspiration that comes future. And not the least pleasing of all his occupations over the soul, at first like the soft breathings of the was to impart to the gentle Caroline his love of knowledge Roman harp, a sound from heaven shedding odours of and its stores ; and she soon became as rich in sound ac- paradise over the heart, and breathing a vital freshness complishments and feminine pursuits as she was lovely. and an instinctive beauty over the whole moral and in

Three years had now passed away, and Caroline Her- tellectual being. bert was about to become governess in a nobleman's family A few weeks had passed away. Sydney Lisle attended to in the neighbourhood, for which her character well fitted his sacred duties, upon which he had recently entered, and her; and her brother, with all the ardour of an enthusiastic it is not too much to say that the respect of his parishstudent, determined at the same time to proceed to the Uni- ioners was no more than he deserved, for he knew his duty versity. After taking farewell of his sister and friends, and performed it. He was an elegant, pious, and laborious he set off on his journey and reached Edinburgh, where man; he was the friend of the poor and needy, and felt he matriculated as a student in arts. That he was not happy in comforting the widow and providing for the sick idle, the close of the session bore witness, for it was his and helpless. proud and enviable privilege to come off with honours in Caroline often came to Lorton, and wandered with her each of his classes. During the summer he remained in brother by the river side and those spots they had haunted Scotland, where, by private teaching and occasional con- in their younger days. But Edward was weak and delicate, tributions to the magazines, he was enabled to commence his cheeks were pale, and she felt a clammy moisture on his second session in the following November. He entered his hand : a dark presentiment seized her, and she feared the matriculation office, and when he saw the honourable and trembled for his sake and hers. It was her sad lot position he occupied on the printed list of prizes before to find that she was not deceived, for she was summoned him, who can tell what thoughts swelled his bosom? He in a few days to attend the sickbed of her brother. He again applied himself with increased zeal and ardour to felt his strength gradually failing, and he saw that those his studies, with a determination to fulfil the expectations aspirations after fame which he had fondly indulged of his friends. His time was not occupied with the childish would never be realized. He thought of her who was so frivolity or the vicious indolence of many of his fellows; dear to him, who would ere long be left an isolated being and what to them were bitter and harassing difficulties, among thousands, without one relative on earth. He he overcame with ease. Yet he had his trials: his knew he was about to die, and he kissed her and blessed finances became low, and his last article, which he expected her again and again ; and, said he to the faithful pastor would replenish his empty exchequer, and over which he who had offered up a prayer for his dying friend, Oh be had spent much of the midnight oil,' was returned as a brother, a protector to the lonely orphan; think of my unsuited to the columns' of a city magazine. Here was last wish when she shall be brotherless!' a noble soul, struggling with adversity, without a friend The sandglass was nearly empty; yet as the candle, ere to assist him, or at least one of whoni he would beg assist- | it expires, gives a bright flickering light, so was it with ance, with a great part of the session before him, and the dying Edward, who revived for a moment, and he read a without a shilling in the world. Wounded in spirit, few verses from the well-thumbed Bible which his scholars and faint with thinking on his condition, he threw him- had given him when he left the village school. Oh, my self on his bed, but he slept not, his eyes never closed; dear sister,' said he, 'I am about to leave you, but you and this man, daring to be great,' and having cast off will not be alone; that Saviour who suffered for your sake the prevalent but strange delusion that to attempt to rise and mine ascended not to his Father's mansions to leave above mediocrity was evidence of hollow conceit and con- you comfortless; be faithful, and He will be with you.' temptible vanity, felt ready to sink into despair! The minister again prayed; Edward clasped their hands,

Morning came, and with it came also a letter from his lay back on his pillow, and his spirit winged its flight to sister, at all times a welcome visiter, but more so at this a better world. trying moment; he read it and burst into tears. But The funeral took place in a few days. It was a sad day they were tears of joy; the thoughtful girl had enclosed in the village of Lorton, and his body was followed to the her half-year's salary for his use, which she knew would grave by the inhabitants, and the scholars who had profited be acceptable. This was a proof of devotedness he little by his precepts and example paid the last tribute of expected, much as he knew her worth and her affection affection to his remains; and, as the priest repeated the for him. Edward accepted it, resolving that ere long it solemn and affecting service of his church, every eye was should be returned with interest.

suffused with tears, and they committed his body to the The session was now at a close, and Edward Herbert ground, earth to earth, ashes to ashes, dust to dust, in the again distinguished himself; but in seeking to gain an sure and certain hope of the resurrection to eternal life honourable reputation, he had been unmindful of his through their Lord Jesus Christ.' health, and his frame gave evidence of the effects of hard The sorrowing Caroline returned to Auckland Hall. and constant study. He left the Modern Athens' for She seemed almost a crushed flower beneath the hoof of Lorton, where he had been invited to spend a short time death, but time and affectionate friends gradually revived at the Parsonage to enjoy a learned leisure,' which he the drooping rose, and dew-drops and sunshine again rereadily accepted, as he longed to see his amiable sister, visited it. The scholar's and the Christian's death sunk who lived at a short distance, and to enjoy the scenes of deeply in the young pastor's heart, but not more deeply youthful days, in order to invigorate his constitution. than the loveliness and modest virtues of Caroline. He Caroline met him and greeted him affectionately; they often sought the byways that led to Auckland Hall, talked of each other's happiness and prospects; he inquired where she was always treated as an elder daughter-an of her how his little favourites at the school and the vil-object of almost parental tenderness—so much had her lagers were; he rejoiced that she was happy, and she was gentle, loving heart and maidenly accomplishments won delighted that she held the hand of her only brother. the affection of that warm-hearted English gentleman. As they passed, the men and women shook hands with At first she seldom failed to visit in lonely sadness the the Herberts, the girls curtsied, and the little boys doffed grave of Edward, but the ripening affection between the their caps. The curate gave them a hearty welcome, curate and Caroline made them less seldom, and the time and seemed to enjoy the company of Edward and his was fast approaching when she might tend it at her own sister. The evening was approaching, and Caroline took sweet will." On Sundays, at least, it was always visited, leare of her brother and set out, accompanied by the cu- and the tear, not of repining sorrow, but a natural tributé

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