The Philosophy of the Upanishads and Ancient Indian Metaphysics

Przednia okładka
Psychology Press, 2000 - 268

The legendary Greek figure Orpheus was said to have possessed magical powers capable of moving all living and inanimate things through the sound of his lyre and voice. Over time, the Orphic theme has come to indicate the power of music to unsettle, subvert, and ultimately bring down oppressive realities in order to liberate the soul and expand human life without limits. The liberating effect of music has been a particularly important theme in twentieth-century African American literature.

The nine original essays in Black Orpheus examines the Orphic theme in the fiction of such African American writers as Jean Toomer, Langston Hughes, Claude McKay, James Baldwin, Nathaniel Mackey, Sherley Anne Williams, Ann Petry, Ntozake Shange, Alice Walker, Gayl Jones, and Toni Morrison. The authors discussed in this volume depict music as a mystical, shamanistic, and spiritual power that can miraculously transform the realities of the soul and of the world. Here, the musician uses his or her music as a weapon to shield and protect his or her spirituality. Written by scholars of English, music, women's studies, American studies, cultural theory, and black and Africana studies, the essays in this interdisciplinary collection ultimately explore the thematic, linguistic structural presence of music in twentieth-century African American fiction.

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CHAPTER I
1
Current in Egypt Adopted by Empedocles the Pythago
25
The similar picture of the Indian schoolmen
32
Etymology of the word Brahman
38
Brahman the principle of reality The coeternal principle
45
Isvara omniscient the giver of recompense the internal ruler
51
Hiranyagarbha the spirit of dreaming sentiencies
54
Liberation in this life
62
Yajnavalkya takes the prize without waiting to dispute
156
The visionary sage is the true Brāhman
162
The Demiurgus is Brahman manifested in the world
168
The Self is uniform characterless vision and thought
171
Yājaavalkya visits Janaka again Their conference What
179
This doctrine as old as the Upanishads It is the primitive
185
His refutation of this sensationalism
192
The philosophy of the Sankhyas A real and independent
199

Invocation of Om in the Taittiriya Upanishad
68
The Self within the mind inside the heart of every living
74
Within the earthly body is the invisible body that clothes
77
The scale of beatitudes that may be ascended by the sage
83
The great text That art thou
89
CHAPTER IV
95
The religion of rites prolongs the migration of the soul
96
The rewards of the prescriptive sacra transient The sage
102
Third Mundaka First Section
108
CHAPTER V
116
Allegory of the chariot
127
Vedāntic proofs of the existence of the Self
133
The souls path of egress and ascent to the courts of Brahma
139
THE BRIHADARANYAKA UPANISHAD
143
Yājňavalkya and Maitreyi
150
The Sänkhyas pervert the plain sense of the Upanislauds
201
The migrating souls not Isvara to blame for the inequalities
207
Svetäsvatara Upanishad First Section
213
lixation of the body and withdrawal of the senses
219
Isvara the cosmic soul present in every heart
225
Isvara the divine spider
231
Part of Colebi ookes statenient a glaring erior
238
Many names given in the Upanishads to the principle
244
The Mundaka Upanishad speaks of daily life and Vedio
246
Gārgi questions him What is the web of the worldfiction
247
The world is as fictitious as an optical illusion
253
It is woven over the Self the principle that gives fixity
257
This assertion altogether baseless
260
The new religion no more spiritual than the old conformity
266
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