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stances which preceded, and which have | vious, that to abandon this ancient right of followed the Declaration of War by the Great Britain, and to admit these novel United States, His Royal Highness the pretensions of the United States, would be Prince Regent, acting in the name and on to expose to dauger the very foundation of the behalf of His Majesty, feels hinself our maritime strength. Without entercalled upon to declare the leading principles ing minutely into the other topics, which by which the conduct of Great Britain has have been brought forward by the Governbeen regulated in the transactions connect- ment of the United States, it may be proed with these discussions. -His Royal per to remark, that whatever the Declara. Highness can never acknowledge any block. tion of the United States may have asserted, ade whatsoever to be illegal, which has Great Britain never did demand that they been duly notified, and is supported by an should force British manufactures into adequate force, merely upon the ground of France; and she formally declared her its extent, or because the ports, or coasts willingness entirely to forego, or modify, in blockaded, are not at the same time invest concert with the United States, the system ed by land.His Royal Highness can by which a commercial intercourse with the never admit that neutral trade with Great enemy had been allowed, under the proBritain can be constituted a public crime, tection of licenses ; provided the United the commission of which can expose the States would act towards her, and towards ships of any power whatever to be dena- France, with real impartiality.---The Gotionalized. -His Royal Highness can ne- vernment of America, if the differences bever admit that Great Britain can be debarred tween States are not interminable, has as of its right of just and necessary retaliation, little right to notice the affair of the Chesathrough the fear of eventually affecting the peak. The aggression in this instance, on interest of a neutral. His Royal High- the part of a British officer, was acknowness can never admit, that in the exercise ledged, his conduct was disapproved, aud of the undoubted and hitherto undisputed a reparation was regularly tendered by Mr. right of searching neutral merchant vessels Foster on the part of His Majesty, and asin time of war, the impressment of British cepted by the Government of the United seamen, when found therein, can be deem- States. It is not less unwarranted in its ed any violation of a neutral flag. Neither allusion to the mission of Mr. Henry; a can he admit, that the taking such seamen mission undertaken without the authority, from on board such vessel, can be consi- or even knowledge of His Majesty's Godered by any Neutral State, as a hostile vernment, and which Mr. Foster was aumeasure, or a justifiable cause of war. thorized formally and officially to disavow. There is no right more clearly established, -The charge of exciting the Indians to than the right which a Sovereign has to the offensive measures against the United States, allegiance of his subjects, more especially is equally void of foundation. Before the in time of war. Their allegiance is no op- war began, a policy the most opposite had tional duty, which they can decline, and been uniformly pursued, and proof of this Tesume at pleasure. It is a call which they was tendered by Mr. Foster to the Ameriare bound to obey: it began with their can Government.-- -Such are the causes birth, and can only terminate with their of war which have been put forward by the existence.If a similarity of language Government of the United States. But the and manners may make the exercise of this real origin of the present contest will be right more liable to partial mistakes, and found in that spirit, which has long unhapoccasional abuse, when practised towards pily actuated the Councils of the United vessels of the United States, the same cir- States; their marked partiality in palliating cumstances make it also a right, with the ex- and assisting the aggressive tyranny of ercise of wbich, in regard to such vessels, it France ; their systematic endeavours to inis more difficult to dispense. But if, to the Aame their people against ļhe defensive practice of the United States, to harbour measures of Great Britain; their ungeneBritish seamen, be added their assumed rous conduct towards Spain, the intimate right to transfer the allegiance of British ally of Great Britain; and their unworthy subjects, and thus to cancel the jurisdiction desertion of the cause of other neutral naof their legitimate sovereign, by acts of na- tions. It is through the prevalence of such turalization and certificates of citizenship, councils that America has been associated in which they pretend to be as valid out of policy with France; and committed in war their own territory, as within it, it is ob- against Great Britain. And under what
conduct on the part of France has the Go- RUSSIAN BULLETINS. vernment of the United States thus lent itself to the enemy? The contemptuous vio- Report from General Count Willgenstein to lation of the Commercial Treaty of the year
His Imperial Majesty, dated Berisow,
Nov. 28. 1800 between France and the United States; the treacherous seizure of all Ame- (Continued from page 64.) rican vessels and cargoes in every harbour feet. The logs on our side is not great. I subject to the control of the French arms; am to-day going to attack Napoleon at the the tyrannical principles of the Berlin and town of Studentzy. Admiral TschitschaMilan Decrees, and the confiscations under gow and Count Platow will attack him on them"; the subsequent condemnations under the other side of the river Berisena. the Rambouillet Decree, antedated or con- The same General reports, under date of cealed to render it the more effectual; the 12th (24th) November, from the village of French commercial regulations, which ren Tschvuga, as follows: der the traffic of the United States with Admiral Tschitschagow arrived on the France almost illusory; the burning of their 22d at Berisow, from whence the General merchant ships at sea, long after the al- of infantry, Langeron, reports to me in leged repeal of the French Decrees—all two letters of the 10th (220) instant, that these acts of violence on the part of France, Adjutant-General Count Lambert took posproduce from the Government of the United session of Berisow on the 9th (21st) and States, only such complaints as end in ac- there defeated the whole of Dombrowski's quiescence and submission, or are accompa-corps, taking six cannon and two stands of nied by suggestions for enabling France to colours, and making 3,000 prisoners ; the give the semblance of a legal form to her remainder of this beaten corps marched off usurpations, by converting them into muni- on the road to Orscha.--Count Lambert cipal regulations. This disposition of the also took two pieces of artillery at Kaidenow, Government of the United States—this com- and made about 3,000 prisoners, and had plete subserviency to the Ruler of France in all, in the course of eight days, made this hostile temper towards Great Britain about 11,000 prisoners, including the sick are evident in almost every page of the offi. that were found in the hospitals at Minsk, cial correspondence of the American with and taken 24 cannon. Victor and Oudi. the French Government.Against this not are retreating before me towards Bericourse of conduct, the real cause of the pre- sow. I am in pursuit of them, and yessent war, the Prince Regent solemnly pro- terday took upwards of 800 prisoners and tests. Whilst contending against France, a number of baggage waggous. The Gein defence not only of the liberties of Great neral of cavalry, Count Platow, is already Britain, but of the world, His Royal High-in pursuit of the enemy's grand army toness was entitled to look for a far different wards Totoschin. Your Imperial Majesresult. From their common origin--from ty will please to perceive by this statetheir common interest — from their professed ment, that we are compressing the enemy principles of freedom and independence, the on three sides. General Count Platow purUnited States were the last power in which sues them on the rear; I act on their flank; Great Britain could have expected to find a and Admiral "Tschitschagow will receive willing instrument, and abettor of French him at Berisow.—Petersburgh Gazette, tyranny.Disappointed in this bis just Dec. 1. expectation, the Prince Regent will still
The same Paper contains a dispatch from pursue the policy which the British Govern- Prince Kutusow, dated Lanniku, 230 Noment has so long, and invariably maintain. vember, stating that Napoleon left Orscha ed, in repelling injustice, and in support on the 20th November, and detailing the ing the general rights of nations ; and, un- means he had adopted for pursuing him. der the favour of Providence, relying on the justice of his cause, and the tried loyalty and firmness of the British nation, His
Petersburgh, Dec, 1. Royal Highness confidently looks forward to a successful issue to the contest, in which Intercepled Letter from the Prince of Neuf
chalel to Marshal Davousl, Prince of he has thus been compelled most reluctant
Eckmuhl. ly to engage.
It is the wish of the Emperor, that you Weslminster, Jan. 9, 1913.
support the Duke of Elchingen in the re
treat which he is making with his rear-stimulated by the presence of Napoleon, be guard, while the Viceroy, to-morrow the was totally defeated on the 5th (17th) of 27th, will march to take post at Krasnoi. this month. He himself escaped with You will, therefore, take care to occupy the great difficulty; he lost his artillery, his post which you shall judge advisable, and baggage, his staff of command, all his equiwhich the Viceroy shall evacuate. The in- pages, and even a part of those belonging tention of the Emperor is, that you, with to the Emperor his master. Thus the Maryour corps, and that of the Duke of Elchin- shal's staff, which Louis Nicholas Davoust gen's, retire from Krasnoi, and make this received on the 29th Floreal, and the year movement on the 28th and 29th. General | 12, is added to the number of victories, Charpentier, with his garrison, consisting which will serve as a testimony to posterity of three-third Polish battalions, and a regi- of the melancholy fate which has befalteri ment of cavalry, will leave the town at the this vanquished army, which dared to same time with the rear.
make an irruption into the Russian empire, march out you will blow up the ramparts in a manner worthy of the Vandals. Marwhich surround Smolensko, as the mines shal Davoust being by this defeat cut off are ready, and only need to be set fire to. froin the corps of Marshal Ney, was so far You will take care that the ammunition, from being able to support him, that it was powder-chests, and every thing that cannot not even in his power to give him informabe carried away, be destroyed and burnt, tion of the destruction of his own corps. as also the muskets; the cannon should be Marshal Ney experienced the same fate on buried. Generals Chasseloup and Loulos- the next day, the 6th (18th) ditto. He siere will take care, each in his department, took the same road, and after a batile, 'to carry these orders into proper execution. which was decided on both sides by the
You will take care to send out patrols, naked sword, 12,000 men laid down their that no marauders remain behind; and you arms. In one word, Marshal Ney's corps, will also leave as few persons as possible in and the whole garrison of Smolensko were the hospitals.
made prisoners to a man. The number of (Signed) Prince of Neufchatel, Maj.-Gen. cannon that fell into the hands of the RusALEXANDER.
sians on both those days amounts to upSmolensko, 2d (14) Nov.
wards of 190. Marshal Ney has filed
searching for him.--St. Petersburgh, 19th A true account of the manner in which the Nov. (1st Dec.)
Prince of Eckmuhl executed the orders
Twer, Nov. 20.-Our brave troops in him in the dispatch
to the Prince of Neuf- to gain victories. Every day French príchatel :
soners are brought in by hundreds and by Before Marshal Davoust left Smolensko, thousands, which have been sent by the he in fact executed the orders he had re- corps of Count Wittgenstein. A great ceived, but only in such manner as charac- number of cannou have likewise been taken. terizes a flying enemy. He caused the The roads to Dorogohush are covered for mines to be sprung; set fire to 800 powder the distance of several wersts with the dead chests; and in his own person set the ex- bodies of the enemy, and the rivers on ample to the incendiaries, who, notwith those roads are entirely filled with their standing the endeavours of Marshal Ney to bodies and with their dead horses. prevent it, were spreading the flames into Tula, Nov. 16.-On the 13th inst. 1,200 all parts of the city. After this proof of French prisoners were taken through this his valour, Marshal Davoust marched with city, on the Kasan road; they are dreadhis corps in such disorder as would have fully exhausted and covered with rags. reflected disgrace on conscripts, and thus (Sume Paper.) proceeded; on Krasnoi, where, although he From the Berlin Gazette of Dec. 3. was supported by several corps of the Im- Vienna, Nov. 24.–The report that neperial guards, who formed the remainder gociations towards a general Peace will of the 4th corps d'armee; and although
(To be continued.)
Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.
LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black Horse-Court, Fleet-street. .
COBBETT'S WEEKLY POLITICAL REGISTER.
Vol. XXIII. No.4.] LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 23, 1813. [Price 1s.
(98 If we do, what ground have we for joy SUMMARY OF POLITICS.
thereat ? Would he, if he had completely NORTHERN Wax.----We bave, at last, conquered Russia, have made the lot of the information, on which we may salely rely people worse than it was before? Would as to this war. It is now become evident, he have made them less free? Would he that the losses of the French Emperor have have deprived them of any privilege; any been immense, since his departure from the means of ensuring their safety and happiplace where Moscow once stood; that his ness? If we answer these questions ; if we, army in the North is fearfully reduced both with sincerity, can answer these questions, ia men and horses, as well as in all the in the affirnative; then, indeed, have we stores and implements necessary in war; cause for joy at the failure of his enterprise; that, that part of his army which has made but, if we cannot, we have not, as philangood its retreat, is in great want of every thropists, any cause for joy at that failure. thing to inspirit it, except its own native As Englishmen bave we any cause for soul; but, at the same time, it is to be ob- joy? Does his failure at such an immense served, that, in no part of this arıny has distance from us, make us more secure disaffection appeared, and that its lidelity against his power? Does it remove any 10 its Chief does not betray any of those the causes of alarm to us, which before exsymptoms, that would naturally be expect- isted ?-I am of opinion; an opinion ed, if, as we are incessantly told, the which I sincerely entertain, and wish disFrench people were so discontented with cinctly to express and to put upon record ; the laws of conscription. With the al- if the power of Napoleon be dangerous to lies of the Emperor, however, the case is, us, the wider his forces are extended upon as was to be expected, totally different. the continent, in a direction away from us, They have not only discovered disaffection the better. The expedition to Egypt, if we towards him, but have, in one case, as will had not followed the French thither, was be seen from the Official documents, actu- what every Englishman ought to have ally deserted him; and, in fact, gone over wished for; and, the force aud talents relo lhe enemy.The French report to the quisite for establishing and maintaining a Senate ascribes this defection to the in- new division of territory and power on the trigues and corruption of England; but, if other side of the Vistula, would certainly Napoleon had not been obliged to retreat; bave left us in a greater degree of security. if he had not met with reverses that so ma. Suppose, that, as the consequence of terially enfeebled his army, “the intrigues the late events in Russia, Prussia should " and corruption of England" would have openly declare against Napoleon? What had no effect at all.- -The exultation of then? Has he not tried Prussia as an our hireling prints, upon this occasion, is, enemy? Has he not had to fight Prussian of course, without bounds. They predict, armies before? And, if he be not able to from the defection of the Prussian army maintain himself on points so distant as (for, I have no doubt that it will extend to those which he has now reached, does it the whole army), nothing short of the total follow, that he will be unable to give us as overthrow of Napoleon and of the French much annoyance as he has hitherto given empire. If they were to predict, as a con- us ?---Where, then, is the ground for all sequence of it, an addition of 10 or 15 this boisterous exultation ? Where the millions annually to our taxes, and a pro- cause for all this frantic joy ?- -Our hirelongation of the war for four or five years, ling prints consider Napoleon as ruined, they would, I am afraid, be nearer the because he has failed in a war against the mark What ground ; - what solid elements; for, after all, to the elements ground, is there for these exultations ? alone he owes his failure. Ruined! RuinDo we view the baffling of Napoleon's ed, when he can call out an additional views on Russia merely as philanthropists ? force of 300,000 meg! We are told, that
these men will never be forth-coming; and, exacerbation, before this, was that which we have been told the like twenty times seized the country a few months before the during the last twenty years. In every in- battle of Marengo; but, though it has not stance, however, we have been told false- yet broken out so authentically as it did hoods, and so, I am convinced, we are now. then, I think that the present exacerbation
-The fate of Napoleon, and of conti- is full as strong, -That the notions and nental Europe, depends upon the French writings, of which I have been speaking, people, and I am very-glad that he is com- do proceed from real mental malady, and pelled to confess this. While they remain that the parties entertaining or uttering áttached to him, he has little to fear. The them are bona fide mad, or, more politely resources which he finds in their soil, their speaking, affected with mental delirium, is, industry, and, above all, in their love of I think, pretty well proved by the fact, glory, are greater than all the other powers that the malady here, as in the cases of inof the continent possess. While the French dividuals, unhappily afflicted with high people remain, as they now appear to be, delirium, are to be quieted only by coercive animated with his soul, he has nothing to means, vulgarly called beating. The high fear: his ambition may receive checks; he delirium of 1792 and 1793 was totally may meet with difficulties and mortifica- cured the next years by the campaigns of tion; but, he will lose very little of the the French in Flanders, Holland, and Gerpower that he now possesses. ---Never- many. The Helder war operated as a great theless, he must now, one would suppose, composer; and, the battle of Marengo acbe in a state that would induce him to listen tually effected a cure, which, though temto moderate terms of peace; an advantage porary, was, at least, a proof of the truth to us, resulting from his reverses, which of the position for which I am contending : our hired writers never even allude to; that this species of delirium is, like that nay, the fairer that the occasion for offering of individuals, quieted by beating.--To terms of peace become, the farther do they effect the counter-revolution obviously conseem to be from wishing for such offers to templated by these writers, the human be made. They represent him as humbled mind must travel backwards three centuin the dust ; as trembling for the daily ex- ries; and, they may be assured, that, great istence of his power; as reduced to the ut- as may be the merit of the old dynasties, most extremity; and, instead of recom- the human mind is going to perform no mending this as the moment to offer terms such movement. France, and, indeed, the of peace, they cry out for war, war, war, greater part of Europe, is in the hands of until peace can be attained by “ marching new possessors ; fame, power, property,
over his corpse.” In short, their view respect, reverence, have changed owners. of the matter is this: that peace ought The change, too, has been from the feeble never to be sought for, till what they call to the vigorously minded; and, do the silly " the legitimate sovereigns of Europe are men, who live by selling their columns of “ restored;" or, in other words, till Hollies and trash in London, imagine, that land be in the hands of the Stadtholder; there is to be a change back again, because Hanover in those of its former Elector; those who purchase those lies and that trash Naples in those of its former King; the shake in their shoes lest the same change States of the Church and the rest of Italy should come hither? But, suppose it in those of the Pope and its former King, possible to effect such a change as these Duke, and Princes; Spain in those of Fer- wise-acres contemplate, of what use would dinand; and France itself in those of the it be to us? To make France weaker Bourbons. This is their view of the ques- Better tell her so. It is not, however, netion of peace. · Without such a counter- cessary, for there is not a man in France revolution, they think, or, at least, they who does not know, that it is with that say, that England cannot make peace with view that her enemies wish for a counterşafety. To entertain such an idea, really revolution. This is the real object wishseems to argue a state of mind that calls, ed, but there is also another, which is that raves aloud for a straight waistcoat. now-and-then avowed; namely, to put a But, these fits, or, more politely speaking, total stop to the progress of revolutionary þaroxysms, or, still more politely speaking, principles; to extinguish for ever the hopes 6 exacerbations," have visited this coun- of those who are charged with wishing for try for the last twenty years, upon every a change in England. Now, how false occasion when the French have met with a must be the hearts of those men who wish reverse in the war. The most remarkable for the fall of Napoleon upon this ground!