Obrazy na stronie

many; and have every where endeavoured ter with which the general Disturber bound to sow the seeds of disunion. Dreading a Germany, after dismembering her, and renewal of the war in Russia, they seek even obscuring her ancient name, can no allies in Germany, who will assuredly be- longer be tolerated, as it is the effect of come their victims, and be abandoned, on foreign constraint and of foreign influence. the first movement of the armies which are It must be dissolved.--Their Majesties now organizing throughout the provinces of will only give protection while the German France. Recal to mind the acts of those Princes and nations are engaged in comwho now entice you to rebellion. Remem- pleting the grand work.Let France, ber in what manner they have abandoned who is beauteous and strong through heryou on former occasions, and ask yourselves self, occupy herself, in future, in prowhat support they are likely to afford you. moting her internal welfare! No foreign The vanguard of the Russian army has only power intends disturbing it--no hostile crossed the Elbe to plunder and destroy, power shall be sent against her rightful and has retired on the approach of our frontiers. But be it known to France, that troops. The forces of that power have ad- the other powers are solicitous of conquervanced with a temerity which will not ing lasting tranquillity for their subjects, escape chastisement. The first battle will and that they will not lay down their arms, be the signal for the garrisons of the for- until the foundation of the independence tresses they have left in their rear, to sally of every European state has been establishout and cut off their retreat. The first de-ed and secured.In the name of their feat will be to them annihilation; too hap- Majesties the Emperor of Russia and King py if the remains of their armies are per- of Prussia. mitted to return by capitulation. Prussia has been compelled to unite with the enemy. Her conduct merits as much pity as contempt. But she will be the first to abandon the alliance she has formed. From England do you expect succours? Alas! what nation ever confided in her friendship that escaped ruin. Banished from the Continent, the woes of the nations that inhabit it are regarded by her with exultation!—Inhabitants Return to your homes, resume your occupations, and be assured, the armies that are now hastening from the interior will quickly drive the Russians into their own country.

(Signed) CARA ST. GYR, General, &c. Otterberg, April 2, 1813.

Russian Address to the Germans. While the victorious warriors of Russia, accompanied by those of His Majesty the King of Prussia, his ally, appear in Germany, His Majesty the Emperor of Russia, and His Majesty the King of Prussia, announce to the Princes and nations of Germany, the return of liberty and independence. They only come with an intention of aiding them to reconquer those inalienable benefits of nations, and of affording powerful protection, and lasting security, to the regeneration of a venerable Empire.- -These two armies, trusting in God, and full of courage, advance, hoping that every German, without distinction, will join them, &c.--The Confederation of the Rhine, that deceitful fet

Field Marshal and Commander in Chief of
the Allied Army.
Head-quarters, Kalisch, 13th (25th)
March, 1813.


Palace of the Thuilleries, March 25, 1815.
Napoleon, Emperor of the French, &c.
We have decreed and do decree as follows:

Art. 1. The Concordat, signed at Fontainbleau, which regulates the affairs of the Church, and which was, on the 13th of February, 1813, published as the law of the State, is obligatory upon our Archbishops, Bishops, and Chapters, who shall be bound to conform to it.-2. As soon as we shall have nominated to a vacant Bishoprick, and communicated such nomination to the Holy Father, in the forms prescribed by the Concordat, our Minister of Worship shall send an account of such nomination to the Metropolitan, and if the nomination be a Metropolitar, to the oldest Bishop of the Ecclesiastical Province.- 3. The persons whom we shall have nominated, shall appear before the Metropolitan, who will make the prescribed inquiries, and address the result of them to the Holy Father.-4. If the person nominated should be under any ecclesiastical exclusion, the Metropolitan will immediately inform us of it; and in the case where no reason for ecclesiastical ex

clusion exists, if the appointment is not ficers, non-commissioned officers, and primade by the Pope, within six months from vates of the American army, and with a the notification of our nomination, accord- loss on their part of nearly the like number ing to the 4th Article of the Concordat, in killed and wounded. For the details of the Metropolitan, assisted by the Bishops this affair, which reflects the highest credit of the Ecclesiastical province, shall be on Colonel Proctor, for the promptitude, obliged to give the said appointment.- gallantry, and decision which he has mani5. Our Imperial Courts shall take cogni-fested upon this occasion, I beg leave to rezance of all the affairs known under thefer your Lordship to his letter to Majorname of appeals, as abuses, as well as of General Sheaffe, herewith transmitted. those which may result from the non-ex- I have also the honour of transmitting to your Lordship returns of the killed and

ecution of the laws of the Concordat.. 6. Our Grand Judge shall present a pro-wounded on our part, and of the prisoners jet for a law, to be discussed in our countaken from the enemy, the latter of which, cil, to determine the proceedings and pe- your Lordship will not fail to observe, more nalties applicable in these matters.- 7. than exceeded the whole of the regular and Our Ministers of France and the Kingdom militia force which Colonel Proctor had to of Italy are charged with the execution of oppose to them. Major-General Harrison, the present decree, which shall be inserted with the main body of his army, consistin the Bulletin of the Laws. ing of about two thousand men, was re(Signed) By the Emperor, NAPOLEON: ported to be four or five days march distant (Signed) By the Minister from Brigadier-General Winchester's diviSecretary of State, Sion, advancing in the direction of Detroit.

Count DARU.

AMERICAN WAR. Downing-street, April 22, 1813. A Dispatch, of which the following is a copy, was this day received by the Earl Bathurst, one of His Majesty's Principal Secretaries of State, from Lieutenant-Gen. Sir George Prevost, Bart. Governor General and Commander in Chief of the Forces in North America.

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-I think it not improbable that, upon hearing of the disaster of this division and the loss of the supplies, he may commence his retreat; but should he persevere in his endeavours to penetrate further into the Michigan territory, I feel the fullest confidence in the skill and bravery of Col. Proctor and the troops under his command, for an effectual resistance to every attempt of the enemy in that quarter.A small detachment from the royal artillery, at Fort George, with the light infantry company of the 41st regiment, have marched to reinforce Detroit; they are to be replaced on the Niagara frontier by troops now in motion from Montreal.- -I have the honour to be, &c.


GEORGE PREVOST. To the Right Hon. Earl Bathurst, &c. &c.

Sandwich, Jan. 25, 1813.

Quebec, Feb. 8, 1813. My Lord, I have the honour to congratulate your Lordship upon the signal success which has again attended His Majesty's arms in Upper Canada.--Brigadier-General Winchester, with a division of the forces of the United States, consisting of upwards of one thousand men, being the right wing of Major-General Harrison's army, thrown in advance, marching to the Sir,-In my last dispatch I acquainted attack of Detroit, was completely defeated you that the enemy was in the Michigan on the 22d January last, by Colonel Proc- territory, marching upon Detroit, and that tor, commanding in the Michigan territory, I therefore deemed it necessary that he with a force which he had hastily collected should be attacked without delay, with all upon the approach of the enemy, consisting and every description of force within my of a small detachment of the 10th Royal reach. Early in the morning of the 19th, Veteran Battalion, three companies of the I was informed of his being in possession of 41st regiment, a party of the Royal New- Frenchtown, on the river Raisin, 26 miles foundland Fencibles, the sailors belonging from Detroit, after experiencing every reto the Queen Charlotte, and one hundred sistance that Major Reynolds, of the Essex and fifty of the Essex militia, not exceeding militia, had it in his power to make, with five hundred regulars and militia, and about a three-pounder, well served and directed six hundred Indians; the result of the ac- by Bombardier Kitson, of the royal artiltion has been the surrender of Brigadier-lery, and the militia, three of whom he General Winchester, with five hundred of- had well trained to the use of it. The re

a return of the arms and ammunition which
have been taken, as well as of the prisoners,
whom you will perceive to be equal to my
utmost force, exclusive of the Indians.-
It is reported that a party, consisting of 100
men, bringing 500 hogs for General Win-
chester's force, has been completely cut off
by the Indians, and the convoy taken.
Lieut. M'Lean, my acting Brigade-Major,
whose gallantry and exertions were conspi-
cuous on the 22d instant, is the bearer of
this dispatch, and will be able to afford you
every information respecting our situation.

(Signed) HENRY PROCTOR, Col.-Com. To Major-Gen. Sheaffe, &c. Fort George.

Admiralty-Office, April 20, 1813. Letters, of which the following are Copies and Extracts, have been transmitted to this Office by Rear-Admiral Dixon, addressed to John Wilson Croker, Esq. by Lieut. Chads, late First Lieutenant of His Majesty's ship Java.

United States frigate Constitution, off
St. Salvador,

December 31, 1812. Sir, It is with deep regret that I write to you, for the information of the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty, that His Majesty's ship is no more, after sustaining an action on the 29th instant, for several hours, with the American frigate Consti

treat of the gun was covered by a brave band of Indians, who made the enemy pay dear for what he obtained. This party, composed of militia and Indians, with the gun, fell back eighteen miles to Brown's Town, the settlement of the brave Wyandots, where I directed my force to assemble. On the 21st instant, I advanced twelve miles to Swan Creek, from whence we marched to the enemy, and attacked him at break of day on the 22d instant; and after suffering, for our numbers, a considerable loss, the enemy's force posted in houses and enclosures, and which, from dread of fall---I have the honour to be, &c. ing into the hands of the Indians, they most obstinately defended, at length surrendered at discretion; the other part of their force, in attempting to retreat by the way they came, were, I believe, all, or with very few exceptions, killed by the Indians. Brigadier-General Winchester was taken in the pursuit by the Wyandot Chief Roundhead, who afterwards surrendered him to me.--You will perceive that I have lost no time; indeed it was necessary to be prompt in my movements, as the enemy would have been joined by Major-General Harrison in a few days. The troops, the marines, and the militia, displayed great bravery, and behaved uncommonly well. Where so much zeal and spirit were manifested, it would be unjust to attempt to particularize any; I cannot, however, refrain from mentioning Lieut.-Colonel St. George, who re-tution, which resulted in the capture and ceived four wounds in a gallant attempt to Occupy a building which was favourably situated for annoying the enemy; together with Ensign Kerr, of the Newfoundland regiment, who, I fear, is very dangerously wounded. The zeal and courage of the Indian department were never more conspicuous than on this occasion, and the Indian warriors fought with their usual bravery. I am much indebted to the different departments, the troops having been well and timely supplied with every requisite the district could afford.--I have fortunately not been deprived of the services of Lieut. Troughton, of the Royal Artillery, and acting in the Quarter-master General's department, although he was wounded, to whose zealous and unwearied exertions I am so greatly indebted, as well as to the whole of the Royal Artillery, for their conduct in this affair.- -I enclose a list of the killed and wounded, and cannot but lament that there are so many of both, but of the latter I am happy to say a large proportion will return to their duty, and most of them in a short time; I also enclose

ultimate destruction of His Majesty's ship. Captain Lambert being dangerously wounded in the height of the action, the melancholy task of writing the detail devolves on me.- -On the morning of the 29th instant, at eight A. A. off St. Salvador (coast of Brazil), the wind at N. E. we perceived a strange sail; made all sail in chase, and soon made her out to be a large frigate; at noon prepared for action, the chase not answering our private signals, and tacking towards us under easy sail; when about four miles distant she made a sigual, and immediately tacked and made all sail away upon the wind. We soon found we had the advantage of her in sailing, and came up with her fast, when she hoisted American colours; she then bore about three points on our lee bow. At fifty minutes past one P. M. the enemy shortened sail, upon which we bore down upon her; at ten minutes past two, when about half a mile distant, she opened her fire, giving us her larboard broadside, which was not returned till we were close on her weather bow. Both ships now manoeuvred to ob

and wounded, our bowsprit and three masts gone, several guns useless, we should not be justified in wasting the lives of more of those remaining, who I hope their Lordships and the Country will think have bravely defended His Majesty's ship; tin

tain advantageous positions, our opponent evidently avoiding close action, and firing high to disable our masts, in which he succeeded too well, having shot away the head of our bowsprit with the jib-boom, and our running rigging so much cut as to prevent our preserving the weather-gage.der these circumstances, however reluct→ At five minutes past three, finding antly, at fifty minutes past five, our cothe enemy's raking fire extremely heavy, lours were lowered from the stump of the Capt. Lambert ordered the ship to be laid mizen-mast, and we were taken possession on board, in which we should have suc- of, a little after six, by the American friceeded, had not our fore-mast been shot gate Constitution, commanded by Commoaway at this moment, the remains of our dore Bainbridge, who, immediately after bowsprit passing over his taffrail; shortly ascertaining the state of the ship, resolved after this the maintop mast went, leaving on burning her, which we had the satisthe ship totally unmanageable, with most faction of seeing done as soon as the woundof our starboard guns rendered useless froin ed were removed. Annexed I send you a the wreck lying over them.At half- return of the killed and wounded, and it is past three our gallant Captain received a with pain I perceive it so numerous; also dangerous wound in the breast, and was a statement of the comparative force of the carried below; from this time we could two ships, when I hope their Lordships not fire more than two or three guns until a will not think the British flag tarnished, alquarter-past four, when our mizen-mast though success has not attended us. It was shot away; the ship then fell off a would be presumptuous in me to speak of little, and brought many of our starboard Captain Lambert's merits, who, though guns to bear: the enemy's rigging was so still in danger from his wound, we still much cut, that he could not now avoid entertain the greatest hopes of his being shooting a-head, which brought us fairly restored to the service and his country. broadside and broadside. Our main-yard It is most gratifying to my feelings to now went in the slings, both ships conti- notice the gallantry of every officer, seanued engaged in this manner till thirty-five man, and marine on board; in justice to minutes past four, we frequently on fire, the officers, I beg leave to mention them in consequence of the wreck lying on the individually. I can never speak too highly side engaged. Our opponent now made of the able exertions of Lieutenants Hevsail a-head out of gun-shot, where he re-ringham, and Buchanan, and also Mr. mained an hour repairing his damages, Robinson, Master, who was severely leaving us an unmanageable wreck, with wounded, and Lieutenants Mercer and Daonly the mainmast left, and that tottering. vis, of the royal marines, the latter of Every exertion was made by us during this whom was also severely wounded. To interval to place the ship in a state to re- Captain John Marshall, R. N. who was a new the action. We succeeded in clearing passenger, I am particularly obliged for the wreck of our masts from our guns, a his exertions and advice throughout the sail was set on the stumps of the fore-mast action. To Lieutenant Aplin, who was on and bowsprit, the weather-half of the main-the main deck, and Lieutenant Saunders, yard remaining aloft, the main-tack was who commanded on the forecastle, I also got forward in the hope of getting the ship return my thanks, I cannot but notice the before the wind, our helm being still per-good conduct of the mates and midshipmen, fect; the effort unfortunately proved inef-many of whom are killed, and the greater fectual, from the main-mast falling over part wounded. To Mr. T. C. Jones, Surthe side, from the heavy rolling of the ship,geon, and his assistants, every praise is which nearly covered the whole of our starboard guns. We still waited the attack of the enemy, he now standing towards us for that purpose; on his coming nearly within hail of us, and from his manoeuvre perceiving he intended a position a head, where he could rake us without a possibility of our returning a shot, I then consulted the officers, who agreed with myself that our having a great part of our crew killed

due for their unwearied assiduity in the care of the wounded. Lieut.-General Hislop, Major Walker, and Captain Wood, of his staff, the latter of whom was severely wounded, were solicitous to assist and remain on the quarter-deck. I cannot conclude this letter without expressing my grateful acknowledgments, thus publicly, for the generous treatment Captain Lambert and his officers have experienced from

our gallant enemy, Commodore Bainbridge,, vourably estimated; and by a consideration and his officers.I have the honour to on the momentous period at which the trust be, &c.

HY. D. CHADS, First Lieutenant

has been renewed.- From the weight and magnitude now belonging to it, I should be compelled to shrink, if I had less reliance on the support of an enlightened and generous people, and feel less deep

of His Majesty's late ship Java. P.S. The Constitution has also suffered severely, both in her rigging and men, having her fore and mizen-masts, maintop-ly a conviction, that the war with a pow

mast, both maintopsail-yards, spankerboom, gaff, and trysail-mast badly shot, and the greatest part of the standing rigging very much damaged, with ten men killed, the Commodore, Fifth Lieutenant, and forty-six men wounded, four of whom

are since dead.

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feature in our situation, is stamped with erful nation, which forms so prominent a that justice which invites the smiles of Heaven on the means of conducting it to a successful termination.-May we not cherish this sentiment, without presumption, when we reflect on the characters by which this war is distinguished ?— It was not declared on the part of the United States until it had been long made on them in reality, though not in name-until arguments and expostulations had been exhausted-until a positive declaration had been received that the wrongs provoking it would not be discontinued-nor until this appeal could no longer be delayed without

Ship's company and supernumeraries, 377. breaking down the spirit of the nation, de

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Washington, March 4. At twelve o'clock this day, James Madison, the President of the United States elect, having attended at the Capital for the purpose of taking the Oath of Office, delivered to the vast concourse of people assembled on the occasion, the following Speech:

"About to add the solemnity of an oath to the obligations imposed by a second call to the station in which my country has here before placed me, I find in the presence of this respectable assembly, an opportunity of publicly repeating my profound sense of so distinguished a confidence, and of the responsibility united with it. The impressions on me are strengthened by such an evidence, that my faithful endeavours to discharge my arduous duties have been fa

stroying all confidence in itself and in its political institutions; and either perpetuating a state of disgraceful suffering, or regaining, by more costly sacrifices and more severe struggles, our lost rank and respect among independent powers. -On the issue of the war are staked our national sovereignty on the high seas, and security of an important class of citizens, whose occupations give the proper value to those of every other class. Not to contend for such a stake, is to surrender our equality with other Powers on the element common to all, and to violate the sacred title which every member of the society has to its protection.

-I need not call into view the unlawfulness of the practice, by which our mariners are forced, at the will of every cruising officer, from their own vessels into foreign ones, nor paint the outrages inseparable from it. The proofs are in the records of each successive administration of our government-and the cruel sufferings of that portion of the American people have found their way to every bosom not dead to the sympathies of human nature. As the war was just in its origin, and necessary and noble in its objects; we can reflect with a proud satisfaction, that in car(To be continued.)

Published by R. BAGSHAW, Brydges-Street, Covent-Garden.
LONDON: Printed by J. M'Creery, Black-Horse-Court, Fleet-street.

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