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" tide of conquest has at length been re
is to bave been increased in proportion to “ sisted on the Continent; thanks more 66 the power and violence of the enemy; "particularly to the gallantry of the Rus- " but I repeat, I wish the principle of the “ sian people, and to the wise and magna- Meeting to be as general as possible. I "nimous individual who now directs their " wish it to be so general that every society " energies. Humane and moderate as he " of inerchants in Spain, Portugal, or any ta is spirited and politic, he has by his " other country where the French conquest " manifestoes endeavoured to arouse every may possibly check the wholesome ope" German to combat in a cause which he " rations of commerce, should feel that " has guaranteed his own; he has called " they are interested in adopting it-should " on him, as a friend and brother, to assist“ feel that they are bound to imbibe that " in stemming the flood that had nearly" spirit by which we are now about to “ overwhelmed his native land, and in
our German brethren, that “driving within their proper precincts the “ though separated by the ocean, our hearts
haughty people whose tumultuous pas- " throb and our blood boils in common " sions had created it. I trust the Ger- " with theirs, when we think of the 'ty
man is not to be found who is dead to ranny to which they have been subject"s such a summons-a summons by which
-If I differ very materially in “ he is called on to combat for the sacred opinion with His Royal Higliness, I do not
purpose of obtaining all that can be dear fail to give him full credit for the most be" to a people—security for their properties, nevolent intentions ; 'and, I particularly " their lives, and, far dearer than either applaud the candour of his acknowledg-, " of these, their liberly and their honour. ment, that the first League against the "(Loud applause. To facilitate the ex. French had for its object the complele. “ertions of a people struggling in such a " dismemberment, or annihilation, of that
cause, is the object of the present Meet- o nalion ;" _an acknowledgment, whichi, “ ing—to supply such means of repelling that I know of, has never before been disa
unjust aggression, as the misfortunes and tinctly made by any one who ever approved “ too long protracted oppression of those of the war against the French Democracy. " who are chiefly interested in repelling it, -It is not a little curious to observe, “ have put it out of their power to obtain how completely our objects have changed “ by any effort of their own. In justice to since the outset of the war in 1793. ile “the Government I have to observe, that were then afraid of nothing but the wild
they have not manifested any reluctance spirit of Democracy. We then cried " war, " to give their assistance for the further- war, against republicans and levellers ;'
ance of the objects which we are now the terms liberty, sovereign people, citizen, met to promote ; but it was impossible and patriot, were used by us as terms of
they should foresee the events which have reproach. But, we are now become abe “ called for more ample support than they horrors of tyranny, slavery, despotism.
possibly furnish on the spur of the We have now got over 10 the liberiy side occasion. When I see the persons com
of the dispute ; and are subscribing away “posing the Government inclined to per- as heartily against the Emperor of France “ form their duty, I am always anxious as we formerly did against the Jacobins and
not to withhold from them such meed as Sans-culoltes of France. His Royal
my approbation can convey. (Applause.) Highness says, that he apprehended " uni"I must now observe, that I wish the versal dest: uclion” from the principles “ views of the present Meeting to embrace of the French revolution.-- - I should be
as extensive a field as is possible. Un- happy to be informed what is His Royal doubtedly there are very forcible reasons Highness's notion of " universal destruce why I myself should be actuated by " lion.". It is a phrase of very large
feelings more directed to a certain point. meaning. But, at the least, it must mean “ I am a Member of the House of Hanover, nothing short of the killing of all the pea“I am a Prince of the German Empire, ple and the destroying of all other animals " and it may be naturally supposed that I and all property in Europe. And why,
am particularly anxious to resist with let me be permitted to ask; why make use " effect that power : resistance to which I of phrases so very hyperbolical? The
warmly counselled in the great Assembly French revolution had its full swing ; it " of the German Princes, which took place was never arrested in its progress by any " in the year 1792; resistance which I external power. And, did it prove so “have ever since continued to think ought very destroying? The truth is, that,
though attended with frightful crimes and country by the French. What they were with dreadful misery for a while, it de- then doing it is not for me to say, but, I stroyed very little of what was good. But, am very much afraid, that we may be in the people, in all countries, are, for the too great haste to conside in men, who have far greater part, led away by sounds. If once, without firing hardly a shot, laid they were not, we should never have seen down their arms to that very same enemy the people of England subscribing their who is now inarching against them.pound notes in order to purchase their pre- The conquered part of Germany contains a serva!ion against the " devouring lava," population equal to that of Frauce. To as Pitt called it, of the French revolution. what, then, are we to attribute its having If they had taken time to reflect, they been so easily conquered? The Royal Duke would, in but a few hours, have been well brings back our minds to the period when convinced, that the Freoch Democrats the combined armies were driven out of could not destroy them if they would, and France; to that period when, he tells us, that they would not if they could ; and the French capital Trembled at their apthat, when they heard the words “univer- proach. In this his Royal Highness is only “ sal destruction" applied to the object of deceived. The French capital never tremthe efforts of the French Deinocrats, they bled. The combined, armies were driven ought to understand it in a very limited out of France by the people. It was one sense indeed, it being, upon any other heart and one arın of 26 millions of people scale, utterly impossible. But, if the that drove them out of France. But, be Royal Duke was so alarmed at the “wide this as it inay, how could that one defeat of " spreading plague of Democracy," one the allies cause the conquest of Germany, would think, that he must entertain feel- and her, subjection from that day to this? ings of gratitude towards Buonaparte, who Suppose the French to have sent forth a milhas so completely put down the democratic lion of men, Germany had her millions to spirit and principles. We are a difficult oppose to them; and, if the German nation people to please. As long as the French are naturally brave, as I do not deny they talked about liberty and patriotism, we are, must there not have been soore thing used those words in the way of ridicule besides mere physical force to work the conand reproach. Now they have dropped quest of Germany? How, then, can it be the use of them, we have taken it up, and said, that, from 1793 until this day, . talk as boldly about liberty as our ancestors “ opporlunity has been afforded to Germany used to do, who never dreamt of what we Lo shake off the degrading yoke ?" There now see and feel. -But, I am yet to have always been about 30 millions of prelearn, what we now mean by the word ple in this sume Geripany, including the patriot; by the term “ German Patriots.” ** Patriols" now in motion; what, then, I A patriot is a man, who ardently loves his should like to know, have all these people country, and is not confined to those who and all these patriots been doing and ihinkare attached to any particular set of rulers. ing about for so loug a period? Is not this I should, for iny part, be very slow to the plain truth: that these patriots have give the name of patriot to a man in Ger- been put into activity, if not created, by thre many merely because he had inlisted under appearance of a Russian army amongst them the banners of Russia, or any other ban- and by the retreat of the French armies ? ners opposed to France. I must first be And, if this be the case, ought we not to convinced, that he has taken the side which be cautious how we put any great confidence he thinks favourable to the cause of free in the exertions of these same "patriols." dom ; I mean the freedom of the people ; When His Royal Highness talks about for, it is very likely, that, in some cases, the French enslaving the son's of Germany, a country may be conquered, and the peo- he surely does not well weigh the weight of ple become not at all the less free on that his words. His zeal surely carries him on account. I know not what sort of changes beyond the proper bounds. He will excuse the French have made in the govern- me, who never before heard niuch of Germent of the conquered parts of German liberty, in these latter ages, if I do many; and, therefore, I am unable not see how it is possible for the French to decide
upon the degree of merit army, or any other but a native army, to in those who have now risen against them; enslave 30 millions of people. It is easy to but, I cannot but know very well, that all talk of subjecting such a nation to'tyranny ; these “ patriols," whom we have now dis- but not so very easy to shew how the thing covered were present at the conquest of their can, by any possibility, be done. Against their will such a nation was never yet en-, of a Russian army amongst them, openly slaved by an invading army. The thing is shown themselves. But, those who have impossible, especially when we consider, acted from this motive, will, in all likelithat Germany had an army equal in number hood, become inactive from a similar moto that of France, For these reasons my tive; and, the French will, I dare say, be hopes from the exertions of the “German hailed, if they beat the Russians, with as "Patriots" are far less sanguine than those much apparent joy as the Russians have reof his Royal Highness appear to be.--cently been received.- - -However, there As to the opinion, that our prospect of ex- is noi, as far as I can see, any harm in these tricating ourselves from the war with advan- subscriptions. They are far preferable to tage and honour, is * now belter than new lares to raise money for the “ German
ever," I am obliged to differ very widely Palriots." - This is, indeed, the proper from his Royal Highness. There have been way of raising money for the Northern several periods, when the prospect was War. People give what they like, and much better, in my humble opinion, than there is this great advantage in this mode of it is now. The end of this campaign will raising the ways and means, that the amount tell us what is to be the fate of the North of of the sum raised is the true measure of the Germany; but, of what consequence is that national feeling in favour of the cause.
part of Europe, compared with Holland, Naples, and all Italy? The battle will AMERICAN WAR. The continual disnow, perhaps, be better fought than be- grace of the American arms in Canada fore; bui, if victory decide against us, we would be intolerable in the States, were it shall be plunged into despair. The same not so far outweighed by the success of their enthusiasm does not, perhaps, accompany navy. Upon this latter subject I have rethe French armies now that formerly ac-ceived many communications, containing companied them; but, on the other side, complaints against the Admirally. I must what enthusiasm can there be ? " Security confess, that I do not see the reasonableness “ for their properlies and lives," the Duke of these complaints. No man has pointed of Sussex says will now animate the Ger- out how ihe Admiralty could have prevented mans; but, why now more than hereto- what has happened. That they could not, fore? These again are mere words. Nei- in a few months, build ships of the precise ther property nor lives were in danger under dimensions of the American ships is certain. the French. It was impossible, generally They could only send out such ships as they -speaking, that they should be; for, if that had; and, that the cause of our defeats has had been the case, the conquered countries not been the want of hands on board, the could not have been held a day. It is the capture of the Java fully proves.- -It has interest of a conqueror to make the people been asserted, in the most positive terms, contented under his sway. Indeed, he is, that two-thirds of the seamen of the Ameif the country be extensive, compelled to do rican ships of war, and especially of the it. There will be some malecontents; be- Constilulion, consist of British seamen. cause, in cases of conquest, property and There is no such fact stated officially, and I power do always, in some degree, change am glad of it; for, to me, it would be a hands; but, the mass of the people must, melancholy thing to reflect, that so many in all such cases, be conciliated; and this hundreds of our countrymen had joined the
is the true reason why, until now, we have enemy at the risk, if taken, of being hung · heard nothing of the “German Patriots.”' up, cut down before dead, having their To keep in subjection a whole people; a bowels ripped out while yet alive, having nation of many millions; 10 hold such a their heads chopped off, and their four people in subjection by the mere military quarters cut from their sinoking bodies. force of a foreign power is impossible. It To suppose that many hundreds of our councannot be done. "If a whole people, in- trymen have joined the enemy with the cluding the native army, fcel their proper- terrors of such a punishment before them is ties and lives in constant hazard, is it to be something so shocking, that I wonder how believed, that they will wait for another any one can coolly entertain it; what, then, foreign army before they attempt to throw must be our wonder at hearing that there off the yoke?. The fact, I dare say, is, that are people to assert the fact, and that, too, the persons, who were interested in the ex- | in print! For my part, though I feel the istence of the old governments of Germany, disgrace of our navy as strongly as any one and who, of course, wished for their re- can, I prefer giving to the enemy superior establishment, have, upon the appearance skill, and even superior courage, to the a:Cribing of his success to the treason of so alone. So that, in fact, Mr. Brougham, many hundreds of my own countrymen. certainly without intending it, did harm to
- To one of the three causes, however, those manufacturers, whose cause he so zeahis success must be ascribed; for, as to the lously and so ably espoused.- -The Morndifference in the weight of melal, it is not ing Chronicle had, the other day, a parasufficient to account for such uniform and graph in words similar to these :- “ The signal success on the part of the Americans. * Milional Intelligencer (the American They are excellent seamen. Probably the government paper,) has long extracts Yery best in the world. Their ships are from COBBETT'S REGISTER, which it cites few in number. Their men are select';" with great applause, instead of that coarse they are all able and fresh; and they are "abuse which it formerly heaped upon the urged on by every motive that has a power- "same publication." -My mind has ful effect in producing a disregard of life. 'been put to the torture to guess at the real
Their officers are chosen for their great object of this observation. I do not see any merit alone. The government, in its selec- thing wrong in this American paper having tion, is hampered by no interests, no con- changed its manner and tone and sentiments sideration other than that of rendering the with regard to articles of my humble proships efficient; and thus, there is no sort of duction. I see no sin in it. And, as to drawback to the native courage of the crews. myself, what can I wish for more than to
It is stated, that the American govern- see approved of in America my sincere and ment have begun the construction of 26 zealous efforts to preserve peace belween the more frigates, and that the several States two countries? The whole of my endeahave made offers of 74 gun ships, one each; vours, as connected with the subject of the so that, if this unhappy contest be prolong- American dispute, have had this simple ed, there is, I think, a fair chance of our object, and could not have any other obseeing a very formidable naval enemy in ject; and, though my endeavours have the new id. This is what I expressed proved unsuccessful, I see no reason why my fears of in my first and second letters the Morning Chronicle should grudge me a to the Prince Regent upon the subject of small pittance of praise. -If my advice this war. The longer the war continues had been followed, British naval prowess the more certain is the realizing of iny fears would still have been without a rival. The on this score. The navy of America must names of Hull, and Decatur, and Bainincrease with the war; and, if it arrive at a bridge would still have been unknown. I tolerable forće, we shall then begin to re- did not wish to see this navy raised up, and pent of our folly. I know, that this is I endeavoured to prevent the occasion for it. very unpopular language. The country has if the Morning Chronicle had done the taken up the idea, that the Americans, same, it might have had its share of the without any provocation, have basely join praise of the National Intelligencer. ed the French in the war against us. The
WM. COBBETT. newspapers bave propagated this notion, Bolley, 61h May, 1813. and it is in vain to endeavour to remove ii. Time and experience, disgrace and suffering must open the people's eyes.-Ishall, PRINCESS OF WALES. however, always say, that the Whigs and
WESTMINSTER ADDRESS AND ANSWER. Mr. Brougham have had a principal hand in producing this war with America. Mr. " To Her Royal Highness the Princess of Brougham had his Orders in Council to de
Wales. molish. It was for hiin to make thein every “We, the Inhabitant Householders of the thing, especially when he had, by his great City and Liberties of Westminster, legally industry and eloquence, succeeded. There assembled, beg leave to approach your fore, when told, by Mr. Rose, that the re- Royal Highness with an affectionate Adpeal of the Orders would not prevent war, dress. me, full of his achievement, pledged hinn- “We participate with our fellow-subsell to support a war against America if the jects (the Citizens of London) in sentirepeal did not satisfy her.- -He did this, ments of undiminished esteem for your and so did Mr. Ponsonby, with my caution Royal Highness, and of just indignation at before their eyes, I had told them before, the foul conspiracy, which, it is now apthat the repeal would not do without the parent, has been long carrying on against giving up the impressment. And, we are your Royal Highness's honour and life. now at war for this latter, and for that We adinire the patience, forbearance, and
resignation, with which your Royal High- portant occasions, the sentiments of Westness has submitted, for so long a time, to minster are in unison with those of the neglect and reproach as humiliating as un- whole country. deserved, even to the very verge
“Permit me to add, that there can be no 'escence in calumnies the most foul, scan- doubt that the refusal of Parliament to endalous, and false. Your Royal Highness tertain the question, only originated in a was compelled at length to vindicate your conviction that my innocence stood above own honour, involving that of your Royal all suspicion, and an apprehension that Daughter, our future Sovereign. And we Parliamentary interference might delay the congratulate your Royal Highness on the restoration to my daughter's society, so magnanimity and wisdom which prompted universally desired.” you to demand, in the face of the Nation, from the two Houses of Parliament, that COMMON COUNCIL OF LONDON ADDRESS justice to which the most humble is en
AND ANSWER. titled, “either to be proved guilty or The Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and Comtreated as innocent."
mon Council, presented their Congratula“ We are firmly of opinion that those tory Address to the Princess of Wales, who advised the separation of a beloved and upon Her Royal Highness's complete and affectionate daughter from such a mother, happy triumph over the late foul and atrohad any thing in view rather than the good cious conspiracy against her life and hoof the illustrious object of your Royal High- nour. They left Guildhall a little before ness's warmest and best affections, or of twelve o'clock, and proceeded through the country over which she is destined to | Fleet-street, the Strand, Pall-mall, St. rule.
James's-street, and Piccadilly, to Kensing“ But we are unable to express our grief ton Palace.
In Pall-mall the populace and astonishment, at the cruelty, injustice, gave several cheers when they came oppoand insolence, with which your Royal site Carlton-house, · The Lord Mayor, Highness's Appeal was withheld from Recorder, Sheriffs, Town Clerk, City
-s, or at the cold and re- Remembrancer, Chamberlain, and Law luctant reception it met with from a Officers, attended. We also noticed the Majority of the House of Commons; and following Aldermen:-Ald. Combe, Thowe assure your Royal Highness, that upon mas Smith, John Joseph Smith, Domville, this, as upon most other occasions, the Wood, Goodbehere, Heygate, and an unsentiments of that - Majority are no usually large attendance of the Members of ways in conformity with those of the peo- the Common Council. Mr. Waithman, ple'; and we fatter ourselves your Royal the Mover of the Address, accompanied Highness will not, from so inadequate a Mr. Alderman Thomas Smith. The procriterion, estimate the feelings of a loyal cession arrived at Kensington a little before and generous nation. We ardently hope two. The Address was read by Mr. Rethe treatment your Royal Highness has re- corder. The Princess delivered her anceived will deeply imprint on the mind of swer with great dignity and feeling. The every thinking man, this great, this indis- Lord Mayor, Recorder, and Aldermen, putabletruth—that without an honest House kissed hands, after which Mr. Waithman of Commons, justice can no more be en- was introduced, when Her Royal Highsured to the highest than to the lowest in- ness, in a clear and distinct manner, dividual in the land.
so as to be audible to all present said, “ We assure your Royal Highness, that “ I am very glad to see yo:1; I feel regard for our Country, as well as for that highly grateful for the interest you have deference we bear your Royal Highness, taken in my honour and happiness ; will make us ready at all times to give am sure, neither I nor my daughter will your Royal Highness proof of our attach- ever forget it.” All the Members of the ment and devotion, and of our anxious Court had the honour of kissing her Royal solitude for your welfare, happiness, and Highness's hand. Her Royal Highness honour.
afterwards conversed with Mr. Alderman (Signed) Arthur MORRIS, High Bailiff.” Wood, Mr. Alderman Heygate, Mr.
Waithman, and Mr. Favell; she observed, Answer of Her Royal Highness. “ that she felt very much agitated at first; " I return you my sincere thanks for the but I hope you will make
great allowance regard towards me so kindly expressed in for my situation, and my not speaking the this Address. Upon this as on other im- language perfectly". The procession re