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with the hostility of the people, and they seldom, if ever, fall upon needy men, or use his power to keep the people in awe. men of questionable character. And, if Let the Princess Charlotte search all his-the House of Commons were filled with tory through, and she will find, that this men of good character and of good fortune, has been the great source of plots, .conspi- how is it possible to suppose, that they racies, rebellions, and civil wars. Some would wish to overthrow the king and his times the misguided sovereiguis have fallen, family? How is it possible to suppose, and sometimes thousands of their people; that such a House of Commons, being the but, in every case gain to themselves has actual owners of no inconsiderable portion been the object of those who have somented of the country, would wish to plunge that the differences between them. Those country into confusion and anarchy ?--; persons, who, in this country, seek for a Such a House of Commons, independent reform, have been represented, always re- in point of property, free from all temptapresented as the enemies of the throne, as tion to invade the public purse, and having if the throne depended for its existence, no view upon any thing derivable from a upon the practice of corruption. The re- misuse of its power of voting, would leave formers have been most insolently termed the king to the full enjoyment of all his “a low, degraded crewv." These reform- prerogatives ; it would not want to seize ers it is, who have now come forward with a from him any part of that which he would “loyal and affectionate” address to the have to bestow; and, at the same time, Princess of Wales. Nay, when a motion, that it took care of the nation's purse, it in the late parliament, was made for the would have a plenty to leave at his discregiving proof at the bar of the House of tion.--A king of England, with such a Commons of the sale of seats in that House, House of Commons, would be exposed to the actual sale of seals, there were persons none of the mortifications, which must inof both the parties to cry out, that it was evitably arise from having servants or pentime to put a stop to POPULAR EN- sioners or any thing forced upon him. He “ CROACHMENT!"I trust, that would be, as far as the law allowed, his the Princess Charlotte of Wales will not own master ; and, such he should be. want for right notions upon this all-im- The law prescribes bounds to his authority, portant subject; I trust, that the specimen and that authority ought to have no other which she has now seen of the effect of po- restraint.--The doctrine, preached by pular rights, will be sufficient to guard the Whigs, of the necessity of a combinaher against those, who would persuade her tion of great families as a check upon the that the people encroach too far, when crown, is a most wicked doctrine. It is they complain of the sale, the actual sale, directly in the teeth of the letter, as well as of seats in that House, which is spoken of the spirit of our government.
It transas containing the people's representatives. forms the limited kingly government into
-It appears to me something truly sur- a detestable aristocracy, or something prising, that any sovereign in England even worse than that. It sets the people should be made to believe, that a reformat nought. It considers them as little belof Parliament would be hostile to the ter than cattle. Check upon the Crown ! throne. The contrary is so evident, that I | What check do we want other than that cannot conceive how it can be doubted. imposed by our own voices, by the mouths
of the king are so great ; of real representatives? What an insult they are so effectually guarded against every is this doctrine both to the Crown and the thing but unconstitutional combinations of people! Great families, indeed! And corrupt men, that he can have nothing to who are they?
Have they not power fear from a parliament freely chosen by the enough in their own House ? Quite enough people.----- But, from such combinations, in all conscience, without torming any from corrupt trafficking in seats, from the combinations against the king. But, influence which naturally arises out of that, this is another of those devices, which a king of England has every thing to fear; shallow men have resorted to, in order to that is to say, if he fears being made a supply the place of that real, that effectual, mere ciplier in the government. -If the that natural and undegrading check, which people at large, or, at least, all those who a Commons' House of Parliament, freely pay taxes, were to choose the Members of chosen, forms to all the powers of the the House of Commons, it is certain, that Crown, or, rather, to the abuse of those they would choose men in the first place powers. -The aristocracy would, I must whom they know; their choice would very confess, lose power by a reform of parlia
ment; but, then, it is only that power, public money? Would such an assemwhich it has taken from the Crown and blage of gentlemen have any motive for the people. The king ought, in reason, to producing anarchy and confusion," which be at the head of the reformers, for, I am is always most impudently held forth as the sure, he would gain most. As things now object of the reformers? 'The Members of stand, we see several sinecure placemen, such a House would have no motive ; they each of whom has greater emoluments than could have no motive, for degrading the the whole that one of the sons of the king Royal Authority, upon the due support of has to live upon. I cannot tell what it is which the possession of their own fortunes that blinds them; but, it appears to me, and estates must depend. I know, that that the Members of the Royal Family ought there are soune persons, who are for a reto be the very loudest in the kingdom for a forw, as the means of bringing forward parliamentary reform. The Duke of Sussex, what are called men of talents. It is not for instance, has £18,000 a year, while talents that we want, We want indeLord Arden's places are stated at about pendence of fortune ; We want good prindouble the sum. Could this be with a ciples; we want probity more than we do reformed parliament? Is there amongst talents, of which latter we have enough. the people one single man, who would We want, in short, honest men, who shall give his vote for such a distribution of the not be exposed to any of the temptations public money ? No; not one. Perhaps attending poverty; and such men a reform the Duke of Sussex, with all his encum- of Parliament would certainly give us.brances, has not enough to enable him to I desire the reader to consider, for a mokeep a carriage and three or four horses. ment, what the effect would be of the Not a man in all England would wish to people's seeing the House of Commons see a son of the King in this state. Yet, filled with gentlemen, all distinguished in some how or other it is contrived to per- their several districts for their fortunes and suade the members of the Royal Family, their probity. I. beg him to consider what that the reformers are their enemies. wéight this would give to all their proThe notion that the enemies of reform al- ceedings ; with what respect it would stamp ways endeavour to inculcate, is, that, if all their measures. If there be a man so the people were left to choose whom they blind as not to perceive this, I pity his want please, they would choose men of no pro- of political insight. Such a change would perty and no principle, and that, during certainly mar the game of wrangling adthe very first session of parliament, they venturers, who live by their wits; for, would abolish- the kingly part of the go- most assuredly, not a man of them would vernment. - This is saying, in effect, ever see the inside of the House, A foolthat a decided majority of the people do now ish, or an unprincipled ministry would, wish the kingly part of the government to indeed, find such a parliament very inbe destroyed. But, this
-But, this our enemies tractable; but, would it be an injury to dare not say in plain words. On the con- the king that the parliament should, in trary, they assert, that a vast majority of such a case, be found intractable? The the nation are perfectly loyal and well-dis- king would have no care upon his mind. posed, and that they prefer this form of Such a House of Commons would not be government to any other.--Well, then, led much; but it would never be far from if that be the case, why are you afraid to doing what was perfectly right.Away trust them? Why not let them all vote we might sweep all the mass of election for members of parliament? Why object laws; for there would be, and there could to a reform upon the principles of the Con- be, neither bribery nor corruption. There stitution.--But, as I said before, the would need no law about qualifications ; people, if left to themselves, would always for, as I said before, you have in the heart choose persons of the greatest weight and of man the best guarantee for a district respectability in their own neighbourhoods. never choosing a person of questionable They would be sure to do this. It is not fortune. Men do not go and pick out their in the nature of things that they should equals to put them to make laws for them. prefer strangers and adventurers; and Leave them only free to choose, and their what danger, I pray, could possibly arise choice will always fall' upon persons, from the seating of all the most respectable whom they know to be a great deal richer gentlemen in the kingdom in the House of than themselves. The people (and I Commons ? What danger to any one, ex- cannot repeat it too often), the people, if cept those who unmeriledly pocket the left to their free choice, would never choose
adventurers. They would never choose | put to death by persons placed to intercept any man they did not know, No law him, in the presence of the elector; and would be necessary to compel them to tradition still marks the spot where the asa choose persons resident amongst them; for sassination was committed. Sophia was they would never be prevailed upon to do immediately put under arrest; and though it, any more than you could prevail upon she solemnly protested her innocence; yet: them to choose a stranger for an apothecary circumstances spoke strongly against her. or a man-widwife. It is out of nature to -George, who never loved his wife, suppose that they would choose any persons, gave implicit credit to the account of her but those esteemed the most amongst their infidelity, as related by his father ; consentrich and powerful neighbours. Whated to her imprisonment, and obtained from ground, then, is there for the pretended the ecclesiastical consistory a divorce, which dread of anarchy and confusion, as the was passed on the 28th of December, 1694. fruit of a Parliamentary Reform ?- Pe- And even her father, the Duke of Zell, titions are now coming forward for this who doated on his only daughter, does not measure, which, let us hope, will, at seem to have entertained any doubts of her last, be adopted. Of one thing I am quite guilt; for he continued upon the strictest satisfied, and that is, that without a Re- terms of friendship with Ernest Augustus, form of the Commons' House of Parlia- and his son-in-law. The unfortunate ment, there is neither permanent peace Sophia was confined in the castle of Alden, nor safety for this nation.
situated on the small river Aller, in the WM. COBBETT.
duchy of Zell. She terminated her mise Bolley, 21st April, 1813.
able existence, after a long captivity of thirty-two years, on the 13th of November, 1726, in the sixty-first year of her age,
only seven months before the death of PRINCESS OF HANOVER.
George the First; and she was announced The following article is extracted from the in the Gazette, under the title of the ElecKENTISH CHRONICLE, and is well worthy tress Dowager of Hanover.
- During her of being circulated.
whole confinement, she behaved with no Extract from Cove's Memoirs of Walpole, less mildness than dignity; and on receiv
with some remarks thereon. ing the sacrament once every week, never “ George the First, when Electoral omitted on that awful occasion, making the Prince of Hanover, was married to Sophia most solemn asseverations, that she was Dorothy, only daughter of William Duke not guilty of the crime laid to her charge. of Zell. Sophia, at the tiine of their mar- Subsequent circumstances have come to riage, was only sixteen years of age, and light, which appear to justify her memory; was a princess of great personal charms and and reports are current at Hanover, that mental endowments; yet her attractions did her character was basely defamed, and that not retain the affections of her husband. she fell a sacrifice to the jealousy and perAfter she had brought him a son and a fidy of the Countess of Platen, favourite daughter, he neglected his amiable consort, mistress of Ernest Augustus. Being enaand attached himself to a favourite mis- moured of Count Konigsmark, who slighted tress.- -Such was the situation of Sophia, her overtures, jealousy took possession of when Count Konigsmark, a Swedish noble- her breast: she determined to sacrifice both man, arrived at Hanover. He was a man the lover and the princess to hier vengeance, of a good figure, and professed gallantry; and circumstances favoured her design. had been formerly enamoured of Sophia at The prince was absent at the army; Ernest Zell, and was supposed to have made some Augustus was a man of warm passions and impression on her heart. On the sight of violent temper, easily irritated, and when her, his passion, which had been diminish- irritated, incapable of control. Sophia ed by absence, broke out with increasing herself had treated Count Konigsmark with violence; he had the imprudence publicly regard and attention, and the lover was to renew his attentions; and as George was hot-headed, self-sufficient, priding himabsent at the army, made his solicitations self on
his personal accomplishments, with redoubled ardour. Information of his and accustomed to succeed in affairs attachment, and of his success, was con- of gallantry. - Those who exculpate veyed to Ernest Augustus ; and one even- Sophia, assert either that a common ing, as the Count came out of her apart. visit was construed into an act of crimiment, and was crossing a passage, he was nality; or that the Countess of Platen, at a late hour - summoned Count Konigs- an opportunity. of nobly rebutting the immark in the name of the princess, though putation, of proving it as false as hell! without her connivance; that on being in- Will the historian of the present times troduced, Sophia was surprised at his in- have to record that the discovery of a foul trusion; that on quitting the apartment, he and diabolical conspiracy agaiust the life was discovered by Ernest Augustus, whom and honour of a princess, the mother of the countess had placed in the gallery, and their future sovereign--the hope of Engwas instantly assassinated by persons whom land, made no other impression than furshe had suborned for that purpose. -It is nishing conversation for the tea-table? or impossible, at this distance of time, to dis- will be have to record the zeal with which cover and trace the circumstances of this all ranks came forward to protect the inmysterious transaction, on which no person nocent, and confound the guilty ? Let at the Court of Hanover durst at that time every man do his duty, and may princes deliver his opinion. But the sudden mur- learn from the example, they have no betder of Count Konigsmark may be urged as ter security for life and honour than those a corroboration of this statement: for had liberties which the real enemies, but prehis guilt, and that of Sophia been unequi- tended friends of royalty, would teach vocal, would he not have been arrested nd them to despise and trample upon. brought to a trial for the purpose of proving their connexion, and confronting him with the unfortunate princess ?-Many
OFFICIAL PAPERS. persons, of credit at Hanover have not scrupled, since the death of Ernest Augus
NORTHERN WAR. tus and George the First, to express their belief that the imputation cast on Sophia
Continued from page 608.) was false and unjust. It is also reported, cluded the conclusion of a treaty of peace that her husband having made an offer of and alliance with Prussia, the ratifications reconciliation, she gave this noble and dis- of which have since been exchanged; also dainful answer of haughty virtue, uncon- the capture of Berlin, where General Wittscious of stain: 'If what I am accused of genstein has established his quarters since is true, I am unworthy of his bed; and if about the 10th instant.
Since that pemy accusation is false, he is unworthy of riod His Imperial Majesty has visited the me; and I will not accept his offers." King of Prussia at Breslaw; Hamburgh
has been occupied by the Russian forces ; REMARKS.
Lubeck has opened its gates. - The eneUnfortunate as was the fate of this un- my has been entirely driven from Swedish happy princess, it is but doing justice to Pomerania, Mecklenbourg, Lauenbourg, the memory of George the First-the first and all the Prussian territory within the prince of the house of Hanover that reigned Elbe. -Detachments of the Russian army in these Kingdoms, to state, that he was have penetrated to Dresden, which capital neither suspected at the time, nor by any they now occupy, Marshal Davoust having circumstances that have since come to light, retreated across the Elbe, and having deof being privy to, or in any manner acces- stroyed some of the arches of the magnifsary to the plot, of which his consort be- cent bridge at that place. - A proportion came the victim. This unfortunate princess of the Prussian army has passed the Sihad no public to appeal to-no public to lesian frontier into Lusatia, and is advancoverawe and thwart the malice of her ene- ing towards Dresden. Three detachmies ; in a word Hanover was not Eng- ments of the division under General Wiltland. It is impossible to contrast the fate genstein have by this time crossed the Elbe; of this princess, with that of another ami- one in the centre under Major-General able princess of our own times, without a Dornberg, who is moving upon Hanover, just and manly consciousness of the supe- with Major-General Teitenborn upon his rior weight and authority belonging to pub- right in the direction of Bremen, and Ma-' lic opinion in our country. No person of jor-General Czchernicheff upon his left in the court of Hanover durst at that time de. the direction of Brunswick. - Lord Walliver his opinion. Persons are not want- pole is the bearer of the present dispatches; ing who would wish to see the people of his Lordship proceeds by Berlin, and I have this country equally silent—they are accused no doubt but that he will find it perfectly by, what should be as grave, as it is high easy to take his departure from Cuxhaven. authority, of having an appetile for scan- I have already stated that the Prussian dal--this curse of the times! They have army is in the best state of preparation ;
nothing can exceed the condition of that the fortress.—The garrison of Spandaw part which was assembled at Breslaw on the had also burned every thing which could Emperor's arrival, and it is impossible to operate against the defence of the place. exaggerate the enthusiasm which has been -Upon the Elbe, on the 17th, an arch exhibited by all ranks of persons through of the bridge of Dresden was blown up, out the Prussian dominions ; or the demon- and General Durutte had taken a position strations of joy with which the Emperor was upon the left bank. The Saxons had received.— The King of Prussia has made marched round Torgaw.
-The Viceroy an excursion to Berlin, where he was to see had left Leipzic, and had, on the 21st, his General De York. The inhabitants in head-quarters at Magdeburg. General LaSaxony have every where received the Rus-poype commanded the bridge and fortress sian forces with expressions of cordiality at Wittenberg, which was armed and pronot inferior to those of the Prussians: the visioned for several months, and was given same has occurred in Mecklenbourg.- up to him in good condition.- Arrived Your Lordship will see by the printed re- at Magdeburg, the Viceroy on the 22d ports, the manner in which General Tet- instant, sent Gen. Lauriston upon ternborn and his detachment were received bank of the Elbe. Gen. Maison had marchat Hainburgh: the same zeal was manifested to Mockern, and pushed forward his ed at Lauenbourg, where, in a moment, posts upon Bug and Zuzar : he found only the French arms were destroyed.The some pulks of light troops, which he overBaltic ports, and that of Hamburgh, have threw, and of which he took or killed about been opened by proclamations. — The sixty men. -On the 12th, General Saint blockade of Dantzic by land continues, as Cyr, commanding the 32d military divistated in my last dispaich, but the naviga- sion, judged it advisable to repass to the tion of the Baltic having opened, Captain left bank of the Elbe, and leave Hamburgh Acklon lost no time in detaching some of to the National Guards. From the 15th to His Majesty's ships under his command, by the 20th, different insurrections broke out which that place is now closely blockaded in the department of the mouths of the by sea; these vessels having already cap- Elbe and the Ems.-General Morand, tured iwo ships which attempted to come who occupied Swedish Pomerania, having in with supplies. The sickness with which been informed of the evacuation of Berlin, the French have insected every place they retreated upon Hamburgh. He passed the have entered during their retreat, rages in Elbe at Zolunpesche, and on the 17th efDantzic, and numbers of the garrison, as fected his junction with General Carra St. well as of the inhabitants, are stated to Cyr. Two hundred of the enemy's light have perished by it. --Spandau is besieg troops having overtaken bis rear-guard, he ed. The Russian reinforcements continue caused them to be charged, and killed some to arrive upon the frontier, and numbers of men. General Morand took post upon the convalescents daily join the ranks of their left bank, and General St. Cyr marched l'espective regiments.- I have the honour upon Bremen. -On the 24th, General to be, &c.
St. Cyr dispatched two moveable columns, Cathcart. to march against the batteries of Carlsbourg
and Blexen, of which some smugglers, asLord Viscount Castlereagh, bc.bc.&c.
sisted by the peasantry, and some English disembarkations, had taken possession, These columns routed the
took the batteries. The Chiefs were taken Siluation of the French Armies in the Norlh, and shot. The Englislı who disembarked March 30, 1813.
were but about an hundred. We were The garrison of Dantzic dislodged the only able to take forty prisoners from them. enemy from all the heights of Oliva, in the - The Viceroy had collected all his beginning of March. The garrison of army, 100,000 strong aud 300 pieces of Thorn and Modelen were in the best state. cannon, round Magdeburg, inaneuvring The corps which blockaded Zamose liad re- upon the two banks. The General of Brimoved to a distance. Upon the Oder, gade, Montbrun, who with a brigade of cathe fortresses of Stettin, Custrin, and Glo- valry occupied Stundal, having learned that gaw, were not besieged. The enemy still the enemy had passed the Lower Elbe in kept without cannon shot of them. The boats, near Verden, marched thither on the garrison of Stettin had burnt all the sub- 28th, dispersed the enemy's light troops, urbs, and prepared all the ground round and entered Verden at full gallop. The