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that the war is not quite so “ necessary,

" notice by the rapidly increasing Beggary however "just", they may still think it. " and Wretchedness of Myriads of its inThey have, I repeat it, no right to com- “dustrious and frugal Inhabitants, who, plain against the ministers, who have not " at no very distant period, enjoyed affludeviated from the system of Pitt and Gren- "ence or competence ; and also by the ville, and who, with regard to Ame“ obviously increasing INABILITY of our rica, are only acting upon the very same “ ablest Financiers, even while imposing a principles, and pursuing the very same ob- " most oppressive Taxation, to devise means jects, that have been acted upon and pur- “ for raising Supplies in any wise corressued from the year 1792 to the present

pondent to the Public Annual Expenditure. day; and the manufacturers are tasting, In the largest Parish of this once as is most meet, of the fruit of the tree of " lourishing, but now miserable Town, their own planting and protecting. “ nearly a third part of its Population, in

consequence of the interruption of Trade, PEACE--The following Petition for " is reduced to the state of PAUPERS ; and Peace, of the Town of Nottingham, is " in the other Parishes of the Town, not worthy of particular attention on account of " less oppressive to those Inhabitants on the facts it states.-" To His Royal High- " whom a levy can be made, is the BURness the Prince Regent.-Sir, We, the “DEN OF Poor's Rates. And we are “ Undersigued, Burgesses, or Inhabitants “credibly informed, that a like reduction " of the Town, and County of the Town of " to Beggary and Want of Multitudes of " Nottingham, and its Precincts, beg leave " our Countrymen in the different Manuto claim the attention of your Royal facturing Towns of this Kingdom, is the

Highness, as being the Representative of " consequence of the annihilation of our "a Sovereign, whose highest glory we " Trade, and of the increase of the Taxa

presume it is, that he should be consi: “tion produced by War.- -- Additional “dered as the Father of his People; while" to these Evils, might be recalled to your * we dutifully present, before the Throne, " Royal Highness's recollection those also,

a statement of the Evils from War, ex- " which are inevitable concomitants of the “perienced by Ourselves, and by Millions' " most successful Wars, even when waged “ beside of His Majesty's vast family: and " by Nations whose resources may be the "while we earnestly supplicate, from a " most ample, and whose condition the " Patemal Regard, so becoming an English nost flourishing. -It assuredly cannot "Monarch, that relief from dire distress, " be a matter of little estimation with your " which the speedy restoration of Peace Royal Highness, that Thousands of brave " alone can be expected to afford.On “ Men should be extended liseless on the “ that Royal Power, which was designed ". Field of Battle: 'that Thousands should " to be a blessing and protection to Mil" perish by the hardships of Warfare: that Slidns, we call for an exertion of God-like that there should be Thousands of mourn" Benevolence, which shall spoedily termi- "ing Widows and Orphan Children : that

nate a Contest, unhappily commenced " Thousands of Parents should be hurried " with precipitancy, and direfully pro- "to the Grave by the loss of beloved Sons, ::

longed by the exasperated passions and "who were the support of their declining the infatuated understandings of Men. “ Years : that Thousands should die lin-.

Many are the Motives to Peace, and most gering deaths in Captivity: and that the "powerful, which might be expected to 6. Majority of the Survivors of a long and

influence the mind of your Royal High- " bloody Contest, having, in a course of “ ness. A respect for the divine principles “ Warlare, experienced interruption to " of Christianity and Humanity, it may be “ those Moral habits, which promote the

hoped, will prevent your Royal High- " harmony, comfort, and welfare of Civil “ness from being swayed by the represen- Society and of Domestic Life, should, on “tations of Men, whose prejudices, pas- " the return of a state of Peace, be rendere “sions, or selfish interesis, render them " ed less valuable Members of Society, and "s Advocates for the PerpeTUITY OF A WAR " less welcome to the Roofs of their Rela« which, if much longer persisted in, will “tions and Friends.- -As a speedy resto"evidently be accompanied by civil com- " ration of Peace alone can mitigate the " motion, by famine, and by pestilence. “heavy Evils we endure, and save the In-An awful admonition of our having

66 habitants of this Land from impending “ nearly exhausted the Resources of the "w.ruin, and the irrecoverable loss of their

Country is painfully obtruded on our "nonce prosperous and enviableCondition; as

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44 “ now the ill success and disappointed views of Nottinghain now claim our attention, 66 of the Enemy may lead him to listen and, we are told, that in one of the prin

more readily to reasonable Conditions of cipal parishes, nearly every third person is “ Peace ; we join our afflicted Countrymen a pauper. The misery must, in such a 6 in earnestly petitioning your Royal High case, be dreadful ; and it will, I trust,

ness to manisest by some unequivocal Ex- meet due attention from the parliament.

pression or Public Act of the British Go- -Perceval used to say, in answer to all “ vernment, your truly Royal desire to applications for relief to such persons, that " seize the earliest opportunity of sheath- it would do harm is granted ; but, why, “ ing the Sword of Slaughter, and healing then, make grants of relief to the Russians?: " the wounds of a long-protracted War : Why should such a grant do more harm in, " that thus the Enemy may be precluded England than in Russia ? Mr. Wilberforce “ from plausibly throwing the odium of (formerly member for Yorkshire and now " delight in War and its concomitant mi. for the borough of Bamber) said, that he "S series on your Royal Highness's pacifica. had attempted to make a calculation of the

: tory Government. We will indulge sum per head which the Russian £200,000 “the hope that your Royal Highness will would amount to, if divided amongst the

grant the Prayer of our Petition; and paupers in England; but that he had " that your Highness's endeavours will be found it to be too small to admit of a name. ** effectual in soon restoring to the afflicted Indeed! Why, there are 4 millions of " People, intrusted to your Royal protec shillings in £200,000. And, if the - tion, that lasting Peace after which they worthy representative of the borough of so ardently aspire.-Thus may the Bamber did not estiinate our

sons and * blessings of the Peace-maker descend on daughters of misery at more than 4 mil.

your Royal Highness; and thus may lions, the £200,000 given to the Russians

your Royal Father, when called from would have given each of our poor crea“: his present state of sufferings to a better tures a shilling; and would have fed them « World, be enabled to resign to your better than they are now fed for half a - Royal Highness, in a state of Peace, that week. If he considered the number of " Throne, which he ascended amid the din paupers at 3,000,000, and that is nearly " of arms, and on which he has continued oue-third part of the population, the " to sit during so many years of war.” £200,000 would have afforded all our

-The statement relative to the paupers paupers Is. 6d. each ; and, I can assure is very alarming. The consequences of the member for Bamber, that eighteen such a state of things no man can foresee. pence a-piece would have made their eyes The news-papers tell us, that a detachment sparkle. Nay, would not £200,000 of the Queen's Bays have been marched have maintained all the paupers in England into the town; for the purpose, I suppose, and Wales for a whole week? £200,000, of giving relief to the hungry bellies of the multiplied hy 52, gives the sum of people: The writers are assuredly the £10,400,000; and, I believe, that, at most callous men that ever breathed. They the last return laid before parliament, the never, upon any occasion, let slip out, total amount of the poor-rates, in England even by accident, a sentiment of com- and Wales, for one year, was less than passion for the sufferings of the people. £6,000,000. Indeed, I know that it was They are always for measures of vigour so; and, therefore, unless the poor-rate's towards them.' Vigour, indeed! What have nearly doubled in amount during the vigour is wanted towards a set of poor last ten years, the meinber for Bamber creatures whom the wind would almost will find, that this grant to the poor of blow away? For my part, however sin- Russia would have maintained all the poor gular my taste may be, I would much ra. in England for one whole week; and, ther give a pound to these poor souls at would it have been nothing to give them a Nottingham than the millionth part of a double allowance for a week? Would it farthing to the people of Russia, who, as be nothing to give all the poor of onr own we are NOW told by the Times news-country a week's food in this pinching paper, set fire to their own houses, their season ?--As to the people at Lloyd's; own goods, their own food, their own as to the SUBSCRIBING people, let them sick and wounded soldiers; and, in short, have their taste; they subscribed towards to the whole of the capital of the Russian the war, and so did the old, famous old Einpire. -But, more of these impudent gentleman, who subscribed £10,000 tolies" about: Moscow another time: the poor wards the voluntary contribulions, and


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who has since honestly avowed, that he Muly Molock, “know all," ---He is not did it out of the public money, and for the ill, nor does he appear to be at all discousake of selling an example to the public! certed at what has taken place in the This was in due course; but, such ex. North. He will organize his plans, in all amples have no effect, I believe, except on probability, for another campaign in Rusthose, who, some how or other, get by sia ; and we shall, perhaps, hereafter the war.

-Let these persons give their repent, that we have missed the last opmoney to the Russians for setting fire to portunity of making a safe and honourable their own houses, as the Times tells us, peace. --The people of Nottingham do they have their taste'; but, one would not seem, however, to view the matter in imagine, that, in the sums voted by par- a right light. They seem to think, that liament, that is to say, in the sums given it is the present ministry who prevent away out of the taxes raised upon the peace. But, have they heard either of the people of England, some of our own poor other factions say a word in its favour? creatures, such as those at Nottingham, Have they not, on the contrary, heard the might be permitted to share with the other factions blame the ministers for not Russians.- -The Russians, we are told, carrying on the war upon a more extended suffer in the war against our enemy; and scale? These factions, if they be sincere, do not our own paupers suffer from the want more' war than we now have, and, same cause ? ' Do not they suffer from the of course, more taxes. They cry out, that imposing of taxes and from the loss of their Lord Wellington wants money. Aye, I business? And what do these arise from dare say, he does; but, must not we pay but from the war? -I should, I must it before he gets it? And do we want to confess, be very glad to hear the reasons, pay more money? The fact is, that the why our poor suffering wretches are not to OÚT factions blame the ministers for behave a parliamentary grant as well as the ing loo sparing of our purses! We sufferers in Russia. But, this is what I shall have peace at last, but not, in my shall not hear from any of the hireling opinion, while the guinea is so cheap as it writers. This is a topic that they will not now is. It will now sell for only about touch upon ; for, if they were to give their 295. 6d. Il must be a great deal dearer reasons; their TRUE reasons, they would before we shall, in my opinion, have "speak a little too plain even to the people peace. of England. As to the prayer of the

WM. COBBETT.. petition, I know not what the Regent may think of it; but, the hireling press, so

Botley, 7th January, 1813. far from thinking of peace, is, more than ever bent on war. It will now hear of no peace, the path to which is not " over the

OFFICIAL PAPERS. corpse of the monster;" meaning the Emperor of France, and which “monster's"

PROCLAMATION, corpse seems, as yet, to be, however, in Issued by the Emperor Alexander, daled pretty good health and preservation.”

Sl. Pelersburgh, Nov. 15. What wiseacres! They are as wise as they are honest, however ; and, the suf- Continued front page 30.) fering of them, the tolerating of their he now, with the small remains of them, trash, meets with its just reward. They, seeks his personal safety in the rapidity of like many thousands of others, would lose his flight; he flies from Moscow withi as by peace; and, therefore, they are for much fear and depression as he advanced war. -They will not now treat with against it with pride and insolence; he Napoleon because he is, as they say, at fies, leaving his cannon behind him, a low ebb; and formerly they would not throwing away his baggage, and sacritreat with him, because he swam with the ficing every thing that can retard the swifttide of victory : so that, according to them, ness of his flight. Thousands of the fugithere never can come a time to treat for tivés daily fall to the earth and expire. In peace with the ruler of France.- -But, I such manner does the just vengeance of had forgotten, he is very ill. Very ill. God punish those who insult his temples. He does, indeed, preside at Councils, re- Whilst we, with paternal tenderness and view his troops, and hunt in the woods ; | joyful heart, observe the great and praisebut; still the Times and the Courier will worthy actions of our faithful subjects, we insist, that he is very ill. They, like carry our most warm and lively gratitude


to the first cause of all good, -the Almigh-high a purpose, and such invincible per ty and in the next place we have to severance in the whole nation, does it im: express our thanks in the name of our com- mortal honour, worthy of being preserved mon country, to all our loyal subjects, as in the minds of posterity. With the couthe true sons of Russia. By their general rage of such a nation, we entertain the most energy and zeal, the force of the enemy is well-founded hopes. Whilst we jointly brought down to the lowest degree of 'de with the true church, and the holy synod cline, for the greater part has either been and clergy, supplicate God's assistance, annihilated or made prisoners. All have that if our inveterate enemy, and the mockunanimously joined in the work. Our er of God's temple and holiness, should valiant armies have every where defeated not be entirely and totally destroyed in the enemy. The liigher nobility have Russia, yet that his deep wounds, and the spared nothing by which it could contri- blood it has cost him, will bring him to bute to the increase of the strength of the acknowledge her might and strength.— State. The merchants have distinguished Meanwhile, we hold it to be our bounden themselves by sacrifices of all kinds. The duty, by this general publication before loyal people, burghers, and peasantry, the whole world, to express our gratitude have given such proofs of fidelity and love to the valiant, loyal, and religious Russian for their country, as can only be expected nation, and thereby render it due justice. of the Russian nation. They have zea- Given at St. Petersburgh, the 15th lously and voluntarily entered into the day of November, in the year 1812, after hastily raised levies, and have shewn a the birth of Christ, and in the twelfth year courage and resolution equal to veteran of our reign. warriors. They have with the same force and intrepidity penetrated the enemy's re

(Signed), ALEXANDER. giments, with the same implements with which they only a few weeks before turned up their fields. In this manner the troops

UNITED STATES. of levies sent from St. Petersburgh and No. vogorod, for the strengthening of the forces under Count Wittgenstein, have behaved Farther Documents accompanying the Prethemselves, especially at Polotzk, and

sident's Message. other places. We have besides, and with heartfelt satisfaction, perceived by the re- Mr. Graham lo Mr. Russell. ports of the Commander in Chief of the

Department of Stale, Aug. 9, 1812. - armies, and from other Generals, that in

Sir,—The Secretary left this city about several Governments, and particularly in ten days ago, on a short visit to Virginia. those of Moscow and Kalouga, the country Since that period Mr. Baker has, in conpeople have armed themselves, chosen sequence of some dispatches from his Gotheir own leaders, and not only resisted all vernment addressed to Mr. Foster, made : attempts at seducing them, but also sus

10 me a communication respecting the intained all the calamities that have befallen tentions of his Government, as regards the them with the perseverance of martyrs. Orders in Council. It was of a character, Often have they united themselves with however, so entirely inforınal and confiour detachments, and assisted them in dential, that Mr. Baker did not feel himmaking their enterprises and attacks against self at liberty to make it in the form of a the enemy. Many villages have secreted note verbal or pro memoria, .or even to their families and tender infants in the permit me to take a memorandum of it at woods; and the inhabitants, with armed ihe time lie inade it. As it authorizes an · hand and inconceivable courage, under en expectation that something more precise gagements on the Holy Gospel not to leave and definite, in an official form, may soon each other in danger, defended themselves, be received by this Government, it is the and whenever the enemy shewed himself, less necessary that I should go into an exhave fallen upon him, so that many thou- planation of the views of the President in sands of them have been cut to pieces, and relation to it, more particularly as the dispersed by the peasants, and even by Secretary of State is daily expected, and their women, and numbers taken prison will be able to do it in a manner more ers, who were indebted for their lives to satisfactory.--I have the honour to be, &c. the humanity of those very people whom they came to plunder and destroy.So



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Mr. Graham to Mr. Russell. Mr. Baker also stated, that he had received Department of State, Aug. 10, 1812. an authority from Mr. Foster to act as Sir,-- Thinking that it may possibly be charge d'Affaires, provided the American useful to you, I do myself the honour to Government would receive him in that enclose a memorandum of the conversation character, for the purpose of enabling him between Mr. Baker and myself, alluded to officially to communicate the declaration in my letter of yestesday's date.

which was to be expected from the British I have the honour to be, &c.

Government; his instructions to be under(Signed) Joun Graham.

stood, of course, as ceasing on the renewal of hostilities. Í replied, that although to

so general and informal a communication, Memorandum referred to in the above Leller.

no answer might be necessary, and cerMr. Baker verbally communicated to tainly no particular answer expected, yet me, for the information of the President, I was authorized to say, that the commuthat he had received dispatches from his nication is received with sincere satisfacGovernment, addressed to Mr. Foster, tion, as it is hoped the spirit in which dated, I believe, about the 17th of June, it is authorized by his Government may from which he was authorized to say, that lead toʻsuch farther communications as will an official declaration would be sent to this open the way not only for an early and sacountry, that the Orders in Council, so tisfactory termination, of existing hostilifar as they affected the United States, ties, but to that entire adjustment of all would be repealed on the 1st of August, to the differences which produced them, and less the conduct of the French Government, which ought to be mutually desired by and the result of the communications with both countries, and which is sincerely dethe American Government, should be such sired by this. With this desire, an auas, in the opinion of His Majesty, to ren- thority was given to Mr. Russell on the der their revival unnecessary. Mr. Baker subject of an armistice, as introductory to moreover stated, that the Orders would

final pacification, as has been made be revived, provided the American Go- known to Mr. Foster ; and the same devernment did not, within fourteen days sire will be felt on the receipt of the fürafter they received the official declaration ther and more particular communications, of their repeal, admit British armed ves- which are shortly to be expected, with sels into their ports, and put an end to the respect to the joint intimation from Mr. restrictive 'measures which had grown out Foster and the British authorities at Hali. of the Orders in Council. The dis- fax, on the subject of suspending judicial patches authorizing this communication to proceedings in the case of maritime capthe American Government expressly di- tures, to be accompanied by a suspension rected, that it should be made verbally, of military operations.

The authority and Mr. Baker did not consider himself at given to Mr. Russell just alluded 10, and liberty to reduce it to writing, even in the of which Mr. Foster was the bearer,' is form of a note-verbal, or pro memoria, or full proof of the solicitude of the Governto suffer me to take a memorandum of his ment of the United States to bring about a communication at the time he made it. general suspension of hostilities on admis. I understood from him, that the dispatches sible terms, with as little delay as possible. had been opened by Mr. Foster, at Hali. It was not to be doubted, therefore, that fax, who, in consequence of a conversation any other practical expedient for obtaining he had had with Vice-Admiral Sawyer and a similar result would readily be concurred Sir John Sherbroke, had authorized Mr. in. Upon the most favourable consideraBaker to say, that these gentlemen would tion, however, which could be given to agree, as a measure leading to a suspen- the expedient suggested through him, it sion of hostilities, that all captures made did not appear to be reducible to any pracafter a day to be fixed, should not be pro- ticable shape to which the Executive would ceeded against immediately, but be de- be authorized to give it the necessary sanctained to await the future decision of the tion ; nor indeed is it probable, that if it two Governments. Mr. Foster had not was less liable to insuperable difficulties, seen Sir G. Provost, but had written 10 it could have any material effect previous him by express, and did not doubt but to the result of the pacific advance made that he would agree to an arrangement for by this Goveriment, and which must, if the temporary suspension of hostilities. Favourably received, become operative as

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