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" should submit to your Majesty their opi- nuary, 1807. Dates must now be strictly “nions as to the answer to be given by your attended to. The Princess, upon receiv“ Majesty to the request contained in the ing this message, immediately wrote to '
Princess's letter, and as to the manner in the King, intimating to him, that she " which that answer should be communi- would wait upon him at Windsor, on the "cated to Her Royal Highness. They Monday following. The King, the mo
have, therefore, in dutiful obedience to ment he received her letter, wrote back,
your Majesty's commands, proceeded to that he preferred receiving her in London, "re-consider the whole of the subject, in " upon a day subsequent to the ensuing " this new view of it; and after much de- " week.” To this letter the Princess re- . “ liberation, they have agreed humbly to turned no answer, and waited, of course, " recommend to your Majesty the draft of a to hear from the King, respecting the time
Message, which, if approved by your for her reception, when he should come to
Majesty, they would humbly suggest London. All these Letters, you will bear "! your Majesty might send to Her Royal in mind, make part of THE BOOK, and
Highness through the Lord Chancellor. will appear in my next Number. 66
Having before humnbly submitted to your Thus, then, every thing appeared to be Majesty their opinion, that the facts of settled at last. The Princess had obtained the case did not warrant their advising her great object : that is to say, her re- · that any further steps should be taken admission to court ; and here, perhaps, the upon it by your Majesty's Government, whole affair would have ended, and the
they have not thought it necessary to ad- world would never have been much the “ vise your Majesty any longer to decline wiser for what had passed. But, now,
receiving the Princess into your Royal just when the Princess was about to be “ presence. But the result of the whole received at court, all the charges against "case does, in their judgment, render it her having been shown to be false ; just as "indispensable that your Majesty should, the King was about to receive her back into " by a serious admonition, convey to Her his presence and thus to proclaim her in
Royal Highness your Majesty's expecta- nocence to the world; just as her suffer“ tion that Her Royal Highness should beings of almost a year were about to be put
more circumspect in her fulure conduct; an end to, and she was anxiously expecting, " and they trust that in the terms in which every hour, a inessage from the King ap“they have advised, that such admonition pointing the time for her waiting upon * should be conveyed, your Majesty will him ; just then, all was put a stop to, and « not be of opinion, on a full consideration the King acquainted her, that he had been “ of the evidence and answer, that they requested to suspend any further steps in " can be considered as having at all exceed the business! And by whom, think you, “ed the necessity of the case, as arising out was this request made? Why, BY THE 56 of the last reference which your Majesty PRINCE OF WALES HIMSELF! The " has been pleased to make to them." Prince had, as the King informed the
In this minute of the cabinet there are Princess on the 10th of February, 1807, evident marks of timidity. At every period made a formal request to him, to suspend you see the hesitation of the parties from all further steps ; that is to say, to put off whom it came. It was not till nearly four receiving the Princess, till... till months, you will perceive, after the date when, think you? Why, till he (the of the Princess's letter of defence, that Prince) should be enabled to submit to the they made this minute; and, you will per- King a statement which he proposed to make ceive, too, that, in the mean while, the lo him upon the papers relating to the Princess had written, on the 8th of De- Princess's defence, after consulting wilh his cember, 1806, another letter to the King, own lawyers ! (urging a speedy decision on her case. She It was now that the serious work began. had manifestly the strong ground, and the It was now that the advisers of the Princess cabinet were puzzled beyond all descrip- began to change the tone of her letters, tion.
and, from the plaintive to burst forth into The King, agreeably to the advice of the indignant. Her Royal Highness anhis cabinet, seut a message to the Princess, swered the King's letter on the 12th of Fethrough the Lord Chancellor, Erskine, bruary, 1807, intimating her design to containing the admonition, recommended represent to him in another letter the vari. in the minute of Cabinet above inserted. ous grounds on which she felt the hardship This message was sent on the 28th of Ja. of her case, which was done in a lette
dated the 16th of February, 1807, in a struction as ministers. Upon this ground, most able manner. This is the document, therefore, they were turned out, as all the which, above all the rest, is worthy of your world thought; and away went this most attention. Perceval was, I dare say, thinking nation" 10 new election, sole author of it, and it does infinite ho- bawling out bigotry on one side, and nonour to him as a man of talents. Whether popery on the other! for reasoning, dauguage, or force, I never But, you see, my friend, that there read any thing to surpass this letter. The really appears to have been no choice left reasoning is clear as the brook and strong as to the King. He, very likely, bad sinthe torrent; the language is dignified while cere scruples as to the Catholic Bill, and the feelings it expresses are indignant ; and, had, in some sort, had it forced upon him; in short, it inakes out such a case, it pre- and, that being the case, he had a right to sents such a picture, that I no longer am make the Bill the ground of the dismission surprised at the pains which were after- of his ministers; but, that the case of the wards taken to conciliate its author and to Princess of Wales would have produced keep it from the eye of the world. Who the same effect, if the Bill had not existed, could have been the Prince's advisers upon there can, I think, not be the smallest this occasion; who could have been the doubt. In short, there appears to have cause of drawing forth this terrible letter 1 been no other way left of getting rid of a presume not to say; but, certainly, there thing, which must have operated most injunever existed in the world a man exposed riously in the opinions of the world to one, to the advice of more indiscreet or more at least, of the parties concerned; and, i faithless friends.
thiuk, you will agree with me, that his At the close of this letter (and now, as Majesty, in this case, acted the part of a the plot thickens, you must pay close at- prudent man, and of a kind and considerate tention to dates); at the close of this let- father. He had read all the documents, ter, which, you will bear in mind, was and especially the famous Jetter of the dated on the 16th of February, the Prin- Princess of the 16th of February; and he cess, for the first time, THREATENS saw the consequence of a publication of AN APPEAL TO THE PUBLIC, un those documents; therefore, he took, as less she be speedily received at Court, and you will see, the effectual means of prealso allowed some suitable establishment venting that publication. If as much good in some one of the Royal Palaces, if not in sense had lately prevailed, we should not Carleton House. To this letter, however, now have these documents to make our reshe received no answer; and, on the 5th of marks on. March, which was on a Thursday, she The Whig ministry being removed, the wrote to the King to say, that, unless her four Lords and Lord Moira, and all those requests were granted, the publication who were called the Prince's friends, being would not be withheld beyond the next out of the cabinet and out of place, there Monday, which would have been on the remained no longer any obstacle to the re9th of March, 1807. The publication ceiving of the Princess at Court; and, acdid not appear, but Mr. Perceval was cordingly, on the 21st of April, 1807, the Chancellor of the Exchequer in less than fif- following Minutes of Council were laid beleen days from that lime !
fore the King, as a prelude to that step. We all remenber how sudden, how surprising, how unaccountable, that change 6. MINUTE OF COUNCIL, was. The cause was stated to be the
“ APRIL 21, 1807. Calholic Bill ; but, at the time, all nien
PRESENT, expressed their wonder that that cause " The Lord Chancellor (ELDEN) should have been attended with such an 66 The Lord President (CAMDEN) effect. The Bill had been, by the Whig " The Lord Privy Seal (WESTMORLAND) ministry, introduced into Parliament with The Duke of PÖRTLAND the understood approbation of the King; 66 The Earl of CHATHAM and the Whigs, clinging to place, had with- " The Earl of BATHURST drawn the Bill, upon some objection being 66 Vicount CASTLEREAGH started on the part of the King. But, this " Lord MULGRAVE would not do; the King insisted upon their “ Mr. Secretary CANNING signing a promise that they would never
4 Lord HAWKESBURY. mention such a Bill to him again. This " Your Majesty's confidential servants they could not do without ensuring their de-" liave, in obedience to your Majesty's " commands, most attentively considered the honour and interests of your Majesty's " the original Charges and Report, the “ Hlustrious Family, that Her Royal High
Minutes of Evidence, and all the other " ness the Princess of Wales, should be adpapers -submitted to the consideration of " mitted with as little delay as possible,
your Majesty, on the subject of those " into your Majesly's Royal Presence, and "charges against Her Royal Highness the “ that she should be received in a manner " Princess of Wales.- -In the stage in " due to her rank and slalion, in your " which this business is brought under “ Majesty's Court and Family.
Your "their consideration, they do not feel them- “ Majesty's confidential servants also beg “ selves called upon to give any opinion as
" leave to submit to your Majesty, that " to the proceeding itself, or to the mode considering that it may
necessary that 6 of investigation in which it has been your Majesty's Government should pos" thought proper to conduct it. But ad- sess the means of referring to the state of
verting to the advice which is stated by " this transaction, it is of the utmost im" His Royal Highness the Prince of Wales portance that these documents, demon"to have directed his conduct, your Ma- "strating the ground on which your Ma" jesty's confidential servants are anxious" jesty has proceeded, should be preserved 's to impress upon your Majesty their con- in safe custody; and that for that pure “ viction that His Royal Highness could pose the originals, or authentic copies of
not, under such advice, consistently with all these papers, should be sealed up and " his public duty, have done otherwise " deposited in the office of your Majesty's "! than lay before your Majesty the State - Principal Secretary of State.” "ment and Examinations which were sub"mitted to him upon this subject.- " CABINET MINUTE, April 21, 1807. " After the most deliberate consideration,
PRESENT, " however, of the evidence which has “ been brought before the Commissioners, « The Lord President
“ The Lord Chancellor The Earl of Bathnirst
Viscount Castlereagh " and of the previous examinations, as well - The Lord Privy Seal Lord Mulgrave " as of the answer and observations which " The Duke of Portland Mr. Secretary Canning " have been submitted to your Majesty
“ The Earl of Chatham Lord Hawkesbury. “ upon them, they feel it necessary to de- • Your Majesty's Confidential Servants " clare their decided concurrence in the " think it necessary to notice, in a separate “ clear and unanimous opinion of the Com- " Minute, the request of Her Royal High6 missioners, confirmed by that of all
ness the Princess of Wales, that for her " Majesty's late confidential servants, that " inore convenient attendance at your Ma" the two main charges alleged against “ jesty's Court, some apartment should be " Her Royal Highness the Princess of " allotted to her in one of the royal palaces; “ Wales, of pregnancy and delivery, are " although it appears to your Majesty's " completely disproved; and they further Confidential Servants that some arrange" submit to your Majesty, their unani- ment in this respect may be supposed ss mous opinion, that all the other particu- ' naturally to arise out of the present state “ lars of conduct brought in accusation" of this transaction, yet they huinbly con“ against Her Royal Highness, to which“ ceive that this is a subject so purely of a “ the character of criminality can be " private and domestic nature, that your 6 ascribed, are either satisfactorily contra- “ Majesty would not expect from them any 4 dicted, or rest upon evidence of such a “ particular advice respecting it."
nature, and which was given under Thus ended the matter at that time. The “ such circumstances, as render it, in the Princess was, soon afterwards, received at " judgment of your Majesty's confidential court with great splendour, and she had
servants, undeserving of credit. - apartments allotted to her in Kensington " Your Majesty's confidential servants, Palace, which is situated at but about two “ therefore, concurring in that part of the miles from St. James's. “ opinion of your late servants, as stated Up to this moment the conduct of Per“ in their Minute of the 25th January, ceval seems to have been perfectly honour" that there is no longer any necessity for able. He might possibly have ambitious
your Majesty being advised to decline views from the beginning. He might pos
receiving the Princess imo your Royal sibly think that one way to power was 66
presence, humbly submit to your Ma- through the gratitude of the Princess, at
jesty, that it is essentially necessary, in some distant day; but, in the outset of the "justice lo Her Royal Highness, and for business, he could hardly have entertained an idea of things taking the sudden turn Princess; and, it was his failing to do that they took in i he month of March, 1807: this, which has, step by step, finally led indeed, it was impossible; for how was he, to the present disclosure. He had, inwho had written the Princess's defence, deed, done much for the Princess ; he had and so clearly seen her innocence, to fore cleared her of every imputation ; he had see, or to suppose it possible, that any restored her to the court; he had replaced obstacles would be opposed to her reception, her ju a palace; but, her husband being even after an admonition had been given now exalted, her non-exaltation operated her? Up to this period, therefore, the with regard to her character in nearly the conduct of Perceval appears to have been same way as her exclusion from court had truly honourable ; he had proved himself formerly operated. Therefore she had a to be a wise adviser, and a most able and new ground of complaint ; the imputation zealous advocate. He found the Princess against her' honour' was revived, not in banished from the court and the royal words, but in the want of acts, more espepalaces, and loaded with numerous imputa- cially as her defender was now placed on tions. He, cleared her of them all, and the highest pinnacle of power. restored her to that situation which was the In this light the Princess herself, from object of her prayer.
her last letter to the Prince, seems to have We are now to view bis subsequent viewed the matter; for, she there says, conduct towards her, and herein it is that that she has waited with patience, since he was, as appears to me, wanting in his the establishment of the Regency, to see duty both to the Prince and Princess. He what would be done. I, for my part, and others, had contrived, by one means strongly urged, at the time, the propriety and another, to suppress THE BOOK, of giving her an establishment suitable to which was ready for publication when he the new rank of her husband, and especially was made minister. But, the Princess the means of enabling her to hold a court. had been received at court, she was inha- This was not listened to. The ministers biting a palace, and the affair was at rest. seem to have thought it best to leave her in There was no blame, therefore, in the comparative obscurity; but, her own spirit suppression; but when the REGENCY and her consciousness of innocence, have came to be established in the person of the defeated their views. Still, however, all Prince; when the husband came to be ex- might have remained undisturbed, if a free alted to the rank, the power, and splen- intercourse had been permitted between her dour of a King, how could Perceval recon- and her daughter; and, I am sincerely of cile it with the letter of 16th February, opinion, from a full view of her character 1807, and with the minute of the 21st of and disposition, as exhibited in the whole April in that year, to leave the Princess of of these documents, that, provided no reWales, the wife of the Regent, in her straint had been laid upon the indulgence of former comparatively obscure and penu- her maternal affections, she would, without rious state ? How came he to do this ; | much repining, have preserved in her magand that, 100, at a time when he was so nanimous silence. But, when she saw her. amply providing for the splendour and self deprived of that indulgence ; when she power of the Queen, and was granting the saw her intercourse with her only child was public money for the making of new esta- more and more restrained ; when she saw blishments for the maiden sisters of the the likelihood of an approaching total exRegent ?
clusion from that child, and took into her Alas! We are now to look back to that view the effect which the notoriety of that wonderful event, the choosing of Perceval exclusion must have upon her reputation, for minister by the Regent, the choosing of she found it impossible longer to withhold the author of the letter of 16th February, the statement of her grievances. 1806, to the exclusion of those who had Even now, even after the writing of her always been called the Prince's Friends. last letter to the Prince; aye, and after the The Prince was certainly advised by pru- publishing of that letter, all might have dent men, when he took this step ; for he been quietly set at rest, if the Prince had avoided a certain evil at the expense of no found advisers to recommend the acceding certain, and, indeed, of no probable, good to her reasonable request. Such advisers that a change of ministry would have ef- he did not find; and we have the consefecued. But, I blame Perceval for keeping quences before his place without stipulating for, or with Upon the Report of the Privy Council to out doing, something in behalf of the the Prince dated on the 19th of February,
1813, I will not make any comment ; and, In the mean while I must beg leave to will only request you, my honest friend, point out the necessity of reading all the first to read the minute of the Cabinet of subjoined documents with great care. 21st of April, 1807, and see who it is sign- Every word will be found to be of im. ed by; then to read the defence of the portance, when you come to the perusal' Princess together with her letter of the 16th of the Princess's Defence. I shall have of February, 1807, as you will find them great pleasure in publishing and in cirin my next Number; then to read care. culating it through the world, and when fully the Report of the Privy Council of that is done, let her base enemies “ go to
19th February, 1813, and see who that is" supper with what appetite they may."
I am your faithful friend,
WM. COBBETT. of the House of Commons. That Letter would probably have produced the effect that has since been produced; but, the motion of Mr. Cochrane Johnstone did it more speedily. That motion drew from the mi
P. S. In the placing of the documents in nisters a full and compiele acknowledg. ment of the innocence of the Princess; and pages 409 and 410, of the second sheet of that acknowledgment has drawn forth, the present Number, there is a mistake. through the channel of a paper, the pro- They should have come into the next Numperty of a Reverend Divine, who has re- ber. The Printer has also erred in sup. cently been made a Baronet, a publication of the Depositions AGAINST the Princess; posing and noting that those documents do but, with shame for my country, with not make part of THE BOOK. They do shame for the English press; and with in- make part of the Book, and their proper dignation inexpressible against its conductors, I say it, while the documents against
place will be pointed out in the next Numher have all been poured fortb in hasty suc
ber.- -I hope I shall be excused for sendcession, her defence; her able, her satis-ing forth the accusation unaccompanied factory, her convincing, her incontroverti- by the defence, but, it has been out of · ble answer to all, and every one of the charges against her, and her exposure of my power to avoid it. Yet, I think it my the injustice and malice and baseness of her duty to state here, that, after a carefuļ enemies, have been carefully, by these perusal of the whole of the Book, great same prints; prints attached both the political factions, been kept from the part of which I had, indeed, seen long public eye!
ago, I have no hesitation in saying, that Any thing so completely base as this I there cannot rest, in the mind of any do not recollect to have before witnessed, even in the conduct of the London press ;
man of sound judgment and without unbut, my friend, this nefarious attempt to due bias, the smallest doubt, that all ; support injustice will not succeed. In the yes, all the accusations against the Princess present Double Number of my Register 1 were false, and the production of a base have inserted all the Evidence against the Princess; in another Number, next week, and malicious conspiracy against her, the of the same description, I shall insert the object of which was totally to destroy her whole of her defence ; and, thus you will reputation and degrade her for ever from been called THE BOOK. You will then all rank and dignity in the country. This be at no loss to decide upon every point is my sincere and decided opinion; and in relating to this important affair, aud upon this opinion I am confident I shall be the conduct of all the parties, who, by joined by every impartial person in the these documents, will be brought under your view.