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tial consideration of existing circumstances violating the rights of the United States,
shall be deemed most expedient. As an and in return it will restore peace with the : inducement to Great Britain to discontinue Power, from whom in a friendly commer
the practice of impressment from American cial intercourse so many advantages are to vessels, I am authorized to give assurance be derived. — Your Lordship is undoubtthat a law shall be passed (to be reciprocal) edly aware of the serious difficulties with to prohibit the employment of British sea- which the prosecution of the war, even for men in the public or commercial service of a short period, must necessarily embarrass the United States. It is sincerely be all future attempts at accommodation. Paslieved, that such an arrangement would sions exasperated by injuries-alliances or prove more efficacious, in securing to Great conquests on terms which forbid their abanBritain her seamen, than the practice of donment—will inevitably hereafter embitter impressment, su derogatory to the sovereign and protract a contest which might now be attributes of the United States, and so in- so easily and happily terminated. compatible with the personal rights of their ly impressed with these truths, I cannot citizens.--Your Lordship will not be but persuade myself that His Royal Highsurprised that I have presented the revoca- ness the Prince Regent will take into his tion of the Orders in Council as a prelimi. early consideration the propositions herein nary to the suspension of hostilities, when made on behalf of the United States, and it is considered that the act of the British decide on them in a spirit of conciliation Government of the 23d of June last, or- and justice.I have the honour to be, daining that revocation, is predicated on with high consideration, my Lord, your conditions, the performance of which is Lordship's most obedient servant, rendered impracticable by the change
JONA RUSSELL. which is since known to have occurred in to the Right Hon. Lord Viscount the relations between the two countries.
Castlereagh, bc. It cannot now be expected that the Government of the United States will immediately, on due notice of that Act, revoke, or cause
Lord Castlereagh to Mr. Russell. to be revoked, its Acts, excluding from the
Foreign Office, Aug. 29. waters and harbours of the United States Sir,-Although the diplomatic relations all British armed vessels, and interdicting between the two Governments have been commercial intercourse with Great Britain. terminated, by a declaration of war on the Such a procedure would necessarily involve part of the United States, I have not hesiconsequences too unreasonable and extrava- tated, under the peculiar circumstances of gant to be for a moment presumed. The the case, and the authority under which Order in Council of the 23d of June last you act, to submit to the Prince Regent the will, therefore, according to its own terms, proposition contained in your letter of the be null, and of no effect, and a new act of 24th inst. for a suspension of hostilities. the British Government, adapted to exist- -From the period at which your ining circumstances, is obviously required for structions must have been issued, it is obthe effectual repeal of the Orders in Coun- vious that this overture was determined cil of which the United States complain. upon by the Government of the United
-The Government of the United States States.in ignorance of the Order in Council considers indemnity for injuries received of the 23d of June last, and as you inform under the Orders in Council and other me that you are not at liberty to depart edicts, violating the rights of the Ameri- from the conditions set forth in your leiter, can nation, to be incident to their repeal, it only remains for me to acquaint you, that and it believes that satisfactory provision the Prince Regent feels himself under the will be made in the definitive treaty to be necessity of declining to accede to the prohereafter negociated for this purpose.- positions therein contained, as being on vaThe conditions now offered to the British rious groonds absolutely inadmissible. Government for the termination of the war As soon as there was reason to apprehend by an armistice, as above stated, are so that Mr. Foster's functions might have moderate and just in themselves, and so en ceased in America, and that he might have tirely consistent with its interest and ho- been obliged to withdraw himself, in connour, that a confident hope is indulged that sequence of war being declared, from the it will not hesitate to accept them. In so United St before the above-mentioned doing it will abandon no right; it will sa-Order of the 23d of June, and the instruccrifice no interest; it will abstain only from tions consequent' thereupon, could have
reached hiin, measures were taken for 29th ult, which I did not receive until this
(Signed) Jona RUSSELL.
Gastlereagh. either to check abuse in exercise of the practice of impressment, or to accomplish, by means less liable to vexation, the object Lord Castlereagh to Mr. Russell. for which impressment has hitherto been
Foreign Office, Sept. 2, 1812. found necessary; but they cannot consent to
Sir, I have laid before His Royal Highsuspend the exercise of a right upon which ness the Prince Regent your letter of the 1st the naval strength of the empire mainly inst. in which you announce your intention depends, until they are fully convinced to embark immediately at Plymouth, on that means can be devised, and will be board the ship Lark, for the United States. adopted, by which the object to be obtain I have already the honour of forwarded by the exercise of that right can be ef- ing to you an Admiralty Order, for the fectually secured. I have the honour to be, protection of that ship as a cartel on her Sir, your most obedient humble Servant,
voyage to America, and I herewith enclose
to you a passport for the free embarkation 3. Russell, Esq. dr.
of yourself and family, in conformity to
of His Majesty's Treasury will issue direc-
18, Benlinck-street, 1st Sept. 1812. to give every facility to the embarkation of My Lord, I have learnt with much reyour effects. If, previous to your degret, by your Lordship's note, dated the parture from England, you can point out
to me any particular manner in which I can United States, and that I shall transmit, facilitate your arrangements, I beg that you without delay, corresponding intelligence will command my services.-His Royal to the several parts of the world where Highness has commanded me to signify to hostilities may have commenced ; the Bri you, for the information of your Govern- tish Commanders in which will be requir.. ment, that there will be no difficulty in al- to discontinue hostilities, from the receipt lowing Mr. R.G. Beasly, as stated in your of such notice. --Should the American letter, to reside in this country, as the Government accede to the above proposal United States agent for prisoners of war. for terminating hostilities, I am authorized I have the honour to subscribe myself, to arrange with you as to the revocation of with great truth and consideration, Sir, your the laws which interdict the commerce and most obedient humble servant,
ships of war of Great Britain from the har(Signed) CASTLEREACH.
bours and waters of the United States ; in
default of which revocation within such 3. Russell, Esq.
reasonable period as may be agreed upoo, you will observe, by the Order of the
23d of June, the Orders in Council of JaCorrespondence between Sir J. B. Warren, nuary, 1807, and April, 1809, are to be and the Secrelary of Stale, Mr. Monroe. revived.---The officer who conveys this
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Sept. 30. letter to the American coast has received Sir,—The departure of Mr. Foster from my orders to put to sea immediately upon America has devolved upon me the charge the delivering of this dispatch to the comof making known to you, for the informa petent Authority; and I earnestly recomtion of the Government of the United States, mend, that no time may be lost in comthe sentiments entertained by His Royal municating to me the decision of your GoHighness the Prince Regent, upon the ex- vernment, persuaded as I feel, that it cans isting relations of the two countries.- not but be of a nature to lead to a speedy You will observe from the enclosed copy
termination of the present differences. of an Order in Council, bearing date the The flag of truce which you may charge 23d of June, 1812, that the Orders in with your reply, will find one of my cruizCouncil of the 7th of Jan. 1807, and the ers at Sandy Hook, ten days after the 26th of April, 1809, ceased to exist nearly landing of this dispatch, which I have dia' at the same time that the Government of rected to call there with a flag of truce for the United States declared war against His that purpose. I have the honour to be, Majesty: -- Immediately on the receipt with the highest consideration, of this declaration in London, the Order in
JOHN BORLASE WARREN, Council, of which a copy is herewith en
Admiral of the Blue, and Commander closed to you, was issued, on the 31st day
in Chief, &c. of July, for the embargo and detention of all American ships. Under these circumstances, I am commanded to propose
Mr. Monroe to Sir J. B. Warren, to your Government the immediate cessa- Department of State, Oct. 27, 1812. tion of hostilities between the two coun- Sir, I have had the honour to receive tries; and I shall be most happy to be the your letter of the 30th ult. and to submit instrument of bringing about a reconcilia- it to the consideration of the President. tion, so interesting and beneficial to Ame- It appears that you are authorized to prorica and Great Britain. -I therefore pose a cessation of hostilities between the propose to you, that the Government of United States and Great Britain, on the che United States of America shall instantly ground of the repeal of the Orders in recall their letters of marque and reprisal Council; and, in case the proposition is against British ships, together with all acceded to, to take measures, in concert orders and instructions for any acts of hos- with this Government, to carry it into tility whatever against the territory of His complete effect on both sides.--You Majesty, or the persons or property of his state, also, that you have it in charge in subjects : with the understanding, that the event, to enter into an arrangement immediately on my receiving from you an with the Government of the United States official assurance to that effect, I shall in- for the repeal of the laws which interdict struct all the officers under my command the ships of war and the commerce of Great to desist from corresponding measures of Britain from the barbours and waters of war against the ships and property of the the United States; and you intimate, that
if the proposition is not acceded to, the quence. It cannot be presumed, while Orders in Council (repealed conditionally the parties are engaged in a negociation to by that of the 23d of June last) will be re- adjust amicably this important difference, vived against the commerce of the United that the United States would admit the States. I am instructed to inform you, right or acquiesce in the practice of the opthat it will be very satisfactory to the Pre-posite party; or that Great Britain would sident to meet the British Government in be unwilling to restrain her cruizers from a such arrangements as may terminate with practice which would have the strongest out delay, the hostilities which now exist tendency to defeat the negociation. It is between the United States and Great Bri- presumable that both parties would enter tain, on conditions honourable to both na- | into a negociation with a sincere desire to tions.--At the moment of the declaration give it effect. For this purpose, it is neof war, the President gave a signal proof cessary that a clear and distinct understandof the attachment of the United States to ing be first obtained between them, of the peace. Instructions were given, at an accommodation which each is prepared to early period, to the late Chargé d'Affaires make. If the British Government is willa of the United States at London, to propose ing to suspend the practice of impressment to the British Government an armistice, on from American vessels, on consideration conditions which, it was presumed, would that the United States will exclude British have been satisfactory. It has been seen seamen from their service, the regulation with regret, that the proposition made by by which this compromise should be care Mr. Monroe, particularly in regard to the ried into effect would be solely the object important interest of impressment, was of this negociation. The arınístice would rejected, and that none was offered through be of short duration. If the parties agree, that channel, as basis on which hostili. peace would be the result. If the negociaties might cease.--As your Government tion failed, each would be restored to its has authorized you to propose a cessation former state, and to all its pretensions, by of hostilities, and is doubtless aware of the recurring to war.---Lord Castlereagh, in important and salutary effect which a sa- his note to Mr. Russell, seems to have tisfactory adjustment of this difference cau- supposed, that, had the British Governnot fail to have on the future relations be- ment accepted the propositions made to it, <ween the two countries, I indulge the Great Britain would have suspended immehope that it has, ere this, given you full diately the exercise of a right on the mere powers for the purpose. Experience has assurance of this Government, that a law sufficiently evinced that no peace can be would be afterwards passed to prohibit the durable, unless this object is provided for employment of British seamen in the service it is presumed, therefore, that it is equally of the United States, and that Great Brithe interest of both countries to adjust it at tain would have no agency in the regulathis time. — Without further discussing tion to give effect to that proposition. Such questions of right, the President is de- an idea was not in the contemplation of sirous to provide a remedy for the evils this Government, nor is to be reasonably complained of on both sides. The claim inferred from Mr. Russell's note: least, of the British Government is to take from however, by possibility such an inference the merchant vessels of other countries might be drawn from the instructions to British subjects. In the practice, the Mr. Russell, and anxious that there should Gommanders of British ships of war often be no misunderstanding in the case, subsetake from the merchant vessels of the quent instructions were given to Mr. RusUnited States American citizens. If the sell, with a view to obviate every objecUnited States prohibit the employment of tion of the kind alluded to.
As they bear British subjects in their service, and en- date on the 27th of July, and were forforce the prohibition by suitable regula- warded by the British packet Alphea, it is tions and penalties, the motive for the more than probable that they may have practice is taken away. It is in this mode been received and acted on.- -I am hapthat the President is willing to accommo- py to explain to you thus fully the views date this important controversy with the of my Government on this important subBritish Government, and it cannot be con-ject. The President desires that the war ceived on what ground the arrangement which exists between our countries should can be refused.--A suspension of the be terminated on such conditions as may practice of impressment, pending the ar- secure a solid and durable peace.
To acmistice, seems to be a necessary conse complish this great object, it is necessary that the interest of impressment be satis- ( mises on his tongue, he never ceased to factorily arranged. He is willing that think on war. At length having collected Great Britain should be secured agaiust a large army, and strengthened it with the evils of wbich she complains. He seeks, Austrian, Prussian, Bavarian, Wurtemon the other hand, that the citizens of the berg, Westphalian, Italian, Spanish, PorUnited States should be protected against a tuguese, and Polish regiments, who were practice, which, while it degrades the na- constrained through disgrace and fear, he tion, deprives them of their right as free- put himself in motion with this immense men, takes them by force from their fa- force, supplied with vast quantities of armilies and their country, into a foreign tillery, and penetrated into the interior of service, to fight the battles of a foreign our country. Murder, fire, and destrucPower, perhaps against their own kindred tion, were his attendants on the march. and country.--I abstain from entering, The plundered property, the towns and in this communication, into other grounds villages set on fire, the smoking ruins of of differences. The Orders in Council Moscow, the Kremlin blown up into the having been repealed (with a reservation air, the temples and altars of the Lord not impairing a corresponding right on the destroyed ; in one word, all kinds of cruelpart of the United Scates), and no illegal ly and barbarity, hitherto unheard of, at blockades revived or instituted in their length prove by his own actions, that they stead, and an understanding being obtained have long been lying concealed in the depth on the subject of impressment, in the mode of his mind. The mighty and happy Rusherein proposed, the President is willing sian Empire, which possesses every thing to agree to a cessation of hostilities, with a in abundance, awakened in the heart of view to arrange, by treaty, in a more dis- the enemy envy and dread. The possession tinct and ample manner, and to the satis of the whole world could not satisfy him, faction of both parties, every other subject so long as the fertile fields of Russia stilí of controversy. I will only add, that if were happy. Full of this envy and interthere be no objection to an accommodation nal hatred, he revolved, turned, and arof the difference relating to impressment, ranged in his mind, all manner of evil in the mode proposed, other than the sus- means by which he might give a dreadful pension of the British claims to impress- blow to her power, a total confusion to her ment during the armistice, there can be riches, and bring general destruction on none to proceeding, without the armistice, her prosperity. He likewise thought, by to'an immediate discussion and arrange- cunning and Aattery, to shake the fidelity ment of an article on that subject. This of our subjects ; by the defilement of the great question being satisfactorily adjusted, sanctuaries, and of God's temples, to make the way will be open either for an armistice religion unsteady, and to strike the naor any other course leading most convenient- tional sight with follies and extravagances. ly and expeditiously to a general pacification. On these hopes he built his destructive I have the honour to be, &c.
plans, and with them he forced himself,
like a pestilential and murderous tempest, JAMES MONRO.
into the heart of Russia. The whole world has fixed its attention on our suf
fering country, and inwardly moved, PROCLAMATION,
thought they saw in the reflection of the Issued by the Emperor Alexander, dated flames of Moscow the last day of the exist
St. Petersburgh, Nov. 15. ence of our freedom and independence. We, Alexander the First, by the Grace But great and mighty is the God of Justice ! of God, Emperor and Autocrat of all the The triumph of the enemy was of short Russias, &c. It is well known to the duration ; pressed on all sides by our vawhole world in what manner the enemy
liant armies and levies, he soon discovered has entered the boundaries of our empire. that by his temerity he had ventured 100 No step or means that have so frequently far, and that he could not, either by his been resorted to by the punctual fulllment vaunted army, his seducements, or his of the peaceable stipulations, nor our steady cruelties, inspire fear into the loyal and endeavours by all possible means to avert valiant Russians, nor save himself from the effects of a bloody and destructive war,
destruction. After many fruitless endeahave been able to check his obstinate de vours, and now that he sees his numerous sign, in which he shewn himself en- troops every where beaten and destroyed, tirely immoveable. With peaceable pro
(To be continued.)