« PoprzedniaDalej »
-The 9th Title of the Senatus Consul- / made a long Report on the Projet of the tum therefore supposes that the Empresses, Organic Senatus Consultum, (which will if the Emperor should authorize it, have be given to-morrow.- -The Senate unanithe right of being consecrated, crowned, mously voted the Projet. and proclaimed, are capable, so to say,
SENATUS CONSULTUM. exercising the Regency. In this august so
NAPOLEON, &c.—The Senate, after hav. lemnity, Gentlemen, you will find intermixed the strength of remembrance, the ing heard the Orators of the Council of
State, has decreed, and we ordain as folgrandeur of interests, the force of atten
lows: tion, the extent of hopes, even to the possibility of misfortune, and to providing Extract from the Registers of the Conservaagainst regrets. From this moment the
live Senate, Friday, Feb. 5. double adoption of the nation by the sove- The Conservative Senate assembled to reign, and of the sovereign by the nation, the number of Members prescribed by Art. will be consecrated by whatever is most 90 of the Act of the Constitution of the 13th holy in religion, august in human power, Dec. 1799 ;---Having seen the projet of and the most consoling Providence, and if the Organic Senatus consultum drawn up possible to render this source of profound in the form prescribed by Art. 57 of the reflection and touching emotions still more Act of Constitution of the 4th of August, fruitful. The last title of the Senatus 1802; After having heard on the moConsultum promises the nation to see, as in tives of the said projet the Orators of the other epochas of the monarchy, the heredi-Council of State, and the Report of the tary Prince King of Rome, anointed and Special Commission appointed in the Sitting crowned under the auspices of his august of the 2d of this month. The adoption Father, take beforehand the holy engage- having been deliberated, to the number of ments which he is called to fulfil towards voices prescribed by Art. 56 of the Act of him and the state, and become thus more the Constitution of the 4th August, 1802, especially entitled to the love and devotion decrees : of the French. -As I have said enough,
TITLE I. Gentlemen, in this short exposé to make
of the Regency you appreciate, in all its extent, the import- Art. 1. The case occurring, in which the ance of this Senatus Consultum, a fresh mo- Emperor ascends the throne a minor, withnument of the constant solicitude of the out his Father having disposed of the ReEmperor for the duration of his institutions, gency of the Empire, the Empress Mother the security of his subjects, the glory of his unites of right to the guardianship of her dynasty. This is the manner, Gentle Son the Regency of the Empire.2. men, in which it is proper to reply to mad The Empress Regent cannot marry a second projects-anarchial hopes--1 almost said, time.—-3. In case of the failure of the to the murderous wishes of our enemies. Empress, the Regency, if the Emperor has The People and the Governments which not otherwise disposed of it, appertains to they attempt to deceive, will acknowledge the first Prince of the Blood, and in default their error, in seeing on the one side, bat- of him, to one of the other French Princes, talions, squadrons, already arrived, or ready in the order of succession to the Crown. to march wherever the safety or glory of the -4. Should there not be any Prince of Empire calls them; and on the other, wise the Blood capable of exercising the Regency, prudence guarding the future against im- it passes of right to the first of the Princes probable misfortunes, and still more Grand Dignitaries of the Empire in funcstrengthening a Government already secur- tion at the moment of the decease of the ed by the affection of all, and defended by Emperor, to one in default of the other, in the interests of all.
the following order, viz. The first, the Arch· The Projet of the Organic Senalus Con- chancellor of the Empire; the second, the sultuin was sent to a Special Commission, Arch-chancellor of State; the third, the and the Senate adjourned to Friday the 5th Grand Elector; the fourth, the Constable; instant.
the fifth, the Arch-treasurer ; the sixth, the Silling of Friday, Feb. 5.
Grand Admiral.- -5. A French Prince, The Senate met at two o'clock, under the seated on a foreign Royal throne, at the presidency of his Highness the Prince Arch- moment of the Emperor's decease, is incaChancellor of the Empire.-Count Pas- pable of exercising the Regency.-6. toret, in the name of the Special Commis. The Emperor not appointing Vice Grand sion appointed in the Sitting of the 2d, Dignitaries, except when the Titulars are called to foreign thrones, the Vice Grand the Constitution, retains the Regency till Dignitaries exercise the rights of the Titu- the majority of the Emperor. -The lar, whose places they supply, even in what French Prince who is prevented by any regards the entrance into the Council of cause whatever from exercising the Regency Regency.-7. The Titular Princes of the at the moment of the Emperor's decease, Grand Dignitaries of the Empire, who, ac- cannot, that impediment ceasing, take on cording to Article 51 of the Act of the Con- hit the exercise of the Regency. stitution of the 18th May, 1804, were de
TITLE IV. prived of the exercise of their functions at
Of the Council of Regency. the moment of the decease of the Emperor, Section 1.-of the Formation of the Council cannot resume their functions till they are recalled by the Regent.-8. To be ca
19. The Council of the Regency is compable of exercising the Regency, a French Prince must be of the age of 21+ years com- posed of the first Prince of the Blood, of plete. All the Acts of the Regency are in the Princes of the Blood, uncles of the Émthe name of the minor Emperor.
peror, of the Princes Grand Dignitaries of
the Empire.-20. If there is no Prince, TITLE II.
uncle to the Emperor, the nearest kinsman of the manner in which the Emperor dis- of the Emperor, in the order of succession, poses of the Regency.
has entrance to the Council of Regency. 10. The Emperor disposes of the Re--21. The Emperor, either by letters or gency, either by an act of his will, accord- by will, adds to the Council of Regency ing to the forins established by the statute the names of such members as he judges of the 30th March, 1806, or by letters pa- proper. ----22. None of the Members of tent.
the Council of Regency can be removed TITLE III.
from his functions by the Empress Regent, of the extent of the power of the Regency, or the Regent.--23. The Empress Reand of ils duration.
gent, or the Regent, preside in the Council 11. Until the majority of the Emperor, of Regency, or delegate, 1o preside in their the Empress Regent, or the Prince Regent, place, one of the French Princes, or one of will exercise for the minor Emperor all the the Princes Grand Dignitaries. Imperial power. 12. Their functions Sect. 2.- of the Deliberations of the Councommence at the moment of the decease of
cil of Regency the Emperor.-13. The Empress Regent 24, The Council of Regency deliberates appoints to the Grand Dignities and great necessarily by the absolute majority of Offices of the Empire, and of the Crown, voices.-1. On the marriage of the Emwhich are or become vacant during the Re- peror.--2. On the declarations of
and gency.-14. The Empress Regent, or on the signing of treaties of alliance; and Regent, may appoint or dismiss all the Mi- . On every alienation or disposition to pisters without exception, and may raise form new dotations of immoveable property, citizens to the rank of Senators conformably composing the extraordinary domain of the to Art. 57 to the Act of the Constitution of Crown.-4. On the question whether the the 18th of May, 1804.-15. If the mi- Regent nominates to one or more of the Dor Emperor dies, leaving a brother heir Grand Dignitaries of the Empire, vacant to the throne, the Regency of the Empress, during the minority ?-25. The Council or of the Prince Regent, continues without of Regency shall exercise the functions of any new formality. - 16. The Regency the Privy Council, as well in matters of of the Empress ceases, if the order of inhe grace and favour as in the drawing up Seritance calls to the throne a Prince who is natus Consultum.- -26. In case of disnot her son. It is provided, in this case, agreement, the voice of the Empress or of for the exercise of the Regency conformably the Regent shall give the preponderance. to Art. 4.-17. If the minor Emperor If the Presidency is exercised by delegadies, leaving the Crown to a minor Empe- tion, the Empress Regent or the Regent ror of another branch, the Prince Regent shall decide.27. On all other affairs shall retain the exercise of the Regency till referred to its examination, the Council of the majority of the new Emperor. -18. Regency shall have only a consultative The French Prince, or the Prince Grand voice. -28. The Minister Secretary of Dignitary, who exercises the Regency from State shall hold the pen at the sittings of defect of age, or other impediment, in the the Council of Regency, and he shall draw Prince called before him to the Regency, by up the proces verbal of its deliberations.
shall take, within three months after the Of the Guard of the minor Emperor. decease of the Emperor, the following oath,
29. The Guard of the minor Emperor, in the same manner, and before the persons the superintendence of his Household, and appointed to receive the oath of the Emthe care of his education, shall be confided press :-I swear fidelity to the Emperor; to his Mother.-30. In default of a Mo. I swear to conform myself to the Acts of ther, or of a Prince designated by the de- the Constitution, and to observe the dispoceased Emperor, the care of the Emperor sitions made by the Emperor concerning is confided by the Council of Regency to the exercise of the Regency, and faithfully one of the Princes titulated the Grand-Dig- to return to the Emperor, on his coming to nities of the Empire.-~-31. This choice age of majority, the power confided to me. shall be made by a scrutiny, and carried by I swear to maintain the integrity of the teran absolute majority of voices; in case of ritory of the Empire; to respect, and cause being equal, the Regent shall decide. to be respected, the equality of rights, the TITLE VI.
civil liberty, the irrevocability of the 'sale On the Oath to be taken by the Empress Re- of National effects, not to raise any impost,
gent, and that of the Prince Regent, for nor establish any.tax, but for the use of the the exercise of the Regency.
State, and conformable with the fundamenSection 1.-Of the Empress Regent's Oath. tal laws of the Monarchy; to maintain the
32. If the Empress Regent has not taken institution of the Legion of Honour, and to the oath during the Emperor's life-time, govern with a sole view to the interest, for the exercise of the Regency, she shall welfare, and glory of the French People. take it within three months next following -36. The Prince Arch-Chancellor, asthe Emperor's decease. -33. The oath sisted by the Minister Secretary of State, shall be taken by the minor Emperor, shall form a proces verbal of this oath. seated on his throne, assisted by the Prince The Aet shall be signed by the Empress or Arch-Chancellor of the Empire, the French the Regent, by the Princes, the Grand Princes, the Council of Regency, the Cabi- Dignitaries, the Ministers, and the great net Ministers, the great Officers of the Em- Officers of the Empire. pire and the Crown, the Ministers of State,
TITLE VIII. and the Grand Eagles of the Legion of Honour, in presence of the Senate and of the of the Administration of the Imperial DoCouncil of State.-34. The oath to be
mains, and of the Disposition of the taken by the Empress is conceived in these
Revenue in case of a Minority and Reterms :- I swear fidelity to the Emperor;
gency. I swear to conform myself to the Acts of Section 1.-Of the Crown Funds. the Constitution, and to observe the dispo- 37. During the Regency, the adminissitions made by the Emperor, my Consort, tration of the Crown Funds shall continue for the exercise of the Regency, not to con- according to the rules established. The sult in employing my authority, aught else use to which the revenues are to be emthan my love and devotion for my Son and ployed is fixed in the usual forms, under for France, and faithfully to return to the the authority of the Empress Regent, or of Emperor on his coming of age the powers the Regent.--38. The expense of their confided to me. I swear to maintain the house-keeping, and their personal expenses, integrity of the territory of the Empire; to shall form part of the Crown Budget. respect, and cause to be respected, the Section 2.-of the Privale Domains. Laws of the Concordat, and the Liberty of 39. When the decease of the Emperor Religious Worship; to respect, and cause shall take place, the Prince Arch-Chanto be respected, equality of Rights, Civil cellor of the Empire, or in default of him, Liberty ; and the irrevocability of the Sales the first in rank of the Grand Dignitaries, of the National Effects ; not to raise any shall cause seals to be put on the chests of Imposts, nor establish any Tax, but for the treasure of the Private Domains, by the Seuse of the State, and according to the fun- cretary of State to the Imperial Fainily, in damental Laws of the Monarchy, to main presence of the Grand Judges, of the Chantain the Institution of the Legion of Honour, cellor of the Senate, and the Intendant Geand to govern with the sole view of the in- neral of the Private Domains.40. It terest, welfare, and glory of the French shall be proceeded with according to the People.
orders of the Family Council, to take inSec. 1.-of the Regent's Oath. ventories of the funds and articles of move35. The Prince called to the Regency ables, by the Secretary of State to the Imperial Family, assisted by the persons no- the commencement of a minority, without minated in the preceding article.—41. its having been foreseen by the Emperor The Council of the Family will attend to previous to his decease, the powers of the the execution of the dispositions of the Se- Ministers shall be prorogued till the Renatus Consultum of the 30th Jan. 1810, gent's arrival, as is before mentioned in concerning the Partition of the Effects of Article 48. the Private Domains. The funds belong- Sec. 3.- In cases not foreseen. ing to the Emperor, after this partition, 51. If in the absence of the Emperor, shall be thrown by the Treasurer of the major or minor, or in the absence of the Private Domains into the Imperial Trea- Regent, the Government being in the hands sury, under the care of the Family Coun- of the Council of Ministers, presided over cil, and placed in the most beneficial manby a Grand Dignitary, there should be prener. -42. The produce of the same shall sented, for resolving any questions not debe successively added to the principal, and cided by the present Act, the said Council the whole remain in reserve until the Emo of Government, performing the functions of peror become of age. 43. Account a Privy Council, shall put in form the proshall be rendered of all these operations by jet of the Senatus Consultum, and cause to the Family Council to the Empress Re- be presented to the Senate by two of its gent, or Regent, who will give the defini- Members. tive authorization for placing them out.
TITLE IX. Sec. 3.-Of the Extraordinary Domains. Of the Anointing and Coronation of the 44. The Empress Regent, or the Prince
Empress. Regent, shall dispose of, if they judge con- 52. The Empress Mother of the Heredivenient, all the funds of 50,000 franks in- tary Prince, King of Rome, may be anointterest and upwards which have been made ed and crowned. 53. This prerogative before the minority, without having been shall be accorded to the Empress by letters disposed of, or caused to be returned to the patent, published in the customary forms, Extraordinary Domains of the Crown dur- and which shall be besides addressed to the ing the Regency.—45. The other funds Senate, and entered in their registers. — remain in reserve until the Emperor comes 54. The coronation shall take place in the of age.--46. The Administration of the Basilique of Notre Dame, or in any other Extraordinary Domains shall continue, ac- church designated in the letters patent. cording to the established rules, as is said
TITLE X. before, concerning the Domains of the of the Anointing and Coronation of the Crown.47. The funds which may be
Prince, Imperial King of Rome. found in the Treasury of the Extraordinary
55. The Imperial Prince, King of Rome, Domains, at the time of the Emperor's decease, shall be thrown into the Treasury of may
in his quality as Heir to the Empire,
be anointed and crowned in the Emperor's the State, and there remain till the Empe
life-time.- -56. This ceremony cannot ror comes of age.
take place but by virtue of letters patent, in TITLE VIII.
the same form as those relative to the coroIn case of the Emperor or Regent's Absence.
nation of the Empress. -57. After anointSec. 1.- In case of the Emperor's
Absence, ing and coronation of the Prince Imperial 48. If, at the moment of the Emperor's King of Rome, the Senatus Consultum laws, decease, his successor is out of the territory regulations, Imperial statutes, decrees, and of the Empire, the powers of the Ministers all other acts emitted by the Emperor, or shall be prorogued until that the Einperor made in his name, shall bear, besides the is arrived in the territory of the Empire. indication of the year of his reign, the year The first in rank of the great Dignitaries of the coronation of the Prince Imperial shall preside in the Council which governs King of Rome.
The the State, under the form of a Council of ized Senatus Consultum shall be transmitted
present organGovernment. The deliberations there shall by a Message to his Majesty the Emperor be taken by an absolute majority of votes; and King. the President having a casting vote in case of being equal.-_-49. All the Acts shall
The Presidents and Secretaries. be made in the Emperor's name, but he
CAMBACERES. shall not commence exercising the Imperial
The Count de BEAUMONT. power until he is within the territory of the
Count de LAPPAUNT. Empire.
(Seen and Sealed) The Chancellor of the Sec. 4.--In case of the Regent's Absence.
Senate. 50. In case of the Regent's Absence at
(Signed) Count LAPLACE.
We do hereby command and ordain that the Emperor delivered the following these presents, furnished with the Seal of speech : the State, inserted in the Bulletin of the Laws, shall be addressed to the Courts, " Gentlemen, Deputies from the Depart. Tribunals, and other Administrative Au- ments to the Legislative Body. thorities, for the purpose of being inserted “ The war again lighted in the North of in their Registers, to be observed and caused Europe offered a favourable opportunity to to be observed by them; and our Grand the projects of the English upon the PeninJudge, Minister of Justice, is charged with sula. They have made great efforts. All superintending the publication of the same. their hopes have been deceived. Their
Given at our Palace of the Thuilleries, army was wrecked before the citadel of the 5th Feb. 1813.
Burgos, and obliged, after having suffered (Signed) NAPOLEON. great losses, to evacuate the Spanish terBy order of the Emperor,
ritory. I myself entered Russia. The The Minister Secretary of State,
French arms were constantly victorious, in (Signed)
the fields of Ostrowno, Polotsk, Mohilow, Count Daru.
Smolensk, Moscow, Molairadslavitz. The Seen by us, the Arch-Chancellor of the Russian armies could not stand before our Empire, (Signed) CAMBACERES. armies. Moscow fall into our power!
Whilst the barriers of Russia were forced,
and the impotency of her arms acknowParis, February 14. ledged, a swarm of Tartars turned their To-day, Sunday the 14th of February, parracidal hands against the finest proHis Majesty the Emperor and King de- vinces of that vast empire, which they had parted at one o'clock from the Palace of the been called to defend.- -They in a few Thuilleries, in grand state, to proceed to weeks, notwithstanding the tears and dethe Palace of the Legislative Body. Sal- spair of the unfortunate Muscovites, burned voes of artillery announced the departure of more than four thousand of their finest vilHis Majesty from the Thuilleries, and his lages—more than fifty of their finest towns; arrival at the Legislative Body-[Here thus gratifying their ancient hatred, under follows the route the procession took.]- the pretext of retarding our march, by The President of the Legislative Body and surrounding us with a desert. We tri25 deputies received His Majesty at the umphed over all these obstacles ! Even bottom of the staircase, and conducted him the fire of Moscow, by which in four days to the apartment prepared to receive him. they annihilated the fruits of the labours -The Deputation from the Senate and and cares of four generations, changed in Council of State having taken their places, no respect the prosperous state of my afand Her Majesty the Empress being seated fairs. But the excessive and premature on the throne, in front of the Emperor's rigour of the winter brought down a heavy throne, accompanied by Her Majesty the calamity on my army; in a few nights I Queen Hortense, and surrounded by the saw every thing change! I experienced Officers of her Household, the Diplomatic great losses ! They would have broken Corps occupied a Tribune to the right.my heart, if, under such circumstances, I The Emperor, after having rested himself could have been accessible to any other in his apartment, went to the hall of the sentiments than those of the interest, the Legislative Corps, preceded by his suite. glory, and the future prosperity of my On the entry of His Majesty all the Depu- people.On seeing the evils which ties' arose.
His Majesty seated himself pressed upon us, the joy of England was upon his throne, the Princes, Grand Dig- great-her hopes had no bounds ; she ofnitaries, &c. having taken their places ac- fered our finest provinces as the reward of cording to their rank. -The Emperor treason-she made as the conditions of being seated, the Grand Master of the Ce- peace the dismemberment of this vast emremonies took His Majesty's orders for pire : it was, under other terms, to proopening the Sitting. The Prince Vice-claim perpetual war.—The energy of Grand Elector demanded His Majesty's my people under these great circumstances; permission to present to him the Members their attachment to the integrity of the emof the Legislative Corps lately elected, and pire; the love which they have shewn me, allow them to take the oath. One of the have dissipated all these chimeras, and Officers called over the names, and the brought back our enemies to a more just oath was taken. This being finished, consideration of things. The misforo