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" may be, on these and every other dif. knowledged, that we had Americans un« ference, by a Treaty to be concluded willingly serving on board. And, what a “ either at London or Washington, as on lamentable contrast do we find in the same “ an impartial consideration of existing letter, with regard to some English sea« circumstances shall be deemed most ex- men said to have been on board the Con

pedient. As an inducement to Great stitution ; to which I beg leave to add, for “ Britain to discontinue the practice of im- your most serious moment, the fact (if a " pressment from American vessels, I am fact it be) that part of the crews of the vic« authorized to give assurance that a law torious American ships, the Wasp and the “ shall be passed (lobe reciprocal ) lo pro- United Stales,, were English. Nay, it is kibit the employment of British seamen in stated in the Courier news-paper, upon the public or commercial service of the what is asserted to be good authority, ihat 66 United States.".

two thirds of the crews of the Americans Really, Sir, it is not possible, it appears ships of war are English seamen. If this. to me, to suggest any thing more reason be true, it is another, and a most cogent able than this. I can form an idea of no- reason, for acceding to the terins of Amething more strongly expressive of a desire rica, and putting an end to the war; før, to put an end to the war. . What: shall it the longer the war. continues the longer be said that England wages a war, when will continue a connexion from which such she might terminate it by such means? I fearful consequences may ensuc. ... trust not, and that we shall not have to At any rate, is appears to ine, that our weep over a much longer continuation of owu safety, if the war is to be continued, this unfortunate contest.

will dictate the discharging of all the imI know, that there are persons who pressed Americans whom we may have on treat the idea of a law, passed by the Con- board of our ships. Fight against their gress, with contempt. But, if this is to country they will not, unless they be be the course pursued, the war will not forced, and who is to foresee and provide soon have an end. We must treat Ame- against the contagion of such an example ? rica with respect. We must do it; and Against this evil, however, and against the sooner we begin the better. Some of numerous others, which I forbear to menthe impudent hireling writers in London, tion, the measure proposed by the Preaffect to say, that no credit is to be given sident would completely guard us; aud, to any act of the American government; the respect, which it is my duty to enterthat our officers ought not to believe the tain towards your Royal Highness, bids passports and certificates produced by the me hope that that proposition will finally be American seamen. ' If this is to be the accepted. tone, and if we are to act accordingly, there

I am, &c. &c. is no possibility of making peace with Ame

WM. COBBETT, rica. Peace implies trealy and confidence ; but, what confidence are we to have in a

Bolley, 29th Dec. 1812. nation such as our hirelings describe America to be? This arrogant, this insolent tone must be dropped, or peace is im


NORTHERN War.- -And, he is not The fact of our impressing of native dead! He is not dead ! And all the Americans is affected to be denied, and Lloyd's men are baffled ! - Napoleon, Lord Casılereagh does not notice the pro- after having conducted his army out of position to restore those whom we have danger, has himself returned to Paris, already impressed. But, Sir, if the fact where, it appears he has been received were not perfectly notorious, that thou- with a3 much joy as if he had met, in his sands have been released by us, the letter absence, with no reverse at all. --The of CAPTAIN DACRES, of the Guerriere, 29ch Bulletin dves him more honour than removes all doubt upon the subject; for, in any one he has ever published. It is a ihat letter, intended to account for his de- candid exposition of his own disappointseat by the Constitution, he says, that ment and of the sufferings of his army. It PART OF HIS CREW WERE NA- contains internal evidence of its truth, and TIVE AMERICANS, and, they not leaves, in my mind, no doubt at all, not choosing to fight against their country, he only of his design, but of his full ability, suffered them to be inactive spectators. to recommence his attack on Russia in the Now, here we have the fact clearly ac- spring. I will, on some future occa

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sion, review the accounts of « his defeat,' hour through the British Envoy here, that which have been published in London; for, the hostile edicts against our commercial such a string of falsehoods, such impudent, rights and our maritime independence would and at the same time such stupid attempts not be revoked; nay, that they could not at deception, were never, surely, heard of be revoked, without violating the obligabefore. These accounts would make a tions of Great Britain to other Powers as most curious and not a small volume. It well as to her own interests. To have is a volume of which he will not lose sight, shrunk under such circumstances, from

-What mischiefs have not manly resistance, would have been a dethis vile press done in the world! Now gradation blasting our best and proudest where is the Bourbon project ? Now hupes. It would have struck us from the where are all the hopes of « marching to high rank where the virtuous struggles of i“ peace over his corpse ?”—The dream our fathers had placed us, and have betrayis already over, and we awaken to the ed the magnificent legacy which we hold in reality of endless war. - The " three trust for future generations. It would have 66 armies in his front and two armies in his acknowledged, that on the element which 6 rear" could not, it seems, arrest his forms three-fourths of the globe we inhabit, progress. In short, either almost the and where all independent nations have whole of what we heard of his perils was equal and common rights, the American false, or he has now gained a thousand people were not an independent people, times more glory than he ever before was but colonists and vassals.-It was at this entitled to.. -For my part, I am quite moment, and with such an alternative, that struck dumb at the credulity of those who war wes chosen. The nation felt the necesbelieve him to be a fallen man. It fills sity of it, and called for it. The appeal one with despair to see any portion of the was accordingly made in a just cause, to public so besotted. Far be it from me to the just and powerful Being who holds in blame 'any Englishman for wishing to see his hands the chain of events and the destiNapoleon down; but, to believe that he is ny of nations. It remains only, that faithso, when they see him return to his capital ful to ourselves, entangled with no conamidst the acclamations of the French nexions with the views of other Powers, people, is, one would suppose, too much and ever ready to accept peace from the for any people in their senses. -In a few | hand of justice, we prosecute that war weeks, however, we shall see reflection with united council, and with the ample return. Kutosow's adventures have been a faculties of the nation, until peace be so sort of honey-moon to us. When that is obtained, and as the only means under the quite passed, we shall become as mopish divine blessing of speedily obtaining it. as gib-cats. We shall look back with shame

JAMES MADISON, to our ecstasies and deliriums; and, about that time too will come the landlord with

Nov. 4, 1812.
his reckoning; that is to say, the minister
with his Budget, and the war with its ex-
tended demands.

Bolley, 30th Dec. 1812.

Paris, Dec. 11.

Copy of a Leller willen to the Minisler at OFFICIAL PAPERS.

War by Marshal Jourdan, Chief of his


Salamanca, Nov. 21. (Continued from page 830, vol. 22.) I have the honour to address to your Exxaintenance of our own; that it was pre- cellency the account of the prisoners of war ceded by a patience without example, under and deserters which have entered Salamanca wrongs accumulating without end; and that from the 16th up to this evening.--I am it was finally not declared, until every hope ignorant whether the Duke of Dalmatia, of averting it was extinguished by the whose head-quarters ought to be at Salvatransfer of the British Sceptres into new tierra, has any still with him. When I shall hands, clinging to former Councils, and be informed on that head, I shall have the until declarations were reiterated in the last honour to render you an account thereof.


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Account of the Prisoners of War and De- -Gen. Bonnemain pursued him for a

serters, which have entered Salamanca, league on the other side of Ocana; he overfrom the 16th Nov. to this day, the 21st took his rear-guard, sabred 30 men, and of the same inonth.

made 20 prisoners; he also carried away Sub-Officers and about thiriy horses. The Duke of DalmaOfficers. Soldiers.

tia fixed his head-quarters on the 26th at English



Ocana, whence he sent a reconnoissance Portuguese



upon Aranjuez. The enemy had evacuated Spanish



this town, blown up the bridge of la Reyna, Deserters



and burnt. the one near the palace; several

corps of infantry and cavalry were seen in 25


the park on the right bank. The Duke of Among the officers is Lieutenant-Ġeneral Dalmatia began his operations for rebuildPaget.

ing the bridges. The tide of the Tagus JOURDAN, Marshal of the Empire. was very high; the fords were impractica

ble. On the 28th, his Majesty marched Extract of a Leller from Baron Thouvenot, with his reserve to Santa Cruz de la Parza.

General of Brigade, Governor of the 4th On the same day the troops of the Army of Government of Spain, to the Minister at the Centre, who marched upon the Tagus War.

to reconnoitre the force and position of the Vitloria, Dec. 4.

enemy, discovered that he had evacuated General Bigarre, Aid-de-camp to his Ca- Fuente Duena. The boats of the bridge tholic Majesty, has just arrived at Vittoria, were on the right bank, however, without bearing dispatches for the Emperor. He having received any damage; the posts and announces that 2,600 prisoners, among cables had been cut, and the beams carried whom is General Paget, will arrive on the away. An officer of sappers swam across 6th at Vittoria, under the escort of 3,000 the river; his example was followed by of the army of Portugal. The English several soldiers ; the boats were replaced, have retreated into Portugal, and it appears and the rebuilding of the bridge was imthat our affairs in that quarter are going on mediately set about. On the 29th, the as well as possible. --The General in King moved his head-quarters to Ocana. Chief, Count Reille, set out to-day to pro- On the same day the enemy's troops, who ceed on his route to Burgos.

had remained in the park of Aranjuez, on (Signed) Baron THOUVENOT. the right bank of the Tagus, retired be

hind the Jarama. The Duke of Dalinatia Extracts from Dispatches addressed to the advanced to Aranjuez.-On the 30th,

Minister al War, the Duke of Fellre, by the bridges were entirely re-established at Marshal Jourdan, Chief of his Catholic Aranjuez and Fuente Duena. It was reMajesty's Staff

ported that the enemy intended to concen

Madrid, Nov. 3. trate his forces upon the right bank of the The King departed from Cuenza on the Jarama, and that he appeared inclined to 26th, and fixed his head-quarters at Hor- defend that position, which is extremely cajada; the head of the Army of the Centre strong. Marshal the Duke of Dalmatia arrived on the same day at Tarancon.- made a reconnoissance this day; he found On the 27th his Majesty arrived at Taran. the enemy intrenched upon the bridge of con; reconnoissances were pushed on Fuente. the Jarama, called Puente Largo; after seDuena, which was still occupied by the veral vollies of cannon, the enemy withdrew English troops; the bridge of boats had his artillery, and exploded two mines, been withdrawn upon the right bank of the which blew up one arch of the bridge. The Tagus.--The Duke of Dalmatia arrived Duke of Dalmatia then ordered the firing on the 25th at Santa Cruz de la Sarza; on of the musketry to cease, as it was now the same day, the reserve of cavalry of the without object. Our loss in this battle was army of the South, commanded by General about 25 wounded, among whom was an Tilly, was at Villa Tobas. The Duke of officer of Voltigeurs: the enemy's loss was Dalmatia ordered him to push a very strong much more considerable: he had several reconnoissance on Ocana ; Gen. Bonnemain men killed on the bridge. -The Duke of had the command of it. He found at Ocana Dalmatia still supposed the enemy intended 17 English and Portuguese squadrons, com to give battle in the position which over manded by General Long, who would not looks the Jarama, and as this position is fight, and who fell back upon Aranjuez. truly inassailable in front, it was necessary

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to manæuvre to force the enemy to abandon Guadarama. The cavalry of the army of it.On the 31st, the Iruke of Dalmatia, the South occupied St. Antonio de las Naras learnt, and announced to his Majesty, that and Villa Castin. One part of the infantry the enemy had abandoned Puente Largo. was at L’Espinar, the other part remained This bridge was re-established, and on the at Guadarama and Guadalapagar.---In same day the advanced guard of the Army the night between the 4th and 5th, the of the South advanced to Valdemoro, and Duke of Dalmatia reported to the King that took about 500 prisoners. The divisions of General Hill was continuing his retreat, and this army began to march on the night of that he appeared to direct his march upon the 31st, from the different points which Arrevalo, where, it was said, he was 10 they occupied, and passed the Tagus at form his junction with Lord Wellington. Aranjuez; they defiled during the whole of The King had no certain intelligence of the the day and night of the 1st of November. army of Portugal, but all that could be The army bad not entirely passed the Tagus learned indicated that army to have answeron the ed of November, at six o'clock in ed on the right of the Douro, all the bridges the morning.---- The King proceeded on of which the enemy had destroyed, and the 31st to Aranjuez, and ordered the that Lord Wellington announced the intenCount D'Erlon to march upon this point, tion of leaving on the left bank a portion of in order to follow the movement of the army his army to observe that of Portugal, and of the South. On the 1st of November, to join the rest of General Hill's at Arrevathe advanced posts of the army of the South lo, in order to combat the army of the South arrived near Madrid ; that city was evacu- separately. His Majesty, that nothing ated, and the enemy made his retreat by might be compromised, thought it right to the Puerto de Guadarama.-- On the 2d, call to his aïd the army of the Centre, the army of the South was concentrated in which remained at Madrid. He, therefore, the environs of Madrid; the advanced on the 5th, ordered the Count of Erlon ta guard proceeded to the Escurial, and conti- leave Madrid immediately, and to advance nued to make prisoners. On the same day as rapidly as possible on Villa Castin, the division of Gen. Villatte arrived in whence he would have to follow the direcMadrid, and his Majesty also arrived with tion taken by the army.-- On the 5th, his guards; the army of the Centre defiled the King moved his head-quarters to Villa upon the bridge of Aranjuez. ---This day, Castin. The same day, our cavalry havthe 5th, the troops of the army of the South ing arrived on the Boltaya, perceived that marched in the direction of the Escurial and of the enemy on the right bank of the river, Guadarama; the advanced guard must now covering the march of their infantry. The be on the other side of the mountains. Duke of Dalmatia hastened the march of

The army of the Centre is arrived in the his infantry, and united some divisions at neighbourhood of Madrid; General D'Ar- Labajos; the cavalry followed the movemagnac's division has succeeded, in Ma- ments of the enemy, who took the direction drid, that of Gen. Villatte, which has fol- of Penaranda, and met that of Arrevalo. lowed the movement of the army of the Our cavalry took a position at Villa Nueva South.---The infantry of the royal guard de Gomez, Blasco-Sancho, and Sanchidrion. has just departed, to sleep at Las-Rosas ; On the 6th, the King advanced his it will arrive to-morrow at Guadarama, and head-quarters to Arrevalo, and all the army the King will rejoin 'it with his cavalry. moved in that direction. - On the 7th, His Majesty's intention is to pursue the the King remained at Arrevalo. Reconenemy with the army of the South, and to noitring parties were sent out, which complace himself in communication with the municated with the army of Portugal, army of Portugal. The army of the Centre which had arrived at Medina del Campo. will continue united in Madrid and its | The divisions of the army of the South, neighbourhood, and will be in readiness to which were still in the rear, continued join the King, if Lord Wellington should their march upon Arrevalo. General Count Concentrate his forces to give battle. Souham, commander of the army of Portu(Signed) Jourdan. gal, reported to the King, that Lord Wel

lingion was directing his march on SalaSalamanca, Nov. 10, 1812. Dianca with four divisions of his army, and As I had the honour of intimating to you a Spanish army commanded by Castanos. in my letter of the 3d, the King left Madrid On the 8th, the King still continued

of on the 4th with his guard. The same day at Arrevalo. The troops of the army his Majesty established his head-quarters at the South, which were yet behind, prosc


cuted their march, and the army of the Ayres, were forwarded to Gerona, to be Centre arrived at Villa Castin. The same there sold for the profit of the army; the day the Duke of Dalmatia moved his caval- quinquina, the manna, the gum, and the ry on Penaranda, and some divisions of in- wax were reserved for the military hosfantry were at Flores de Avilla. On the pitals. 9th, the King's head-quarters were at

(Signed) M. LAMARQUE. Flores de Avilla; the army of the Centre advanced


Fuentiveros; that of Portugal on Vittoria, Babila Fuente, and Huerta.

DOCUMENTS The cavalry of the army of the South proceeded towards Alba de Tormes, and the

SIDENT'S MESSAGE TO CONGRESS. infantry advanced to Flores de Avilla and Penaranda.- This day, the 10th, the King arrived at Penaranda, where his Ma- Mr. Russell lo Lord Castlereagh. jesty established his head-quarters. Count My Lord,- It is only necessary, I trust, D'Érlon continued his movement to esta- to call the attention of your Lordship to a blish himself at Macotera and its environs ; review of the conduct of the Government the army of Portugal_is completing its of the United States, to prove incontrovertmovement upon Babila Fuente. The Duke ibly its unceasing anxiety to maintain the of Dalmatia has directed his march towards relations of peace and friendship with Great Alba de Tormes, with his cavalry and part Britain. Its patience in suffering the many of his infantry. Alba de Tormes appears wrongs which it has received, and its perto be strongly occupied. The Duke of Dal- severance in endeavouring, by amicable matia has fired 1,500 cannon on this post, means, to obtain redress, are known to the without being able to dislodge the enemy. world. Despairing, at length, of receiv

-Count Souham reports, that Lord Wel- ing this redress from the justice of the Brilington occupies the position of San Chris- tish Government, to which it had so often toval, in advance of Salamanca.--During applied in vain, and feeling that a further this march some hundreds of prisoners have forbearance would be a virtual surrender of been collected, together with some equi- the interests and rights essential to the pros. pages.

perity and independence of the nation con(Signed) JOURDAN. fided to its protection, it has been compelled

to discharge its high duty by an appeal to Extract of a Lelter from General Lamarque, arms. While, however, it regards this

Commander in Upper Catalonia, to the course as the only one which remained for Minister al War.

it to pursue with a hope of preserving any Gerona, Nov. 29. portion of that kind of character, which Sir,-Areynes-del-Mare was the entrepòt constitutes the vital strength of every naof the enemy's smuggling, and one of his tion, yet it is still willing to give another magazines. This criminal commerce was proof of the spirit which has uniformly carried on under the protection of the Eng- distinguished its proceedings, by seeking to lish ships lying in the roads. A move arrest, on terms consistent with justice and able battery was placed at the entrance of honour, the calamities of war. It has, the town; the first firing put the English therefore, authorized me to stipulate with to flight, all their vessels stood out to sea, His Britannic Majesty's Government, an and we have taken possession of Areyns- armistice, to commence at or before the exdel-Mare and of its magazines, the enemy piration of 60 days after the signature of making no endeavour to thwart our opera- the instrument providing for it, on condition. The Catalonians perceived, from tion that the Orders in Council be repealed, the conduct of the English in this instance, and no illegal blockades be substituted for how little they can rely on the promises of them, and that orders be immediately given such worthless auxiliaries. The English to discontinue the impressment of persons merchandises seized at Areyns-del-Mare from American vessels, and to restore the were instantly either burnt or thrown into citizens of the United States already imthe sea; but the grain, flour, rice, and pressed; it being moreover well understood osher provisions, were conducted to the ma- that the British Government will assent to gazines of Barcelona. The articles brought enter into definitive arrangements, as soon from the Spanish colonies, such as the sugar as may be, on these and every other differand coffee of Havanna, the cottons of Vera ence, by a Treaty, to be concluded, either Cruz and Motril, and the leather of Buenos at London or Washington, as on an impar

I pray, &c.

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