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Windsor Castle, 321, 528, 557
Wismar, 753 Thorenn, 288
Nuevo da Gomez, 18 Wittenburyh, 630, 757, 765, Thorn, 252, 629
795, 892 Thuilleries, 279, 696
Vistula, river, 97, 604, 657, Wizna, 284 Thuringia, 631, 759
Wolkowisk, 109, 285
Woloschana, 160 314, 599, 635
Wurtzburgh, 631, 894
Weblau, 284, 312
Weissenberg, 828 Tukuma, 154
Weissenfels, 755, 798, 819, | Zeist, 761 Tula, 96
West India isles, 316, 594 Zorest, 736
Westminster, 93, 132, 609, 688 Zubst, 735
Zwenkau, 759, 761, 798, 820 Veleika, 153
Wilna, 107, 147, 154, 159, 184, Zwickau, 894 Verden, 630
286, 314, 607
PRICE OF BULLION per Ounce, in the London Market, during the Six
Number of BANK-
RUPTCIES of that sort of Bullion in the Market.
nounced in the London
Gazette; from 17th Sorts of Bullion. Jan.
November, 1812,to 18th
To 16 Dec. 1812 . . 221
16 Jan. 1813. . . 164 4 18 00 0 5 0 0 0 0 5 0 0 15 2 6 New Doubloons 5 2
16 Feb. 0 5 3 6 15 5 0 5 5 6 5 6 0 5 6 6
2101 New Dollars
140 0 6 6 0 6 630 6 7 10 6. 710 6 8 6 81 Standard Silver in Bars ... O 6 8 10 6 80 6 90
143) 6 10 0 6 1010 6 94
17 April 18 May
140 N. B. The MINT PRICE, per Ounce, of the Standard Gold and Silver Bullion is as follows: Standard Gold in Bars, £.3 175. 10d. Standard Silver in Bars; 58. 2d. The other sorts of Bullion, except the Portugal
1018 Gold Coin, are below Standard Value. The Prices in the above table is the Market Price in Bank of England Notes.
Price of the QUARTERN LOAF, according Table of the Prices of MEAT, SUGAR, SALT, and to the Assize of Bread in LONDON, for COALS, in LONDON, from January to
the Six Months ending with Jan. 1813, June, 1813, inclusive.
taking the average of the four Assizes in
each Month.-N. B. The Weight of the Jan. Feb. Mar. April. May. June.
Loaf, according to Law, is 4lb. 5oz. 8dr. S. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d. s. d.
8, d. Beef. 64 6 8 74 4 7 8 6 8
1 6 Mutton 68
1 64 Pork 16 8 7 87 8 8 4 8 0 8
April Sugar. 56 0457 458 9:57 7|58 10264 o Cwt.
1 63 May
161 Salt.. 20 0 20 0 20 0 20 0 20 0 20 o Bushel
1 61 Coals. 155 0 55 9 51 0 151 6154 0 52 9 Chald.
8. d. Average Price during the Six Months 1 6
Number of CHRISTENINGS and PURIALS Prices of the ENGLISH FUNDS, or STOCKS,
within the Bills of Mortality, from 22d as shown from the Prices here given of the
Dec. 1812, to 22d June 1813.
Christenings. Burials. Prices for each Month.
Males Females Males Females January
To Jan. 26.. 1157 989 927 871
832 769 845 827 February
833 837 807 741
910 869 April 27
757 701 March
5,318 4,962 14,555 4,109 May
Total Christenings 1 0,2 8 (). l! 8,664
Children under two years of age 2,4 61
11,1 2 5 Average Prices of CORN, through all England and Wales, and of HAY, STRAW, and best FARNHAM HOPS, in London, from January to June, 1813, both Months inclusive. Corn per Quarter of 8 Winchester Bushels.
Hay per Straw per Hops per
Load. Load. Cwt. Wheat. Rye. Barley. Oats. Beans. d. d. d.
d. £. $. d. £. s. d. f. s. d. 79 120 2
0 5 6
25 4 0
42 6 83 66
Per Stone of 8
CABINET MINISTERS. Lord Harrowby
Lord President of the Council Lord Eldon
Lord High Chancellor. Lord Westmoreland
Lord Privy Seal. Lord Bathurst
Président of the Board of Trade. Lord Liverpool
First Lord of the Treasury (Prime Minister)
Chancellor and Under-Treasurer of the ExRight Hon. N. Vansittart
chequer. Right Hon. Charles Bathurst
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. Lord Viscount Melville
First Lord of the Admiralty. Lord Mulgrave
Master General of the Ordnance. Lord Sidmouth
Secretary of State for the Home Department. Lord Castlereagh
Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs.
Secretary of State for the Department of Lord Bathurst
War and Colonies.
President of the Board of Control for the Lord Buckinghamshire
Affairs in India.
23 VOL. XXII. No. 1.1. LONDON, SATURDAY, JANUARY 2, 1813.
12 TO THE
asserted, that America would be totally PRINCE REGENT,
ruined by six months of war; that the peoON THE DISPUTE WITH AMERICA,
ple would not pay the taxes necessary to
carry it on; that the President, for only Letter X
barely talking of war, would be put out Sir,
of his chair; that the "American Navy," During the two years that I was impri- as it was called by way of ridicule, would soned in Newgate, for writing and publish- be “swepl from the ocean in a month;" ing an article upon the flogging of certain and, that, in short, a war with America was English Militia-men, at Ely, in England, a thing for Englishmen to laugh at; a subunder the superintendence of German ject of jest and mockery. troops, and for which writing and publish- This was the style and tone of the hireing I, besides, paid your Royal Highness ling press in London, and, with very few a fine of a thousand pounds, in behalf of exceptions, the country prints followed the your Royal Sire; during that time I endea- stupid and insolent example. Events have voured, in various ways, to expiate my of- already shown how false all these assertions fence, but in no way more strenuously ihan were; and now, as is its usual practice, in trying to dissuade you from yielding to this same corrupt press is pouring forth new advice, which, as I thought, would, if falsehoods, with a view of urging on the followed, produce a war with the Ameri- war, and of reconciling the people to its cari States. That consequence, which I so calamitics. much dreaded, and which I laboured with It was my endeavour to show your Royal so much earnestness to prevent, has unhap- Highness the real state of the case. I said, pily taken place; and, though it may be of that the people of America, though wisely no service; though my efforts may still be averse from war, as the great source of taxunavailing; nay, though I may receive ation and loss of liberty, would, nevertheabuse instead of thanks for my pains, 1 less, submit to its inconveniences rather cannot refrain; the love I bear my own than submit to the terms which it was recountry, and the regard I shall ever bear commended, in our hireling prints, to ima great part of the people of America, will pose upon them. I begged your Royal not suffer me to refrain from making one Highness to disbelieve those, who said that more trial to convince your Royal High- the American Government dared not go to ness, that the path of peace is still fairly war, and that Mr. Madison would not be open with that country, and that pacific re-elected. I besought you to reflect upon measures are the only measures which ought the consequences of rushing into a war with even now to be pursued.
that country, amongst which consequences In one of my Letters to your Royal I included the forming of a great Naval Highness, I endeavoured to convince you, force on the other side of the Atlantic, and that it was to the base, the prostituted the not less fearful measure of manning a press, of England, that we were' likely to French Fleet with American Sailors. Our owe this war; 1 pointed out to your Royal hired press affects to turn into jest a propoHighness the means resorted to by that sition said to have been made by the Presis press in order to deceive the people of Eng. dent for the building of twenty frigates. land; and, I expressed my apprehensions, If he has made that proposition, however, that those means would succeed. That and, if the war continue only a year, your press, that vile and infamous press, which Royal Highness will find that the twenty is the great enemy of the liberties of Eu- frigates are launched upon the ocean, The rope and America as well as of England, ignorant and saucy writers in London, who was incessant in its efforts to cause it to be live up to their lips in luxury, and whose believed, that, in no case, would the Ame- gains are not at all dependant upon the rican Government dare to go to war. It prosperity of the country; these men care
not how the people suffer. Their object is none of whom 'are clad in rags; none of
half the amount of Lord Arden's sinecure, And, then, as to the pecuniary means : as stated in the report to the House of Comto hear the language of our hirelings, one mons in 1808. Nay, the Apothecary to our would imagine, that the people of America Army does, according to the same report, were all beggars; that the country contain-receive, in clear profits, annually, as much ed scarcely a man of property; that there as twice the amount of the Salary of the were no such things as money, house goods, President of the United States. Our Chief cattle, or manufactures. They must, in- Justice, in salary and emoluments, as stated deed, confess that the country grows corn; in the Reports laid before Parliament, rebut, somehow or other, they would have us ceives annually a great deal more than Mr. believe, that there are, in America, no Madison, Mr. Monroe, Mr. Gallatin, and means; no resources. They cannot dis-, the Secretaries of War and the Navy in guise from us the fact, that there are fine America, all put together. I shall, percities and towns; that there is a commer- | haps, be told, that our public functionaries cial marine not far behind our own in point ought to receive more than those in Ameof magnitude; that the exports from the rica. That is a point which I shall leave country amount annually to more than half for others to dispute. I content myself as much as our exports, and that they con- with stating the facts; but, if I am told, sist of articles of first necessity; that the that we ought not to measure the salaries country contains all the articles of useful of our functionaries by the American standmanufactory, and that manufactures are ard, I must beg leave, in my turn, to promaking great progress; nay, that they have test against measuring the expenses of war arrived at great perfection; that the coun- in America by the standard of war expenses try is stocked with sheep, that great source in England. I must insist, too, that the of a nation's wealth, and that to so high a resources of a country are not to be measurdegree have these animalsucceeded, that ed by the standard of the salaries of its pubmany single proprietors have already flocks lic functionaries. I should take quite a of more than a thousand head. These facts different standard for the measuring of the the hired press carinot disguise from us ; resources of America. We know, that, or, at least, from those amongst us, who upon a population of len millions, in Great are not wilfully blind. Upon what ground, Britain, a revenue of about eighty millions then, Sir, would they have us believe, that of pounds is now annually raised; and America is destitute of resources ? The that, in these ten millions of people we inthings which I have here spoken of, are clude, at least, two millions of paupers. things of which national riches consist: Now, then, if they raise but a tenth part as they form the means of making national much upon the eight millions of Americans, exertions ; of sending forth fleets and ar- who have no paupers amongst them, their mies. And, we ought to bear in mind, eight millions will be four times as much that America, that this new enemy of ours, as was ever yet raised in the country in any has a population of more than eight mil. one year; and, it is, I think, not too much lions of souls ; none of whom are paupers; to supposė, that an American will hear a