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For, since her soul's ally'd to human kind,
improvement, the latter part, which attempts a Not to her house alone her store's confin'd;
short view of the Heavens according to the moBut, passing on, its own full banks o'erflows, dern philosophy, is entirely original, and not Enlarg'd, and deals forth plenty as it goes.
founded on any thing in the Latin author.
LEAVE Mortality's low sphere. Casts sprinkled showers o'er every figurd green;
Ye Winds and Clouds, come, lift me high, Or in canals walks round the beauteous scene,
And on your airy pinions bear Yet stops not there, but its free course maintains,
Swift through the regions of the sky. And spreads gay verdure thro' the adjacent plains;
What lofty mountains downward fly!
And, lo! how wide a space of air
Extends new prospects to my eye!
The gilded fanes, reflecting light, grow
And royal palaces, as bright, O generous use of power! O virtuous pride!
(The rich abodes Ne'er may the means be to such souls deny'd,
Of heavenly and of earthly gods) Executors of Heaven's all-bounteous will,
Retire apace; whole cities too Who well the great First-giver's ends fulfil,
Decrease beneath my rising view. Who from superior heights still looking down
And now, far off, the rolling globe appears ; On glittering heaps, which scarce they think their Its scatter'd nations I survey, Despise the enipty show of useless state, [own, And all the mass of earth and sea; And only would, by doing good, be great !
Oh, object well deserving tears ! Now pause awhile, my Muse, and then renew
Capricious state of things below, The pleasing task, and take a second view!
That, changeful from their birth, no fix'd duration
Here new-built towns, aspiring high, A train of virtues yet undrawn appear;
Ascend, with lofty turrets crown'd; Here just Economy, strict Prudence there;
There others fall, and mouldering lie, Near Liberality they ever stand;
Obscure, or only by their ruins found. This guides her judgment, that directs her hand. Palmyra's far-extended waste I spy, By these see wild Profusion chas'd away,
(Once Tadmor, ancient in renown) And wanton Luxury, like birds of prey.
Her marble heaps, by the wild Arab shown, Whilst meek Humility, with charms serene,
Still load with useless pomp the ground. Forbids vain Pomp t' approach the hallow'd scene; But where is lordly Babylon? where now Yet through her veil the more attracts the sight,
Lifts she to Heaven her giant brow? And on her sister virtues casts a light.
Where does the wealth of Nineveh abound? But wherefore starts the Painter-Muse, and why,
Or where's the pride of Afric's shore?
Is Rome's great rival then no more? The piece unfinish'd, throws the pencil by?
In Rome herself behold th' extremes of fate, “ Methinks," she says, " Humility I hear,
Her ancient greatness sunk, her modern boasted With gentle voice, reproving, cry— Forbear!
See her luxurious palaces arise, Forbear, rash Muse! nor longer now commend,
With broken arches mixt between! Lest whom thou would'st praise, thou should'st
And here what splendid domes possess the skies! And in her breast a painful glowing raise, [offend,
And there old temples, open to the day, Who, conscious of the merit, shuns the praise."
Their walls, o'ergrown with moss, display;
And columns, awful in decay,
Me terd prinum dulces ante omnia Musæ ;
following poem was begun on the model of a
Around the space of Earth I turn my eye;
But where's the region free from woe? Where shall the Muse one little spot descry
The seat of Happiness below?
Here Peace would all its joys dispense,
But, lo! a purple pestilence
Her unreap'd harvests Ceres yields,
But, slaves to arbitrary power,
Hand to band, und breast to breast
Destruction, like a vulture, hovers nigh;
I pass cerulean gulphs, and now behold
New solid globes their weight, self-balanc'd, bear, She hangs upon the wing, uncertain where to Ay, Unpropp'd, amidst the fluid air, (roll'd. But licks her drowthy jaws, and waits the promis'd | And all, around the central Sun, in circling eddies food.
Unequal in their course, see they advance, Here cruel Discord takes a wider scene,
And form the planetary dance! To exercise more unrelenting rage ;
Here the pale Moon, whom the same laws ordain Appointed feets their numerous powers engage,
Tobey the Earth, and rule the Main;
Here spots no more in shadowy streaks appear; With scarce a space of sea between.
But lakes instead, and groves of trees,
The wondering Muse transported secs,
And their tall heads discover'd mountains rear.
And now once more I downward cast my sight,
When, lo! the Farth, a larger moon, displays The distant shore, That such a storm ne'er felt before,
Far off, amidst the Heavens, her silver face,
And to her sister moon by turns gives light! Transmits it to the rocks around; The rocks and bollow creeks prolong the rolling Her scas are shadowy spots, her land a milky white. sound.
What power unknown my course still upwards Still greater horrours strike my eyes.
guides, Behold, convulsive earthquakes there,
Where Mars is seen his ruddy rays to throw And shatter'd land in pieces tear,
Through heatless skies, that round him seem to And ancient cities sink, and sudden mountains rise ! glow, Thro' opening mines th' astonish d wretches go,
And where remoter Jove o'er his four moons presides? Hurry'd to unknown depths below.
And now I urge my way more bold, The bury'd ruin sleeps; and nought remains Unpierc'd by Saturn's chilling cold, But dust above and desert plains,
And pass his planetary guards, and his bright ring Unless some stone this sad inscription wear,
behold. Rais'd by some future traveller :
Here the Sun's beams so faintly play, “ The prince, his people, and his kingdom, here, The mingled shades almost extinguish day. One common tomb contains.”
His rays reverted hence, the fire withdraws,
For here his wide dominions end;
O'er the firm land usurping ride, (tide. Hither their bordering realms extend.
And now far off, through the blue vacant borne, sound.
I reach at last the milky road, Waves rollid on waves, deep burying deep, lift where stars, profuse in heaps, leaven's glittering
Once thought to lead to Jove's supreme abode, high A watery monument, in which profound
heights adorn, The courts and cottages together lie.
Lost in each other's neighbouring rays, Ev'n now the floating wreck I spy,
They undistinguish'd shine in one promiscuous blaze And the wide surface far around
So thick the lucid gems are strown, With spoils of plunder'd countries crown'd.
As if th’ Almighty Builder here Such, Belgia, was the ravage and affright,
Laid up his stores for many a sphere When late thou saw'st thy ancient foe
In destin'd worlds, as yet unknown. Swell o'er thy digues, oppos'd in vain,
Hither the nightly-wakeful swain, With deadly rage, and, rising in its might,
That guards his folds upon the plaja, Pour down swift ruin on thy plains below.
Oft turns his gazing eyes, Thus Fire, and Air, and Earth, and Main,
Yet marks no stars, but o'er his head A never-ceasing fight maintain,
Beholds the streamy twilight spread, While man on every side is sure to lose ;
Like distant morning in the skies; And Pate has furnish'd out the stage of life
And wonders from what source its dawning splen. With War, Misfortune, and with Strife;
dours rise. Till Death the curtain drops, and shuts the scene
But, lo!-what's this I see appear? of woes.
It seems, far off, a pointed tlaine ; But why do I delay my flight?
From earth-wards too the shining meteor came. Or on such gloomy objects gaze ?
How swift it climbs th' aërial space! I go to realms serene with ever-living light.
And now it traverses cach sphere, Haste, Clouds and Whirlwinds, haste a raptur'a Aud seems some living guest, familiar to the place.. bard to raise;
'Tis he-as I approach more near, Mount me sublime along the shining way,
The great Colunibus of the skies I know ! Where planets, in pure streams of ether driv'n, 'Tis Newton's soul, that daily travels here
Swim through the blue expanse of Heaven. In search of knowledge for mankind below. And, lo! th' obsequious Clouds and Winds obey ! O stay, thou happy spirit, stay, And, lo! again the nations downwards fly, And lead me on thro’all th' unbeaten wilds of day; And wide-stretch'd kingdoms perish from my eye. As when the Sibyl did Rome's father guide Heaven! what bright visions now arise!
Safe through the downward roads of night, What upenog worlds my ravish'd seuse surprise! And in Elysium blest his sight
With views, till then, to mortal eyes deny'd. to join in this attempt. Achillas marches Here let me, thy companion, stray
against Alexandria with an army composed of From orb to orb, and now behold
Egyptians and Romans, and besieges Cæsar in Unnumber'd sans, all seas of molten gold; the palace, who seizes Ptolemy as a pledge for his
And trace each Comet's wandering way, own security. A herald, sent from the king to And now descry light's fountain-head,
inquire the cause of this tumult, is slain. An And measure its descending speed ;
attack being made, Cæsar defends himself, burns Or learn how sun-born colours rise
the Egyptian sħips in the harbour, and possesses In rays distinct, and in the skies,
himself of Pharos, where he puts Pothinus to Blended in yellow radiance, flow,
death. Arsinoe, younger sister of Ptolemy, by Or stain the fleecy cloud, or streak the watery bow; the aid of Ganimede, her governor, arriving in
Or, now diffus'd, their beauteous tinctures shed the camp, causes Achillas to be slain. GaniOn every planet's rising hills, and every verdant merle renews the attack against Cæsar, who mead.
is blocked up in Pharos, and reduced to the Thus, rais'd sublime on Contemplation's wings,
HEN conquering Cæsar follow'd to the land
His rival's head, and trod the barbarous strand, An inmate of the Heavens, adopted into light !
His fortune strove with guilty Egypt's fate So for a while the royal Eagle's brood
In doubtful fight, and this the dire debate; In his low nest securely lies,
Shall Roman arms great Lagus' realm enthrall ? Amid the darkness of the sheltering wood,
Or shall the victor, like the vanquish'd, fall Yet there, with in-born vigour, hopes the skies: By Egypt's sword ? Pompey, thy ghost withstood Till, fledg’d with wings full-grown, and bold to Th' impending blow, and sav'd the general's blood,
The bird of Heaven to Heaven aspires, [rise, Lest Rome, too happy after loss of thee, Soars 'midst the meteors and celestial fires,
Should rule the Nile, herself from bondage free. With generous pride his humbler birth disdains,
Secure, and with this barbarous pledge content, And bears the thunder thro' the ethereal plains. To Alexandria now the conqueror went.
The crowd that saw his entry, while, before,
Observing Cæsar soon his errour spy'd,
That not for him his mighty rival dy'd,
Then with intrepid mien he took his way,
Works which thy ancient power, great Macedon, Pompey, fying to Egypt, after his defeat at Phar-He view'd the splendid fanes with careless eyes,
display salia, was by the king's consent, basely in urder- Shrines rich with gold and sacred mysteries, ed by Pothinus, and his head presented to Cæsar as he approached the Egyptian coast, in pursuit Descends the vault, which holds the royal race.
Nor fix'd his sight, but, eager in his pace, of his enemy. The poet having represented this Philip's mad son, the prosperous robber, bound catastrophe in the two former books; the argua In Fate's eternal chains, here sleeps profound,
ment of the tenth book is as follows: Cæsar lands in Egypt. He goes to Alexandria; And in the world's revenge the monster slev.
Whom Death forbade his rapines to pursue, visits the temple, and the sepulchre of the kings, His impious bones, which, through each climate tost, in which Alexander the Great was buried. The The sport of winds, or in the ocean lost, poet, in a beautiful digression, declaims against Had met a juster fate, this tomb obtain'd, the ambition of that monarch. Ptoleiny, the
And sacred, to that kingdom's end, remain'd. young king of Egypt, meets Cæsar at his ar
0! should auspicious years roll round again, rival, and receives him into his palace. His sister Cleopatra, who had been kept a prisoner Presery'd to scorn the reliques would be shown
And godlike Liberty resume her reign, in Pharos, makes her escape, and privately of the bold chief, whose boundless pride alone getting admittance to Cæsar, implores his pro- This curst example to ambition gave, tection. By his means she is reconciled to her How many realms one mortal can enslave! brother; after which she entertains Cæsar at a feast. The supper being ended, Cæsar requests Disdaining what his father won before, of Achoreus, the priest, an account of the anti- Aspiring still, and restless after more, quities of Egypt, particularly of the river Nile. He left his home; while Fortune smooth'd his way, Achoreus's reply. The course of that river de- And o'èr the fruitful East enlarg'd his sway. scribed, with an enumeration of the various Red Slaughter mark'd his progress, as he past; opinions concerning its spring, and the causes The guilty sword laid human nature waste, of its overflowing. Pothinus plots the death of Discolour'd Ganges' and Euphrates' food, Casar. His message to Achillas to invite bim With Persian this, and that with Indian bloed
THE TENTH BOOK OF
TRE FOREGOING BOOKS.
He seem'd in terrour to the nations sent,
Though Pompey's ghost yet haunt those barbaroys The wrath of Heaven, a star of dire portant,
walls, And shook, like thunder, all the continent ! And, howling in his ears, for vengeance calls,
Secure in guilt, he bugs a harlot's charms, Nor yet content, a navy he provides.
And mingles lawless love with lawless arms,
Nor mindful of his chaster progeny,
Luxurious Cæsar, shamefully supine,
Foregoes his gains, and for a kiss or smile
Sells the dear purchase of his martial toil.
Him Cleopatra sought t'espouse her care ;
Presuming of her charts, the mournful fair Death only could arrest his mad career,
In wild disorder loos'd her lovely hair, Who to his grave the world's sole empire bore,
And, with a face inviting sure relief, With the same envy 'twas acquir'd before ;
In tender accents thus disclos'd her grief: And, wanting a successor to his reign,
“Great Cæsar, look ! of Lagus' royal race, Left all to suffer conquest once again.
So thou restore me to my rightful place, Yet Babylon first yielded to his arms,
I kneel a queen. Expelld my father's throne,
My hope of succour is in you alone.
For so the laws admit. Let Cæsar read
Are mine to share, and were the youth but free A province now to Pella's puny town.
From saucy tutors, he would marry me.
But by Pothinus' nod his passions move, Now from Pelusium, where expanding wide Pothinus wields his sword, and manages his love Nile pours into the sea his ample tide,
Forbid that crime; I freely quit my claim, Came the boy-king; his presence soon appeas'd But save from such reproach our house and name. The people's rage, and giddy tumult ceas d.
Rescue the royal boy from mean command, In Egypt's palace, Cæsar sleeps secure;
Restore the sceptre to his trembling hand, This princely hostage does awhile ensure
This vile domestic's lawless pride restrain, His terms of peace; when lo! the sister-queen,
Remove the traitor-guard, and teach the king to la a small boat conceal'd, securely mean,
reign. With gold corrupts the keeper of the port,
Th' imperious slave, who kill'd great Csar's foe, And undiscover'd lands, and lurks within the Inur'd to blood, would murder Corsar too, court.
But far, far hence, ye gods, avert the threaten'd The royal whore, her country's worst disgrace,
blow! The fate and fury of the Roman race !
Let Pompey's head suffice Pothinus' fame,
Nor let a nobler death increase our shame!”
Here paus'd the queen, and spoke in looks the Italian games, and spread the kindled fire.
rest: A rabble rout, a vile enervate band
Not words alone could move his savage breast; Presun'd th' imperial eagles to withstand ;
Her eyes enforce her prayers, soft beauty pleads, Canopus marchd, a woman at their head,
And brib'd the judge; a night of guilt succeeds. And then, if ever, Rome knew aught of dread, Then soon for peace th' affrighted brother sought, Een mighty Rome with terrour heard the jar And with rich gifts his reconcilement bought Of clatter'd cymbals tinkling to the war, And shook her lofty towers, and trembled from
Affairs united thus, the court ordains afar.
A solemn feast, where joy tumultuous reigns What triumphs had proud Alexandria seen, Here Cleopatra's genius first was shown, Hand great Octavius then a captive been,
And arts till then to frugal Rome unknown. When hovering Victory, at Leucate's bay,
The hall a temple seem'd; corrupter days Mung on her wings, and 'twas a strife that day,
Scarce to the gods would such a structure raise If the lost world a distaff should obey.
Rich was the fretted roof, and cover'd o'er From that corst night this daring hope arose,
With ponderous gold; all onyx was the floor. That shameful night, the source of future woes, Nor marble plates alone the walls incas'd, Which first commenc'd polluted loves between Beauteous to sight, and all th' apartment grac'd ; A Roman general and Egyptian queen.
But solid pillars of thick agate stood, O who can Anthony's wild passion blame?
And ebony supply'd for common wood. Erin Cæsar's flinty heart confess'd the softening Ivory the doors, with Indian tortoise seen flame!
Inlaid, and studded emerald between. The foul adulterer, reeking with the stains The beds too shone, profuse of gems, on high, Of impions slaughter on Thessalian plains, The coverings Tyrian silk, of double dye, Vorash'd from blood, amidst the rage of war,
Embroider'd part with gold, with scarlet part, ko joys obscene forgets bis cruel core.
A curious mixture of Egyptian art.
And now the crowd of menial slaves appears, The people's minds, and to what powers you pray
Whate'er your ancient monuments contain,
To whom your sires their mystic rites confest,
I still had vacant hours amidst my wars,
Henceforth all calendars must yield to mine,
And ev’n Eudoxus shall the palın resign.
To learn, what numerous ages ne'er could know,
Indulge my hope Nile's secret birth to view,
He paus'd; when thus Achoreus made reply ;
Ye reverend shades of our great ancestry! charms display'd.
While I to Cæsar Nature's works explain, Here might be seen large oval tables, wrought
And open stores yet hid from eyes profane, Of citron from Atlantic forests brought,
Be it no crime your secrets to reveal! T'heir tressels ivory; not so rich a sort
Let others hold it pious to conceal Was Cæsar's prize in vanquish'd Juba's court.
Such Inighty truths. I think the gods design'd Blind ostentatious madness! to display
Works such as these to pass all human kind, Your wealth to whom ev'n civil war's a play,
And teach the wondering world their laws and And tempt an armed guest to seize the prey !
heavenly mind. Grant riches not the purpose of his toil,
“ At Nature's birth, a various power was given Nor with rapacious arms to hunt for spoil, To various stars, that cross the poles of Heaven, Think him a hero of that chaster time,
And slack the rolling sphere. With sovereign rays When poverty was praise, and gold a crime ; 'The Sun divides the months, the nights, the days; Suppose Fabricius present at the show,
Fix'd in his orb, the wandering course restrains Or the rough consul chosen from the plough, Of other stars, and the great dance ordains. Or virtuous Curius; each would wish to come
The changeful Moon attends th' alternate tides, With such a triumph back to wondering Rome. Saturn o'er ice and snowy zones presides;
Mars rules the winds, and the wing'd thunder What earth and air, the sea and Nile afford, Jove's is a sky serene and teinperate air; [guides; In golden Vessels heaps the plenttous board; The secds of life are Venus' kindly care. Whate'er ambitious Luxury could find
O'er spreading streams, Cyllenius, is thy reign: Through the search'd globe, and more than want
And when that part of Heaven thou dost attain, enjoin'd;
When Cancer with the Lion mingles rays,
Beneath whose hot survey, deep in his bed,
Obscure from sight, old Nilus veils his head; With wine from Meroc's isle, whose noble age, When thou, from thence, in thy celestial course, Fermenting, sparkles with ungovern'd rage : Ruler of foods, dost strike the river's source, With twisted wreaths, which fragrant flowers com- The conscious streams break out, and flowing soon Delightful nard, and ever-blooming rose, [pose, Obey thy call, as Ocean does the Moon ; They crown their brows; and strow their oily hair Nor check their tidc, till night has from the Sun With spice from neighbouring fields, not yet expir'd Regain'd those hours th' advancing Sumıner won.
in air. Here Cæsar Icarns the fruitful world to drain,
“ Vain was the faith of old, that melted snow While conscious thoughts his secret soul arraign; Froin Ethiopian hills produce this flow; Blushing he inward inourns the dire debate
For let the native's sun-burnt skins declare, With his poor son, but mourns, alas ! too late,
That no bleak North breathes wintry tempests And longs for war with Egypt's wealthy state.
But vapours from the South possess the parching At length, the tumult of the banquet o'er, Besides, such torrents as by snows iucrease, [air. When sated Luxury requir'd no inore,
Begin to swell when Spring does first release Cursar protracts the silent hours of night,
Those wintery stores; Nile ne'er provokes his And, turning to Achoreus, cloth'd in white,
streams, High on a lofty couch—" Say, holy seer !
Till the hot Dog-star shoot his angry beams; Whose hoary age thy guardian gods revere, Nor then resunies his bauks, till Libra weighs Devoted to their rites! wilt thou relate
In equal scale the measur'd nights and days. The rise and progress of the Pharian state?
Hence he the laws of vther streams declines, Describe the law's extent, what humours sway Xorfuss in winter, when at distance lines