Obrazy na stronie
PDF
ePub

an excess of severity ye rather injure the church; for it says, all men cannot endure the denial of all the affections. No one, I think, will be preserved in chastity, when men are deprived of their own wives. But I consider a man's intercourse with his lawful wife to be excellent chastity; and that she cannot be separated whom God has joined, and whom the man, when a reader, or singer, or layman, bas once married. And these things the great Paphnutius spake, though he was himself unmarried, having been brought up in a monastery from his childhood. Wherefore the whole assembly of bishops being persuaded by the man's advice, ceased from that question, and left it to the judgment of all, who were so disposed, by mutual consent to abstain from their own wives.

[ocr errors]

II. COUNCIL OF CONSTANTINOPLE I. A.D. 381.

CANON II.—(Against the Usurpations of the Bishop

of Rome.)

Let not the bishops go out of their diocese (patriarchate), to churches beyond their bounds, nor cause a confusion of Churches; but, according to the canons, let the Bishop of Alexandria order the affairs in Egypt only; and the bishops of the East the East only; saving the dignity to the Church of Antioch, expressed in the canons of Nice, &c.

Let not the bishops go out of the diocese for ordination, or any other ecclesiastical offices, unless they are summoned; but, observing the above-written canon concerning dioceses, it is clear, that the synod of each province will manage the affairs of the province according to the decrees of Nice.

Κάνων β'. Τους υπέρ διοίκησιν επισκόπους, ταϊς υπερορίοις εκκλησίαις μη επιέναι, μηδε συγχέειν τας εκκλησίας αλλά κατά τους κανόνας, τον μεν 'Αλεξανδρείας επίσκοπον τα εν Αιγύπτω μόνον οικονομείν. τους δε της ανατολής επισκόπους την ανατολήν μόνην διοικείν. φυλαττομένων των εν τοις κανόσι τοίς κατα Νικαίαν πρεσβείων τη Αντιοχέων εκκλησία, κ. τ. λ.

'Aκλήτους δε επισκόπους υπέρ διοίκησιν μη επιβαίνειν επί χειροτονίαις, ή τισιν άλλαις οικονομίαις εκκλησιαστικαίς. φυλαττομένου δε του προγεγραμμένου περί των διοικησέων κανόνος, ένδηλον ως τα καθ' εκάστην επαρχίας ή της επαρχίας σύνοδος διοικήσει, κατά τα εν Νικαία ώρισμένα, κ. τ. λ.-Conc. ii. 947.

Canon III.—(Against the claim of the Bishop of

Rome, as Successor to St. Peter.)

Let the Bishop of Constantinople have rank, next after the Bishop of Rome, for Constantinople is new Rome.

Κάνων γ'. Τον μέντοι Κωνσταντινουπόλεως επίσκοπον έχειν τα πρεσβεία της τιμής μετά τον της Ρώμης επίσκοπον, δια το είναι αυτήν νέαν Ρώμην.-Conc. ii. 947.

CANON VI.-Against the Intrusion of the Roman

Bishops and Clergy into the English Dioceses.) .... By heretics we mean both those who have formerly been declared so by the church, and those who have since been anathematized by us; and, in addition to these, those who, while they pretend to confess to sound faith, have separated themselves and made congregations contrary to our canonical bishops ....

Our ca

Κάνων ς'. Αιρετικούς δε λέγομεν, τούς τε πάλαι της εκκλησίας αποκηρυχθέντας, και τους μετά ταύτα υφ' ημών αναθεματισθέντας: προς δε τούτοις και τους την πίστιν μεν την υγιή προσποιουμένους ομολογείν, αποσχισθέντας δε και αντισυνάγοντας τους κανονικούς ημών επισκόποις, κ. τ. λ.-Conc. ii. 950.

FROM THE SYNODICAL EPISTLE OF THE BISHOPS AT

CONSTANTINOPLE TO THE WESTERN BISHOPS ASSEMBLED AT ROME.

(Against the Claim of the Church of Rome to be con

sidered the Mother of all Churches.)

“We acknowledge the most venerable Cyril, most beloved of God, to be Bishop of the Church of Jerusalem, which is the mother of all churches.”

[ocr errors]
[merged small][ocr errors]

ACTION 6.-DECREE OF THE SYNOD CONCERNING

THE FAITH.

[ocr errors]

(Against the Creed of Pope Pius.) The Holy Synod determined that it should not be lawful for any one to set forth, write, or compose any other creed than that which was determined by the holy Fathers who assembled at Nice in the Holy Ghost; and that if any shall dare to compose any other creed, or adduce or present it to those who are willing to be converted to the knowledge of the truth, either from heathenism or Judaism, or any heresy whatsoever; such persons, if bishops, shall be deprived of their episcopal office, if clergy, of the clerical, &c.

ΠΡΑΞΙΣ Τ'. "Όρος της συνόδου περί της πίστεως. .... ώρισεν ή αγία σύνοδος ετέραν πίστιν μηδενί εξειναι προσφέρειν, ήγουν συγγράφειν, ή συντιθέναι παρά την ορισθείσαν παρά των αγίων πατέρων των εν τη Νικαίων συνελθόντων συν αγίω πνεύματι τους δε τολμώντας ή συντιθέναι πίστιν ετέραν ήγουν προκομίζειν, ή προσφέρειν τοις έθέλουσιν επιστρέφειν εις επίγνωσιν της αληθείας, ή εξ ελληνισμού, ή εξ ιουδαϊσμού, ή εξ αιρέσεως οιασδηποτούν τούτοις, ει μεν είεν επίσκοποι ή κληρικοί, άλλοτρίους είναι τους επισκόπους της επισκοπής και τους κληρικούς του κλήρου, κ.τ.λ.-Conc. iii. 689.

« PoprzedniaDalej »