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stitutes Deity, and which is applied to the Father, is equally applied to Chrift. He is stiled the Great God, Mighty God, God over all. The Almighty, King of Kings, and Lord of Lords. The Divinity of Jesus Chrift, may be also proven from his
Attributes, I shall mention four. I. Eternity. And if the Son be Jehovah, he must of necessity be Eternal; as all judges in oriental learning, allow that that name is expressive of necefsary existence. He, is He, who is, who was, and who is to come, the Almighty. Which words denote, independent Eternity, even in the opinion of the most learned of the Arians, only they apply them to the Father, not to the Son, which is evidently wresting the application. There is a famous passage of the Prophet Micah, which strongly confirms the doctrine of Christ's Eternity. But thou, Bethlebam Ephratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of thee fall He come forth unto me, that is to be Pruler in Israel, whose goings forth have been from of old, from everlasting a. This contains a full and clear proof of Christ's pre-existence, before his birth of the virgin. The august name whịch the Deity declared to Moses, I am, intimating eternal self-exiftence, Christ assumes to himself ; before Abraham was, I am. In a word, he was before all things, and is the immortal, and invisible God.
II. Immutability. The author of the Epistle to the Hebrews, in opposing the Immutability of Christ, to the fading and perishing nature of the heavens and earth, fets it forth in very expreffive terms. Thou, Lord, in the beginning þaft laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thy bands. They shall perish, but thou REMAINEST. They mall be CHANGED, but THOU ART THE SAME,
a Micah v. 2.
and thy years hall not fail a. This is the very description which the holy Pfalmift gives us of the Immutability, or unchangeable nature of the only true, Eternal God. And here, without any restriction or limitation applied to our Saviour Christ. And in another paffage, Jesus Christ, the same yesterday, to day, and for ever b. Here is the phrase, ó autos the same applied to the person of Christ, and taking in all time past, present, and to come.
III. Omniscience is another divine Attribute, ascribed in scripture, to our Saviour. Now we are sure that thou knowest all things; said his Disciples unto him c. And again, in Peter's solemn protestation, Lord, Thou knowest all things : there is no limitation in the words, and no caution given by the Evangelist to prevent our understanding them in the highest sense.
In innumerable paffages, we meet with such assertions as, All things are naked before him; that every creature is manifefi' in his fight; that he is a discerner of the thoughts, and intents of the heart; for, in Him are hid all the treasures of wisdom and knowledge. Strong, and lively expressions of his Divine Omniscience.
IV. OMNIPRESENCE, is also ascribed to Chrift. This he afserted to Nicodemus; and no man hath ascended up to heaven, but he that came down from heaven, even the son of man, which is in heaven. Lo, I am always with you, even unto the end of the world, By him all things confift. These texts prove that our Blessed Lord, is present on earth, at For by
the a Heb. i. 1o, II, 12.
6 Ch, xiii. 8. ç But enemies to the Divinity of Christ, affect to oppose to his Omniscience, his own express declaration, But of that day, and that hour, knoweth no man, no not the Angels which are in heaven, neither the Son, but the Father. That Jesus was finite in his moral powers, and that these were capable of accession, is never denied, as he increased in wisdom and Nature, an<l was in all respects like to his brethren, sin excepted ; and, therefore, that his human nature, abstractly confidered, was equally with the Angelic, ignorant of that great event; yet this does not invalidate his Omniscience ; for he does not say that the Son of God knew it not, but the Son of man ; as is plain from both Evangelists, who record this expreflion.
the same time that he is also present in heaven; that his presence reaches to all the ends of the earth, to all men living quite round the globe, in the unbounded universe. Hence it was that the antients, with one voice, ascribed Omnipresence to God the Son.
The Divinity of Christ is demonstrated from his works. All things were made by Him, and without him was not any thing made, that was made. Him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether tbey be Thrones, or Dominions, or Principalities, or Powers, all things were created by Him, and for Him. And He is before all things, and by Him all things confijt a.
a. Strong, lively, and magnificent, expressions. He was before all created Beings, and consequently was himself, uncreated. All things: how vast the idea! Men, beasts, trees, sun, moon, and hosts of heaven; nay, the princely potentates of the highest Angelic orders, they are all created by Him, as the efficient cause, and for his glory, as their last end. No creature, however glorious, can give being to what did not exist before ; and although every house is built by fome man, yet He that built all things, is God.
Seeing then that the title of Creator is thus magnificently and elegantly set forth, in holy Scripture, as the distinguishing mark of eminency, the Epitome of all perfection, and the certain character of true Divinity: if nothing higher or stronger, can be thought on, to raise in us the most fublime, awful, and exalted idea of the supreme God of Israel; and if the Son of God be plainly and evidently set forth to us, under the same high character: if he created all things, visible and invisible, if he laid the foundations of the earth, and if the heavens are the works of his hands; I say, if these be indisputable pofitions, the conclusion to be drawn from them, ref
pecting a Coloff. i. 15, 16, 17.
pecting his Divinity, must be self-evident, to every mind that is not steeled against the sacred truth.
But the transcendent excellency of the Divine nature, and the glorious works of the hands of God, are the grounds of ascription, of worship, and of praise to him by all his creatures. I have already treated of this ac fome length. I have only to add here a few instances of worship, in the highest sense, which were given to Chrift; nor, with his infinite humility, did he ever refuse it. Thus when the blind man, and whose fight had been miraculously restored by Christ, had confounded and filenced the learned Doctors of the Sanhedrin, by the vigour and precision of his arguments; I say when he found Christ, who unfolded to him his high character of being the Son of God, professed his faith, Lord, I believe. It is added, And he worshipped him. So also, it is recorded by the two Evangelists, Matthew and Luke, that the eleven Apostles, upon seeing their Divine Master, ascending majestically into the blessed abodes, they worshipped him. The penitent thief, on the cross, amidst the gloom that veiled the Redeemer's glory, discerning the princely grandeur of the Son of God, fued to him for mercy, Lord, remember me, when thou comest into thy kingdom: and, as Sovereign of all worlds, Jesus replied, This day shalt thou be with me in Paradise a. In like manner the Apostle,
a It is probable this man never knew any thing of Christ before, otherwise than by common fame; but admitting that he had seen and heard him before, yet that he should now come into the acknowledgment of him, when one of his disciples had betrayed him, another had denied, and all of them had forfaken him; and now to pronounce him the Son of God, and Lord of Life, when he was hanging on the cross, suffering the pangs of death, and seemingly deserted by his father, that he should take sanctuary in a dying and universally despised man, publish his innocence in the face of triumphant malice, and through the thickest cloud of shame and suffering that ever intercepted the glories of the Son of God, discover his divine power, acknowledge his celestial kingdom, throw himself upon his
Thomas, having the most sensible proofs of the identity of his risen Master, with fervent rapture, expreffed his adoration, my Lord and my God.
God.' When Stephen had, in a long and masterly defence, not only vindicated his own innocence, but also convicted the council, his judges, of their obftinate and destructive infidelity, and when like furious wild beasts, they were rulhing on the holy martyr, with a countenance, ferene as that of an Angel, and with the keen eye of faith, piercing through the aerial regions, beheld the invisible glories of Jesus Christ, in profound adoration, he kneeled down, saying, Lord Jesus, receive muy Spirit. And having said this, he fell asleep. But I might as well attempt to count the number of the stars, or the sands by the sea' fhore, as to enumerate the worshippers of the blessed Redeemer. For,what songs are these, from the outmost ends of the earth, Salvation to the Righteous! What louder, and more melodious notes are those which resound through the highest heavens? Hark! Let us hear who those choiristers are, and let us listen to what they say:
And I beheld, and lo, in the midst of the throne, and of the four beasts, and in the midst of the elders stood a Lamb, as it had been flain, having seven horns, and seven eyes, which are the seven Spirits of God sent forth into all the earth. And he came and took the book out of the right hand of him that sat upon the throne. And when he had taken the book, the four beasts, and four and twenty elders fell dow'n before the Lamb, having every one of them harps, and golden vials
protection, and call upon him as the great disposer of rewards and happiness after death : this was a confeffion so refolute, fo fingular, fo illustrious, as never was outdone, as never can in all respects bo equailed, except the same Jesus were again to be crucified: for no man's conversion ever had, ever can have, upon other terms, such disadvantageous and discouraging circumstances, as this man laboured under, and yet so gloriously overcame them all.