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“the sprinkling of the blood of Jesus that there is not a moderate and Christ —" the pouring out the Spi- intelligent Baptist, who will say rit on all flesh”-“ the pouring out a with him, that a mistake in the spirit of grace and of supplication” mode of administering baptism, in--and “the pouring out the Spiriton fers this sweeping and inadmissible the seed” of the people of God; but consequence. As well might it be never of immersion in the blood of said, that the death of Christ is not Christ, or being immersed in the commemorated by the humble comSpirit's influences. You will now municant in the ordinance of the judge, to which of the two systems, Supper, because, instead of a full the argument of baptismal water meal or supper, he eats only a small being an emblem of the Spirit's re piece of bread, and drinks but a novating influences, belongs. You spoonful of wine; as that baptism will also judge whether Mr. C. has is null and void, because water is produced such "positive precept, or applied to only a part, and not to precedent,” as authorized him to the whole of the body. Nor can the say, -“ that all who have not been above consequence be inferred from immersed in the name of the Father, a mistake respecting some of the Son, and Holy Spirit, after profess- subjects. For, admitting that Pæing the faith of the gospel, have dobaptists are mistaken with renever been baptized, and are yet in spect to the right of the infant chilan unbaptized state:” thereby un dren of church members to baptism, churching all the churches in the the utmost that could be lawfully world, the Baptist church excepted, inferred is, that in those cases they and the Baptist church too, unless misapply the ordinance. I repeat he can prove unequivocally, that the my persuasion, that there is not a apostles baptized by immersion, and moderate and intelligent Baptist by immersion only; and also trace who will admit of the foregoing cona succession of Baptist churches sequences, and who will not consifrom their time to the present day. der their 'cause weakened by those

novel and crude doctrines, whence is in honour bound to do so in de- he has attempted to draw these ilfence of his new catechism; and the legitimate conclusions. public expectation will be, that if I shall close this review, with this is ever done, it will be by the briefly noticing a number of heavy theological hero who, on the subject charges, which Mr.C. brings against of baptism, has “ DEFIED ALL CHRIS the Pædobaptist system, as a sysTENDOM."

But ere he attempts tem, in the 3d No. of the Appendix this, let me beg leave to observe to to his book. him, that the proof of the apostles 1. “It is will-worship, or founded baptizing by immersion only, must on the will of man, and not on the be (according to his own rule, "by will of God." positive precept or precedent:' and 2. “ It has carnalized and secuwith respect to the latter, there larised the church.” must not be a broken link in the 3. “It imposes a religion upon chain. For as not only infant bap the subjects of it, before they are tism, but the baptism of adults, if

aware of it.” not by immersion, is according to 4. “ It has uniformly inspired a his catechism a nullity; then, as persecuting spirit.”. persons baptized in either of these

5. That it inspires the subject as ways, “are still in an unbaptized soon as he recognises the action, state,” they have no right to preach and understands it as his parents the gospel, much less to administer explain it, with an idea that he is betthe ordinances of the Christian dis ter than a heathen, or now in a state pensation to others. I am persuaded | differing from an unbaptized person.

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The first and fifth of these educated, bid as fair to imbibe the charges have been incidentally no mild and benevolent principles of the ticed, and I trust fully obviated, in gospel, as the children of Baptists the preceding letters. The second whose parents are not under the can never happen, but where the influence of the foregoing obligachurch and state are amalgamated; tions. Again : According to the and we are not to argue against a Pædobaptist system, baptized mithing, from the abuse of it. The are taught, or ought to bę third is silly, as it is well known, taught, that in consequence of their that the prejudice of education is being planted in the vineyard of as strong in the children of Bap the Lord, they are under special tists, as of Pædobaptists. The obligations “to avoid the pollutions fourth," that it has uniformly in of the world, and to seek by prayer spired a persecuting spirit,” is in and a diligent attendance on the deed a serious charge, and if well means of grace the thing signified founded, would be a strong argu by baptism," the washing of regement, that it is “founded on the neration, "by the Holy Spirit.” will of man, and not on the will of Now I should also think, that chilGod.” But what is the proof which dren thus instructed, and whose Mr. C. adduces in support of this minds are imbued with this princiheavy charge? A detailed account ple, bid as fair, if not fairer, to be refrom Benedict's History of the Bap specters of things divine, and to be tists, of seven persons being ill as humane, benevolent, and orderly treated in Virginia, and three or members of society, as the children four in Massachusetts, on account of those who are taught, that they are of their opposing and probably vili under no such obligations from the fying infant baptism. "I think I am aforesaid privileges ; but taught as much opposed as Mr. C. can pos that they are in the visible kingsibly be, to persecution of any kind, dom of darkness, and if God conand to any degree, on account of verts them it is well, if not they religious tenets, but who can are not blameable; for Mr. C. tells frain from smiling when he reads them in p. 197, that " for his own this mighty proof of Mr. C.'s un part, he conceives it to be as reaqualified assertion, “that infant sonable to blame a man for being sprinkling (as he is pleased to term black, or for not being seven feet it) has uniformly inspired a perse

high, as to blame him for not being cuting spirit?”

a Christian.” And I will venture As principles, however acquired, to affirm, that children thus eduare the sources of action, it


be cated, and thus early impressed, worth while to inquire if there is will bear a comparison in the agany thing in the Pædobaptist sys gregate with the children of Baptem, that has a tendency to beget tist families, for a respect for things and cherish the hateful spirit of per

divine, and for all those charities secution. According to the Pædo that are the supports of society, baptist system the minor children and the sweeteners of social life. I of church members are planted by will venture to affirm more, that baptism in the vineyard or visible three-fourths, if not nine-tenths of church of God; and their parents those who are at present engaged in are thereby brought under obliga- suppressing the current of aboundtions, and voluntarily promise in ing immorality, and in spreading the more immediate presence of the benign principles of the gospel God, and of the assembled church, of peace, and of love, are those who “to bring them up in the nurture have been baptized in infancy. and admonition of the Lord.” Now Facts are stubborn arguments, and one would think that children thus all theories and speculations, howVol. I.

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ever specious, must give way to, vested with power to preach the and bow before them. I freely ad-gospel: and consequently, that the mit, that many baptized in infancy church stood in no need of miniswere persecutors, and addicted to

ters or pastors: that in the kingall kind of wickedness; but the dom of Christ civil magistrates question is, was this the conse were useless: and that God still quence of their being baptized in continued to reveal his will to choinfancy, or of the Pædobaptism sen persons by dreams and visions." system as a system; or the abuse Ecci. Hist. London ed. vol. iv. p. 440. of it in those churches that are un And what was the practical opehappily amalgamated with the state, ration and effect of these princior in those churches that have de ples, and especially of the leadparted from the truth, or in those ing principle of a spotless church, where the doctrine of baptism is whence all the others naturally and not correctly understood ?

necessarily sprung? Was it a high After Mr. C. 'had thus roundly respect for things divine, and huand unqualifiedly asserted “ that manity, and benevolence, and orinfant sprinkling has uniformly in derly obedience to the laws ? No: spired a persecuting spirit;" he but the most unparalleled blasphealso informs us, " that every body my, anarchy, and licentiousness, knows, that Quakers and Baptists with an attempt under MUNZER, have never persecuted.” Quakers STUBNER, and STORCK, and other have nothing to do with the pre- leaders, to overturn all government sent question, but it may be also in church and state: and after disworth while to inquire into the fact turbing the peace of Germany, and as it respects Baptists; and also to of the surrounding countries for a examine whether or no, there is considerable time, and wounding any thing in the Baptist system, the Reformation in its


vitals, that has a natural tendency to pro they were at last with considerable duce this hateful and wicked spirit. dificulty discomfited, and dispersed

Baptist historians are very fond by the German princes. of telling us, that they are descend And who is there, who has careed from the PÆTROBRUSSIANS, and fully read Mr. C.'s book, but must other ancient sects, who are usual have noticed the leading and disly considered amongst the witnesses tinguishing principles of those turfor the truth in the dark ages of bulent fanatics? They plead for a Popery. Be that as it may, it is spotless church, and so does Mr. C. unquestionably certain that the -a plausible and imposing idea present Baptist churches, both in indeed, but which I trust I have Europe and America, are sprung shown is contrary to the design from the Anabaptists, who started of Jehovah in erecting a church up in Germany at the commence amongst guilty men. They hated ment of the Reformation. Their and despised the Pædobaptist clerpeculiar principles are distinctly | gy of the day; and who has read recorded, and transmitted to us by Mr. C.'s Catechism* and other parts MOSHEIM, and other ecclesiastical of his book, but has been struck by historians. “They held,” says Mo the rancour manifested therein SHEIM,“ that the church of Christ against the Pædobaptist clergy of ought to be exempt from all sin: the present time, and the attempts that all things ought to be common he has made to bring them into conamongst the faithful: that all usu tempt and disrepute? They called ry, tithes, and tribute, ought to be “ infant baptism an invention of the entirely abolished: that the baptism devil;" and although Mr. C. has of infants was an invention of the devil: that every Christian was in * Vide Quest. 11, 16. 18. 19. 58. 60.

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not used the same language, yet he less church here below. I have not
has given the fullest evidence that however any apprehension of pre-
he hates it as cordially as ever the seni danger from the principles in-
German Anabaptists did, by the culcated in the essays alluded to,
unceasing ridicule he has attempt as they have been encountered by
ed to pour upon it in almost every a writer with the signature of Ti-
page. And if it is a fact, (as I be MOTHY, whose strictures have com-
lieve it is,) that he is the writer of pletely neutralized their deleteri-
several essays published in the ous tendency to all, the grossly ig-
Washington Reporter, with the sig norant and the lawless excepted,
nature of Candidus, against moral the "number of which, when com-
societies, and the laws of Pennsyl-pared with the mass of our citizens,
vania against vice and immorality, is, I trust, but small.
who is there who has read these It was with reluctance that I
essays, but must have seen that he have introduced the German Ana-
has imbibed all the leading theolo baptists at all into this review. It
gical, and political principles of was not with the design of hurting
MUNZER, STUBNER, and STORCK; the feelings, or casting a reflection
and that should those principles be on the present Baptist Church. For
generally imbibed, then as similar although I think them mistaken on
causes produce similar effects, the the subject of baptism, with respect
orderly, happy, and respectable to the infants of church members,
state of Pennsylvania would soon and the mode of administering that
experience all the calamities that ordinance, yet I feel happy in say-
Germany and the low countries ing, that they have evinced for up-
once experienced from the Ana wards of a century past, that they
baptists under the specious pre have renounced the anarchical prin-
tence of erecting a spotless church? ciples of their predecessors, and

As these letters may be read by that they are as firm supporters of some who are not acquainted with lawful civil government as any Mr. C., or who know not his

gene other religious denomination. It ral moral character, I feel it to be was to point out to Mr. C. the dana duty which I owe to him to say, gerous tendency of those princithat I do not think he has


such ples he has imbibed and avowed, to designs, and that should such an induce him to review his present event take place, his moral habits creed; and to induce those who would not suffer him to take any have read his book to reflect before part in scenes of anarchy, licen they adopt those principles. His tiousness and blood. It is a plau book has been published at a most sible and unscriptural theory that inauspicious time. For some years has led him to speak and write as past, Christians of different denohe has done, and what is no uncom minations were gradually approachmon thing with even good men, his ing each other, and a hope was enhead is at variance with his heart. tertained, that all who held the But although I believe that Mr. C. doctrines of


would at no would take no part in the practical very distant day be consolidated operation of his own principles, yet into one impenetrable phalanx, and as human nature is the same in all be to the enemies of God, and of ages, and in all countries, I have his Christ, as terrible as an army no doubt that there are daring and with banners.” The writings of Dr. unprincipled men amongst us, who, Mason of this country, and of Dr. if à favourable opportunity offered, Hall of the Baptist Church in Engwould react the scenes of Germany gland, on Christian communion, in the 16th century, under the were producing a happy effect: but plausible pretext of erecting a spot Mr C's inflammatory publication

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is directly calculated to widen the tism of the children of right hobreach, and as far as it may

have nourable or dishonourable men. An effect, to set those who hold the intelligent public should never be same fundamental articles of reli insulted with such miserable stuff gion, in bitter hostile array against instead of argument. Perhaps Mr. each other. I hope, however, that C. thinks himself entitled to a little the time will come when he will indulgence in such things, as he reflect on this part of his conduct tells us in the conclusion of his with regret; that he will retrace book, that he has a dash of satire in his steps and repair the evil which his constitution, and which he finds I am persuaded he has done to the it difficult to suppress; or to use church of God, and the interest of his own language, he has a "genius a benevolent religion.

naturally inclined to irony, which I have now finished


brief he has often to deny." Well, alview of Mr. C.'s book. Mr. C. may though ridicule is not a test of truth, perhaps say that it is a brief review yet as it is of use, for exposing and indeed; for there are many things correcting buffoonery, pedantry, exin his book which I have not even travagant opinions, and extravagant glanced at. That is indeed true ; and immodest pretensions to supebut I expect that it will be admit rior talents and attainments, he has ted, that I have noticed all his pro my full and free consent to indulge minent points, and principal argu it liberally against any thing of that ments against Pædobaptism; and kind in these letters, or any thing if I have overturned these, then the else, that deserves the satiric lash. minor points and arguments must But it must be irony; for genuine necessarily fall with them, for when satire is one thing, and punning on the foundation is removed, the su letters in the alphabet, quibbling on perstructure must fall to the ground. | single words, horrific apostrophisIt is highly probable that he will ing, and empty declamation, are reply to these letters, and I would another. To such things, or such justo conclude by observing, that like things, I will assuredly never should I reply to him, it will be again reply. Once is enough; perupon the following conditions only. | haps too much. 1. That my arguments are to be

SAMUEL RALSTON. met and combated by the word of God, or sound logical reasoning; and not by such apostrophes as I have already noticed, and the following addressed to Pædobaptists SOUND POLITICS THE FRUIT OF A in his book. “O human tradition

SOUND RELIGION. how hast thou biassed the judgment, “Righteousness exalteth a nation : but and blinded the eyes of them that sin is a reproach to any people.” Prov. should know; under thy influence xiv. 34. we strain at a gnat and swallow a There is no word in the catalogue camel!"_" What a compound of of vocal sounds which has been inconsistencies is necessary to con more prostituted and abused than stitute a Pædobaptist!!!" 2. That the term politics. It is an articulate we are to hear no more about spon sound which we hear almost from sors in baptism, nor of parents pro the mouth of every individual who mising that their children shall be speaks the English language-but religious : such things are as absurd it is a sound, we are certain, very and ridiculous in the eyes of Pres often used without being affixed to byterian Pædobaptists, as they are any

definite idea. It seems, howin his. Nor any more bills of fare ever, in these enlightened times, to for dinner on occasion of the bap be pretty generally understood to


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