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to this, that the righteousness of what other source it should be deChrist is capable of being used by rived. When any person will seGod in some way contrary to the riously propose some other reason moral perfections of his nature. for such an alleged competency, it We might as well say, that God is shall be considered. Dr. Gray must capable of lying, or denying him-rely upon the nature of the righteself, while assuredly he has no mo ousness of Christ to support his ral ability to do either. It is in tenet. He did so, in his “ Fiend vain, then, that any one attempts of the Reformation,

of the Reformation," erroneously to prove, that the righteousness of said to be “ Detected." Because Christ is capable of being employed it is the righteousness of the law, in a very unreasonable, improbable, says he, and satisfies all the deunrighteous way, in which it never mands of the law, it must be impuwas, and never will be employed. table to all men.

We must suppose that instead of Is the nature of the righteousness capability, our general of metaphy of Christ such, then, that it is comsics intended to treat of adequacy petent to the salvation of those who or competency. We must take his never will be saved, and may be meaning to be, that the righteous righteously imputed to them by ness of Christ is competent or ade God ? Dr. G. affirms it, and we dequate to the salvation of every indi ny it. Both appeal to the scripvidual of mankind. This is really tures; both resort to argument. the proposition which he labours to Let those who honour us with a pesupport. We submit the following rusal of our writings judge between thoughts on it. If the righteousness us. Truth, the honour of God, the of Christ is competent or adequate welfare of the church, the salvation to the salvation of those who never of souls, are the grand objects at will be saved, it must be from some

we both aim in our studies, covenant of God to accept of it for preaching and discussions from the the salvation of all those persons, press. We shall not feel any anior from the nature of that righteous- mosity, let the religious, the conness itself, or from some other rea templative, the consistent, give the son. This “ trilemma” exhausts the palm to which they may. subject. With the first and third

At present we have to do with of these horns we can soon dispose; human arguments, which are more for if God covenanted to accept the formidable in their number than in righteousness of Christ for the sal

any thing else. vation of those who never will be

“ ARGUMENT 1.-1. God offers eternal saved, then he must accept it, or he

life in Jesus Christ to all who hear the is a covenant-breaker; and if he

gospel. accepts it for their salvation, they "2. But it would be inconsistent with must be saved, or he is a covenant all the moral perfections of God, to offer breaker: which is impossible. This

men eternal life in Jesus Christ, if there

is no salvation in him for them. would prove, that those must be ac

“3. Therefore there is in Jesus Christ tually saved, who never will be eternal life for all those to whom it is ofsaved. It cannot be, therefore, that fered in the gospel, that is for all those Jehovah has covenanted to accept

who hear the gospel. of the righteousness of Christ for

“ The first of these propositions is one of the actual salvation of all mankind,

the general doctrines, which I have so la

boriously and copiously proved from the and so rendered it adequate or com Holy Scriptures : and I will not disgrace petent to that work. Does its ade so glorious a truth by supposing that it quacy to the saving of all, come,

needs any farther proof or elucidation. then, from something in the very

“The second proposition we shall denature of that righteousnes? If it

monstrate. If there be not salvation in

Christ for all who hear the gospel; then does not, we cannot conceive from for some of them there is no salvation ;

and of consequence when God offers to

doctor's argumentation. Can any these salvation by Jesus Christ, he offers

one refrain from laughing, when he them what does not exist. He offers them an empty purse, and bids them take it,

sees, quod erat demonstrandum, and they shall be rich. He sets an empty formally attached to eleven flourish plate before them, and bids them eat, and es of this description : they shall be filled. He leads them dying The conclusion depends wholly with thirst to the rock, he bids them

on the notion which is attached to drink and be satisfied, but he produces no water. There is nothing moral, there is

the expression OFFERS.

“ God of every thing immoral in such conduct. It fers eternal life in Jesus Christ to is not true, that if they accept an empty all who hear the gospel,” we admit; purse they will be rich; that if they ac

but we have already seen what this cept an empty plate, they will be filled ;

means, and what are the terms on that if they drink up a dry rock, they will find their thirst quenched. There is no

which the offers are made. He ofmercy in this; it is a most cruel mockery fers from regard to the righteousof human misery. There is no bounty in ness of Christ as the meritorious it; for where is the bounty of offering

cause, to pardon all sinners, on their nothing! There is no justice in it, for to make à law, or do an act which aggra

believing in the Lord Jesus, and vates distress, without the possibility of

with pardon, to give them a title to doing any compensating good, is injus every thing included in everlasting tice, and the very essence of tyranny. life. This offer is perfectly con“Is it any sin or indecency, to treat with

sistent with all the moral perfeccontempt and indignation, a theory which

tions of God. “ But it would be represents Almighty God in so contemptible and unworthy a character? Reader,

inconsistent with the moral perfecyou are a great philanthropist, I am told. tions of God, to offer men eternal You went out, and found a poor exhausted life in Jesus Christ, if there is no traveller, he had fallen,, through exhaustion in the snow, and was just closing his

salvation in him for them.” If God eyes in the slumbers of death. You waked

could not, and would not completehim up, you invited him

your house,

ly save all believers in Jesus Christ, promising him plentiful entertainment; he it would be inconsistent with his summons up the last energies of expiring moral attributes to offer, or propose nature, and follows you ; you place him at the cold end of your table, you help all

to sinners, to save him who believ. your family, and all your friends abun

eth, and whosoever wills to come to dantly with the richest viands. Yet placed

Christ for life. « 'Therefore there an empty plate before the traveller, and is in Jesus Christ eternal life for all bade him eat; you placed an empty tum those to whom it is offered in the bler before him, and bade him drink. Nature could bear no more. The last tear

gospel, that is for all those who stands in his eye; and why, he says, could

hear the gospel.” This does not you not have left me to die alone? why follow; but it may be inferred, was I aroused by the voice of mercy, only “ Therefore he who believeth on the to find that there is no mercy on earth ? His

Lord Jesus Christ shall be saved," heart bursted at the thought, and he fell dead. Reader, is this tale true ? I hear you

for God offers to all who hear the indignantly exclaim-No: It is a vile slan gospel to give everlasting life to beder, I never acted so; I am incapable of lievers; and he could not consistacting such a part! Reader, I thought as ently with his moral perfections much myself, when I heard the tale. How

make such an offer without being dare you then give to my God a moral character which you think too base for

able to fulfil it; therefore he will yourself!

fulfil it, since it is certainly made “You have then your choice, either that in the gospel. This last argument there is salvation in Jesus Christ, for all to

corresponds with the scriptures : whom God offers it; or to put up with the conclusion that God is destitute of moral

but the one quoted seems to imply

that salvation in Christ is some. perfections. The latter cannot be admitted; therefore the former must. q. e. d.thing distinct from the act of the

judge in pardoning and justifying This is a pretty copious extract, the criminal, the act of regeneraand furnishes a fair sample of the tion, the act of adoption, the work

P. 78.

of sanctification, and final glorifi- || tend, when he says, “God offers cation in heaven. Now surely these eternal life in Christ Jesus to all acts are never done, these works are who hear the gospel," that this ofnever accomplished by God in rela fer is an unconditional offer to save tion to those who perish in their all men ? Certainly he teaches this sins. How then, is there salvation in his book a hundred times over; in Christ for those persons, who are and yet he will not have the offer to never, for the sake of Christ, renew pardon, justify, sanctify and glorify ed, justified, sanctified, glorified ? all men, without the condition of It is absurd to talk of these things believing annexed. If he would be as being in Christ, for men never to consistent with himself, he must be saved, and equally absurd to as explain the nature of the gospel of sert that there can be any scriptural fer as we do ; and then the mighty salvation for them. In Christ is fabric, which he has spent nine eternal life for all who will ever months in rearing, will come down consent to receive it: this satisfies to this, which every unlettered us, and it should seem to be enough Christian knows to be the truth; to satisfy all. By this expression that God offers to save through we understand, that Christ, as Re Christ, all who will believe the gosdeemer, has merited for, and will, pel; that it would be inconsistent from the right which he has in him with God's moral attributes to make self, bestow upon all such persons this offer, if he was not both able all the benefits of redemption. Dr. and willing to do this; and that G. would have accomplished the therefore God is both able and wilthing at which he seems to have ling to save through Christ all who aimed, could he have established believe the gospel. such an argument as this: 1. God But we hear much of demonstraoffers for Christ's sake, to pardon, tion, and this sentence is dignified justify, sanctify, and glorify all with the name;"If there be not who hear the gospel, whether they salvation in Christ for all who hear repent or not. 2. But it would

the gospel ; then for some of them be inconsistent with all the moral there is no salvation; and of conperfections of God, to offer, for sequence when God offers to these Christ's sake, to pardon, justify, salvation by Jesus Christ, he offers sanctify, and glorify all who hear them what does not exist." Tis the gospel, whether they repent passing strange, that Dr. G. should or not, if Christ had not render beguile himself with such demoned such a salvation practicable. strations as this. Only let him ask 3. Therefore, since such an offer is himself, did the salvation of those made, Christ has rendered it prac

who never will be saved ever EXIST, ticable for God to pardon, justify, any where, in any person? What sanctify and glorify all who hear kind of a salvation of those who the gospel, whether they repent or perish must this be? The salvation not. This argument is a legitimate of a man never saved can have no one; and if the first proposition is existence; unless a thing can be, admitted, the whole must be adopt and not be at the same time. God ed. Now will Dr. G. receive the offers sinners, in offering salvation, first proposition, and sustain the not a thing already existing; but he conclusion, that Christ has rendered

proposes, and even promises, under the salvation of unbelievers practi certain circumstances, to perform, cable ? No: for he insists on it, in relation to them, certain operathat faith is necessary to salvation. tions, which have as yet no actual Well, then, he will erase the last existence any where. These acts clause of our first proposition in

are conceived of by God himself, the syllogism. But does he not in as not yet in being. In offering sal

vation, Jehovah proclaims to sin who obey the command): that is, for all who ners, that he will save all who be hear the gospel (and believe it]." p: 80. lieve, will be found of them who The first of these propositions is seek him, will draw nigh to those who considered by our author, as one of draw nigh to him, will give eternal his fundamental principles ; and we life in Christ Jesus, to all who seek assent to it, as here stated ; with him, come to him, and in faith call

this explanation of our views, that on his name. This is not offering to believe in Jesus for salvation, is an empty hand, an empty purse, an to believe the testimony of God empty plate, or a dry rock to the

concerning him, with a desire to be poor, needy, hungry and thirsty saved, and with a persuasion, that The gospel promises, that the poor he who believeth and is baptized in spirit shall be made rich; that shall be saved. The second and those who hunger and thirst after third we admit, with the amendrighteousness shall be fed abun

ments which are included in brackdantly with the bread and water of ets; and which we conceive prolife; that those who seek shall find,

perly belong to them, for reasons and that to all who knock, the door already assigned. The second proshall be opened ; and God has made

position, exclusive of our alteraprovision in the obedience of Christ,

tions, Dr. G. says he demonstrates for completely saving all persons thus : who shall ever answer any one of these descriptions. The salvation

“If men are commanded to believe in of all such persons will be the co

Jesus, they are commanded to believe that

he is able to save them; for to believe that venanted reward of mediatorial he is not able to save them, is what the obedience to Christ, while it is un scriptures call unbelief. Now if any permingled grace to themselves. When sons are commanded to believe that Jesus any sinner accepts of Christ as his

is able to save them, whom yet he is not Lord and Master; or, is willing to

able to save, such persons are commanded

to believe a falsehood, which is inconsistlook to him, come to him, and be ent with the truth and all the moral persaved from sin and hell, and then fections of God. Jesus Christ, according finds that no atonement has been

to the hypothesis of some, is not able to made for his sins, and no provision

save certain persons who hear the gospel;

such persons do not believe he is able to by Christ for his perfect salvation, save them, and that is believing the truth; then it will be time enough to de and therefore they do not trust their salclaim against the divine scheme of vation to one whom they do not think able salvation, and the gospel which

to save them, and who, according to this Christ has instructed his ministers

hypothesis is not able to save them, which

is acting the part that every rational creato proclaim. We proceed to

ture ought to act. Now if God damns any “ ARGUMENT II.-1. God by a public law

such persons for not believing in Jesus has commanded all who hear the gospel to

Christ, he damns them for believing the believe in Jesus for salvation; promising

truth, and for acting as rational creatures to each, and all of them, eternal life in

ought to act. Which is injustice and ty. case they obey that commandment; and

ranny in their worst shapes. threatening death to each and all of them,

“ You have then your choice, either

that there is salvation in Jesus for all who in case they disobey. 2. But it would be inconsistent with all the moral perfections

hear the gospel, that is, that he is able to

save them all; or that God is destitute of of God to command men to believe in Je

moral attributes. The latter supposition sus for salvation, if Jesus could not save them [if they did believe); to promise to

is false, therefore, the former must be true. give them life if they believed in Jesus,

g. e. d.” p. 81. if there is no life for them (who shall be.

Dr. G. disclaims all metaphysilieve] in Jesus; and to punish them for cal disquisitions on the nature of rejecting salvation in Christ, if all the saving faith, and yet he tell us in while there is no [offer of) salvation (by faith] to reject. 3. Therefore, there is

this extract, that it consists in a salvation in Jesus Christ for all those who sinner's believing that Jesus is able are commanded to believe in him [and to save him; and that to believe VOL. I.

3 B

that he is not able to save him, is widely differs from judging, while what the scriptures call unbelief. we continue unbelievers, that Jesus We deny the truth of this assertion, is able to save us, who never have for not believing is unbelief ; not looked to him, and never may come giving assent, with consent, to the to him for life. truths of the gospel, is the damning It is admitted, that were any

insin of sins, which may be exercised dividual commanded to believe that by one who is not chargeable with Jesus really wills to save him, and any positive act of believing that has perfect moral ability to do this Christ is not able to save him. Be voluntary work of saving him, we sides, that Jesus Christ is able to must believe that Jesus has such a save me, is nowhere proposed in the will and such an ability, but to Bible, as the proper object of sa what unbeliever has God said these ving faith to any one: nor indeed things, that he should believe them? as any object of faith at all, to any Christ is willing to do, what he one but a believer, who has the wit wills to do, and nothing else. Who, ness of the Spirit with his spirit, then, while unreconciled to God, that he is a child of God. All sin has


evidence of the Redeemer's ners who hear the gospel are com volition to save him ? manded to believe, First, that they We defy Dr. G. to point us to one are poor, miserable, condemned sin

passage in the Bible, in which it is ners; Secondly, that God has sent his intimated, that any man will be Son into the world, by his righte condemned for not believing that ousness to save a great multitude of Christ wills to perform the volunsinners, even as many as the Lord tary action (to the constitution of our God shall effectually call; and the ability for doing which a voli-. Thirdly, that God promises to save tion to do it is necessary,) of saving him, if he will accept of Christ and him. It is for not believing on the his salvation, as they are presented authority of God speaking in them, in the gospel. The sinner who so such propositions as God has stated, believes these propositions, as to that unbelievers are to be condemnconsent to God's terms of reconci ed; and they do treat God as a liation, choose Christ for a Saviour, liar, without having been once reand take hold of the covenant, that quired to believe that Christ has he may have peace with his righte determined, or willed to save them ously offended Judge, shall make individually. They do not believe peace with him, and be saved. 'The thousands of truths which God has proper object of saving faith, then, stated to them, and to which he reis very different from that which quires their devout attention. They our Doctor asserts it to be, and all do not cordially and practically behis demonstration, built upon it, lieve, that Jesus is the Christ, that falls to the ground. We assert, he came into the world to save sinand we have the same right to deal ners, that they are righteously conin broad assertions as our brother, demned, that they are in danger of that no sinner can know, or believe, hell, that God has no delight in the upon any one's credible testimony, death of a sinner, in itself considersince God has not personally point ed; and that he is able and willing ed out the elect, that Christ is able, to save all who come to him through consistently with the moral attri the Mediator. For not regarding butes of God, to save him in parti Jehovah's veracity, for not submitcular, until he knows that he is a ting to his commands in considerbeliever, or is born of God. He ing and believing his system of may believe, that Christ is able and evangelical truth, they shall meet willing to save all who believe, and with aggravated punishment, and him, if he shall believe; but this deservedly. No man will ever be

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