Obrazy na stronie

crush thee. He is omniscient, know-we contemplate him as the maker ing every thing which can be known. and governor of all worlds, we may Regard not the imaginations, say well wonder, that he should look ings and censures of thy 'fellow upon such worms as we are; that men; but God, who beholds thee he should provide for, and protect in every place, and records every us; that he should sacrifice his Son, action, that he may disclose it in call to us, strive with us, and wait the day of judgment. Fear to sin for us, to give away himself, and in secret; and mourn for thy se all he is worth, to us! We should cret sins, of negligence, hypocrisy, fear this God, when we come before whoredom and profaneness, with an him; but oh! how rudely, in what earnest desire for pardon, and with a slovenly manner do men go

about admiration at his patience, who,' every holy duty! having seen, has not damned thee.

(To be continued.) God is true. He means to do as he saith ; and represents things as they

Keviews. are. Let every child of God, therefore, be comforted by his promises; and every wicked man expect the

Review of Dr. Miller's Sermon. execution of his threatenings, not

On the 19th of October, 1820, the withstanding his delay; for the

Rev. Samuel Miller, D.D. preached longer justice is in drawing his a Sermon in Baltimore, at the ordibow, the deeper will the arrows of

nation of the Rev William Nevins vengeance strike. God is holy; to the ministerial office. The serlet us therefore be holy, for without mon, and the CHARGES addressed holiness no man shall see the Lord. to the pastor and people of the First Finally, he is just and merciful ; Presbyterian Church in that city, just in himself, and so will punish by the Rev. Elias Harrison, of Alexall sin: merciful in the face of andria, have been published in a Christ, and so will punish no sins in very handsome style, and are worbelievers; Christ having already thy of extensive circulation. Dr. M. borne their punishment for them.

has exhibited some of the dangers He is a just God, against a hard and temptations which attend the hearted sinner; a merciful God preaching of the gospel in great citowards a humble sinner. He is ties ;" and some of the reasons not all mercy, and no justice; nor

which render it “of peculiar imporall justice, and no mercy. Submit tance that the gospel should be to him, and his mercy embraces you;

plainly and faithfully preached in resist him, and his justice pursues

such places.” He remarks, you.

66 There is, if I mistake not, a sort of 3. God is glorious in his

persons. intensity of character imparted to the inThe Father is called the Father of habitants of great cities, an intensity geglory (Eph. i. 17.); Christ the Lord nerated and nourished, by the almost of glory (1 Cor. ii. 8.); and the Spi

constant intercourse of persons of like

taste and employment, and by the unrit, the Spirit of glory.. (1 Pet. iv, ceasing stimulants which such intercourse 14.) The Father is glorious in elec is calculated to apply. In no places on tion, the Son in redemption, and the earth, assuredly, do we find such exSpirit in his work of application:

tremes of character; such exalted vir

tue, and diabolical vice; such fervent the Father, in choosing the house; the Son, in buying the house; and

piety, and daring profaneness; such no

ble generosity, and sordid selfishness, as the Spirit, in dwelling in the house, in great cities. We are told, in the land that is, in the heart of a poor, lost of our fathers, the phrase, ' London piety,' sinner.

is often employed to express the highest

degree of heavenly-mindedness; and 4. God is glorious in his works,

London vice,' the most degrading and of creation and government. When shocking depravity. We may apply the


same remark, with some degree of pro writing to Timothy, exhorts-He must priety, to every great city. Cities are give attention to reading, as well as to excommonly the grand theatres on which hortation : he must meditate upon these both the good and the bad display their things, and give himself wholly to them, that greatest energies. Now, as in all society, his profiting may appear unto all

. the bad form by far the largest part; and * But that love of variety, which is peas their follies and vices are heightened culiarly strong in the inhabitants of great by the circumstances in which they are cities, and which a city pastor must make placed in a great city; there, of course, peculiar exertions to consult, and, as far we must expect to find, in its most con as is proper, to satisfy, is not the whole centrated virulence, whatever.is hostile of his difficulty. There is also a tendency to the purity and simplicity of the gos. in large towns, where public exercises pel, and whatever is opposed to the suc of religion abound, and where some cess and enjoyment of a gospel minister." churches, of one denomination or ano

ther, are almost always open; there is a He then proceeds to show, par tendency among many professors of reli. ticularly, that the accumulated

gion, otherwise exemplary, by far too

much to neglect the duties of the closet, wealth, and the consequent luxury and of the family, and to be almost per. and dissipation" of great cities; petually engaged in attending on public “ the refinements of philosophy, services. I am a warm friend, not only falsely so called, which are apt to

to a punctual attendance on the stated reign, in a peculiar degree," in

service of the house of God on the Sab

bath; but also to an attendance on prayer them; the “peculiar demand for

meetings, and other similar exercises, as smooth and superficial preaching." Providence may afford an opportunity, in among people of “polished and fa the course of the week. The person who shionable society;" the familiarity

has it in his power to attend such meetwith death, and the frequency and

ings, but has no taste for it, and seldom

or never appears at them, gives too much publicity of gross vices, in populous reason to fear that if he have real reliplaces; and the love of variety and gion at all, it is at a very low ebb in his fondness for religious dissipation, soul. Nay, I have no doubt that, where which are too prevalent in them,

the principle of piety is in a lively and

growing state, such meetings will be represent “serious obstacles to the

garded as a feast, and there will be a deplain and faithful preaching of the sire to enjoy them as often as is congospel.”. The following remarks sistent with the other duties of the Chris ought to be attentively considered:

tian life. But this desire may be, and

often has been, indulged to excess; espe“ When a minister is settled in a retired cially by parents and heads of families. situation, or in a town where there is but Many hasten from church to church, and a single church, and but seldom an op from one social meeting to another, until portunity of comparing the ministrations every hour on the Sabbath, and every of others with his, he has, comparatively, evening in the week, are employed in an easy task. He is, in a

eat measure, public services. In fact, they seem to free from that peculiar pressure, which a think that they serve God acceptably just very different state of things imposes on in proportion to the number of public exthe city pastor. In great cities there is ercises on which they can attend. This created a sort of morbid appetite for vari. religious dissipation--for it really appears ety, and for an excessive quantity, as well to me to deserve no better name-is proas delicacy, of public preaching. There is ductive of multiplied evils. It interferes, such an easy access to every sort of ta almost entirely, with that calm self exalent and manner, that it cannot fail of be. mination, and self converse, which are so ing extremely difficult for any one man essential to a life of growing piety; It to keep together, and to satisfy, a large abridges, or prevents, in a most fatal de. congregation. If he hope to do it, he gree, that faithful instruction of children must not only preach the pure gospel, and servants, which is indispensable to with diligence and with power; but he training up a family in the nurture and ad. must also labour, as far as is lawful, to monition of the Lord. And it tends to sur. give his people that variety and richness charge the mind with an amount of spiri. of matter, which may be adapted to the tual provision, which is never properly various tastes of those who attend on his digested, or likely to be advantageously ministry. He must labour, as our Lord applied. The consequence is, that the expresses it, like a good householder, to young and rising generation, in such fa. bring forth out of his treasure things new milies, are never prepared by adequate and old. He must, as the apostle, in training at home to hear the gospel with

profit. While those who are more ad. these reasons, it is peculiarly imvanced in life, taking little or no time for

portant that the gospel of Jesus meditation and reading in private, do not

Christ should be proclaimed in the grow as they ought in scriptural knowledge, and remain but babes, while they

most scriptural manner in our poought to be strong men in Christ." pulous cities. This illustration of Yet in these great cities, it is of

his subject, Dr. M. has followed

with a suitable and very appropripeculiar importance that the gospel should be preached most plainly and

ate address to his young friend and

pupil, Mr. Nevins. The discourse powerfully, because of the “inten

was well timed, and manifests such sity of character usually observa

decision on the fundamental point ble" in them.

of our Saviour's DEITY, as we could “ It is a maxim, among wise physicians, wish all the author's brethren in that the most strongly marked diseases, the ministry might imitate. “In call for the most bold and vigorous treatment. To counteract a poison of pecu

great cities,” he says, “likewise, or liar virulence, remedies of the most ac at least, in states of society similar tive character must be employed. So it to what is commonly found in such is in the moral and spiritual world. places, has generally commenced Where difficulties more than commonly that fatal decline from orthodoxy, powerful and obstinate exist, remedies of corresponding potency ought to be sought

which began, perhaps, with calling and diligently applied. Since, then, the

in question some of what are styled gospel of Christ exhibits the only ade the more rigid peculiarities of requate remedy for human depravity and ceived creeds, and ended in emmisery, it ought to be preached with peculiar plainness, fidelity and perse

bracing the dreadful, soul-destroyverance, wherever the diseases which it ing errors of Arius or Socinus." it is intended to heal, reign with more

To this remark Dr. M. has appendthan ordinary malignity."

ed the following note: Again: in great cities, “ the


“The above language, concerning the pel is commonly addressed to great

destructive nature of the Arian and Soci.

nian heresies, has not been adopted lighter numbers at once than in more re

ly; but is the result of serious delibera. tired places ;" these cities form tion, and deep conviction. And in con“ the most vital portion” of the formity with this view of the subject, the

author cannot forbear to notice and record country in which they are situated; in them“ there is apt to be less

a declaration made to himself, by the late

Dr.Priestley, two or three years before the reading, less retired devotion, less

decease of that distinguished Unitarian. patient use of the private means of The conversation was a free and amica. growing in knowledge, than are ble one, on some of the fundamental doccommonly found in other places;" trines of religion. In reply to a direct and in them, " the faithful, popular

avowal on the part of the author that he

was a Trinitarian and a Calvinist, Dr. preacher will, almost every Sab Priestley said—I do not wonder that you bath, address a number of stran Calvinists entertain and express a strong. gers, who flock to the metropolis, ly unfavourable opinion of us Unitarians. on business or pleasure, from every

The truth is, there neither can nor ought part of the surrounding country;

to be, any compromise between us. If

you are right, we are not Christians at and who, if they be benefited them all; and if we are right, you are gross selves by his labours, will carry

idolaters.' These were, as nearly as can with them a portion of the sacred

be recollected, the words, and, most actreasure, wherever they sojourn, or

curately, the substance of his remark. wherever they abide." "Finally;

And nothing, certainly, can be more just.

Between those who believe in the diviniin a large city, as we have seen, ty and atonement of the Son of God, and there is generally collected a much those who entirely reject both, there is greater amount of intellectual pow

a great gulf fixed, which precludes all

ecclesiastical intercourse. The former er, of literary attainment, and of

may greatly respect and love the latter, pecuniary means, than are to be

on account of other qualities and attainfound in other places." For all ments; but certainly cannot regard them

as Christians, in any correct sense of the lence, among any class of people: much word; or as any more in the way of sal less among the clergy. I know that much vation, than Mahommedans or Jews.” is expected of them—much ought to be

expected of them: and if they perform The charges by the Rev. Mr. Har their duty, in reference to the account rison, partake a little too much of which they must at last give of the manthe character of essays; for, in our

ner in which they have discharged their opinion, the person who performs satisfied, without doing every thing that

stewardship, I know they will never be the office assigned to him, on this they well can do. But I must protest, occasion, should consider himself as and I do, most solemnly, against ever enjoining a summary of ministerial loading them with any burden, 'which duty, in behalf of the Presbytery

they are not able to bear. Let them only

be treated with the same deference to which he represents; and in the

feeling, and the same regard to comfort, name of the Great Head of the

as other people are; and if they are not church, should charge the pastor

satisfied with this, they will have nobody and people, before God and the elect

to blame but themselves.

“If, then, my brethren, you wish your angels, as one having authority; and

minister to be respectable-if you expect not enter into laboured discussions

instruction from his public ministrations and remonstrances. There is a if you desire him to present the truths great deal of good sense, however, of the gospel in such a manner as to arin the following extract, with which rest, and keep up the attention if you

wish him to arouse those that are slum. we conclude this article.

bering—to establish those that are wa. “ Give your minister sufficient time to vering--to animate those who are desstudy; and occasional opportunities for ponding-to console those who are afflictrelaxation from the duties of the study. ed; and in one word, to perform his duty There is, I find, a very mistaken impres with fidelity to himself, and with benefit sion gone abroad in the world, with re to you, we charge you, not to lay too spect to this matter also. Multitudes sup much upon him. Allow him always sufpose, that, as a clergyman has but little ficient time to prepare himself beforebodily labour to undergo, therefore the hand: and never find fault with him for life which he lives, must of necessity be not doing, what in the nature of the case a very easy onė, to say the least of it, if it was not possible that he could do. Be not a very lazy one. They seem to ima. mutual helps and comforts to one another gine, that he ought to be able to preach -forbearing one another, and forgiving not only at any time, but at all times: one another in love. If there be any and that, too, with the same appropriate. strife between you, let it always be, who ness of subject-the same excellency and shall be most forward in advancing the variety of matter the same elegance interests of our Redeemer's kingdom.” and polish of diction and the same ani.

E. S. E. mation and impressiveness of manner. And it is a fact, that he is often made the subject of severe censure and animadver.

Review of Dr. Bovell’s Sermon. sion, because he will not preach more than three or four times in a week, be A Sermon delivered in Jonesborough, sides attending to all his other parochial Ten. at the opening of the Abingdon duties. If, brethren, ministers at the pre Presbytery, 27th of March, 1820, by sent day are influenced in the same man

Stephen Bovell, D. D. and published ner as the apostles were, i. e. by the in

at the request of the Presbytery. spiration of the Holy Ghost, this impression is then undoubtedly correct. If, how. It appears from the preface, that ever, it appear, that they are nothing the publication of this sermon was more than mere men after all-prepos desired by a majority of the Pressessed of nothing more than ordinary ca. bytery of Abingdon ; and earnestly pacities, and capable of acquiring nothing except through the same means which

opposed by one clergyman and two are made use of for this purpose by other

elders. «The principal reason ofpersons; that is, by the most patient, la fered for their dissent was, that borious, and persevering exertions: if they did not wish to encourage relithis be true, as it most assuredly is, the

gious contention :" but the author impression is not only an injurious one,

« trusts that he is at least of as but such as no person of generous feeling ought to harbour in his bosom for a sin. peaceable a spirit as those gentlegle moment. I am no advocate for indo men."

“He too ex animo, avows the name of might be expected; but really, we Presbyterian, and in consistency, as he

must be in a deplorable state, if thinks, with such an avowal has airned in his

there is much diversity of opinion sermon to attach his brethren more firmly to that excellent form of sound words in our presbyteries, about the being professedly received and adopted by every and essence of God, the fall and officer of the Presbyterian church. This

depravity of mankind, the deity of he humbly hoped from the manner in

Christ, the justification of believers which he attempted to perform it, would have been a peaceable, or at least an in

on account of the righteousness of offensive measure. How it has happened

Christ, the necessity of regenerathat the hearing of the sermon awakened tion, the work of continued sanctiin some of the brethren a whole train of

fication, the resurrection of the martial ideas, appears to him not a little mysterious. Is it then come to this, that

dead, and a future state of happievery commendation of the public stan ness or 'misery. In Dr. Bovell's dard of our church must be denounced as statement of fundamental doctrines, a measure calculated to promote religious he differs nothing from the Westwarfare? If the following sermon shall

minster Confession of Faith, and appear to its readers to be of such a cha. racter, let them treat it and its author

nothing from the Bible. The points with merited contempt. But if it shall concerning which he must have appear to breathe a spirit of peace, it is been obnoxious to the views of hoped its readers will profit by its peru some, we apprehend to be these : sal.” Dr. Bovell is a modest, sensible,

“ That it pleased God in the exercise of

his everlasting and boundless love, to purpeaceable, sound divine; and any pose the redemption, regeneration, and person who could detect in this dis final glorification of an innumerable mulcourse a love of controversy, or a

titude of the fallen race of Adam-that in contentious spirit, must have been

pursuance of this eternal purpose of his

grace, he hath sent into the world, his put upon the scent by some expe only begotten Son, that he might put rienced huntsman, after the little away sin by the sacrifice of himself, and foxes, that spoil the vines bearing bring to the mansions of everlasting hap

piness, all those who should obey him: « Hold fast the form of sound

And that in their effectual calling and

conversion, he communicates freely to words, which thou hast heard of

them that grace in Christ Jesus, which me,” is the Doctor's text; from was engaged to him as the surety of his which he deduces the following pro

chosen people from the ages of eternity.” positions :

“ That it is the very righteous

usness of

the Redeemer itself, and not simply the “I. It is very important that we should benefits resulting from it, which is imbe well established in the great funda puted to the believing sinner for his jusmental principles of religion.

tification. “This is his name whereby he “II. Sound principles have the most

shall be called, The Lord our Righteous. effectual tendency to produce right

ness.' Those to whom the righteousness practice.

of Christ is imputed, are legally justified. “ III. It is the duty of professors with

They shall not come into condemnation, unshaken constancy to retain those pure but are passed from death unto life.” and wholesome doctrines in which they have been instructed by aged, and expe

We cannot but think these staterienced teachers."

ments to be scriptural, and they

have our most hearty approbation, Are these military posts, for

as truths of God. The following, which Presbyterians war among themselves ? Surely there ought to

extracts present a fair specimen of

Dr. Bovell’s manner of writing, and be no contention about the funda

at the same time are calculated to mental principles of religion, be

do good to those, whose feeble tween Christian ministers, who have

minds have begun to question the solemnly assented to the same form utility of any ecclesiastical creeds. of sound words. That other denominations should assail some of our

“ It seems also that he required Timo

thy not only to retain the substance of the out-works, and even our citadel, doctrines which he had delivered to him,

tender grapes.

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