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interesting historical fact, that mi- || pious Jews when in heathen lands. litates against the doctrine I am de * By the rivers of Babylon there fending? Was there any thing we sat down, yea, we wept when more in his profession than a sin we remembered Zion. Remember, cere persuasion, that Jesus, whom O Lord, the children of Edom in he had, no doubt, been led to consi the day of Jerusalem." Psalm 139. der as an impostor was the Son of From these considerations, then it God? which, I need not tell you, appears, that if not a Jewess, she a man may believe, and thousands
was a proselyte to the Jewish relido sincerely believe, and yet are gion, and the expression, “ that the destitute of the faith of God's elect. Lord opened her heart, that she atThe argument of those who con tended to the things spoken by tend, from this passage, that a pro Paul,” can mean nothing more, than fession of a living faith is required that like the eunuch, she was conin order to baptism, is founded on vinced by the preaching of Paul, of the assumption, that this man was the change of dispensation of grace a sinner, and that “ to believe with from Judaism to Christianity, in all the heart” means a justifying consequence of which “she was faith ; as it is elsewhere said, “ that baptized and her household.” with the heart man believeth unto I shall now return to an examinarighteousness." But admitting that tion of the baptism of Saul of Tarhe had been a sinner, I must con sus, recorded in the 9th, and of Cortend, that to believe with all the nelius and his friends, mentioned heart, imports nothing more than in the following chapter. With re„sincerity; and I need not say, that spect to Saul, there is nothing said we sincerely believe, on competent of his faith and repentance previous evidence, a hundred historical facts, to his being baptized. But from
that Jesus is the Son of what he tells us in the 22d chapter, God: and it is not so much believ Ananias said to him on that occaing “with the hoart," as believing | sion, the inference I think is just, unto righteousness, that defines the that in that ordinance he received character of faith in that passage.
the remission of his sins. “And now Thus a minute consideration of that why tarriest thou ? Arise, and be interesting baptism, instead of mi baptized, and WASH AWAY THY SINS.?' litating against, supports the posi An expression similar to that of Petion I am defending.
ter on the day of Pentecost. The observations made on the baptized every one of you for the baptism of the eunuch, are equally remission of sins, and ye applicable to the baptism of Lydia, ceive the gift of the Holy Ghost.” recorded in the 16th chapter. Her It appears that Saul, from the time conversion as an unregenerated he was struck down on his journey person, is also often spoken of, as from Jerusalem to Damascus, was implied in these words, “ the Lord in the spirit of bondage, until after opened her heart, that she attended his baptism. Such was the agony to the things spoken by Paul.” Al of his soul, that he neither eat nor though there is, not perhaps as full drank, for three days; and it would evidence of her saintship as that of seem that, according to the words the eunuch; yet there is that said of of Ananias, that in that ordinance her that affords strong presumptive he received the internal evidence of evidence that she was a saint pre the spirit, of the washing of regenevious to her being baptized. It is ration, and of his interest in Christ; said of her that she “worshipped for we are told, that immediately God," and was one of those women after his baptism, he received who resorted to the river side for meat, and was strengthened.”. prayer, which was usual with the What I have said respecting the
baptism of Saul of Tarsus, is the And although Paul and Silas exhort case with the baptism of Cornelius him to believe in the Lord Jesus and his friends. There is nothing Christ, that he might be saved, they said about their faith and repent do not say that this faith was a preance previous to their being bap-requisite qualification for baptism. tized. True, indeed, it is said that When they spake the word of the while Peter was preaching to them,
Lord him, and to all that were in and previous to their baptism," the his house," they, no doubt, explainHoly Ghost fell on them that heard ed the nature and obligations of bapthe word;" but we are expressly tism; and that he received through told that it was in his miraculous that ordinance, as the appointed gift of tongues. “And they of the medium,“ peace in believing," and circumcision which believed were “joy in the Holy Ghost," is appaastonished; as many as came with rent from what is said of him after Peter; because that on the Gentiles being baptized. “And when he had also, was poured out the gift of the brought them into his house, he set Holy Ghost. For they heard them meat before them, and rejoiced, bespeak with tongues, and magnify lieving in God, with all his house." God." And I need scarcely ob It may perhaps not be unnecessary, serve, that this gift was conferred to observe in this place, that alon some who were destitute of sav though the Jews, on the day of Pening grace, and remained so.
But tecost, Saul of Tarsus, and this man, admitting that his saving influences received the remission of sins, and were given at the same time with peace in believing, through the orhis extraordinary gifts, what is the dinance of baptism, yet it was not consequence? This only—that true the case with Simon Magus. The believers have a right to the ordi duty is ours, and we must leave it nance of baptism, wherever found, to a sovereign God when, and to as Abraham had to the ordinance of whom, he will bless his own ordicircumcision.
nance. The baptism of the jailer, record Having thus examined all the ed in the 16th chapter, now remains baptisms recorded in the New Tesonly for examination. We are told, tament, it does not appear that there that alarmed by the earthquake that is one of them wherein the professhook the foundations of the prison, sion of a living faith, and of an evan“ he called for a light, sprang in, gelical repentance, was required of and came trembling, and fell down the person baptized. And not only before Paul and Silas, and brought is this the case; but I have showed them out and said, Sirs, what must I that there is clear intrinsic evidence do to be saved? And they said, believe in these places, that baptism is on the Lord Jesus Christ, and thou spoken of as a mean of grace
for shalt be saved, and thy house. And convinced adults. And to this I they spake unto him the word of the would add, that the element of waLord, and to all that were in his ter to be used in this ordinance, is house. And he took them the same a strong presumptive evidence that hour of the night, and washed their it was designed for that purpose. In stripes, and was baptized, he and all the ordinance of the
bread his, straightway.”
and wine, that strengthen and reLet it now be observed, that there fresh the wearied body, are the apis nothing said of this man previous pointed symbols-an evidence that to his baptism, his trembling, and it was designed for strengthening falling down before Paul and Silas, and refreshing the true believer in that is indicative of any thing more his journey to Immanuel's land: than a deep sense of guilt; and not but in baptism, the symbol is water, stronger than that of Cain and Judas. which was designed, and is used, Vol. I.
for washing away the filth of the bo sincerity and truth;" with the abdy-an evidence it was designed, sence of « malice and wickedness," through the influences of the Spirit, in eating the Lord's supper, to which to wash away the filth of the soul: the apostle evidently alludes in this and I know not what else Christ chapter: could mean when he says, “except Mr. C., however, and other Bapa man be born of water, and of the tist writers object, by saying there Spirit, he cannot enter into the king are some circumstances in which dom of God." John iii. 5.
circumcision and baptism, and the From the whole it appears, that passover and the Lord's supper, do circumcision and baptism were de not resemble each other; and that signed for the same purposes—that the
passover was eaten by little chilthe latter has taken the place of the dren as well as by adults. That former; and that the ordinance of there would not be a perfect resemthe supper has taken the place of blance betwixt the type and the the Jewish passover. That baptism thing typified, is implied in the very has taken the place of circumcision, nature of the thing. If there was, is evident from the epistle to the then a type would cease to be a type, Colossians ii. 10, 11. “Ye are com and all would be “substance," and plete in him who is the head of all there could not be any “shadow of principality and power: in whom good things to come.” And that little also ye are circumcised with the children eat of the passover, is, percircumcision made without hands, haps, rather an assumption than a by the circumcision of Christ.” fact. The directions of Jehovah reThat the circuincision made with specting this circumstance are these out hands, means renovation of - And it shall come to pass
when heart, will not be disputed. But your
children shall say unto you, this, the apostle says, was effected what
mean you by this service that by the circumcision of Christ, as ye
it is the sacrifice of the the mean: and what he meant by the Lord's passover, who passed over circumcision of Christ, he tells us the houses of the children of Israel, in the very next words—" buried in Egypt, when he smote the Egypwith him in baptism.” Another tians and delivered our houses." proof, you will perceive, that bap Exod. xii. 26, 27. Here, then, these tism, besides being the appointed children were such as were capable mean of initiation into the church of asking a pertinent question, and at present, was designed for pro of receiving and understanding a ducing renovation of heart. That suitable answer. But admitting that the Lord's supper has taken the they did--what then? The passplace of the passover, is also evi over was not only typical of Christ, dent, from 1 Cor. v. 7, 8, already our passover, or of the Christian adduced. « For even Christ, our passover, but was also commemorapassover, is sacrificed for us; there tive of the deliverance of the chilfore let us keep the feast; not with dren of Israel from Egyptian bonold leaven, neither with the leaven dage; little children therefore might of malice and wickedness, but with with propriety eat of it, as it had the unleavened bread of sincerity respect to that event, while the inand truth.” From this passage it telligent adult saw in it a more inappears, that the paschal lamb, in teresting deliverance--the redempthe manner of his death, not only tion of guilty men by the sacrifice. typified Christ, the lamb slain from of the Son of God. the foundation of the world, for the But to all this it is objected, that sins of many; but the manner pre
Christ himself has said, " that he scribed for eating it, with unleaven that believeth, and is baptized, shall, ed bread, signified the necessity of be saved.” And what is the argu
ment deduced from these words, sons. He also tells us, that he highthat a living faith is indispensably ly esteems the writings of the late necessary in adults to entitle them Dr. Campbell of Aberdeen; that to baptism: This the faith here he considers him as one of the best mentioned is of the saving kind, be and greatest critics of modern cause salvation is promised to it; times; and that he carried with but it is prefixed to baptism; there him to the debate with Mr. W. and fore a saving faith is necessary for read extracts from his Preliminary baptism. Well, according to this Dissertations to his translation of manner of reasoning, baptism is ne the Four Evangelists, together with cessary for salvation, for it is also his Critical Notes. Now if he will prefixed to. salvation. This will turn to the fourth part of Dr. Campprove too much, not only for Bap bell's Preliminary Dissertations, tists, but for Pædobaptists, who dif Dr. Campbell will tell him what
every good linguist also knows to important words have a meaning; be the fact; that there are two and what is it? This simply—that words, kadosh, and chasid, in Hetrue believers have a right to bap brew, and hagios, and hosios, in tism, if not baptized, and shall be Greek, which, although they are saved; not because they have been uniformly translated holy, are very baptized, but because they have be different in their real meaning lieved.
that kadosh in Hebrew, and its corIt may be also objected, that my responding word hagios in Greek, view of the subject opens the door when applied to persons, means of the church to all indiscriminate only persons "devoted to, or desly. The reverse is the case. It tined" for a sacred purpose ; and excludes the grossly ignorant, and that chasid in Hebrew, and its corimmoral, and admits only the in responding word, hosios in Greek, quiring and praying sinner: for to has reference to character, and say that a person who has seen his means “pious, or devout.” And if lost and perishing state as a sinner, he will turn to his Greek Testaand his need of an interest in the ment, he will find, that the apostles atoning blood of Christ, and of the never address the members of the renewing influences of his spirit, churches to which they wrote, as will not pray for these all-impor-hosios, or pious, but as hagiois in tant blessings, is a contradiction in Christo, or persons, who, by being terms. It is said of Saul of Tar baptized, were devoted to a sacred sus, while in the spirit of bondage, use, or under obligations to become “Behold he prayeth !" It may be pious, or pure in heart. This judifarther objected, that at best, it is cious criticism, which will not be calculated to fill the church with disputed, dissipates the objection, unregenerate persons. Those who overturns Mr. C.'s view of the make the objection, in making it structure of the church of God, and still keep in their eye their own all the arguments he has used to views of the church, as designed support that view; and you will for the admittance of regenerated perceive, exactly accords with that persons only, or persons professing view of it, I have attempted to exthat they have “passed from death hibit and defend. unto life ;' and Mr. C. tells us that As for that portion of the church in the debate with Mr. W. he read, which consists of communicants, in support of this position, the ad or those who profess godliness, it dresses of the apostles in their is, in my opinion, best calculated epistles to the different churches, to preserve its honour and purity. wherein they uniformly address As it is expected, and in some them as saints or regenerated per churches required, of those who are
baptized on the contrary system, And now, if that view of the that they come to the ordinance of church in her commencement, structhe supper ; that from the strong ture, design and ordinances, which desire that some unbaptized per
I have endeavoured to give is scripsons have to be accounted church tural, as I think it is ; then you wilt members; and of some parents to have perceived, that the right of have their children baptized, a snare those infants, whose parents are is laid in their way, to profess hav members of the church, to be introing experienced what they never duced therein by baptism, follows felt, and thus improper persons are
by irresistible consequence-and introduced amongst communicants, that all Mr. C.'s arguments against and the ensnared person eats and their right, from his unscriptural drinks judgment to himself at the views of the church, together with table of the Lord. Let then the his New Baptist Catechism, to use important subject be distinctly un one of his borrowed poetical exderstood; and let the ministers of pressions, " vanish like the baseless the gospel candidly and carefully fabric of a vision, and leave not a tell those whom they baptize, or wreck behind." In
my next I will parents who have their children consider “ the mode," or as Mr. C. baptized, that they are thereby expresses it, “the action of bapbrought under the strongest obliga tism."
SAMUEL RALSTON. tions to avoid the pollutions of the world, « and to seek the Lord until they find him ;" that although by baptism they and their children are LECTURES ON BIBLICAL HISTORY. planted in the vineyard of the Lord,
No. I. and what is styled by Christ,“ dig “In the beginning God created the hea. ging about and dunging” is secured ven and the earth.” -Gen. i. 1. to them by the seal of God himself; This portion of holy writ is callyet they are not to rest contented ed Genesis, because it contains an until they experimentally find the account of the origin of men and thing signified by baptism--the things. It stands first in the Penwashing of regeneration by the spi tateuch, or five books of Moses ; rit of the Most High. And if they which he wrote towards the close or their children when they grow of his life, under the guidance of up, fall into the pollutions of the the Providence and Spirit of God. world, or become careless in their When the sacred writings were attendance on the means of grace, collected into one volume, or roll, then let the discipline of the church after the return of the Jews from in admonition or rebuke be exer the Babylonian captivity, Ezra, or cised upon them; and if they re some other inspired writer, probafuse to be reclaimed, let them be bly, added some small matters to finally cast out of the church. I what Moses had written; but that know, and regret that this is not Moses was the author of these first usually the case; hence then a mis five books of the Bible, we have, at taken view of the design of the least, as much evidence, as can be church, together with the negli- || produced that Homer wrote the fargence of her officers, has led Mr. famed Iliad and Odyssey, or that C. and others to represent infant Cicero was the author of those elobaptism as a useless and inefficient quent orations, and other admired ordinance, and his own distorted productions, which have long been views of the subject, has also led him attributed to him. The history comto pour unsparing contempt on that prised in the book of Genesis, “church of God which he purchased stretches through a period of about with his own blood."
2360 years. Hence it is evident,