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religion brought home to his very this office he was repeatedly invited; senses, and the power of his lust's but his characteristic modesty alis assaulted by such holy violence. ways led him to decline. The wriAnd if
any human thing could re ter scarcely needs to mention the claim an ungodly sinner, it would name of James Engle, esq., especialbe the modest conversation and life ly to those who knew his worth, and of him, who is the visible image of admired his virtues. Christ, his Redeemer, whom the Mr. Engle's intellectual powers heavens has received.
were of no common grade. His Divine grace having lighted up understanding was acute and disthe lamp of love in his heart, he criminating. Though possessed of pities and prays for a world that the advantages only of a common lies in sin, and consequently under education, fine writing was his adthe condemnation of God's holy miration. Under the influence of law. His efforts are unceasing to a refined taste, he frequently courtreclaim the wicked from the error ed the Muses, and his poetic efof his way, before the hour arrives, fusions displayed taste, judgment, when he must suffer pain without and feeling. Many of them appearmitigation, and punishment without ed, under a feigned signature, in end. With agony of mind for their several of the periodical publicastate, he points them to his bleeding tions in this city. But it was toSaviour on the cross, the Lamb of wards the close of his useful life, God, that taketh away the sin of that he gave the brightest evidence the world ; and, like his suffering of a heart renewed by grace. In his Master, he cries, “Father forgive last
it was his constant practhem, for they know not what they tice on the Lord's day, to retire do."
from the house of God to his closet, Such was the general deportment for prayer and meditation. A few of a man, who filled with honour to months before his death, he prehimself, and advantage to his coun sented a book to the writer, closely try, the various and important sta written, without date, and which he tions to which, in Providence, he had modestly styled, “Recreations was called.
He was repeatedly in the intervals of service on the chosen to the speaker's chair, in the Sabbath.” These were generally his honourable house of representatives own reflections on the texts of scripin this, his native state; and while ture, which he had heard discussed occupying it, repressed the spirit of in the house of God: with their apthe turbulent, encouraged the timid, plication to his personal faith, and and kept within due bounds the experience of God's dealings with restlessness of faction. As a ma his soul. Soundness in the faith of gistrate, he discouraged litigation, the gospel of the Son of God, runs and rather than promote the bad throughout the whole. Piety, pure, passions of the human heart, he fervent, unostentatious, breathes would exert himself to reconcile through every line. In these the contending parties, when they ap modest Christian is seen. Chastenpeared before him; even when he ed by repeated strokes of affliction, was well aware that it was contrary in the bereayment of children, and to his own interest. As an officer the loss of a beloved wife, (for he in a public trust, under the United was the father of eleven children, States for many years, all who knew only two of whom survive) he was him, can bear testimony to his con much drawn off from love to this scientious fidelity and uprightness. vain and transitory world; yet, As a Christian, his piety entitled from a sense of his public duties, so him to the office of ruling elder, in long as his strength lasted, he was the church of the Redeemer. To ever active, and at his post. His
warm and sincere attachment to his self to work out his own release : generous patron, whose heart, like Jesus, only, in his place and stead, his own, was formed for friendship, could answer the demands of his devoid of selfishness, often led him Father's justice, by drinking to the to act beyond his abilities; until, dregs the cup of bitterness. He through the accumulated woes of alone could bear in his body, the life, and the repeated attacks of dreadful arrows of divine justice. the last enemy, he sunk down to Man has nothing by which to atone that mansion where the weary are for his sins: wounds, and bruises, at rest, while his immortal spirit and putrefying sores are his coverwinged its way to the throne of God. ing, until he is washed, and sancti. Happy! ah, happy then, the immortal
fied, and justified in the all-atoning soul,
blood of the Redeemer. “Thy will be That safely anchored in Redeemer dear,
done," exclaimed the dear RedeemBy precious faith, by new and heavenly er, and drank the cup of trembling. birth
Then, indeed, a way was opened, Stands safely guarded from eternal wreck, Amidst the dark, tempestuous waves of
wherein a holy God, might be just, earth.
and justify the ungodly who believe That universal storm, all must ride out,
in Jesus. Now he is inviting us to Or perish, overwhelm'd! Thrice happy come in his name, and take of the soul !
water of life freely. Oh! for the Blest with the favour of the Great Su. preme,
outpouring of the spirit of
grace, And in the arms of sovereign Deity that we may come in faith, believing Embraced, the reconciled arms become that the Lord is God, and that he His rest, his centre, and exceeding joy !" is the rewarder of all those who di.
&. C. P.
ligently seek him.
Remove our sins, a grievous, heavy load,
And bring us near our Saviour and our God.
We groan beneath the burden: Thou alone, In the Intervals of Divine Service on the Hast power and love sufficient to atone, Sabbath.*
For all our sins. Our helper and our friend, « Father, if it be possible, let this cup
When death assails us, and this life must pass from me.”
In our last moments, give us peace with Dearest Redeemer, before whom thee, angels bow in humility, by whom all And guide us safe to blest eternity. things were made, whose power and On God our peace, securely we rely, love govern the destinies of univer He bought us peace, and joy, and victory.
J. E. sal nature ; great arbiter and controller of all! it was not possible that the bitter cup, mingled with the sins of the guilty race of Adam,
HINTS TO CANDIDATES FOR THE whom thou hadst undertaken to re
GOSPEL MINISTRY. deem, should pass away, consistent
The cries for learned and pious ly with thy holy promise. Deplora teachers become louder and louder ble, indeed, would have been the lot of man, if, when he had wilfully
in our country; and ought to rouse
the souls of Christians to greater plunged himself in sin and conse
importunity in prayer, that the quent misery, he were left to him
Lord of the harvest would raise
qualify and send forth multitudes * Written by James Engle, Esq. who of labourers into his fields, which departed this life January 5th, 1821, in the 64th year of his age.
are rapidly whitening for the gar“Blessed are the dead who die in the
It is no wonder that many Lord.”
young men, of hopeful piety, are
FOR THE PRESBYTERIAN MAGAZINE.
ready to exclaim, “Here am I: Spirit, who regenerates and sanctifies them. Lord send me.” We commend the How many thousands of happy spirits in
heaven will for ever rejoice in the effects zeal, which would induce them to
of their labours, and bless God for them! leave all worldly business, and de
In a word, churches, states, and kingdoms, vote themselves to the ministry of are chiefly blessed and preserved by the reconciliation. We would also urge
faithful part of the ministry. They are it upon persons, who have the qua
the means of subduing sin, which is the
destruction of a people, and promoting lifications requisite to constitute a
‘righteousness, which exalteth a nation." call in providence for them to seek “On the other hand, unfaithful and the office of a bishop, or of an evan
wicked ministers are the worst and most gelist, to perform their duty, and
hurtful men. Though they may be fur
nished with the same notions and words as have mercy on the destitute of their
godly teachers are, (though this is not own country, and of foreign lands.
usually the case) yet they will be greatly We need a thousand ministers to wanting in that serious delivery, which is fill the vacant churches already sub ordinarily necessary to make the hearers sisting in the Presbyterian Church
serious Christians. That seldom reaches
the heart of the hearer, which comes not in the United States; and had we
from the heart of the speaker. Constant such a number, of the right descrip experience tells us how different is the tion of talents, who would make the success of reading or saying a pulpit lesson, proper exertions to build up waste in a dull, or merely affected manner; and places, and strengthen the weak
that of the judicious, serious explication
and application of well chosen matter, things that remain, we have no
which the experienced preacher well undoubt, that in less than three years derstands, and which he utters from the they might all obtain pastoral char feeling of his soul. Neither the love of a ges, which would furnish them with benefice, nor of applause, will make a man a comfortable subsistence, while
preach in that manner which the love of
God, the lively belief of heaven and hell, performing their Master's work.
and the desire of saving souls, will do. If But not every youth, who desires a stage-hypocrite should learn the art of to be considered as a candidate for preaching with an affected fervency and the ministry, has a sufficient war
seeming zeal, yet art and paint will not rant even to commence the prepa
reach the power of beauty and nature;
nor will it hold out so long. Affectation ratory studies. There may be zeal,
usually betrays itself, and when it is diswithout, and even contrary to know cerned, the hypocrite is loathed. But if he ledge, on this, as well as other sub should carry on his stage-affectation with jects. The words of the pious and
plausible art, the rest of his ministerial
work will not be discharged in a manner eminently useful BAXTER on this
answerable to it. Since it is from men that subject, deserve to be seriously pon he expects his reward, in their sight only dered by every one who thinks of he appears in his borrowed glory; in his becoming a candidate. He says,
private conversation and conduct, he makes
a different figure. He will not set himself “ God, who has instituted the sacred of. to instruct the ignorant, to save men from fice, and who, by his Spirit, qualifies men their sins, and raise their minds to hea. for it, usually works according to their ven, by praying with them, by holy disqualifications. As in the natural world he course, and heavenly deportment: he will operates according to the fitness of natural
not be at much cost or labour to do any second causes, so in the moral world, ac kind of real good. cording to the suitableness of moral causes. “But alas!
by far the greatest part of unHoliness, though in many respects it be a experienced preachers have not so much supernatural work, is usually wrought by as the hypocrite's seeming zeal and apholy means. Able and faithful ministers
pearance of religion to cloak their sins, therefore are very great blessings. They and profit their people. The misbehaviour are the lights of the world, and the salt of such, is likely to make them exceedingof the earth.' Never was the gospel well ly hurtful. By their ignorance, ambition, propagated or continued in any country covetousness, and other sins, they render but by their means. God uses them as his instruments for convincing, converting,
themselves contemptible in the eyes of edifying, comforting, and saving of souls.
many, and by that means render the church Herein they are co-workers with Christ the
and all religion so too. A scandalous clergy great Saviour of souls, and with the Holy
will be a scorned clergy; and a scorned clergy will prepare for the scorning and
destruction of true religion. Alas! what wretched work have hypocritical, unexperienced, proud, worldly, voluptuous, ignorant ministers been making in most Christian nations, these fourteen hundred years! Wo! wo! wo! to the church that hath such pastors! that hath wolves instead of shepherds! Wo to the land that hath such! Wo to the princes and states that follow such counsellors! Wo to the souls that are subverted by them! From a corrupt clergy have sprung the greatest calamities of the church in all places to this day.
« And let it be remembered, the sins of such men will not prove less mischievous to themselves than to others. Their guilt is aggravated by their perfidious violation of their baptismal and ordination vows, as well as by their nearness to God in their office; and they are condemned out of their own mouths. Such persons are with greater difficulty brought to repentance than others; because by wit and study they have bended that doctrine to defend their sin, which should be used to bring them to repentance; or because pride will not suffer such persons as they are, employed in so holy an office, and possessed of such titles, learning, and reputation, to suppose themselves in an unholy state; and whoever accuses them of sin or reproves them for it, will be represented as an enemy to the church. Their ulcers are as a noli me tangere, and fret as a gangreen unremedied. Their profanation of holy things makes them worse, and more impenitent than other men; partly as they have more notoriously forfeited the grace of God which should work repentance in them, and have caused him in righteous judgment to forsake them; and partly as they have hardened their own hearts, by long abuse of that truth which should have sanctified them. For when persons have long imprisoned the truth in unrighteousness,' and long played, as hypocrites, with what they professed to believe, custom will so harden them, that their knowledge will have little power on their hearts.
“And now do I need say any more to show young men designed for the ministry, of what importance it is that they be well qualified for it? God can, and sometime does, turn wolves into faithful shepherds, and convert those, who while they were, unconverted themselves, undertook to convert others; but this is not ordinarily to be expected. First notions lie deepest, and make way for others that are connected with them. False opinions, as well as true, are usually linked together, and the chain is not easily cast off or broken. Those that have received errors have also received their defensatives. These are like the shell-fish, which carry their house about with them. They that
have received them, have studied what to say for them, but not what can be said against them. But supposing that you have so true notions in your heads, if they come not with power upon your hearts, and do not make you new, spiritual, and holy men, they will not qualify you to propagate faith and holiness. Now it is that you must get those eminent qualifications of knowledge and holiness, which you are afterwards to use; for how can you use what you have not? Though some prudent hearers will encourage such men as they think are hopeful, yet most will judge of persons and things as they find them. The ignorant, dry, and lifeless orations of unexperienced preachers, will not be esteemed by such as know what judgment and seriousness that sacred work requires. Few will praise, or feed on unsavoury food, merely to flatter and praise the cook. Then when you find yourselves slighted, your resentment will rise against those that slight you because they are not contented with your unholy trifling, but all your enmity will turn against yourselves, and, like that of satan against the members of Christ, will be but self-tormenting.
“Let me then seriously caution all persons against being too hasty in resolving for the sacred ministry. I would not discourage pious, prudent desires and purposes, but I must say, that many parents, in this respect, prove greatly injurious to the church. I do not mean only worldly men, who look upon the ministry merely as a trade to live by, and send their sons to the university in order to their worldly maintenance and preferment; but even honest godly parents, who ignorantly think it a good work to design their chil. dren for the ministry, and call it .devoting them to God,' without duly considering whether they are likely to be fit for it or not. When the children of such persons have been some years at the university, they think a living is their due. Ordained they must be; what else have they studied for? It is now too late to change their purpose, when they have been at so many years cost and labour to prepare for their ministry. They are too old, or too proud, or too idle, to go to any manual labour, and have not time or opportunity to prepare for any other learned profession. So that there is no way left but, for a benefice, to become church mountebanks, or spiritual quacks, and undertake the pastoral charge of souls; though they scarcely know what souls are, for what they were made, or whither they are going; at least, how they must be conducted and prepared for their endless state. And bad as they are, they can find persons bad enough to recommend and ordain them. How deplorable is the case of the poor people's souls over whom they are to preside!
“In order to prevent any from intending the work of the ministry who are not qualified, I will briefly mention the necessary qualifications for it. The work is so high, and miscarrying in it is of such dreadful consequence, that no one should be resolvedly devoted to the ministry who hath not the following endowments.
“1. A good natural capacity. It should be somewhat above the ordinary degree. Grace supposes nature; and by sanctifying it, turns it the right way; but does not use to make wise teachers of natural drones, or weak headed lads who have not sense enough to learn.
“2. A competent readiness of speech. One who cannot readily speak his mind in common things, is not likely to have that fúent delivery which is necessary to a preacher.
“3. He must be hopeful for godliness. He must be captivated by no gross sin. He must not only have a love to learning, but religion; to the word of God, and good company; to prayer, and good books. He must show that he has a serious concern about his soul, and the life to come; that his conscience is under some effectual convictions of the evil of sin, and the excellence and necessity of a godly life. The youth that hath not these qualifications, should not be devoted to the ministry. To devote an incapable, ungodly person to such an holy work, is worse than of old to have offered to God the unclean for sacrifice. To do it under pretence of hoping that he may have grace hereafter, is a presumptuous profanation, and worse than to design a coward to be a soldier, or a wick. ed, unsuitable person for a partner in life, in hope that they may become fit afterwards.
“ If therefore your parents have been so unwise as to dedicate that to God which was unfit for his acceptance, it concerns you quickly to look better to yourselves, and not to run into the consuming fire. You ought to be conscious of your own condition. If you know that you want either natural capacity, or readiness of speech, or serious piety and heart-devotedness to God, do not meddle with that calling which requires all these.
“Perhaps you will say, 'What shall we do with ourselves? We have gone so far, that we are fit for nothing else. I answer; You are less fit for the ministry than for any thing. That which requires the highest qualifications, will most shame and condemn you if you want them. If you are not for physic or law, seek something else. You had better become servants, or turn to the basest employments, than to run into the sad case of Hophni and Phineas ; or of Nadab and Abihu, to the utter undoing of yourselves, and to the loss and danger of many others. But remember, if
your unfitness be your ungodliness, whe. ther you are ministers or not, you will be for ever miserable, unless your hearts and lives be changed. When that is done, I would not discourage you; but, (believe me) it is far better to be a cobler or a chimney sweeper, or to beg your bread, than to be an ungodly minister, though with the greatest preferments, riches, and applause. Perhaps parents will
"If we de. vote none to the ministry till godliness appears in them, few will be so devoted, since children seldom discover much savour of religion; and some turn out bad, who when young, promised exceeding well.' I answer: Children cannot be expected to show that understanding in religion which men may; but if they discover not a love to it, a conscientious regard to God's authority, and the life to come, and a dislike of ungodliness and sin, you have no reason to presume they will be fit for the ministry. You can judge but upon probabilities; if they prove bad after an hopeful profession, it will not be chargeable upon you. But we all know that a hopeful youth is a great preparation to an honest age.”
'These are weighty sayings; and if they deserve the attention of those youth who are able to support themselves, while prosecuting their studies, much more should they be prayerfully examined and applied by those, who, if educated at all, must be maintained for several years by the charitable funds of the church. A youth may be pious, and yet may be very destitute of good common sense, of an aptitude to learn, of the common readiness of speech, of the ordinary share of self-possession, of the bodily health requisite for study and ministerial labour; and in every such case, should be advised to serve God faithfully, in some other profession than that of a public preacher.
A Word to the Rev. J. R. Willson,
We have seen an angry publication of the Rev. J. R. Willson, complaining that a review sent by him was not inserted in our Magazine, He appears to have misunderstood the meaning of a notice on the cover,