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Gentile nations: “but ye who some who tells us, that on the subject of times were afar off, are made nigh baptism “HE DEFIES ALL CHRISTENby the blood of Christ.” Hence then,

DOMP" the plain and unsophisticated mean Aware how much this important ing of the passage is, that not only passage stands in the way of the the Jews, in consequence of the Baptist system, Mr. C. tells us with promise of God in the covenant of an air of triumph, in No. 3 of the circumcision, were to be introduced, appendix to his book, that by deep they and their children, into the research into chronology, he has at church, under the present dispensa- || length found out what will not only tion, but the Gentiles also, with destroy the strong argument for intheir children, when they should be fant baptism derived from it, but called by the ministration of the what will “ tumble the whole sysgospel, to the knowledge of Christ, tem of Pædobaptists to the ground.” and thereby ingrafted into the good And what is it?—That the coveolive tree.

nant of circumcision, on which the As the passage now under consi

foregoing argument is founded, was deration so fully establishes the made thirty years after “ the coveright of infants, whose parents are nant of God in Christ;" and that it church members, to baptism; every

is the covenant of God in Christ, art that ingenuity and sophistry and not the covenant of circumcicould invent, has therefore been sion, that the apostle alludes to in employed to lessen its force. Hence his epistle to the Galatians, and then Baptist writers tell us, that styles the preaching of the gospel the word “ children” in scripture to Abraham :-or, in other words, language sometimes means young that Pædobaptists argue from a persons arrived to maturity, and wrong covenant, and consequently Mr. C. in his book applies it to the from wrong premises. young men and maidens mentioned

It is very fortunate, however, for in Joel's prophecy. Be it so,-it the devoted Pædobaptists, that these will not be denied that it is also ap two covenants of Mr. C.'s, are one plied to minors and infants, and this

and the same;

and

very unfortunate is enough for the Pædobaptist argu for him that they are so, as he has ment. And admitting that the word thereby lost all the honour he exin this passage means young men pected from such a notable discoand women arrived to maturity, very. As the church of Rome has what would then be the scope of the thrown out the second commandapostle's argument? This: The ment, because it forbids the making promise is to you, Jews, and to your and worshipping of graven images, children; but not to your children as and split the tenth into two, to make under your direction and discipline, up the number; so Mr. C., for the but to your children when arrived to sake of his system, has thrown out maturity, and not under

your

direc of the catalogue of his covenants tion, and when God shall call them the covenant recorded in 15th chapby his gospel to the knowledge of ter of Genesis, as I have already obsalvation by Christ. I need not served, and split the covenant contell you how foolishly this interpre firmed of God in Christ, into two, tation makes the apostle speak; for in order to make up his number,this is no more than could be said to perhaps, because that number is conthe most idolatrous Gentile. Such is sidered by some a number of perthe absurdity of the Baptist inter fection. pretation of this important passage: Now, that what is called the coand who would have thought it, or venant of God in Christ is the same rather, who would not have thought with what is called the covenant of it, the interpretation of the man circumcision, is evident, from the

consideration that the provisions called by Stephen the covenant of and object of both are the same. It circumcision, because it was conwas first intimated to Abraham in firmed by that rite thirty years after 12th_chapter of Genesis :-“ Now it was made-and therefore the the Lord' had said unto Abraham, Pædobaptist system still stands Get thee out of thy country, and firm, notwithstanding Mr. C.'s nofrom thy kindred, and from thy fa- table discovery that was “to tumble ther's house, unto a land that I will it to the ground." You will have shew thee; and I will make of thee perceived, however, that had Mr. a great nation, and I will bless thee C.'s great chronological discovery, and make thy name great, and thou so big with mischief to the Pædoshalt be a blessing, and in thee shall baptist system, been founded on all the families of the earth be fact, it could not have affected my blessed.” That it is this covenant view of the subject, as I do not the apostle alludes to in 3d chapter consider that covenant to be the to the Galatians, is evident, from covenant of grace. his quoting one of its blessings But to the argument drawn from with a small variation, very com the covenant of circumcision in famon with New Testament writers, vour of infant baptism, Mr. C. rewhen quoting the Old; and that it plies, thạt circumcision and baptism is the same that he alludes to in 4th are positive institutes; "and in pochapter to Romans, is also evident sitive institutes we are not authofrom his quoting another of its rised to reason, what we should do, blessings with a small variation butimplicitly to obey; and was there also. In the former epistle and ever a positive ordinance or instituchapter, are these words_“In thee tion founded solely upon inference shall all nations be blessed;" tan or reason-and can there be a positamount to “In thee shall all the tive institution without a positive families of the earth be blessed." precept or precedent authorising it In the latter epistle and chapter he

-and a limited commission implies has these words I have made a prohibition of such things as are thee a father of many nations ;" not contained in it; and positive equivalent to “I will make of thee laws imply their negatives." a great nation." And not only is The amount and meaning of all this the case, but the very

words of this is that there is no such preJehovah himself, in 17th chapter, is cept or command in the scriptures a proof, that the covenant there as that infants shall be baptized," mentioned was not a new covenant, or precedent or example that they but a covenant already made. “As were: and hence he infers that they for me (saith God) my covenant is ought not to be. When called upon with thee;" which plainly alludes to by Mr. W. to produce a positive prea covenant already intimated; "and cept for admitting believing women I will establish my covenant between to the ordinance of the supper, or me and thee,” or confirm my cove precedent that they were admitted nant between me and thee, which what does he do ?-Does he dihe did at that time by the seal of rect to the chapter and verse that circumcision.

says that believing women are to From these considerations it is be admitted to the Lord's table, or evident that the covenant of God in precedent that they were ?-Nom Christ, and the covenant of circum but he tells us in his usual style, a cision, are one and the same. It was style sui generis, " that it is a pitistyled by Paul “ the covenant con ful and poor come off” '_" the most firmed of God in Christ (eis Chris puerile and childish retort that he ton) because it had relation to ever heard used by adults that had Christ and his church ; and it is any knowledge of words and things."

are

Then he tells us that the Lord's female in Christ Jesus," or no dissupper was appointed for the disci tinction of privileges under the preples of Christ; but women sent dispensation; we may hence styled disciples ; therefore they are safely infer, that female as well to be admitted to the table of the as male infants are to be baptized, Lord. He has indeed fully proved when their parents are members of the point-but how? was it by pro

the church, and in good standing. ducing his positive precept or pre

In this manner the apostle Peter cedent?-No-for there is no such reasoned on the day of Pentecost: precept or precedent but by rea and in this manner may we safely soning and inference, to the de

reason on every passage that has a struction of his own rule, which he reference to the point. so frequently and so strenuously Mr. C. has another argument inculcates, and which if acted upon against infant baptism, which he would exclude every female, how pronounces in the 31st page and ever pious, from the Lord's table, elsewhere to be unanswerable, and as the Lord's supper is as much a as settling the point at once. It positive institute as baptism. With amounts to this.

The scripture respect to this rule contained in the direction respecting baptism is, beabove quotations, and which is to lieve and be baptized; but infants be applied to infants, but not at all to are not capable of believing, therewomen, he is only the echo of Mr. fore they are not to be baptized. A Booth, and from the just severity, syllogism construed on this plan with which Peter Edwards, whom will prove, that all infants shall be he very modestly styles a sophist, damned. For instance, the scriphad exposed it, I had expected that tures tell us, that he that believeth no man of common sense and mo shall be saved : and he that believdesty, would have had the hardi eth not shall be damned: but inhood to bring it forward again; and fants are not capable of believing, its reappearance in Mr. Č.'s book therefore they shall be damned. It is a proof to what miserable shifts may answer every purpose

at

prehe is reduced to support his sys sent just to observe, that when the tem.

scriptures say that he that believeth It is asked, how far we may safely not shall be damned; and when reason with respect to positive in they speak of faith as a prerequistitutes ? So far I think, and no far site for baptism, they speak of ther: When the scriptures tell us adults only, and to include infants that one positive institute is come in such passages betrays an unparin the room of another, then we may donable ignorance in any man who safely infer, that the latter is to be has pretensions to a knowledge of applied to the same subjects as were letters, or a disposition to impose embraced by the former, unless po upon the ignorant by a shameless sitively prohibited, and to as many sophistry. more as may be expressly mentioned The same inexcusable ignorance or implied. We have seen that the or unblushing sophistry is also machurch of God is one and indivisi nifested, in his answer to the arguble-that male infants were intro ment adduced by Mr. W. in favour duced into it by the ordinance of of infant baptism, from the baptisms circumcision under the Abrahamic of the households of Cornelius, of dispensation—that their member-Lydia, of the jailer, and of Stephaship instead of being revoked, was nas. Mr. W. presumed that there acknowledged by Christ in the most were infants in some of these houseexplicit terms—that baptism is now holds; but Mr. C., in pages 72, 73, the initiating ordinance—and being confidently affirms there were none. told that there is "neither male nor As he has kindly constructed syllo

gisms, not only for Papists, and infants and their privileges, when Episcopalians, but for Presbyterians children of believing parents; yet on the subject of baptism, I shall the scriptures are not addressed to therefore throw his answers and them as infants, but to adults capaproofs into the form of syllogisms, ble of hearing or reading, and of both for brevity's sake, and that the understanding what they hear or reader may at one glance see them read: and therefore to include them just as they aremin all their shame in warnings, exhortations or proful nakedness. Cornelius was a de mises addressed to adults, or to vout man and feared God, with all class them with those who are subhis house-Cornelius called toge- jects of duties, is sophistical in the ther his kinsmen and near friends highest degree, and I am persuaded -Peter preached to them all

the that he will be constrained to say Holy Ghost fell on them that heard there must be something radically the word, and they were all bap unsound in that system that has retized : but infants are incapable course to such shameful sophistry of being devout, and of fearing God, to support it. or of hearing preaching so as to un It is true, that the argument for derstand it; therefore, there were infant baptism deduced from the no infants in the household of Cor baptism of those households, is only nelius. The Lord opened the heart presumptive, but it is a presumption of Lydia ; and she believed and was of a very strong kind.' For as the baptized, and her household Paul conversion of the heads of those faand Silas visited her family, and milies is only mentioned, the inferwhen they had seen the brethren, ence I think is just, that the houseand comforted them, they departed: holds were baptized on account of but infants are incapable of believ the faith of the parents: and whening and being comforted; therefore ever a minister of the gospel meets there were no infants in the house with a heathen or infidel head of a hold of Lydia. Paul spake the word family, brought over to the Christian of the Lord to the jailer, and to all faith, and desirous to be baptized, that were in his house, and the jailer he is warranted by the example of believed in God, with all his house: the apostles, “ to baptize him and but infants are incapable of hearing all his, straightway." the word of the Lord so as to under I would here farther remark, that stand it, or of rejoicing from the Mr. C., according to his own acsame cause that the jailer did ; count, acted fully as disingenuously therefore, there were no infants in and sophistically, with respect to the the household of the jailer. The argument in favour of infant baptism household of Stephanas addicted drawn from the testimonies of the themselves to the ministry of the ancient fathers of the church, as in saints: but infants are incapable of the instances now reviewed. Mr. addicting themselves to the minis

W., he tells us, produced extracts try of the saints; therefore, there from the writings of Justin Martyr, were no infants in the household of Irenæus, Tertullian, Origen, CyStephanas.

prian, Augustine, Jerome, and ChryAs every person of good common sostom, who filled in the church a sense is a good logician, though not space of time from the beginning of instructed in the systematic logic of the 2d to the 4th century of the Christhe schools,“every such reader will tian era; and all of whom mention now easily see wherein the sophis more or less, that infant baptism was try of the foregoing syllogisms, fairly practised in their day. And how constructed from his answers, lies. does Mr. C. meet this strong preHe will perceive that although the sumptive argument? These fathers word of God frequently speaks of held some errors and he consumes

twelve pages of his book in point- || mise, to what Christ calls “ digging ing out those errors, and portraying about and dunging;" or such inthem in the strongest colours; with struction by the word and Spirit, the evident design of making the through the instrumentality of their impression that such dotards and parents, and of the church, as is errorists are not worthy of the least calculated to make them “trees of attention. But what if those fathers righteousness, the planting of the held some errors and fanciful theo Lord, that he might be glorified.” ries. Does it follow that they are And as God usually works by means not competent and credible wit or second causes in the kingdom of nesses for facts that happened in grace, as well as in the kingdom of their day? and facts too in which nature; may we not venture to say they themselves were engaged-the that baptism was also appointed as baptizing of infants; and it is as a means of regeneration for the inwitnesses for this fact, and not as fants of his people dying in infancy, standards of orthodoxy, that Pædo and whom he designed to save. If baptist writers bring forward their it is not a means for this purpose, testimony.

then there are no means. What God · I shall close this letter by obvi designs to do with infants dying in ating another objection to infant infancy, he has not told us, and to baptism, and indeed the only one decide peremptorily on the subject that ever appeared to me to deserve belongs not to man--the Judge of a serious answer. As infants are in all the earth will not do them any capable of knowing what is done to

wrong; but this we know, that he them when they are baptized, it is has promised to sanctify and save asked—“Of what use can it be to some of the children of his people. them?” Mr. C. frequently brings “ Thus saith the Lord that made forward the objection, and with an thee, and formed thee from the air of ridicule bordering on rancor womb, which will help thee: fear ous malevolence: and frequently not, O Jacob, my servant, and thou too out of place; for when the Jeshurun, whom I have chosen. For question was about their right to I will pour water on him that is baptism, his usual phraseology is thirsty, and floods on the dry infant sprinkling-infant sprink- || ground. I will pour my spirit upon ling-yea, the first words of the thy seed; and my blessing upon thy title page of his book is

offspring; and they shall spring up SPRINKLING,” as if that and nothing as among the grass, and as willows else had been the subject of debate. by the water courses.”

It might be enough to silence And now what is the comparative, such objectors by saying, it is of practical operation and effect of the divine appointment, and who art two systems. The Baptists take thou, o man, who repliest against into the church baptized adults only, God?" And it can be of as much and none others are considered unuse now as circumcision of old. But der her direction and control; and besides this, we think we can see in hence the comparatively slow prothe institution, a gracious provision gress of Christianity in the East, for training up the rising generation under their missionaries, zealous for the Lord. By baptism they are and indefatigable as they are while taken out of the visible kingdom of upon the Pædobaptist system, sancSatan, in which all are born, as the tioned by the example of the aposchildren of a degenerate parent, tles, of taking under her wings those and PLANTED in the vineyard, or the households, the heads of whom prochurch of God, the usual birth-place fess the Christian faith, by being of the children of his grace, and be baptized, the inhabitants of Otacome entitled, by the divine pro heite, of Eimeo, and of other adja

INFANT

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