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3. There shall be a general judg. | ing saints shall be translated, with ment of soul and body at the end of them. the world, in which all unrenewed When Christ shall be seated on men shall be arraigned and con- his throne, and the saints as justices demned, before the judgment seat on thrones at his right hand, then of Christ. Jude 14, 15. 2 Cor. v. shall the still guilty sinners be 10. The hearing of this future day, brought forth from their graves, and made Felix, and should make other from
their residence on the face of sinners tremble. The divine cha- the earth, and stand quaking before racter requires such a day, because this glorious judge. the dispensations of Providence Ye that live in sin now, and yet lead men to question the justice of feel secure, O consider, who shall God; and were not a future rec- be your judge. It is goodness itkoning to come, this attribute would self; even Jesus Christ, who many suffer a total eclipse. The glory of times held out his compassions Christ, moreover, requires this ge- toward you. A child of God may neral judgment: for, because he say, yonder is my brother, friend, was arraigned and condemned by husband: but you must say, yonder men, he shall judge mankind. John is my enemy. He may say, yonder v. 27.
is he who shed his blood to save me: The time of this general judg- but you must say, yonder he comes ment cannot be precisely ascertain- whose heart I have pierced with my ed; but we know it shall not take sins; whose bloo I have despised. place, until Antichrist has been con- He
may say, come, Lord Jesus, and sumed, until the Jews have been re- cover us under thy wings ; but you stored to their own land ; until all must then cry out, Oh ! rocks, rocks, the tribes of Israel have been ga- fall on me, and hide me from the thered into the Christian church; face of the Lamb. and until all the elect, for whose Consider, that he shall come in sake the world stands, shall have flaming fire, in the glory of his Fabeen effectually called.
ther, taking vengeance on them that judgment, let it be remarked, that Reflect, that then, thy secret sins, Christ shall come from the third thy self-pollution, thy speculative heavens, to be seen in our atmo- wantonness, as well as thy public sphere, before
of the dead arise; offences shall all be disclosed. and his coming shall be with an ad- Think not that the judgment day mirable shout, as when a king com- will soon be over. No, no: it must eth to triumph among his subjects, take up some large portion of time, and over his enemies.
that all the universe may see all Then shall the voice of the Arch- the sins of wicked men: and posongel, which is Jesus Christ him- sibly this day of Christ's kingly self, be heard from the clouds, say- office may be as long as the one ing audibly, Rise ye dead, and come in which he is governing the world, to judgment.
by his providence. Then as the trumpet sounded at 4. After the general judgment the giving of the law, so shall it shall have separated all the righteous sound now, but much louder, when from the wicked, then the fearful he comes to judge men for having sentence shall be passed upon all violated that law.
the latter collectively: Depart, acThen shall the dead arise, and cursed, into everlasting fire, prethe living on the earth be changed. pared for the devil and his angels. The bodies of them that have died 5. When the judgment day has in the Lord shall rise first, and at closed, then the fearful wrath of the same time the bodies of the liv, God shall be poured out, and piled
upon their bodies and souls, and the to help to stem the torrent of error breath of the Lord, like a stream of and delusion, is our most earnest brimstone, shall kindle it: and here wish, whether the arguments be new thou shalt lie burning, and none or old. Both the heresy we comshall quench it. They shall be ba- bat, and its refutation, have excited nished from God; shall be the sub- the attention of the days of other jects of his fiery indignation for years. When the
comes in ever; shall be tortured by their own like a flood, the Spirit of the Lord memory
and conscience ; shall be- animates his followers to lift up a come the companions of devils; standard against him. In the disshall be filled with despair; and charge of this duty, the continuance shall be the subjects of the most of the contest must be commensupainful emotions through all eter- rate with the duration of the tornity. In the anguish of their feel- rent of hostility. War must be carings, they will vomit blasphemies ried on with Amalek from generain the face of God, and curse God, tion to generation. that never elected them; and the At this late period of the contest, Lord Jesus, that never shed one little new, on either side, can be drop of blood to redeem them; and expected. We despise that affecthe Holy Ghost, that passed by with- tation of originality, which refuses out effectually calling them. to avail itself of the inventions This is the misery of
and improvements of predecessors. tural man.
Oh! labour to be hum- Was the sword of Goliah one whit bled, day and night, in this woful the worse, that it had cut off the estate ; and if thou dost not obtain head of a blaspheming gigantic Phian interest in Christ, then farewell listine? On the contrary, David God, Christ, and mercy forever.
says respecting it,
« There is none Had Christ shed seas of blood, there like it; give it to me." Are the would not be one drop of it for thee, arguments of Luther and Calvin, until thou comest to see, and feel, or any of the other reformation and groan under this miserable
sages, any thing deteriorated, by estate of thy fallen nature.
having been used successfully by (To be continued.)
against the antichristrian hie
rarchy? Does the solution of a difON THE DURATION OF FUTURE
ficulty, or the detection of a so
phism, lose any of its interest or PUNISHMENT.
force, because it has been used by (Continued from page 125.)
the venerable Edwards, when conIn examining the supposed scrip- tending valiantly for the faith once tural objections to a particular re- delivered to the saints ? Nay, though demption, it would be unreasonable
we would not rest a single item of to expect much novelty. It would
the subject at issue on the mere aube difficult to find any raw mate- thority of names, rial entirely new.
Sometimes new arrangements, different combina- “Nullius addictus jurare in verba ma. tions of light and shade, may so af
gistri," fect the appearance, and even the yet we confess, we cannot help real worth of the article, as to make viewing an argument, as ennobled it more marketable, and conse- and more venerable, which has been quently extend the range of its cir- used by that philosophical Calviculation. We make no pretensions nist and redoubtable champion of even to this humble merit. To be sacred truth. We here give notice, instrumental in exhibiting truth- that on his lucubrations we shall, the truth of the word of God, in a occasionally, make liberal drafts ; simple and unsophisticated dress; and shall never prefer a raw re
cruit, however fascinating his exte- rod had heard the report of the wise rior, to the sunburnt veteran; and men, he was troubled, and all Jeru. that too, for the very thing which salem with him.” Matt. ii. 3. How should recommend him, namely, be- comparatively limited, in this in. cause he has seen some service, stance, must this universal term be! and has frequently triumphed over In like manner we might quote the haughty foe. On the contrary,
Mark i. 37, “ All men seek thee;" these very circumstances are, in and v. 20, “ All men did marvel;" our view, recommendatory.
and xi. 32, “ All men counted John In the discussion of this subject, as a prophet;" John iii. 16, “ The much stress has been laid on some same baptizeth, and all men come general expressions, which are oc- unto him;" Acts iv. 21, “ All men casionally found in scripture; such glorified God, for what was done.” as, for instance, all, every, all men, În all these quotations, and numevery man, the world, the whole berless others which might be adworld, &c. These expressions, it duced, it requires no great stock of will be admitted, when taken de- sagacity to discover the very li. tachedly and independently of their mited sense in which they are used, local connexion and modification by and that their extent is regulated the context, are somewhat imposing; and determined entirely by the cirparticularly in relation to a doc- cumstances and connexion in which trine, apparently so philanthropic, they are found. By these circumand so flattering to the native de- stances, therefore, and connexions, pravity and accumulated guilt of and by the nature of the subject unrebel man.
der discussion, and not by the de. There can be nothing more easy
tached universality of a term or than to show, that the extent of the phrase, we shall be guided in our meaning of those expressions must investigation of this subject. But always be determined by the con- as the definite application and nexion in which they are found; meaning of such expressions will and that they must necessarily be be best ascertained by a reference regulated and modified by the radi- to the texts where they are used in cal principles and general analogy the sacred writings, we shall exaof the system of redemption. That mine in succession the most striall often means no more than a ge- king, of those passages or texts, nerality, and sometimes but only an which have been by our opponents inconsiderable number, is abun- generally adduced on this subject. dantly evident from scripture phra- To save time and useless repeti- . seology. The annunciation of the tion, we shall classify them in such nativity of our Lord by the heaven- manner, as their common qualities ly messenger, furnishes a striking and general bearings on the subject evidence of this. Luke ii. 10. ^ Be- under consideration, may indicate. hold I bring you glad tidings of According to this method, the exagreat joy, which shall be to all peo
mination of two or three of the ple.”
Was this true in an abso- most prominent texts will superlutely strict and universal sense of sede the necessity of farther analythe term? Certainly not. Surely sis of any texts belonging to the not to all, and every individual of same class. And, the whole world, for many millions 1. Such as by the universality of never heard of it. But it did not the terms in which the mediatory furnish great joy, even to all the interposition is frequently expressJews who did hear of it. Did He- ed in scripture, may seem to favour rod, or the Scribes and Pharisees, universal redemption. rejoice at it? Nay, on the contrary, Of such passages we have an exwe are informed, that " when He- ample in Isa. liii. 6. “The LORD VOL. I.
hath laid on Him the iniquities of us orally or by written circular, thus all.” In this text there are three address the people : Our Washingdifferent parties mentioned; name- ton, by incredible perils and unrely, the LORD, Him, and us all. That
mitting perseverance, under the bethe first of these is JEHOVAH, the nign auspices of the God of battles, second MESSIAH, all are agreed. achieved our independence, rescued The only ground of controversy is us from the grasp of tyranny, and about the extent of the meaning of secured for us all invaluable rights the words us all. Does this expres- and privileges :-would it follow sion mean every individual of the that every resident alien, although whole human race, or only a parti- the bitterest enemy, was included cular number? This, and this alone, in this general expression? Ceris the point at issue. We maintain tainly not. Such a conclusion would that the Lord did lay on Jesus the be utterly repugnant to every beariniquity of all the elect-of all the ing of the matter, the manner, and Israel of God. The supposed proof the design of the address. This of alleged universality contained in would be, most illogically, drawing these words, we might consider as a general conclusion from particucompletely neutralized by the posi- lar premises. Because God has laid tive proof of the particularity of re- on Jesus the iniquities of persons demption, previously established. of a particular character, therefore But however relevant this mode of he hath laid upon him the iniquities refutation might be, we shall not of all the human race, even those avail ourselves of it; but shall exa- who shall continue to reject his mine and compare this, and the righteousness and despise his goodother texts which may be adduced, ness. And in short, because all real both with the context, and, when penitents shall be healed, ergo, the necessary, with the general analogy most impenitent and ungodly shall of faith. We put the question, then, also be healed! Wretched the arWho are the persons designated by gument which leads to such rethe general expression us all ? sults !
In the first place, they were pro- Another passage of scripture is fessors of religion; they belonged adduced from 2 Cor. v. 14, 15, “For to the commonwealth of Israel. Se- the love of Christ constraineth us, condly, they were confessing peni- || judging this, that if one died for all, tents : “ All we like lost sheep have then were all dead. And that he gone astray, we have turned every died for all, that they that live, man to his own way,” is their hum- should not henceforth live unto ble confession to God. In the third themselves, but unto him that died place, they are such as are “healed for them and rose again.” Whoby his stripes,” as is plain from the ever shall take the pains, carefully context. Fourthly, they are such to consult the context, will find, as had an interest in the vicarious that the apostle here apologizes, by atonement. Their language is “He very competent reasons, for his atwas wounded for our transgressions, tachment to the Gentiles of the Cobruised for our iniquities, chastised rinthian church, for which he was for our peace.” In a word, they censured by the Jewish zealots, v. were neither strangers nor aliens, 12—16. A great proportion of the but of the household of faith. But church at Corinth, were Gentiles, will it follow, that because Jesus and, as such, obnoxious to the bare the iniquities of all such as are bigots of the circumcision. Paul, described above, that therefore the as the great apostle to the Gentiles, LORD laid on him the iniquities of defends himself and magnifies his all the human race? Should a citi- | ministry, by demonstrating that zen of the United States, either they also were heirs to the same
gospel privileges; that the sacred pedigree or national privileges, flame of the love of Christ con- Wherefore in the sixteenth verse strained him to preach the gospel
“ Henceforth know we no as well to the Gentiles as to the man after the flesh.” Jew and GenJews. That he did this, under the tile; circumcision and uncircumconviction of a sound judgment, cision; all nations, kindred and that if the only mediator between tongues; all ranks and conditions God and man, the man Christ Jesus, of men, are equally embraced by died for all sorts of men, whether the benign and philanthropic systhey be Jews or Gentiles; then it tem of gospel grace: will plainly follow, that the Jew and Another text, which has been rathe Gentile were, by nature, equally ther unhappily pressed into the serchildren of wrath, and dead in tres- vice of universalism, is the latter passes and sins; so that the former part of the 11th of the 4th chapter of can have no better claim, than the the first epistle to Timothy: a God, latter, to gospel privileges.
who is the saviour of all men, but Often we find the word all taken especially of those that believe." in this distributive sense, and in The words themselves contain their such circumstances as necessarily limitation, and designate the partipreclude its extension to every in- cularity of redemption-"especially dividual. Rom. xiv. 2. “One be- of those that believe.” God is the lieves he may eat all things.” Sure- saviour of all men, inasmuch as his ly this cannot be understood uni- providence is universal, and his versally of every individual! Again, || kingdom ruleth over all. We will (2 Kings viii. 9.) Hazael is said to freely admit, that this providential have presented to Elisha “ “ every salvation extendeth much farther, good thing;" which can obviously than the phraseology of this text bear none other than a distributive would necessarily carry it. Ps. application, and even that in a mo- Xxxvi. 6. « Lord, thou preservest dified and comparatively limited man and beast.” sense. But it ought not to be over- One other text, involving also a looked, that there is no substantive general term, shall close the examiexpressed with the word all, in the nation of the first class. 1st John, passage under consideration. It is ii. 2. “ And he is the propitiation not even said for all men.
for our sins; and not for our sins therefore at liberty to supply such only, but also for the sins of the a substantive, as the bearing and whole world.” After we shall have sense of the context and general examined this text, we believe that analogy of faith may warrant. It all others marked with the same or might be all believers all the elect similar characters of universality, -all the sons and daughters, whom will, by the same rule and manner he brings to glory. Neither would of interpretation, become sufficientthere be any inconsistency in sup
ly obvious. plying the expression, the sheep, of The term world has a variety of his fold; particularly, as our Lord meanings in scripture. Sometimes himself had declared, “I lay down it signifies the universe. John i. 10. my life (I die) for the sheep." “ The world was made by him.” It These sheep were not confined to sometimes signifies metonymically the Jewish nation. “ Other sheep
the whole human race. Rom. v. 12. have I,” said our Lord, “ which are “ Sin entered into the world,” i. e. not of this fold." These also must was chargeable to all mankind. In be brought in. In Christ Jesus, John xv. 18. it signifies the wicked there are no distinctions. Agreea
of the world: “ If the world hate bly hereto, the apostle in preaching | you.” Again, it is put for the elect, the gospel, disavows all regard to John ii. 16. “God so loved the