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830 for the Board ; and of a lady who gave him 85 for the same purpose. Mr. E. travelled five hundred and sixty miles, preached sixty-eight times, and collected $61.

August 13th. (Friday.) Arrived in Bethany, after a dreary and solitary ride through the wilderness, fifteen miles.

“14th. (Saturday.) Preached in the court house, in the afternoon. Very serious attention manifested.

“15th. (Sabbath.) Preached at two o'clock, and again at five. The counte. nances of many manifested more than or. dinary engagedness. This church are entering upon measures to invite Mr. Williams, of Jersey, to take the pastoral care of them.

“ 18th. (Wednesday.) Preached in a little log cabin at a small settlement, three miles from Bethany. The missionary stations in this neighbourhood are settlements, in the heart of the woods, where six or seven families can be collected to. gether. It is a pleasuse to preach to them, as they are extremely destitute, and very anxious to hear the gospel.

“19th. (Thursday.) At four o'clock, preached at the house of Mr. Buckland, in Canaan, five miles from Bethany. In this place there had never been preaching by a Presbyterian before. Great solemnity manifested. After service the people did not appear disposed to separate. I seized the opportunity for enforcing the truths I had exhibited, by a familiar conversation; some were seri. ously affected, and I trust the fruits, in a future day will be apparent. · They were desirous I should visit them again.

“20th. (Friday.) Preached at Bethany. In this place, the effects of Mr. Camp's labours are evident. They who wer called under his ministry appear to walk conformably to the gospel. An entire change has been produced in the habits and manners of the people; giving a lively evidence of the transforming power of divine grace. I am led to believe that my labours at the present juncture, are very seasonable ; at least, in building up the faithful, and stimulating the luke

“ 29th. (Sabbath). Preached twice at Bethany, one hour's intermission. Lectured in the evening. The people appear to be considerably aroused; their attention has uniformly been serious and devout.

“30th. (Monday.) Preached my last sermon to the people of Bethany. They appeared affected.

September 20th. (Sabbath.) Preached at ten, and again at three o'clock, to

large audiences, who manifested more than ordinary attention. I have to lament, however, the general listlessness to the concerns of religion. Many are involved in a dangerous apathy. Lectured in the evening.

October 1st. (Friday.) Lectured this evening

“3d. (Sabbath.) Preached at Newport and Hanover, to overflowing audiences. I take much interest in these stations ; the people appear much pleased with the attentions of a missionary.

“10th. (Sabbath.) Preached twice at Pittstown, with an intermission of fifteen minutes, to engaged and solemn audi.

Returned to Wilkesbarre, and lectured in the evening.

“ 14th. (Thursday.) Preached in the evening at Wilkesbarre. I think I can discover more attention among the peo. ple than was evident at the commencement of my mission,

“In the section of country which I have visited, under your commission, generally speaking, there exists but little evidence of genuine and ardent piety. It is true, I observed in but very few individuals, a total abandonment of moral principle or open profligacy of conduct ; but in most, the prominent characteristic was, a chilling insensibility to their moral condition in the sight of God. They have lived careless; have reduced their consciences to complete subjection to their unsanctified, wills, and rest contented with their situation.

“In my route, I met with some Socini. ans; a few Swedenborgians, and many, many practical Atheists who say in their conduct at least, “ There is no God." I visited several places where there had been regularly organized churches ; they were generally in a languishing state, and some of them had scarcely an existence. Professed Christians did not manifest that life, vigour and zeal, which should characterize those who have been created anew in Christ Jesus ;-yet still I discovered among them, some who were precious saints of God, who from their soul deplored the absence of vital godliness, throughout the country at large. This lamentable state of things is to be attributed, I apprehend, to the want of regular and faithful ministrations of gospel ordinances. In Luzerne and Wayne counties, there is not one settled minister; and as far as my information extended, but two or three partially settled, over a very considerable extent of country, from Wilkesbarre to Tioga Point.

“The country over which I passed, is generally new and the people comparatively poor; but did they properly appreciate the value of the gospel, they

warm.

would undoubtedly, more frequently Ward, with all his industry, behear its glorious message. Their desti

tween Boston and Washington, tute state is owing more to a deficiency

could obtain for the most benevoof inclination to support the gospel, than to a deficiency in pecuniary concerns.

lent objects, not quite 10,000 dol“ Wherever I preached, I had consi lars. derable congregations; novelty, no doubt Had he come on a buffoon's erinduced the attendance of many; but I rand, people would have given him, trust, a desire to learn the truth influ. enced some In a number of instances

as they do Mr. Kean, probably more considerable excitement was produced,

than 4,000 dollars a month, for under the preached word; but aware making them laugh! Oh! that they how frequently such appearances are were wise; and would devote the fallacious, I would not wish to represent

money now expended on pernicious to the Board, (for I have not the certain proof) that my ministrations have been amusements to any truly charitable peculiarly blest.

establishment. Had our Bible, Or* My reception, in every instance, was phan, Education and Missionary kind and hospitable; which circumstance Societies received the sums squancompensated in a great measure, for the

dered on an actor, the increase of hardships which are inseparable from a mission through a new country.

much vice would have been pre“ I would inform the Board, that ac. vented, and the hearts of thousands cording to my limited ability, I have en would have sung for joy. E. S. E. deavoured to adhere to their instructions. I discovered on particular inquiry, that the formation of auxiliary societies, in

Selections. the present depressed state of things, would have been impracticable. Had i

Voltaire. succeeded so far, as to have had them

It is well known that this celebrated organized, I am convinced they would have been short-lived.

infidel laboured through a long life to “ The same unprecedented pressure

diffuse the poison of infidelity. In life he of the times, prevented me from collect was pre-eminent in guilt, and at death in ing monies for the society, to the extent

misery. He had been accustomed for I wished. In most of the places I visited,

years to call the adorable Saviour-The there was scarcely any circulating me

Wretch, and to vow that he would crush dium; but I am happy to state, that by

him. He closed many of his letters to his

infidel friends with these words Crush the liberality of one individual, and by collections at Wilkesbarre, the Board

the Wretch ;--yet such is the detestable will be compensated for one half the ex

meanness, as well as wickedness of infipenses incurred by this mission.

delity, that during these efforts to de“ In fine, the ground I passed over is

stroy Christianity, he was accustomed to good missionary ground ; and should the

receive the sacrament, and to attend to Board at any future time think it advisable

some other outward acts of religion, that to send a missionary to this country, his

he might be able to deny his infidelity, if services will be acceptable, provided he

accused of it. Such was he in health ; have zeal, prudence, a social disposition,

but dangerous sickness and approaching and a talent for preaching plain and prac

death, though they could not soften the tical discourses."

hard heart of the hypocrite infidel into real penitence, filled it with agony, re

morse and despair. An Actor's Reward.

Voltaire had risen, in poor deluded

France, high in worldly prosperity and A London paper of Feb. 19th fame; but the Most High appeared to 1821, says,

“ Nr. Kean has already permit him to rise to the pinnacle of remitted home to Mrs. Kean eleven glory, only that he might sink with deephundred pounds sterling, as the

er ruin to the gulfs below: and thus

afford a more impressive warning of the early net produce of his dramatic

effects of his folly and his sin. harvest in the United States of

The following awful description has America.” What, then, must he been given of his last hours. obtain before the termination of his “It was during Voltaire's last visit to engagements? Liberal, indeed, is

Paris, when his triumph was complete,

and he had even feared he should die the American public to theatrical

with glory, amidst the acclamations of an adventurers ; but the Rev. Mr. infatuated theatre, that he was struck by

the hand of Providence, and fated to make a very different termination of his

career.

“ In the midst of his triumphs, a vio. lent bleeding raised apprehensions for his life. D'Alembert, Diderot, and Marmontel, hastened to support his resolu. tion in his last moments, but were only witnesses to their mutual ignominy, as well as to his own.

“ Here let not the historian fear exaggeration. Rage, remorse, reproach, and blasphemy, all accompany and characterize the long agony of the dying Atheist. His death, the most terrible that is ever recorded to have stricken the im. pious man, will not be denied by his companions in impiety. Their silence, how. ever much they may wish to deny it, is the least of these corroborative proofs, which could be adduced. Not one of them has ever dared to mention any sign given, of resolution or tranquillity, by the premier chief, during the space of three months, which elapsed from the time he was crowned in the theatre, until his de. cease. Such a silence expresses, how great their humiliation was in his death!

“It was in his return from the theatre, and in the midst of the toils he was resuming in order to acquire fresh applause, when Voltaire was warned, that the long career of his impiety was draw. ing to an end.”

In spite of all the infidel philosophers who flocked around him, in the first days of his illness, he gave signs of wishing to return to the God he had so often blas. phemed. He called for the priest, who ministered to Him, whom he had sworn to crush, under the appellation of the Wretch. His danger increasing, he wrote entreating the Abbé Gualtier to yisit him. He afterwards made a declaration, in which, he, in fact, renounced his infideli. ty. This declaration was signed by himself and two witnesses, one of whom was the Marquis de Villevieille, to whom, eleven years before, Voltaire was wont to write, “ Conceal your march from the enemy, in your endeavours to crush the Wretch !"

“ Voltaire had permitted this declara. tion to be carried to the Rector of St. Sulpice, and to the Archbishop of Paris, to know whether it would be sufficient. When the Abbé Gaultier returned with the answer, it was impossible for him to gain admittance to the patient. The conspirators had strained every nerve to hin. der the chief from consummating his recantation, and every avenue was shut to the priest, whom Voltaire himself had sent for. The demons, haunted every access ; rage succeeds to fury, and fury to rage again, during the remainder of his life.

" Then it was that D’Alembert, Dide

rot, and about twenty others of the conspirators, who had beset his apartment, never approached him, but to witness their own ignominy; and often he would curse them, and exclaim : * Retire! It is you that have brought me to my present state ! Begone! I could have done without you all; but you could not exist with. out me! And what a wretched glory have you procured me?'

" Then would succeed the horrid re. membrance of his conspiracy. They could hear him, the prey of anguish and dread, alternately supplicating or blaspheming that God whom he had conspired against; and in plaintive accents would he cry out, 'Oh Christ! Oh Jesus Christ!' And then complain that he was abandoned by God and man. The hand which had traced in ancient writ the sen. tence of an impious and reviling king, seemed to trace before his eyes, CRUSH THEN, DO CRUSH THE WRETCH. In vain he turned his head away; the time was coming apace when he was to appear before the tribunal of Him he had blasphemed; and his physicians, particularly Mr. Tronchin, calling in to administer relief, thunderstruck, retire, declaring the death of the impious man to be terrible indeed. The pride of the conspirators would willingly have suppressed these declarations, but it was in vain. The Mareschal de Richelieu flies from the bedside, de. claring it to be a sight too terrible to be sustained ; and Mr. Tronchin, that the furies of Orestes could give but a faint idea of those of Voltaire."

In one of these visits the doctor found him in the greatest agonies, exclaiming with the utmost horror, I am abandoned by God and man." He then said, “ Doctor, I will give you half of what I am worth, if you will give me six months life.” The Doctor answered, “ Sir, you cannot live six weeks.” Voltaire replied, “ Then löshall go to hell, and you will go with me!” and soon after expired.

Jane Ratcliff. Jane Ratcliff was born in the year 1638. Her extraordinary faith and piety render her a suitable subject for these memoirs.

In early life she indulged herself in many of the follies and vanities of her time: but being awakened to a sense of their fatal tendency, she renounced then, and placed her affections on objects which alone can confer solid and durable enjoyment. We shall pass over the in. termediate parts of her circumspect life, and come to the closing scene of it; when she appeared to be much raised above the love of life, and the fears of death. The following is an extract from her own ex

pressions, on that solemn occasion. At the same time that they manifest her de. sire to be released from the sorrows and dangers of mortality, there can be no doubt that it was limited by a humble submission, and pious resignation, to the will of Heaven.

“ I desire to die,” said she, “because I want, while I live here, the glorious presence of God, which I love and long for; and the sweet fellowship of angels and saints, who would be as glad to see me with them, as I should be to see them about me; and who would entertain me with unwearied delight."

“I desire to die-because, while I live, I shall want the perfection of my nature, and be as 'an estranged and banished child from my father's house."

“I desire to die-because I would not live to offend so good a God, and grieve his Holy Spirit. For his loving kindness is better than life, and he is abundant in mercy to me; and the fear of displeasing him often lies as a heavy load upon my heart."

“ I desire to die-because this world is generally infected with the plague of sin, and I myself am tainted with the same disease; so that, while I live here, I shall be in danger of being infected, or of infecting others. And if this world hates me, because I endeavour to follow goodness, how would it rejoice, if my foot should slip! How wofül would my life be to me, if I should give occasion to the world to triumph and blaspheme ! There are in my nature so many defects, errors and transgressions, that I may say with David, “Innumerable evils have compassed me about; my iniquities have taken hold on me, so that I am not able to look up.' I therefore desire heaven for holiness, and to the end I may sip no more.”

“ I desire to die-because nothing in this world can give me solid and durable contentment."

“With regard to my children, I am not troubled: for that God who has given them life and breath, and all they have, while I am living, can provide for them when I am dead. My God will be their God, if they be his : and if they be not, what comfort would it be for me to live to behold it? Life would be bitter to me, if I should see them dishonour God, whom I so greatly love."

“I fear not death-because it is but the separation of the soul from the body; and that is but a shadow of the body of death: Romans vii. 24. Whereas the separation of the soul from God by sin, and of soul and body for sin, is death indeed: Isa. lix. 2."

“I fear not death-because it is an enemy that has been often vanquished;

and because I am armed for it; and the weapons of my warfare are mighty through God, ar · I am assured of victory.

“I do not fear ath for the pain of it; for I am persuad d I have endured as great pain in life, s I shall find in death ; and death will cure me of all sorts of pain. Besides, Christ died a terrible death, to the end any kind of death might be blessed to me. And that God wbo has greatly loved me in life, will not neglect me in death ; but will, by his spirit, succour and strengthen me all the time of the combat.”

For her comfort in her last hours, she put into the following form some memoirs of the principal mercies and blessings she had received from God.

“How shall I praise God for my conversion! for his word, both in respect of my affection to it, and the wonderful comforts I have had from it? for hearing my prayers ? for godly sorrow? for fellowship with the godly? for joy in the Holy Spirit ? for the desire of death ? for contempt of the world? for private helps and comforts ? for giving me strength against my sins ? for preserving me from gross evils, both before and af ter my calling?”

In her last sickness, which was of long continuance, she was deeply sensible of the dangers and miseries that attend our progress through life ; and often implored God to remove her into a better world, saying, in the words of David; “ Make haste to help me, O Lord, my salvation ! Be pleased, O Lord, to deliver me! 0 Lord, make haste to help me!"-And she was relieved in the tenderest manner : for her spirit departed from the body, when it was thought she had only fallen asleep

some

Bishop Butler. When the bishop lay on his dying bed, he called for his chaplain, and said, “Though I have endeavoured to avoid sin and please God, to the utmost of my power, yet, from the consciousness of perpetual infirmities, I am still afraid to die.”—“My Lord,” said the chaplain, “You have forgotten that Jesus Christ is a Saviour." True,” was the answer ; “ but how shall I know that he is a Sa. viour for me?"_"My lord, it is written, Him that cometh to me, I will in no wise cast out.”—“'True," said the bishop ; "and I am surprised, that, though I have read that scripture a thousand times over, I never felt its virtue till this moment; and now 1 die happy.

PUBLISHED BY LITTELL & HENRY,

74, South Second St, Philadelphia, At 83 per annum, or $2.50 if paid in advance.

THE

PRESBYTERIAN MAGAZINE.

MAY, 1831.

ABRIDGED BY E. S. ELY.

CHAPTER III.

Communications. whereas if every man had been left

to stand or fall for himself, as he SHEPPARD'S SINCERE CONVERT, should appear in the world, each

man would ever have been liable (Continued from page 170.)

to fall, and in fear of falling. Adam .

was as likely to stand in righteous

ness for himself and his posterity, All mankind is now fallen into a

as any one would have been for most woful estate of sin and

himself; and more so, if he knew misery.

that he had charge of the estates of The devil abused the serpent, by all the millions which should be making him the means of tempta born. He was the head of mankind, tion; and man abusing his own fa and they the members of that head; culties, especially his will, brought that if the head practise treason, himself and all his posterity in him, the whole body is found guilty, and into an estate of sinfulness and must suffer. If these things satisfy misery. Let us consider, 1st, man's not, there is a day coming, in which misery in regard to sin itself, and God will reveal his own righteous 2dly, in regard to the consequences proceedings before men and angels. of sin.

Oh! that men would consider the 1.-1. Every man living is born nature of original sin, and be hum="" guilty of Adam's sin. Now the bled by it. Next to the sin against equity of God in laying this sin to the Holy Spirit, and contempt of the charge of every man, though the gospel, this is the greatest sin none of Adam's posterity person

which cries to heaven for vengeance: ally committed it, may appear from for now men's sins are committed the consideration, that God in wis against God in their base and low dom and goodness constituted estate ; but this sin was committed Adam the representative of his race, against Jehovah, when man was at under the covenant of works; so the top of his preferment. He was that had he stood in righteousness, a traitor in the court, among the all mankind had stood with him. It favourites, and not a rebel on the is but equitable, therefore, if we dunghill. This sin darkened the should have been partakers of his very sun, defaced the image of God, gains, that we should be also par the glory of God in man, and betakers of his loss; and that he, fall-, came the prolific parent of all the ing, we should fall in him. This dis swarms of sins, which have since pensation was calculated to pro

infested the world. It comprehendmote the safety and quiet of man ed in itself a fearful apostacy from kind; for had he stood as our cove God, like that of the devil ; a hornant 'head, all fear of losing our rible rebellion against God, in which happy estate had been prevented ;

man took sides with revolted an.

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