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which characterized him for nearly and activity in spiritual concerns. NINETY YEARS, he derived from his When the evening had come, and parents. His father John, and his work was done in the field, and mother Marion Martin, were poor, when the storm, or the occasional and exemplary for their piety. His shower, confined the father of James ancestors, both on the paternal and to his cottage, he taught his chilmaternal side, so far back as he dren to read the Bible, and to comcould ever learn their history, were mit portions of it to memory. Thus praying members of the church of the deceased obtained all the eduScotland; and he considered this a cation in letters, which he ever recircumstance of peculiar honour and ceived. Even before he could read, gratitude. He charged me to tell he could recite


considerable you all, that it is an unspeakable portions of the word of God, which privilege to have descended from a proved a present and lasting treapraying parentage; and to remind sure to his soul. Oh that the poor you, that should


live to his ad of our great city, who can read, but vanced age, you might even then never instruct their children, would reap blessings from their petitions imitate the example here set before to the throne of grace in behalf of them! We have very few people their posterity. The deceased could

among us poorer than was John not boast of a rich and noble ances Martin; and were they of his pious try, in the worldly acceptation of disposition, they might do as he did; these terms; nor was he desirous of and endless blessings should rest on such distinction. To the praise of their heads. The six sisters of the divine grace, he could make men deceased went out by daylight in tion of some things more honour the morning to work, and continued able, and worthy to be had in ever spinning until night, to receive two lasting remembrance.

pence sterling, and their food, for a His father was a labouring man, day's labour; and the sons were whose wages were six pence ster glad, in their earliest years to perling a day; which sum, together form any service in their power, to with the hard earnings of the other procure a piece of bread. With members of the household, barely us, alas! thousands of persons will supported a family of ten children. sooner beg from door to door, or take The greatest frugality was of course up their residence in the Almspractised; and while the elder chil house, than work one hour, for a dren were spinning, the younger

whole loaf. ones were learning to knit. The At the


of fourteen years, his deceased was wont to employ his father hired out James to labour for leisure time in knitting, until after a whole year, for five pounds sterhe had completed his eighty-eighthling and a pair of shoes. He took year; and by his industry in this heed, however, to select for his emway he not only supplied himself ployer one John Melvin, a strict with various necessary articles, but covenanter, and a man of great piassisted in clothing many of the ety. This was considered, by the poor. Habit, founded on religious father, as of the highest importance, principle, became a second nature that his son should live in a religious with him; so that he had pleasure family; and the departed person, in being frugal and industrious, whose dust is directly to be comwhile he was bountifully contribut mitted to the dust, assured me that ing to the necessities of his indigent he considered his location in Melneighbours.

vin's house as a most favourable cirWorldly business, however, was cumstance of his life; for here donever deemed by our friend, or his mestic worship was maintained reparents, so important as diligencegularly, twice a day, with great care, VOL. I.



punctuality and solemnity. If ever nent saint; for although he resided any man prayed always, År. Martin

here until he was twenty years was confident that Melvin did. By

age, yet he never tasted coffee, suhis prayers and godly example, gar nor tea; and the mother of the young Martin's mind was deeply deceased, at the age of sixty years, impressed with the reality of di. had never taken a dish of tea in her vine things; and, while living in life. Very little animal food was this family, he trusted that a new, used by the country people in Scotholy, spiritual life was commenced land, when he was a youth; and at in his soul. With the other mem the age of twenty he had scar

arcely bers of Melvin's household, he tasted it. He was equally free, at arose, during the winter months, that period of life, from the use of two hours before day, and laboured ardent spirits; and while many now until it was sufficiently light to read,

contend, that they cannot labour when all were called to family wor without intemperance in drinking, ship. In this exercise, each mem he could labour hard, and contentber had a Bible, and read a verse in edly live, on vegetable diet. turn; after which they united in a While' a member of Melvin's fasong of praise; and then Melvin led

mily, the subject of these remarks in prayer.

« These were full pray “ fell into no gross vices, and yet he ers!” exclaimed Mr. Martin, “not felt himself to be exceedingly vile, half prayers. There was no pinch in the sight of heaven, and had hope ing for time in them, as there is in of salvation, only because he knew many of our modern family prayers.” something of the greatness and gloBefore supper, the family was call


of the Saviour. He was, howed to unite in the same religious ser ever, a youth, and often has since vices; and immediately after supper lamented that he indulged in dancall retired to their beds.

ing, and other follies, too common Such was Melvin's reverence for

among young people, of the most the Sabbath, that all the water and moral families. These amusements fuel requisite for use on that day, yielded him no real satisfaction, at were brought into the house on să the time of his engaging in them; turday evening. He would suffer and, subsequently, they were profood to be warmed, but not to be ductive of nothing but regret; beoriginally cooked, on the day of cause they had a tendency to render holy resting from all worldly labour, him insensible to the truth, and to lest he should violate the fourth alienate him from God. commandment. Here, as well as in When twenty years old, he rehis father's house, James learned, moved to the family of one Archithat he was to spend the whole Sab bald Todd, then one of the lords of bath in acts of public or private wor the exchequer, who resided in West ship, except so much of it as was re Caldar. Todd was a man greatly quired by works of indispensable esteemed, especially for his devonecessity and mercy. In these days, tion to the Redeemer's kingdom; the covenanters had no , places of and here our brother was under the public worship in Scotland, but oc same advantages for religious imcasionally some of them preached provement, which he had previously in the fields, near Melvin's resi enjoyed. Todd was a strict obdence, when James heard them: on server of the Sabbath; and made all other occasions he attended the esta. his domestics regard it, at least with blished Presbyterian church, with an external decency of deportment. the consent of his employer.

He would neither visit nor be visitHis habits of temperance and fru ed, nor suffer his horses and cargality, begun at home, were con riages to be cleansed on that day. firmed under the roof of this emi. When it was stormy weather, and

This was

the family could not attend public pious, and happy, in one of Hutton's worship at the kirk, this worthy lord tenant houses: then they removed would assemble all who were under to Berwick upon Tweed, with a his care and control, in the great view to obtain a better livelihood. hall or dining room, and officiate as Here they abode two years, until in a minister of religion, by reading to the fall of 1765, the American ship them the scriptures and some se Juno, commanded by captain Robinlected sermon;

and by uniting with son of Philadelphia, arrived at Berthem in prayer and praise. In this wick, with Dutch passengers,

on noble family, Martin was the fa their voyage to this country. The vourite ploughman, “ for he had strange accounts of the Dutch peomuch cattle, both in the low coun ple, with wooden shoes, on board the try and in the plains; husbandmen ship, which reached their ears, inalso, and vine dressers in the moun duced them to visit it, that they tains,

for he loved husbandry." might gratify their curiosity. The Here too he lived plainly, for his captain kindly invited them to come lord, he said, “brewed his own beer, with him to Philadelphia, and they and was much more economical were inclined to comply. Seven than rich people now-a-days.” guineas were asked for the passage

From that love of money, which of each: and all their effects being is natural to man, Mr. Martin was sold, amounted only to seven guiinduced to leave the employment neas and half a crown. of Todd, in which he had continu the only worldly gain, that Martin ed six years, and take charge of the had been able to accumulate by the farm of one Dr. Hutton, who was labour of thirteen years; and yet he rich, but ungodly. His new situa was contented, while disposed in tion exposed him to a new state of every probable way to improve his temptation, in which he began to lot. He paid the passage money for find the duty of prayer at times a his wife, and obligated himself to burden. He often could not pray,

pay seven guineas for himself, withwhen he felt strong desires to pray. in one year after his arrival in AmeHe was beset with worldly minded rica. They embarked in October, ness; yet his convictions of duty, and arrived in Philadelphia on the and his religious principles were so 13th of February, 1765. They strong, that while Hutton continued brought with them certificates of to revile religion, he made a public membership in the Independent profession of Christianity, and unit Church in Shaw's Lane, in Bered himself in full communion to the wick, in which the Rev. Mr. Monchurch of Christ.

teith was then pastor; and on landIn his service of five years, the ir ing exhibited them to the Rev. Dr. religion of Dr. Hutton was a source Allison, then minister of the First of as great disquiet to his spirit, as Presbyterian Church in this city, to the piety of Todd had been of en whom they made known their circouragement and consolation. cumstances.

When thirty years of age, the Through the kind offices of Dr. subject of these remarks was united Allison, they were introduced to in marriage to Isabella Simpson, a Joseph Pemberton, a Quaker, who young woman whose worldly cir paid the seven guineas for Mr. Marcumstances were as indigent as his tin's passage, on condition of reown. They commenced their fami ceiving the services of himself and ly state with social worship and wife for two years. This term of praise; and continued to seek the service Mr. Martin faithfully acLord daily, while their union was complished on League Island; and permitted by a kind Providence to perfectly satisfied his employer, last. They lived one year, poor, but with this exception, that he would

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never make hay on the Lord's day. not give place for an hour to opPemberton reproached him for this, pression, and to any encroachment as being “priest-ridden;" but our upon the right of a congregation to friend was unshaken in his belief, elect a spiritual teacher for themthat come what may, the Lord will selves, we rejoice, exceedingly, that make a man prosper so long as he all the Presbyterian churches in this shall seek God in a course of holy city are now walking together in the obedience.

peace and fellowship of the gospel. Until our venerable brother had Indeed, all the churches of Christ removed from League Island, he here are in harmony. Long may could not regularly attend public this union be continued ; and let worship in the city; but he resorted any unhappiness which is past, be as frequently as possible either to remembered only as an inducement the First or Second Presbyterian to avoid injustice and contention in congregation. In 1768 he became future. * a regular member of this congrega From 1768, until his first wife de. tion, in which one Aitkin, of unhap parted this life, July 21st, 1775, Mr. py fame, then officiated, as an as Martin enjoyed in his domestic, sistant to the pastors of the Market personal, and spiritual affairs, alstreet society. He well remembers, most uninterrupted prosperity. He that, at that time, there were only was so much increased in worldtwo graves in all the enclosure ly substance, that he pastured on around these walls; but how great

Greenwich Island from twenty to the change! Now the bodies of the thirty milch cows, and had servants dead lie in heaps upon heaps, and in abundance. He who was virtuyou can scarcely tread on any spot, ally sold for his own passage to without standing over the ashes of America, was soon able to redeem two or three fellow beings. The

many foreigners, who arrived in body of our friend is now to be ga

poverty and distress. thered to this great congregation, His heavenly Father, neverthegone before him to the dust. Yet less, saw that uninterrupted proshis spirit lives; and it was always an perity was not safe for him.' He active spirit in the concerns of this was therefore destined for a season portion of Zion. When this church to experience a sad reverse. became independent of Market When his first partner deceased, street, in a violent struggle for the he had three little children to proright of electing its own pastor, Mr. tect; and, according to her parting Martin was a determined defender counsel, soon formed a second maof what he deemed Christian liber trimonial connexion. At this time, ty. After the Rev. Dr. George the revolutionary war, between Duffield had been chosen for the Great Britain and America, came bishop of this flock, and when the on; and Mr. Martin conscientiousdoors were bolted against him by ly embraced the cause of this counthe trustees of the parent society, try with all his native ardour. The one Alexander Alexander forced duties of a captain in our troops the door with a crow-bar and sledge took him away from home. He was hammer, and Mr. Martin was one in the battle of Trenton, and assistthat formed around Dr. Duffield, put him into the pulpit, and sat near to defend him. No further opposi

* The controversy between the First tion was made; and, while we men and Third Presbyterian Church was finaltion this circumstance to show, that ly settled by a covenant, which bound the our father Martin, in company


latter to pay 10001.; the last instalment of the venerable Ferguson M'Ilwaine,

which, amounting to 2501., the trustees the first elder of this church, would

of the First Church, generously relin-

fifteen years.

ed in capturing 900 Hessians, with with difficulty escaped with his life all their artillery and baggage. Af from their power. His many perils terwards in the battle at Princeton, made him continually depend on he helped to capture the 17th regi the Lord for protection; and he ment of Scotch Highlanders. In could say, in the darkest days, that these events he saw the hand of God he loved his adopted country, and signally manifested in defending loved his God. the cause of America ; especially at After the establishment of the the last mentioned place, for there American independence, he was the British troops employed six brass sergeant-at-arms of the legislature six pounders, while the Americans of Pennsylvania for the space of had only one piece of ordnance, which captain Newman, a seaman, In a third wife, he told me, that had voluntarily dragged thither from he received a precious gift from his own ship * In March following God, which he was permitted to rethese battles, Mr. Martin returned tain for thirty years. She was an to his farin, which he had left in help, meet for him. With her ascharge of his young partner; but he sistance he kept a public house, at found she had been unfaithful, and the corner of Fourth and Market every thing had gone to waste. streets; and here he wished me to He was reduced to poverty again,

record it, that the most ready way and continued to endure from this to prosper, even in tavern-keeping, wretched woman the severest trials is to obey the laws of God." He of his faith and patience, until by a did prevent all gambling, excessive unanimous vote of the legislature drinking, and the use of profane he was divorced from the bands of language in his house: and he inwedlock.

sisted upon it, that others might do His personal afflictions had no the same, and be the gainers by it, tendency to diminish his love for in the present life. Even his wife, civil and religious liberty; and in he said, would put any man out of stead of driving him to the bottle, the door that behaved amiss : and as he remarked, they drove him to in a tavern too, he always commandprayer. His wife gave his regimen ed silence, while he asked a blessing tal coat and his sword to the

tories, at his own table, let whoever would and left him nothing but the cloth be present; and maintained morning on his back; and then he thank ing and evening worship: At ten eď God that he had been born poor, o'clock at night, he would close his and had learned to endure want. house, and tell all present, that he He became post-rider to the Ame

was about to attend family prayers; rican army, and the Continental when some would stay to unite with Congress, and continued to ride him, and all persons disinclined to from head-quarters to the nearest prayer would depart. The more post-office, until Congress contract good order he kept, the more he ed for the carrying of the mail by prospered in the business of his public stages. During the war, he house. For the four last years in endured great fatigue in this ser

which he continued in this employvice: and although he varied his ment, he never sold any thing on routes as much as possible to prevent the Sabbath, but would lock the detection, yet he was twice robbed house, and take all the family to of the mail, by persons unfriendly church; and the consequence was, to our national independence, and “ he always had a good run of sober,

orderly customers, and persons who

wanted a quiet tavern would in* This brave Newman lost his head by

quire for James Martin.” Some the first fire of the enemy.

would tell him, “ Well, I never

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