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oppression and manslaugh- own particular persons, that ter.

we have a peace which the Much of the little volume is world can neither give nor filled with letters, and extracts take away ; and though the of letters, from Benezet to kingdoms of this world tumeminent men and from others ble into confusion, and are to him, or in relation to his lost in the corrupted strivings writings and objects. Three of men, we have a kingdom of which we shall transcribe, prepared of God, incorruptione from Ambrose Serle, Sec. ble and that cannot fade away. retary to Lord Howe, another There, though I see your face from the Abbe Raynal, the more upon earth, I have third from the celebrated Pat- the hope of meeting with you rick Henry. The letter from again ; both of us divested of Ambrose Serle was written in all that can clog or injure our the time of the revolution, spirits, and both participating while the British troops were that fulness of joy which flows in Philadelphia.

from God's right hand soreverPhiladelphia, June 2d, 1778.

To his tender protec“ I ought not to omit, my tion I commend you, and revalued friend, the returning main with sincere esteem your you my kindest thanks for your affectionate friend." p. 42. obliging present of books, The letter from the Abbe which I shall peruse with at. Raynal was also written in the tention, and for your sake keep time of the revolutionary war. them by me. It would be Bruxelles, Dec. 26, 1781. happy for the world at large, “ All your letters have and for individuals, if the prin- miscarried; happily I receivciples they maintain

ed that of the sixteenth of July, rightly understood and cor- 1781, with the pamphlets, filled dially received ; we should in with light and sensibility, which this case have had no occasion

accompany it. Never was to deplore the present mise- present more agreeable to me. ries and troubles, which, as the My satisfaction was equal to certain effects of sin, natural- the respect I have always had ly result from the ambition, for the Society of Quakers. dishonesty and other unmor. May it please Heaven to cause tified passions of inankind. all nations to adopt their prinThe world on the contrary ciples.; men would then be would be something like a par- happy, and the globe not stainadisę regained ; and universaled with blood. Let us join in benevolence and philanthropy our supplications to the Supreside as they ought in the preme Being, that he would human heart. But though unite us in the bonds of a tenfrom long experience we may der and unalterable charity. and must despair of the gener- I am, &c. RAYNAL.” p. 38. al diffusion of christian senti- The letter of Benezet, to ments and practice, we have which the above was a reply, this comfortable trust, in our

was very affectionate and im.



pressive. The following from lation. How few in practice Patrick Henry was not address from conscientious motives ! ed to Benezet, but to one who

"Would any

one believe had presented a book written that I am master of slayes, of by this philanthropist on the my own purchasing! I am slave trade.

drawn along by the general inHanover, Jan. 18, 1773. convenience of living here 6 DEAR SIR,

without them. I will not, I I take this opportunity to cannot justify it. However acknowledge the receipt of culpable my conduct, I will so Anthony Benezet's book against far pay my devoir 'to virtue, as the slave trade : I thank you to own the excellence and recfor it. It is not a little sur- titude of her precepts, and laprising that the professors of ment my want of conformity Christianity, whose chief ex- to them. 'cellence consists in softening I believe a time will come the human heart, in cherishing when an opportunity will be and improving its fineri feel. offered to abolish the lamentaings, should encourage a prac- ble evil. Every thing we can tice so totally repugnant to the do is to improve it, if it hapfirst impressions of right and pens in our day; if not, leti wrong. What adds to the us transmit to our descendants, wonder is, that this abomina- together with our slaves, a ble practice has been introduc- pity for their unhappy lot, and ed in the most enlightened age. an abhorrence of slavery. If Times, that seem to have pre- we cannot reduce this wished tensions to boast of high im- for reformation to practice, let provements in the arts and us treat the unhappy victims sciences, and refined morality, with lenity. It is the furthest have brought into general use, advance can make toand guarded' by laws, a spe- ward justice. It is a debt we cies of violence and tyranny, owe to the purity of our relig which our more rude and bar- ion, to show that it is at vari, barous, but more honest ances- ance with the law which wartors detested. Is it not amaz. rants slavery. ing, that at a time, when the “ I know not when to stop. rights of humanity are defined I could say many things on and understood with precision, the subject; a serious view of in a country above all others which, gives a gloomy perspecfond of liberty,that in such tive to future times." pages an age and such a country, 55, 56. we find men, professing a ré- In a little more than two ligion the most humane, mild, years from the date of this elogentle and generous, adopting quent letter on slavery, our a principle as 'repugnant to country was in arms, contendhumanity, as it is inconsistent ing for what they regarded as with the Bible and destructive their natural rights. After to liberty ? Every 'thinking, eight campaigns of war and honest man rejects it in specy. bloodshed, our independence


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was acknowledged by Great a schoolmaster, a peacemaker, Britain. Since which we form- and any thing by which he ed a Constitution to promote could promote the happiness the general welfare and secure or alleviate the miseries of his the blessings of LIBERTY to fellow men. ourselves and our posterity ;" It is perhaps not known to but in which we also took care all our readers that there was to hold in absolute slavery, per- a time when the Quakers of haps, a sixth part of the popu. this country were concerned lation of the country,—and also in the cruel business of en. to add to the number of thesc slaving the Africans ; but such victims of avarice by further was ihe fact, and Benezet was importations of fellow beings, one of the principal agents in to be bought and sold as prop- putting an end to the custom erty! To what quarter of the in his own Society. His Biworld shall we look for another ographer observes :race of such genuine friends His ardent and pathetic of liberty and the rights of communications on this subman ! such virtuous, merciful ject, in the select assemblies and consistent Christians ! of his brethren, were powerful

But Anthony Benezet was and irresistible. He awaken. of a different character ; he ed the unconcerned, confirmed would suffer wrong rather the wavering, and infused enthan do wrong ; he would not ergy into the most zealous. ever do evil that good might On one occasion, during the come. But although he would Annual Convention of the Souse no acts of violence in fa- ciety at Philadelphia, when vour of his own rights ; yet that body was engaged on the he would employ all the pow. subject of slavery as it related er he possessed in benevolent to its own members, some of exertions for the freedom of whom had not wholly relinothers. His zeal and intrepid- quished the practice of keepity were displayed, not in do- ing negroes in bondage, a difing evil, nor in rendering evil ference of sentiment was manfor evil ; but in doing good, ifiested as to the course which both to friends and foes, and ought to be pursued. For a in attempts to “ overcome evil moment it was doubtful which with good.” What a fanatic ! opinion would preponderate. how much like him who was At this critical juncture, Beneis despised and rejected of zet left his seat, which was in men !!!

an obscure part of the house, This extraordinary man ex- and presented himself weeperted his powers not only for ing at an elevated door in presthe abolition of the slave trade, ence of the whole congregabut for the einancipation of the tion, whom he thus addressed, blacks who were already in - Ethiopia shall soon stretch bondage, and for the instruc- out her hands unto God!"tion of those who obtained their He said no

under the freedom. He was an author, solemn impression which suc

more :


ceeded this emphatic quota- up. Benezet on going into tion, the proposed measure re. the room, inquired which was ceived the united sanction of the chief, and taking a chair of the assembly.” pages 27,28. seated himself beside the Gen

The following paragraph eral. Such a breach of etimay show the intrepidity as quette surprised the company well as the philanthropy of this present, and induced a Gerchristian hero :

man officer to exclaim, in his " During the American war, vernacular tongue-6 What when the British army occu- does the fellow mean ?" Benpied Philadelphia, Benezet was ezet, however, proceeded, in assiduous in affording relief to French to relate to the Genermany inhabitants, whom the al the cause of his visit, and state of things at that distress- painted the situation of the ing period had reduced to

poor woman in such vivid colgreat privation. Accidentally ours, as speedily to accomobserving a female, whose plish the purpose of his hucountenance indicated calami

interference. After ty, he immediately inquired thanking the General for the into her circumstances. She ready acquiescence to his reinformed him that she was a quest, he was about taking his washerwoman, and had a fam- dcparture, when the General ily of small children dependent expressed a desire to cultivate on her exertions for subsis. a further acquaintance, at the tence ; that she had formerly same time giving orders, that supported them by her indus- Benezet in future should be try, but then having six Hes- admitted without ceremony." sians quartered in her house, it pages 129, 130. was impossible, from the dis.

What an influence it would turbance they made, to attend have in favour of the peace and to her business, and she and tranquillity of the world, if the her children must speedily be rulers of nations and the minisreduced to extreme poverty. ters employed by them, were Having listened to her simple like Benezet, possessed of the and affecting relation, Benezet spirit and eloquence of philandetermined to meliorate her thropy! How easy it would situation. He accordingly re- be to settle any occasional dispaired to the General's quar.. putes which might occur be. ters; intent on his final object, tween them ! How certain he omitted to obtain a pass, that they would sooner sacriessential to an uninterrupted fice their own lives, than inaccess to the officer-and en- volve nations in the calamities tering the house without cere- of war ! mony he was stopt by the cen- Benevolence and humility tinel; who, after some con- equally pertain to the chrisversation, sent word to the tian character, and many facts, general " that a queer looking and circumstances are related fellow insisted upon seeing in the Memoirs, which show him." He was soon ordered that these were united in the character of Anthony Benezet. ties which were displayed in The closing paragraph may his character, are of no ordinain part evince how far he was ry nature. With feclings tend. from entertaining an exalted ing to enthusiastic eulogy, his opinion of himself, his attain- Biographer pauses in the rements, or his labours of love, collection of a fact communiand how little he sought the cated by one of the most intipraise of men. The same

mate surviving friends of this facts, if we mistake not, afford amiable and excellent man. some ground of suspicion that He disapproved of the often he did, of design, destroy “the overrated testimonies which stock of original papers” which were recorded of the dead, and his Biographer had presumed requested the venerable gen“ might be procured," and tleman alluded to, to use his thus occasioned the “ oblivion exertions if he should survive so unaccountable.” We shall him, to prevent any posthumexhibit the paragraph entire. ous memorial concerning him, -Having given an account of should his friends manifest a the life, the exertions, the disposition to offer such a tribdeath and the funeral of this ute to his memory,--thus addworthy man, the writer adds :-- ing to the injunction, “ but if

“ Such were the services, they will not regard my desire, and thus was terminated the they may say, ANTHONY BENlife of Anthony Benezet. The EZET WAS A POOR CREATURE, emotions that crowd upon the AND THROUGH DIVINE FAVOUR, mind, when contemplating the WAS ENABLED TO KNOW IT." assemblage of estimable quali

REVIEW of a Sermon preached in Hingham at the Ordination

of the Rev. Daniel Kimball, Preceptor of Derby Academy, as an Evangelist. By H. Colman, Minister of the third Church in Hingham.

We notice this discourse be- perusal, which are capable of cause it is one which deserves of doing good to multitudes, to be known beyond the circle and which merit careful prefor which it was originally de- servation. A volume of such signed. Sermons at ordina- might easily be collected, which tions are among the most in- would contain a mass of most teresting at the time and place valuable instruction and admoof delivery ; but their interest nition on subjects relating to for the most part is local and the ministerial character and temporary, and of those which office, and would be an excelissue from the press, few have lent closet companion of young sufficient worth to excite gen- ministers. In such a colleceral attention, or to be preserv. tion we should be inclined to ed for the use of posterity. We place the Sermon before usa have seen some however which It contains very judicious and vould richly repay a frequent sometimes striking remarks 0,2

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