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with the divines. As regards my oth er subjects I should much like to assemble them this winter in order to have this book read to them. This is however, because of the rough season, impossible, but since the most eminent of my people make a pilgrimage to a holy feast between the 8th and 15th of the month of May, and assemble together for prayer, I will at that time have this book read before the whole devout assembly; and thus seek to comply with your command. I will then by God's grace as in duty bound, report the result thereof to you, and pray to our God that he may regard me in mercy.

In relation to the two men, Gottfried Schill, and Christian Hubner, who are learning the Mongolian language, I have already assisted them according to their own wishes, and have associated to them a learned man conversant with our doctrine and writings as an Instructer with whom they now study the doctrine of our Gods in the books called Bodihn Mor Arwan, Chojor Sokohl and Alheni Gerrel, and shall also not fail in future to interest myself about them according to your command. And now, our highly exalted Emperor's Minister, enlightened, wise, long famed in the whole compass of the whole Russian Empire, most exalted and noble Lord and Prince, you have rejoiced me unexpectedly and greatly by your gracious command, I ardently wish to be also in future honoured by your communications, for which bending one knee, I now entreat you, noble Sir! if you will have the goodness to satisfy this my wish, I beg you to enclose the letter to me, to I. Kaporsky, Postmaster at Astracan. He takes charge of delivering all letters for me immediately, since I send an express almost every Post day to Astracan to bring my letters.-I live now in a massive house on an Island of mine in the Wolga, called Schambay, 72 Wersts above Astracan on the river. Ever wishing your welfare I recommend myself, bending one knee, (Signed) TUMEN DSCHIR-GALANG, With the impress of my seal. Written in my massive dwelling, situated on Schambay, the 1st of the last Tiger month in the Fire Mouse

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Extract of a letter from Rev. Gordon Hall, Missionary in India, to his friend in the State of Connecticut, dated Bombay, July 7th, 1817. THOUGH We have more than 200 native boys in our school, we have no heathen children in our families. The schools under native teachers have succeeded beyond our expectation, and since the Board have furnished us with more means, we hope to extend the plan much farther. We cannot yet say the plan of taking heathen children to be brought up in our families has not succeeded; because hitherto we have not made the attempt, nor have we had the means of doing it. Since our last remittances and communications from the Board, and from private friends, we have felt encouraged, but have not yet had time

to act.

We have mentioned the plan here to several persons; they speak of it in the highest terms of approbation, aud think that we shall find no difficulty in obtaining as many children as we wish. Perhaps this is too sanguine; but we shall make trial. Some of the children of the lowest and poorest of the Roman Catholics ought to be included under the denomination of heathen children, for they are every way as destitute and necdy, and probably could be more easily obtained.

Scarce any thing has given me more delight than to see the late publications on the subject of war. Since God has ceased to give positive commands, direct from Heaven, to make war, as he did to the Jews, and since Christ has left us his precepts on this subject, wherever a person is to be found who does not utterly condemn war in every shape, are we not obliged to consider that person as ignorant and inconsistent a Christian as the man who advocates the slave trade?

Such have long been my sentiments upon this subject, and in my opinion the subject ought to be brought for

ward in every association, consociation, and meeting of ministers, and each one called upon to declare upon which side he stands. I cannot but think that every true minister of Christ, after some consideration and prayer, would shudder at the thought of not siding against war. And if all would thus decide and act accordingly, how mighty would be the effect! How glorious! The Lord grant it for Christ's sake. G. HALL.


From the Religious Remembrancer. MR. SCOTT-Believing that the following communication will be interesting, not only to yourself, but all who admire the character of the Emperor of Russia, beg leave to request a place for it in your interesting "Remembrancer." It was communicated by the Rev. Mr. Patterson, to a preacher belonging to the society of Friends in London, and by him related to the person from whose letter I now copy the intelligence. A. M. M.

"For many years a great friendship subsisted between the Emperor of Russia and Prince Galitzin. It is said they had been unbelievers. It is however beyond a doubt, that they were both opposed to the influence of vital religion, as may be observed from the following relation.

"The office of "Minister of Religion," being vacant, the Emperor was desirous of disposing of it to an individual whom he esteemed, but understanding that he was from principle attached to the BIBLE, he altered his intention, and, with some difficulty, prevailed upon the Prince to accept the situation. The Prince very early felt himself in an awkward predicament, not knowing how to discharge, with propriety, the duties which now devolved on him, he therefore applied to the bishop of the diocese, and asked his advice how he should proceed in his arduous undertaking. The bishop referred him to a certain book where he said he would find every necessary instruction, and which he entreated him to study, observing, "if he faithfully did so, he would find no difficulty in rightly proceeding in his new situation." This book was the BIBLE. To this he made some oppo

sition, but in a short time he secretly obtained a Bible; read it with much attention; and the more he read the more his understanding became enlightened and his mind satisfied. This was a short period previous to the entrance of the French army into Russia, When the account of that event reached Petersburgh, the Russian Court were in great alarm. Every one appeared to carry terror in his countenance. Prince Galitzin alone seemed calm and composed. This circumstance caused universal surprize. Knowing the sincere attachment which subsisted between the Emperor and himself, the former had noticed it, and could hardly suppose that any person could be thus tranquil under circumstances which seemed to threaten ruin to the Russian nation. Neither would he believe his friend was a traitor, or insensible to the present difficulties. The Emperor one day called on the Prince, and asked him how it was that he was so composed while every one else was in dismay?" To which he replied, that he had of late read the Scriptures, and that they had fortified his mind against every danger, and given him a firm trust in divine help and protection.' The Bible lying on the table, he urged the Emperor's perusal of it, believing if he did, it would have the same calming influence on his mind. At these remarks the Emperor appeared displeased, and, with some violence, pushed the Bible from him; it fell open on the floor. The Prince took it up, and entreated the Emperor to let him read the part which was then open. At length he consented. It was the 91st Psalm. The Emperor was much struck with its appropriate and consoling language.

"When the Russian army was about to depart from Petersburgh to meet Bonaparte, the Emperor and officers went to Church, as is the usual custom, previous to an army's going on an expedition. The Emperor was greatly astonished when that part of the service of the Greek Church was read (which was a portion of the Scriptures) which contained the 91st. Psalm. He apprehended that Prince Galitzin (who was with him) had desired this, and, on questioning him, he declared that he "had not seen the

person who had read the service, nor had he directly or indirectly any communication with him, since the conversation they had together about the Scriptures."

"The Emperor now became, in some measure, sensible of the value of the Scriptures, and while in the camp with his army, he sent for a chaplain of one of the regiments to read to him. His surprise may be readily imagined when the chaplain commenced reading the same Psalm. He immediate ly asked him "who told him to read that particular Psalm ?" To which he replied, "God;" for being informed on what account the Emperor had sent for him, he had most earnestly implored divine direction in selecting such a portion as would benefit the Emperor; and that it was from a divine impulse he had selected that part. The Emperor now became more and more delighted with the Bible, and his subsequent conduct proves the influence its sacred truths had on his mind."


IT appears from an official statement that the city of Moscow now contains a population of 312,000-that 8688 dwelling houses, 348 churches and places for divine worship, and 5549 shops and booths, have been rebuilt since the destruction of this ancient capital of the Empire of Russia.

Several States of Germany have recently acceded to the Holy Alliance, at the solicitation of the Emperor of Austria.

According to the last census the present population of France is 29,045,099 inhabitants.

There are in the State of New-York 8 Newspapers published daily, 9 semiweekly, 79 weekly-total 96. Estimating the average editions at 500,it

will give 12,000 daily, 72,000 each week, and more than three millions, five hundred thousand in a year!'

"469 blacks were arrested and imprisoned in Charleston, S. C. on the 28th of Dec. They had purchased a lot and erected a building for divine worship; but were complained of as a nuisance !"-Thus the Slave holders are treasuring up wrath against a day of wrath.

It is stated in the Delaware Gazette that a ship lately arrived at New-Castle with Dutch passengers, and that of eleven hundred, five hundred had died on the passage from Amsterdam to this country.


Died-Oct. 15, in Switzerland, General Kosciusko.

Nov. 6, in London, Princess Charlotte.

Jan. 15, in Cambridge, Hon. Oliver Wendell, aged 84.

Hon. Marshall

In Watertown, Spring, aged 77.

In Medford, Mrs. Hannah, wife of Rev. Dr. Osgood, aged 70.

In Concord, Dea. John Kimball, aged 79.

In Boston, Hon. Samuel Fales, of Taunton.



Mr. Thomas Tracy, Cambridge.
Jonathan P. Dabney, do.
Samuel Gilman,
Thomas Savage.
P. Osgood,
Alvan Lamson.
James Walker,





F. W. P. Greenwood, 'do.
Andrew Bigelow, do.
John Graham Palfrey, do.
E. Q. Sewall, Concord



No. 3.

MARCH, 1818.

Vol. VI.

REVIEW of "Memoirs of the Life of Anthony Benezet. By Robert Vaux. Philadelphia. James P. Parke."

Too long have "all the world wondered after the beast," which makes desolate or fills the earth with crime and wo. The incendiary who to immortalize his name, set fire to the magnificent temple of Diana, was far less deserving of the censure and reprobation of mankind, than those conquerors or would be conquerors, who have sought for glory and immortality by spreading havoc, ruin and horror among their own species. Yet the pages of history, the charms of poetry, and the powers of rhetoric, have all been employed to give celebrity to military madmen, who were more deserving of the halter, than of the applause of their fellow-beings. So powerful has been this "wondering after the beast," that the eyes of men have not been capable of distinguishing their best friends from their worst foes; and too commonly the latter have, in public estimation, occupied the place which reason and justice assign to the former. Hence multitudes have been encouraged to adopt Vol. VI.-Ne. 3.


a course of barbarity and mischief, as the surest way of obtaining the admirations of a deluded world. Those who shall be instrumental of dispelling this fatal mist, and of causing mankind to make proper distinctions between the destroyer and the benefactor, the conqueror and the philanthropist, will be entitled to the respect of all future generations.

The time approaches, and the day, we hope, has begun to dawn, when the heroism of a host of worthies, who have, or shall have employed their days and their powers in humble endeavours to diminish the crimes and miseries of mankind, to prevent vice and ruin, to diffuse the light and warmth of christianity, and to swell the tide of human happiness, shall attain such an ascendency in public opinion that the heroism of desolating conquerors will be remembered only to be lamented and abhorred.

Among the benevolent heroes of our country, Anthony Benezet is entitled to a high rank. His heart, his time, his

tongue, his pen, his property, his all, were consecrated to the work of correcting the errors, reforming the vices, and preventing or relieving the miseries of his fellow beings. His benevolence extended to men of every complexion and every country. To him, as an instrument in the hand of God, thousands of the African race have been indebted for instruction, for liberty, for comfort and even for life. The Indian tribes were also regarded by him as his brethren. Nor was he less the friend of white men, than of the black or the red. The children of distress and want were the particular objects of his attention; but he was the friend of ALL-the friend of God, and the friend of man.

In a former volume of this work a short sketch of his character was given, from such scanty materials as were then in our possession. We rejoice that his biography has been written by an intelligent and respectable gentleman of the Society of Friends, and of the city where he was best known. The volume is small, when considered in relation to the importance of the character delineated, and the magnitude and variety of benevolent objects which were pursued by this christian philanthropist. But this brevity is accounted for by the Author of the Memoirs, in his "Introductory Remarks:"

"When this work was about to be undertaken, the writer presumed that ample materials might be procured, to render


it altogether worthy of the character of Anthony Benezet. But although only thirty two years have elapsed since his death, no traces are discernible of the mass of important and interesting documents, which must have accumulated during more than fifty of the last years of his life-devoted as he was to the most benevolent labours, in relation to many of which he maintained an epistolary correspondence with men of celebrity, in America and Europe. If access could have been had to the stock of original papers, which were doubt preserved by him, they would have minutely and regularly unfolded the history of his numerous and various transactions. Instead, therefore, of a finished portraiture of the life of this excellent man, the Author regrets, that from the relics which have escaped an oblivion so unaccountable, he is only enabled to furnish a sketch of some of its features. He trusts, however, that enough is developed in the subsequent pages, justly to entitle the subject of them, to be considered as having been an illustrious benefactor of the human race."

In the last remark, we believe, the reader of the Memoirs will cheerfully acquiesce; and we hope they will be read by many, and particu larly by young persons who may desire to form a character which will bear examination in a more improved state of society, when religion, humanity and benevolence shall be held in higher estimation, than folly,

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