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with the greatest gratitude, on this connection with the religious Society part of their character. They have of the Quakers, and also to the prinbeen the constant fellow-labourers, ciples of that estimable Society, with in England, of Mr. Wilberforce and which I am perfectly well acquainted. myself in this great and noble cause, If Mr. Grellet and his companions from the first moment in which we should visit this country, I will not ourselves embarked in it; and, in fail, according to your recomo:endaNorth-America they have equally tion, to treat them with kindness ; supported it ; indeed they have been and to entertain for him the respect the original instruments of effecting which is due to his own character, as whatever has been done in that coun- well as to the consideration of his betry, on behalf of the injured Africans ing your friend. I am delighted to and their descendants. In fact, hear that he is friend to the Aholiwhenever you see a Quaker you see tion of the Slave Trade, and to the a friend to the distressed ; but more unhappy Africans and their descenespecially to those of the African dants. These sentiments, which inгасе. , And I cannot doubt, there. deed particularly distinguish the Quafore, that every Quakér will experi. kers, must ever ensure the -ence your. Majesty's kind protec pect and esteem. I have received tion and regard ; but more particu- with pleasure the History of the Quar larly when he comes to you, not for kers, which you sent me by Mr. the purposes of commerce, but as a Prince Sanders, and thank you for it, promoter of the interests of religion. with all my heart. Believe me, with I shald only add to this account, that the highest respect, and the most corthe Quakers are, in many respects, a dial friendship,

HENRY. singular people. They are singular in their language, dress, and cus

SENECA INDIANS, toms. They have laid aside the usu- THE Governor of the State of New al ceremonies and formalities of the York, communicated to the Legislaworld, in saluting or addressing them- ture for their consideration the folselves to others. Some years ago I lowing petition from the principal wrote their history, and if Mr. Grel- Chiefs of the Seneca Indians. While let should receive this letter in time, this pathetic address awakens, our he will probably present your Majes- sympathy for the sufferings of our red ty with a copy

brethren, we hope the confidence, I am your Majesty's friend, which they express in the being and

THOMAS CLARKSON. government of God will be improved P.S. The above is the copy of a by Christians, and that something letter, which I sent last week, enclo. will yet be done for their everlasting sed to iny friend Mr. Stephen Grel- and spiritual improvement, 'that a let, that he might deliver it with his remnant of those whose soil we posown hand, to your Majesty ; but sess, may yet receive some remunera. having just heard, that it is probable, tion for their injuries. that Mr. Grellet may have left Amer- To His Excellency Dewit CLINTON; ica for Hayti before he receives it, I Governor of the State of N. York. have thought it right to send this co

Feb. 14th, 1818. py immediately to yourself, in order FATHER, -We learn from your talks that it may be known to your Majes delivered at the great council fire at ty who he is, should he come with Albany, your opinion of the condiout my first letter.

tion and prospects of your red chil-.

dren. Palace of Sans Souci, Nov. 18, 1819, FATHER,We feel that the hand

and 13th year of Independencé. of our God has long been heavy on The King, 'to Mr. Tas. CLARKSON. his red children. For our sins he has SIR, MY FRIEND,

brought us low, and caused us to melt YOUR two letters of the tenth of away before our white brothers, as June and sixteenth of August, have snow before the fire. His ways are reached me.

They relate to Mr. perfect ; he regardeth not the comGrellet, a minister of the gospel in plexion of man. God is terrible in




judgment. All men ought to fear be- his * mark-Wheel Barrow, his » fore him. He putteth down and mark-Captain Cole, his * markbuildeth up, and none can resist him.

Big Kettle, his mark.' FATHER, - The Lord of the whole Done at the great council fire, earth is strong; this is our confidence. Seneca village, near Buffalo, 14th He hath power to build up as well as February, 1818. to pull down. Will he keep his an- HARRY YORK, Interpreter, ger forever? Will he pursue to des

his mark. truction the workmanship of his own P.S. The above Chiefs request hand, and strike off a race of men your excellency to publish or cause from the earth whom his care hath so to be published, that article of the long preserved through so many per- treaty between the state of Newils ?

York and the Indians, that relates to FATAER,We thank


you their fishing and hunting privileges, feel anxious to do all you can' to the which their white brethren seem to perishing ruins of your red children. have forgotten. We hope, Father, you will make a fence strong and high around us, that wicked white men may not devour us at once, but let us live as long as we

March 11th, 1818. We are persuaded you will do I have for several years wept over this for us, because our field is laid the vast sufferings of an afflicted world; waste and trodden down by every I have wept to see rational beings so beast; we are feeble and cannot re

blind as to pursue a path as one that sist them.

would certainly lead to liberty and FATHER,-We are persuaded you happiness, when, at the same time, will do this for the sake of our white it is the very path that leads to slaves brothers, lest God, who has appeared ry and misery. Had the custom of so strong in building up white men, war never obtained, liberty and hap and pulling down Indians, should turn piness had never been endangered, his hand and visit our white brothers All the nations of the earth would for their sins, and call them to ac- have lived in peace and harmony, and count for all the wrongs they have the interest of one would have been done them, and all the wrongs they the interest of all. Indeed and in have not prevented that was in their truth now the interest of one is the power to prevent, to their poor red interest of all ; but it appears that brothers who have no helper.

men have become so blind that they FATHER,-Would you be the fath- cannot see their real interest; or if er of your people, and make them they do see it, they are no longer degood and blessed of God, and happy, sirous to cultivate it. Unhappily for let not the cries of your injured red the world a false idea of glory and children ascend into his ears against honour has entered it. This idea has you.

ever been the great spring of motion FATHER, -We desire to let you to the ambitious. To crown themknow that wrong information hath selves with such glory and honourreached your ears. Our western they have not hesitated to plunge nabrethren hath given us no land.-You tions into all the horrors of war ;-by will learn all our mind on this sub- such men the plains of every nation ject, by a talk which we sent our on earth have at different times been great father, the President of the U. crimsoned with human blood. What States. We send it to you, that you flaods of tears have in all ages been may see it and learn our mind. shed by the number of disconsolate

Řed Jacket, his * mark-Young widows and helpless orphans, which Ring, his * mark-Captain Billey, have been made by this barbarous his mark-Captain Polland, his custom ! How often have they been mark-Twenty Canoes, his mark exposed to the keen blasts of pierce --James Stephenson, his mark ing cold, and heavy torrents of chilChief Warrior, his * mark-John ling rain! How often have they been Soow, his X mark-Stride Town; clothed in "rags and pinched with

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bunger! Mankind have suffered more the late war with England, that I beby this custom than the imagination came convinced. can possibly paint.

I have been much pleased to learn I have, from observation, become that so many eminent characters in perfectly convinced that education the union have felt so much interesthas more influence over the human ed in the welfare of mankind, as to.. mind than every thing else. Though spend a portion of their time and lathis assertion to some may appear too bour in endeavouring to forward the bold, I believe that every person who glorious cause of universal peace. has thought on it, will readily ac- Not long since I called a meeting of quiesce in the opinion. From the the citizens of this vicinity for formbirth of war to the present day, men ing or endeavouring to form a Peace have been taught to applaud the Society-before which I read an adbloody custom as the guardian of dress, I had drawn up, and several liberty and happiness ; thus it has other persons spoke on the occasion. gone on till a large portion of mankind After which was pleased to see think it absolutely necessary. nearly fifty persons give their names.

All that is necessary is to turn the channel of education. Had a hun. As the foregoing letter was probdredth part of the labour and money ably written without any expectation been expended to render the custom that it would appear in print, liberty odious in the eyes of mankind that has been taken to omit some words, has been expended to prosecute and and, in a very few instances, to , applaud it, it would long ago have change the phraseology, but with been blown out of existence.

strict regard to the meaning of the I have been much pleased to learn writer. He appears to have been a that Missionaries were preaching- man of a serious and reflecting mind. and Bible societies spreading the The strong language which he has Scriptures, through the Heathen and used respecting the influence of eduMahometan nations of the earth. cation, and the inconsistency of ChrisBut when I have taken a second con- tians, deserves particular attention. sideration on the subject, I have wept, A very great part of the present debelieving the labour to be spent al. pravity in all nations may perhaps ways for nought.-And Why! Be- justly be denominated educational decause of the great inconsistency in pravity. This is true of the nations the language and conduct of christian of Christendom as well as of other nanations. The missionaries preach and tions. The modes of education athe Scriptures declaré universal love ; mong Christians have not only been yet how often do we see christians defective, but in many respects abplunging their weapons of death into solutely pernicious-much more aeach others bowels ! Hence Pagans 'dapted to make disciples of Odin or and Mahometans are led to believe Mahomet, than genuine followers of that their religion is better founded the Prince of peace. Nor may we tban ours.

expect that a thorough and general Let the 'christian nations of the reformation of morals will ever be efearth unite 'as one great band offected, until there shall have been a brothers, joined by all the ties of in- radical change in the modes of edu'terest and love, and under the im- cation. The maxim of the apostle mediate guidance and direction of " That which a man soweth that shall our great, wise and good Parent: then he also reap” is as applicable to eduthey may with success spread the cation as to any other thing. Were christian religion among Pagans and the husbandman to be at ever so Mahometans. This done, they may much expense in ploughing and mafollow on with the olive branch of nuring his field, still he would have no peace, and spread it from pole to pole. reason to expect a plentiful harvest

For the first seventeen years of my of clear wheat, if the seed sown were life I was as far as my abilities ex- a mixture of tares and cockle, with a terdedma warm advocate for war ; small portion of the precious grain. and it was not until near the close of As little reason have we to expect e


harvest of Christian virtues from and the youth will learn the origin, modes of education by which we im- the nature and the enormity of this plant a mixture of Gothic, Mahometan desolating and wide-spreading cugand Christian principles-the two tom; and their faith, if it be operative, former being regarded as supreme, the will iufluence their tempers and their latter as subordinate.

lives, “to do justly, to love mercy, and to walk humbly with their God.”.

But our hearts are still further enOf the Peace Society of Rhode-Island couraged by the establishment of and Providence Plantations. Pəace Societies, both in Europe and

America. The exertions of those inAGREEABLY to public notice, a

fant institutions have been attended respectable number of the citizens of this State assembled in this town, on

with beneficial effects, and the minds

of Christians and Christian Ministers the 20th inst. to take into considera

have been more powerfully impressed tion the propriety of forming a Peace

with the enormity and inconsistency Society in the State of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations. After a

of war, and more actively engaged in free discussion of this important sub

disseminating the principles of peace.

Animated by these events, we are ject, it was resolved, as the sense of the meeting, that it is highly expedie disposed to use our influence and ent that such a Society be established. ability in promoting the welfare and The Constitution shows the princi

the happiness of our brethren of the ples upon which it is founded, and human race; and humbly trust, that the benerolent object it contem

the blessings of the God of Peace will

attend our feeble exertions. We inplates. The design of this address is to invite the serious and candid at

dulge the pleasing hope, that we shall tention of the public to this subject,

have the best wishes, ai!, and support and to obtain their patronage and

of every pious. Christian, of every co-operation in promoting peace on

philanthropick and benevolent mind, earth and good will to men. Rest

of whatever religious or political de

nomination. ing our faith upon the immutable promises of the divine word, we en

Providence, March 26, 1818. tertain no doubt of the ultimate success of the exertions of the friends of


Mr. Thomas Tracy, Cambridge. The prophetic page presents the

Samuel Gilman, do. cheering and animating truth, that

John Allyn, wars must cease to the ends of the

John A. Shaw,

do. earth ; and the precepts of the Prince P. Osgood, of Peace, illustrated and enforced by Alvan Lamson, His own conduct, show in what man- F. W. P. Greenwood, do. ner this desirable object may be ef

Andrew Bigelow,

do. fected. When men shall be influen

Seth Alden,

do. ced by His spirit, precepts and exam

Jonathan P. Dabney, Salem. ple, their lusts and passions, whence E. Q. Sewall Concord. proceed wars and fightings, will be subdued, and it will be their desire • to do unto others, as they would In Havana, Rev. Joseph McKean, others should do unto them." Va. D. D. and Boylston Professor of rious events of a recent date inspire Rhetoric, &c. in Harvard University. a hope that this auspicious era will In Haverhill, April 10th, Rev.

The establishment William Bachelor, pastor of the Bap. of Bible Societies in different parts of tist Society in that town, aged 50. Christendom, and their activity in In Taunton, Nicholas Tillinghast, diffusing the Scriptures among all the Esq. aged 51. families of the earth, will have a hap- In Boston, James Cutler, one of py tendency in illuminating the minds the Editors of the Boston Gazette, aof men upon the awful subject of war. ged 44. I'rom the inspired volume, the aged In Brighton, Wm. Cook, aged 44.


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No. 6.

JUNE, 1818.

Vol. VI.

WHAT IS RELIGION ? We may answer in general, in washing their hands as ofthat religion consists in a mor- ten as they ate, and in the ob. al resemblance of God'; in a servance of every festival rewilling, a chosem, a consciens quired either by the law, or by rious and habitual conformity the traditions of their fathers, to His commands, as our su. But it is worthy of remark preme

rule of life, and our that, the heaviest woes which highest happiness ; in su.

su. our Lord pronounced, were a, preme love of God; in doing gainst the Pharisees. Why? to others as we would that Because they fasted and prayothers should do to us ; and ed to be seen of men. Because in keeping ourselves unspot- they made clean the out-side, tcd from the world. The seat white within they were full of of ligion, is the heart , and extortion and excess, Bethis emphatically is the will cause, while they paid tythe of of God, even our sanctifica. mint, and anise, and cummin, * tion ;

a separation of our they omitted the weightier hearts--our wills and affeca matters of the law, justice, tions, to His service. All be mercy, and fidelity. « These side this, which belongs to re- weightier matters of the law,' ligion, comes under the de. said Jesus, ought ye to have nomination either of means, or done. They are the end of of motives. Let us endeavour the institutions God has given clearly to understand this dis- to you and to your fathers. tánction, that we may ever use

Your ceremonial observances, the means and motives of re- and all the rites which Moses ligion, with a steadý view' to commanded, important as they its infinitely important end ; may be, are not religion. and in that end seek, where ad They are but means, of which tone we can find it, the true religion is intended to be the and eternal good of our souls, end; and one is as distinct ..

The Pharisees, we know, from the other, as are the were rigorously exact in the fruits of the earth from the in payment of tytles, in their obe struments, with which men laservance of the Sabbath, in bour to obtain them.' "These their daily prayers, in fasting ought ye to have done, and no? twice in the week, in display- to leave the other undone.' ing their broad phylacteries, The inquiry was proposed Vol. VI.No. 6.

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