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sible. It is “scattering am- half enlightened age". would biguous words among the vul. have sentenced Cain to death, gar; it is exhibiting laws, ap- and perhaps for form sake, it proved by the majority of might be added, “and the christian moralists, in an odi. Lord have mercy on your ous light ; it'is exposing the soul !”

This sneer

at the upright Legislator and Judge most solemn manner in which to obloquy. Let every argu- our venerated judges proment be employed to change nounce the awful sentence of the minds of the community death cannot be too much cen. on this subject, and I wish the sured. The insinuation that advocates God speed, but ihe prayer with which it ends forbear denunciations, unau- is insincere, is untrue. I hope thorized by holy writ, and of the time will come when men dangerous tendency.

will have more humane and The essayist avers that God's correct views on this subject, clemency to Cain resulted in but I feel persuaded that such his reformation, and argues efforts for the accomplishment from it the inutility of sangui- of this object will thwart the nary punishments. This is success of it, and prolong the an important topic. Writers custom he professes so much of great ability are discussing to abhor. it. Leaving it then to enlightened philanthropists, states- Reply of the Editor. men, and christians to discuss

This admonitory address the subject, it should be the has been freely admitted, as duty of writers on moral or the effusion of friendship and religious themes to inculcate fidelity Still it is believed a high respect for the laws of that most of the remarks wculd civil society, and for the mag. have been spared had our cor. istrates who administer them. respondent been acquainted

This writer terms Cain's with the whole' Tract, from fratricide a 66 violation of a which the Report was taken, civil duty.” A mild phrase and with the character of its surely, when as he himself re- author. Perhaps, it was inmarks, the crime was aggra. judicious to give the Report vated in many respects. Why without accompanying it with this sympathy for Cain, in the the Author's answer to some breast of this advocate for the objections. abolition of capital punish- If we have been correctly ments? Where is his fellow informed the Author is a man feeling for the murdered A- venerable for his years and bel, or his afflicted family? standing in society, amiable in Where is his tenderness for his disposition, and was forothers among whom the mur- merly a Judge of a county court derer would loam, the terror in Connecticut. We can hardof mankind ?

ly believe that such a man I have one more objection would designedly say any thing to the essay.

He says this to " lessen the respect due to the laws of the land and to the respect" which is now en magistrates;" and on careful. tertained for the laws which ly reviewing the Report we require the punishments in have not been able to find, ex- question. He must also be cept in a single sentence,' any aware that every argument thing of which such is the ap- which can be used for the pur. parent iendency. We do not pose of changing public opinunderstand the writer of the ion, will be interpreted, by Essays as having done any one or another, as adapted to such thing as "denouncing the « lessen the respect due to the vengeance of the Almighty laws and to magistrates." Has upon the makers and adminis. not this objection been 'unt trators of the laws;" but as formly made to the attempts to merely expressing his serious abolish the law in England, bclief respecting the design of which inflicts death for steale God's treatment of Cain. This ing goods from a shop to the perhaps under a free govern- value of five shillings. Inment, he had an unquestion- deed we may ask, when was able right to do, however in- an attempt ever made to abol. correct may have been his ish or change a penal law, and opinion.

the same objection was not Our friendly Monitor ap- urged ? On similar ground the pears to be willing that the attempts which have been subject of capital punishments made to correct the common should be discussed ; and we version or translation of the agree with him that it ought Bible, have been reproached as to be done in a prudent man- tending to "lessen the respect" ner-in a manner as little as which is due to the whole vol. possible adapted to wound the feelings of those in authority 6.Philanthropos," the “ Esand to “ lessen the respect due sayist," was aware of the obto the laws of the land.” But jection which would be brought two persons who have an equal from the other “Reports of respect to the laws in general, Moses," and he attempted an may disagree as to the utility answer, which may perhaps and justice of a particular stat- hereafter be given in this work. ute and “ the respect which is At present we shall only obdue" to it. Our Monitor

says, serve in general, that in his o. “Let every argument be em- pinion, christians are no more ployed to change the mind of bound to adopt one statute of the community on this subject, the penal code of Moses, than and I wish the advocates God they are to adopt the whole Speed.” But surely we need that if any of those laws are not tell a writer of his discern- now obligatory on christians, ment, that it is impossible to we are as really bound to take use any argument which is a- the life of the sabbath-breaker dapted to change public opin- and the adulterer, as that of ion on that subject, which is the murderer. pot equally adapted to “lessen In regard to the « mild Vol. VI. No. 5,



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phrase" to express Cain's fra. Judges in regard to purity, tricide, we ought to say, that Benevolence, wisdom or hu. Philanthropos has explained, manity Let it then be admithis meaning: He.. regards ted that Philanthropos wrote murder as a heinous crime, his Essays, after having been and Cain's fratricide as an ag repeatedly shocked by the ap. gravated murder; but in his parent indifference with which opinion men have no right to he had heard the sentences of punish crimes considered as death pronounced, or after he sins against God, but only as had witnessed, on the part of violation's of civil duty. a Judge, evidence of prejü

The last objection of our dice against a criminal, and Monitor is better founded. an anxious desire to pronounce We.regret that even one re. a sentence of guilty. Would mark of the Essayist was so it be too much to say in refermuch adapted to wound the ence to such conduct-6 And feelings of humane Judges- perhaps, for form sake, it and such we believe to be em- might be added, And the Lord inently the character of the have mercy on your Soul 3,4 present. Judges of our Su. Is it not very possible that in preme Court., Yet perhaps a remarking with such occurless answerable interpretation rences impressed on the mind, may be given to the passage the most impartial writer than seems to have occurred might adopt the language of to the mind of our correspon Philanthropos, without a sus dent.

picion that his readers would The best writers are liable consider it as applicable to to use language inadvertently, judge's in general? Let the which implies, or may be un- Monitor imagine such to have derstood to imply, more than been the impression under they ever intended. There is which the unguarded language no writer, not excepting the was used-read the words ao friendly. Monitor, who does gain, placing the emphasis ont n'ot need the candor of his perhaps," and then readers in their interpreta- whether it be certain that the tions of his remarks. Every writer's conduct “cannot be man in writing on such sub- too much censured.” jects is liable to be influenced Our correspondent, we be. by circumstances with which lieve, wrote his remarks under he has been acquainted ; and the influence of a just and under this influence to speak high respect for our Judges, in a manner which implies and an apprehension that Phiblame, even where there is lanthropos intended a “sneer." none in his own opinion, or a These circumstances probably greater degree of blame than led him to adopt the strong he means to impute. It will language just quoted, by which not be pretended by any one he probably intended no more that all Judges of Courts have than that the conduct of the been equal to our present Essayist was very reprehensi,


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In meek submission to his Father's The following lines were occasioned

will, by a late event.

Nor deem those trials light, which ofAgain will Spring her choicest gifts To earth's decaying form th’immor

ten bind unfold,

tal mind, Her waving foliage, and her flowers Llof gold. ;

Ye, who have seen by steps how sure, Again her breath its balmy sweetness though slow, shed,

“ Death menac'd oft, but long withAnd crimson fruits her verdant

held the blow;"

garment spread.

How round his heart a thousand inOn these, will many a form with rap

terests press?d, ture dwell,

And bound by friendship's chain his And burst, with new formed life; How bright that faith arose, --ye best

grateful breast; from winter's spell ; Feel the warm current of the heart can say, renew'd,

Which led the pilgrim on his weary And pale disease, and hectic flush way! subdued.

Led bim to foreign climes

to disYet there was one, who erst to nature

tant skies, true,

To torrid suns, where trackless ocean Press' with his early step the merning yet still he follow'd, borne by God's

lies ! dew; Who lov'd the lowliest flower that

own hand; decks the sod,

And took possession of the promis'd

land. Yet thought of nature less, than

ture's God."" For him no more the vernal gale will


A Song of Gratitude. Nor Spring, with lavish hand, her Afar from port, tremendous stormy blossoms throw.

skies! Science, for him, no more unroll her All round the raging roaring billow's pagen

rise ! And spread the treasures of a letter'd Hope fled, despair appear'd in ev'ry

age. Yet will his worth a heart-felt tribute To God we rais'd our cries ! His claim,

hand we trace ; And youth and age delight to speak The winds were hush'd--those boishis name ;

trous waves were still ; To paint his mind, by polished gra

All nature bow'd submissive to his - ces dress'd,

will. Pure as the faith that warm'd his O may our hearts with gratitude aglowing breast;

dore Each thought controll'd, each way- His boundless love and power foreve - ward passion still,






A LETTER from THOMAS CLARKSON, France. During his stay in London

to HENRY King of Hayti. for many months, I had the happie Playford Hall, Suffolk, England, ness of knowing him. It also hap

May 24, 1816. pened during his stay there, that his I HAD the honour of receiving your Imperial Majesty, the Emperor of Majesty's letter, dated at palace of Russia, arrived in England ; Mr. Sans Souci, February 5th, which was Grellet had the honour of an audibrought to me by Mr. Prince San. ence with that noble and august perders; and it is my intention to return sonage, and I know that he advocaan answer to it, by the same person, ted before him, the cause of all the as well as to enter into some particué injured children of Africa. As to Jars, which I think may be accepta- Mr. Grellet's private character, I may ble to you. Having however heard comprehend it in a few words, by that my esteemed friend Mr. Steph- saying, that he daily affords in his en Grellet who is a minister of the own person a proof of modesty, hu. Gospel, belonging to the religious So- mility, charity, and those other virciety of the people called Quakerstues which belong to the Christian and who is now in North America, character. Having said thus much intends, with other ministers of the of this estimable person, I feel myself same Society, to visit some of the bound to say a few words in behalf English West-Indian Islands, and also of the clergyman's Society to which Hayti, for the purpose of preaching he belongs; for it is possible he may the Gospel for a season in those parts, have companions with him ; and it I have thought it proper to send you is right that your Majesty should this letter by him, in order that he know some of the civil and political may not go into your Island without principles of the Quakers. In the a suitable introduction.

first place, they consider it to be their : I am senisble how vigilant it be- duty to obey civil magistrates, as "the comes you to be with respect to stran- rulers under God for good; except in gers, some of whom may possibly vis- those religious customs and cases, it Hayti for the purpose of plotting where their consciences would be against its liberty and independence. wounded by it. In the second place And it is my belief, that such cases they conceive it to be their duty nevmay exist, which induces me to lay er to go to war, or take up arms even before you the character of Mr. Grel- in their own defence; they had rathlet and his friends, in order that they er submit to the most cruel injuries may come among you without suspi- than shed the blood of any of their cion, and that they may experience fellow-creatures. Hence there is no the protection which all those persons rebellion, no insurrection, no plotought to find, who feel it to be their ing against government, wherever the duty, like the Apostles of old, to visit Quakers are. And thirdly, they have foreign olimates, and to hazard their long ago conceived it to be their dulives for the sake of promoting the re- ty to consider all the children of Af. ligion of Jesus Christ. I will begin rica as their brethren, and to have no then with informing you, that Mr. concern whatever either in buying or Grellet was born in France, but that selling, or in holding them in bonhe left his country during the Revo- dage. In all America there is not lution, and went to the United States one Quaker whose character is stainof America, where he embraced the ed by such inhuman practices. The principles of the religious Society of abolition of the Slave-trade, and of Friends, or, as they are most com- slavery also, bas become a principle, monly called, - Qưakers. After this and has been incorporated as such inhe became a minister of the gospel in to their religion. could dwell here, that Society ; and in this capacity if the time would permit, with the he visited England, Germany, and greatest delight, and I ought to add,

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