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the spirit of the gospel, they God must met entertain, who were treated as an inferior can imagine that he was pleasrace of beinys, unfit to live in ed to see his heathen children the creation of God. Instead exterminated, to make room of displaying the spirit of kind. for such a race of christian ness, these warring fanatics murderers ! And of what ad. acted the part of fiends, under vantage could it have been to the name of Christians. Their the surviving savages, to em. boasted conquest, which they brace such a religion as had regarded as a triumph of the deluged their country in blood! cross, was a disgrace to the How detestable in its nature, whole christian world.

and how horrible in its effects, It is easy to

sce that such is that delusion which has conduct on the part

of

men associated the naine of the Sa. professing to be christians, viour with fraud and violence, must excite in the natives a cruelty and murder, military lasting and almost invincible fanaticism and everything prejudice against Christianity. hateful in the sight of God! For what could be more natu- We hope and believe that ral for them, than to judge of the spirit of war and exterminthe character of christianity ation was far less prevalent a. from the conduct of those who mong our ancestors in this had desolated their country northern region, than among and murdered its inhabitants. the conquerors of South AAnd, indeed, if the christian merica. "But it ought to be religion would justify such remembered, that our histories havoc it ought to be rejected of Indian wars, were written by every human being; for in by men who were naturally in. that case it would have every clined to excuse the faults of feature of that wisdom which our forefathers, or draw over is from beneath.

them the veil of oblivion. The As fraud and violence were history of a country, when writthe means by which the Span- ten by one of its inhabitants, is iards acquired possession of like biography of a deceased the country, and as a vast por- person, written by a surviving tion of the natives

were de. friend The virtues of the de. stroyed by the wars of con. ceased are proclaimed and ofquest, the survivers would nat- ten overrated-his faults are urally harbour a spirit of jeal- not mentioned at all, or but ousy and revenge ; they would glanced at and palliated. We also avail themselves of every should also bear in mind, that opportunity for recovering deception and falsehood are. their country and their rights, never-failing companions of which afforded any prospect of war; each party misrepresents

Thus the work of both the conduct of the other extermination would be renew- and its own. By this means ed and prolonged, till they be- the most impartial historian is came few in number.

liable to be misled. If he atWhat a shocking idea of tends to the reports of one Vol. VI, No. 5.

18

success

side only, he will unquestion- heggen Sachem against sever. ably misrepresent ; if he hears al other tribes. The war was from both parties, he will often under the direction of Combe perplexed, in his attempts missioners appointed by the to ascertain the truth. The colonies. These CommissionFrenchi history, of the conduct

ers gave the chief command óf our ancestors in the wars of the troops to Major Gibbone. with the Indians, is widely dif- In their Instructions to him we ferent from our own; aná had have the following passage. the Indians been capable of in You are to make fair wars, writing a history for them without exercising cruelty, selves, they would doubtless and not to put to death such have recorded many things as you shall take captive, if you which have been omitted by can bestow them without danour historians, and have given

ger

of your own. You are to a very different account of ma

use your best endeavours to ny things which they have pro- gain the enemies canoes, or fessed to state correctly.

utterly to destroy them; and But after all that may be herein you may make good said of the partiality or impar- use of the Indians our contiality with which our histories federates, as you may do upon have been written, they are other occasions, having duc found to contain many particu respect to the honour of God, lars in the conduct of our an

who is both our sword and cestors, which their posterity shield_Land to the distance cannot but lament, and which which is to be observed bemay go far in accounting for twixt Christians and Barbarithe diminution of the Indian ans, as well in wars as in othtribes. I shall not give a long er negotiations." Catalogue of those unpleasant occurrences and should be

The note of Mr. Hutchinson willing that the veil might be respects what is said of the

" distance which is to be . completely drawn over the failings of our ancestors, were

served between Christians and it not for the hope that useful barbarians." On this he julessons of instruction and addiciously remarks :monition may be derived from *** It seems strange that men then, for the people of the who professed to believe thai preseft age ; and that these God had made of one blood all failings may become the means the nations of men to dwell on of exciting more compassion all the face of the earth, should towards the surviving aborig. so early and upon every oce inals.

casion take care to preserve One passage from Hutchin- this distinction. Perhaps nothson's “Collection of Original ing has more effectually dePapers," with his note upon it, feated the endeavours for may be here introduced. In christianizing the Indians. It 1645 the new colonies united seems to have done more- to their forces in aid of the Mo. have sunk their spirits, led

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them to intemperance, and ex- land to Christians. When the tirpated the whole race.” nature of this driving out shall The disposition indulged by be weighed in the balances of

ancestors of exalting the gospel, and when chrisChristians and undervaluing tians shall be disposed seriousIndians was pernicious in its ly to reflect on the spirit which effects, not only on the natives has been too generally displaybut on themselves.

For re

ed towards the Indians-espe. garding the Indians as a race cially by those concerned in of beings not worthy to be the wars, and who could offer treated as brethren, bewilder. or receive premiums for scalps, ed their minds in respect to there will perhaps be found the path of wisdom and duty, cause · for weeping and prepared them to violate the regret, than for triumph and golden rule, and to justify acts exultation. on their own part which can There has doubtless been in never be reconciled either to every age from the apostle Elequity or humanity. As this iot to the present time, persons sentiment disposed them to in New-England as well as in treat the Indians unkindly, it other parts of the country who of course excited a spirit of possessed tender feelings to. hostility and revenge against wards the natives, and who themselves, which in its pro- were disposed to treat them gress involved frequent and with brotherly kindness. But deplorable calamities. To notwithstanding all that we their disposition to have a dis- have on record of a benevolent tance observed between them character towards that unhapselves and the Indians, we may py race, there is abundant evi. impute their hundred pound dence that the more common premiums for Indian scalps, to feeling has been of an opposite induce men to form hunting character, and far from chrisparties for destroying the In- tian. “Get out you Indian dians, as they would have done dog" is expressive of the feel beasts of prey. To the same ings of vast numbers of the disposition we may impute white people of our country is their advice to Uncas to, múr former ages, and in the present der Miantonimo' a formidable age. Chief of another tribe, after he : The writer of this article had been taken captive. Many can distinctly recollect the other thing's of a similar char- manner in which 'some aged acter probably originated from people of the last century conthe same source,

versed on the subject of nuntTo this unfortunate senti- ing Indians--men who in othment we may impute the ex- er respects and other pressions in prayer which were subjects appeared to be chrishanded down from father to tians indeed. But in speaking son, in which they gave praise of the exploits in the wars with to God for driving out the the Indians, they betrayed a heathen and giving this good spirit as foreign to that of the

on

Messiah in praying for his ene- brought evil on themselves mies, as darkness to light. By and entailed it to their postereducation they had imbibed, ity. On the other hand, the and by practice they had con- Indians, perceiving that they firmed a habit of feeling to- were despised, and finding wards the natives which would themselves overpowered and have been shocking to them- overcome, very readily formselves could they have seen it ed habits of intemperance--bewith unprejudiced eyes. Such ing supplied with intoxicating a feeling, it is believed, was too liquors by their white neighcommonly indulged by our an- bours ; and thus, instead of cestors in New-England, and multiplying, they have been transmitted from one genera- wasting and diminishing for tion to another. It is frequent several generations And we ly manifest in their history, may 'expect that this course of and may probably account in a waste and diminution will be great measure for the multi- continued till the tribes are tude of their wars, and for the totally extirpated frem the land extermination of many of the unless feelings of benevoIndian tribes.' This feeling lence and commiseration can would 'naiurally lead them to be so far excited in our people, make war' on slight grounds, as to effect a change of conto exaggerate the faults of the duct towards them, and vignatives, and to overlook, pal. orous efforts to save them liate, or justify their own. To from complete extermination. a similar feeling we may doubt. Other causes have doubtless less ascribe the greater part of co-operated with those which the modern wars with the In- have been named to produce dians, and even that which ex- the affecting results. But the ists at the present time. other causes should never be

If instead of that haughty mentioned as excusing the sentiment of superiority and wrongs which have been done “ distance" indulged by our to our fellow beings. We ancestors, they had commenc- ought rather to consider what ed their intercourse with the would have been our views of Indians on the heavenly prin- a people, more intelligent and ciples of peace on earth and powerful than our ancestors good will to men, and had were one hundred years ago, treated the natives as brethren; had they come and establishthey might have saved them. ed themselves in this country, selves from great expense and treated our fathers as a worthcalamity, have saved the In- less race, offering premiums dians from extermination, and for their scalps, gradually dishave been 'regarded by them possessing them of their lands as benefactors and saviours, and driving them into the wiland not as enemies and destroy. derness, and after sinking ers. By indulging such im. their spirits, supplying them proper views and feelings to- with the means of self-deswards their' red brethren, they truction; and thus by the

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power of the sword and the tion would it have been to power of rum, had not only multitudes of the present genprevented their multiplying, eration, if the same benevobut had occasioned a dreadful lent policy had been adopted diminution-many large fami- in all the colonies. which was lies or tribes being totally ex- adopted by the founder of terminated, and the remaining Pennsylvania-a policy which tribes disspirited and few in preserved uninterrupted peace number.

with the Indians for SEVENTY Such reflections may well YEARS, and even as long as it awaken a spirit of mourning was pursued. Shall then no for the Indian blood which has powerful exertions be made to been shed by Christians, and revive and extend this kind a spirit of sympathy and com- and saving policy? Shall nothpassion for the surviving tribes. ing be done to save our own Perhaps there are no people posterity from the mortifying who are more easily won by reflection, that after the In. kindness than those whom we dians had been reduced to a have been accustomed to call very small number, their sayages; and all the evidence christian neighbours, eveu in of this facı, "goes to prove the the 19th century, did not cease imprudence or inhumanity to pursue towards them with 'which they have been bloody, anti-christian and extreated. This evidence may terminating policy. also be employed to enforce

66 WHERE

IS ABEL the obligations which our peo- BROTHER ?-I Ķnow not : Am ple are now under, to do all I my brother's keeper? WHAT they can to wipe away the re- HAST THOU DONE! THE VOICE proach of blood guiltiness, OF THY BROTHER'S BLOOD CRIand to save the tribes which yet survive,

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From the North American Review and Miscellaneous Journal. [THE Rev. s. C. Thach- which the discourse was deER, late Minister of the New livered, is retained, as most South Church in this town, favourable to the free expresdied at Moulines, in France, sion of the feelings of the auJan. 2, 1818; Ætat. 32. He thor.] had long been absent froin this The news of Mr. Thachcountry, for the recovery of. er's death, although not unex. his health. The following pected, spread an unusual sketch of his character is ta- gloom through the large cirken froin a discourse deliver. cle in which he moved and ed in this town, the Sunday was known. When we thought after the accounts of his death of his youth and virtues, of the were received. The form, in place which he had filled and

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