Obrazy na stronie

tage: there is no clyfter to eat: my foul defired the fic& ripo fruit: the good man is perished out of the earth."

Admitting all that can be faid in favour of this righteous and merciful' ftatesman, fome apology perhaps may be made for his countrymen, to exculpate them from the charge of ingra. titude and a fullen iofenfibility.' When his lord ship's body lay in ftate, people of ail ranks ran in crowds to see, to touch, to falute bis cofin, and to pay their last respects to the deceased patriot The citizens of London, not content with seeing him at Westminster, earnestly petitioned, that they might have the honour of having his bones deposited in their cathedral. And, to crown the whole, the grand council of the nation made a munificent settlement on his pofterity, and ordered him to be canonizėd in the Abbey. These are so far from being indications of a • fullen insensibility,' that some invidious people have confidered chem, as the extravagances of patriotic enthusiasm.

CONTROVERSIAL. Afort View of the Tenets of Tritheiss, Sabellians, Trinitarians,

Aijans, and Socinians. 8vo. Iso Johnson. The controverfy concerning the Trinity has long since been rendered fo intricate, by the different opinions and the fubtile distinctions of contending parties, that it is hardly possible for a common reader to form any diftine idea of the various and contradictory (chemes, which have been proposed for the ex. plication of this mystery, not merely by heretics, but even by the most orthodox divines. The defign of this useful work is therefore to give plain Christians a general notion of the principal opinions, which have been maintained concerning the Trinity, and the difficulties attending them; and to promote candour and charity among thofe, who differ in their sentiments on this profound fubject.

MEDICA L. A Letter to Sir Robert Barker, Knt. F.R.S. and George Stae

poole, Ejq. upon General Inoculation. By J. C. Lettrom, M. D. 410.64. Dilly,

The advantage of inoculation being now so universally acknowledged, we should imagine that the benevolent affections, sather than the judgement, are concerned in rendering the pracrice more general among


In this Letter Dr. Lentiom endeavours to promote such a design from several confiderations, which we hope will not be overlooked by those who are sengble of the importance of preventing the palural small-pox in so populous a city as London. Observations on the Sire Throat and Fever, that raged in tbe Nortb

of Scotland in the rear 1777. By Robert Saunders, Pbysician at Bamff. 8vo. Is. Murray.

This Letter contains an account of the fuccess attending the antiphlogiftic method of cure, in the fore throat and fever, a disease that seems to have raged much at Bamff in the course of last year, for which this treatment had been recommended in the Medical Commentaries published by a Society at Edinburgh. An Account of the epidemical Sore Throat, with the Merbod of Treets

ment. By G. Levifon, M. D. 8vo. Iso 6d. White. A mean and inaccurate performance, no less obviously dem fe&tive in respect of practical knowledge than of literary compofition. Muhods of Cure in fome particular Cafes of Insanity, &c. By

. Perfect, Surgeon. 8vo. 250 6 do Dodsley, To afford a display of successful practice, rather char to enrich the medical art by any new obfervation, appears to be the defign of this pamphlet : which therefore confifts of cases too general for inftruction, and apparently felected with a view diftinct from that of the improvement of science.

MISCELLANEOUS. The Complete Works of M. de Montesquieu. Translated from the

French. 8vo. 4 vols. il. 45. Evans. An English version of the whole works of this eminent writer, executed with fidelity, cannot fail to attract the regard of all who are acquainted with the philosophical penetration which diftinguilhed him, as well as with those ornaments of ftyle, that may be generally observed in his compofitions. Englith Humanity no Paradox: or, an Attempt to prove that ibe English are not a Nation of Savages. 8vo.

15. 6. Lowndes.

Voltaire has been pleafed to style us the savages of Europe;' and Roofseau bas observed, that those people, who are great eaters of meat, are in general more ferocious and cruel Than other men; and that the English barbarity is well known whereas the Gaures, he says, are, on the contrary, the meekelt creatures in the world.' Others have condemned us for certain customs and practices, which seem to indicate a cruelty of difpo. fition; fuch as, duelling, whipping, bruifing, boxing, cocke fighting, the occupations of our butchers and cooks, the number of our executions, our shyness towards foreigners, &c. The author of this pamphlet answers these objections, and produces several intances, which are inconteftible proofs of our national humanity.

The expreffion of the Roman poet, · Britannos hofpitibus feros,' has been often thrown out againft us. On this paffage the author very properly observes, that the Romans called the people of every unsubdued nation, barbarians; and that "hofpiribus feros” probably means no more, than the ferocity of the British nation, displayed agairai che invaders of their coast, of which Julius Cæfar had some experience, at his first descent.


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The author has displayed some reading, and some humour in this publication, An Enquiry into the Manners of the present Age. By a Lady.

Small 8vo. Bew. Moral reflections on those vain and delusi ve pleafares, which are pursued by libertines and men of the world : and on those rational delights, which are enjoyed by men of sense and vir. tue. The author's language is elaborate and flowery.' Tbe Description of the Hot Bath, at Bath, together with Plans,

Elevations, and Sections of the fame. The Difigns of John Wood, Archite&l. Folio. 55. Dodsley.

The subject of this performance is diftinctly delineated, and af. fords a strong proof of the architectural talents of the author, whose taste and judgement are jointly displayed to great advan. tage in the construction of this bath. Dangers and Disadvantages to the Public and East India Company,

from that company's Building and Navigating their own Ships. 8υο. . Sewell.

The author appears to be well acquainted with his subject, and urges strong arguments against the East India Company's building and navigating their own ships. But as the proposed measure will doubtless be maturely considered by the Court of Directors, we shall not enter upon any detail that might anticipate their resolutions. True and lawful Matrimony, or established Ceremenies not effential

to that bonourable State. 8vo. Is. Hogg A dall, inconfiftent, ortho-heterodoxical medley, respecting the religious and moral obligations of marriage. . Confiderations on the Nature, Quality, and Distinctions of Coal and

Culm. 8vo. 1s. Richardson and Urquhart. In this pamphlet the author endeavours to explain the difference between coal and culm, so far as refpects their several ufes, and the effects of fire upon them. Culm being chiefly appropriated to the manufacture of brick and lime, the au. thor obferves, that a tax upon it would increase the price of those articles, and that it therefore ought, in good policy, to be exempted from impost. Remarks on Confiderations on the Nature, &c. of Coal and Culm.

8vo. Bew. These Remarks are intended as a reply to the preceding pamphlet, and contains some pertinent information to those who are concerned in the enquiry.


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A View of Northumberland with an Excurfion to obe Abbey of

Mailross in Scotland. By W. Hutchinson. 410. 156. in boards. Johnson. FTER giving a summary detail of the history of Nor.

thumberland, the author of the present volume proceeds to a description of this county, which he enters at the south. west point, where it joins the county of Cumberland, on the Maiden Way, a military Roman road.

The Maiden Way, he observes, extended from a small fort, called Maiden Castle, on Stainmore, by Kirby Thore, in Westmoreland, to Caer Voran, in Northumberland, and was guarded by a chain of stations. One of those was the Alione of Antoninus, now called Whitley Castle, situated on the Gilderdale, a rivulet which forms the boundary of the southwest part of Northumberland. This place is described as lying on an irregular descent, inclining to the eart, and forming an oblong square, with obtuse angles. It measures a hundred and forty paces from east to west, and a hundred and ten from north to fouth. The ground falls abruptly from the eastern fide of this station ; but on the west it is overlooked by hills, whence it might easily have been attacked.

From Whitley Castle the traveller leads us by Knaresdale and Lambley, to Featherston Castle, and Bellister Castle, both which, with the adjacent country, he faithfully describes.

The Roman station at Caer Voran was situated on a declivity, which descends abruptly towards the south-west, about a hundred yards distant from the Piets wall. It is of a square figure, with obtuse angles, each side measuring a hundred and twenty paces. About seven paces from the southern side, VOL. XLVI. Auguft, 1778,



is the prætorium, still very distinguishable, and commanding an extensive prospect. The gentleman who farms the ground, we are told, is at present raising the foundations of the præ torium ; and it is expected that he will discover some valuable antiquities. This station is supposed to be the ancient Magna, where, according to the Notitia, the Cohors Secunda Dalmatarum was quartered. The ramparts are very conspicuous, and the whole ditch remains clearly discernible. The military road, called the Maiden Way, pases through this place; and here are many fragments of inferiptions, effigies, and other Roman antiquities.

The most remarkable Roman antiquity in Northumberland is the Piets wall, which was built as a barrier against the incursions of the norihern inhabitants of the island, and reached from the Solway Frith to the mouth of the Tyne. It was called by the Romans Vallum Barbaricum, Pretentatura, and Clauf ra. Of this kind of fortification three were erected successively, at distant periods. The first vallum, or that of Hadrian, was constructed of earth, about the year 123 of the Christian æra. The next was that of Severus, bearing date about the year 2!0, and fuppofed by several antiquaries to have been of masonry. The third and last vallum is generally imagined to have been the work of the Britons, aslifted by the Romans, under the third confolate of Ætius, about the year 444.

The following extract contains a general description of those fortifications, as they have been delineated by Mr. Horfley, and Mr. Warburton, intermixed with the author's own obfervations.

• It is evident there have been three different prætenturæ erected here at different times, and by different persons: the firft of which was a series of stations or forts, placed quite cross the country; and this, it is presumed, was done chiefly by Julius Agricola, and is the most ancient of the three. Next to this was erected Hadrian's vallum, and its appurtenances ; after which the aforesaid Aations might probably go by the name of fla. tiones per liniam valli. The last and strongest fence of all was (as most learned antiquaries agree) built by Severus, which is a stone wall, that lays north of the rampiers of earth.

• Hadrian's vallum was the second prætentatura, and seems rather to have given the former the name of stations per liniam valli, than the wall of Severus. What Bede says of the wall's being rebuilt afterwards by the Romans, is applicable to this : is that it is carried on from town to town much in a strait line." What belongs to this work, is the vallum on the brink of the ditch, having the ditch on the north, another vallum southward, diftant from the former about fixteen feet, and a large

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