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who flatters himself that he possesses a judgment sufficiently li. beral and impartial to comment upon the legislature, should not ftamp a witness as infamous, because he happens not to be an Englifbman.
• It is observable,' we are told, that one Lingard, after the expiration of the term for which he was transported for perjury, was drowned, getting on board a vessel to return to England.' There can be nothing observable in this, unless drowning be more remarkable on one side of the Atlantic than on the other. Another note contains something even more observable-.-" The portico belonging to the chapel in Great Queen-street, Lincoln's. Ion-Fields, was considerably lessened by virtue of a clause in one of the paving acts; and that belonging to the Pantheon in Oxford-Road, was built by virtue of an express clause in another of those acts.' From this remark the reader, it seems, is to infer, that our legislators are pagans, and pay more respect to the Pantheon, than to the church. Digests of the General Highway and Turnpike Laws;, with the
Schedule of Forms, as directed by Act of Parliament ; and Rmark!. Also, an Appendix, on the Construction and Preservation of Roads. By John Scott, Eja. 8vo. 6s. Dilly.
The author's advertisement will explain the design of this publication.
• The author of the following work having frequent occasion to consult the General Highway Act, he found the matter contained therein distributed in such a manner, as caused him no small degree of perplexity: In one place he met with general pofitive directions, which he depended on as authentic rules of conduet ; vill he perceived, that in another, they were counteracted by particular exceptions; and, not unfrequently, he saw subjects, closely allied in their nature, removed almost as far from each other as the utmost limits of the act would permit. Regard to his convenience prompted him to arrange these dirjointed clauses in regular order ; and a wish to contribute to the ease of others, by rendering the intention of the legiflature more intelligible, determined him to communicate what he had done to the public. The favourable reception his essay obtained, he thinks a sufficient apology for reprinting it, with such improvements as have been pointed out to his notice. He has now added to it a Digest of all the General Acts now in force, respecting turnpikes ; with Remarks; and an Appendix on the Construction and Preservation of Roads : and he hopes the whole will prove a useful manual to magiftrates, trustees, surveyors, and all other persons concerned in the matters whereon it treats.'
The work is executed with care and attention, and cannot fail to be useful. The remarks contain many just obfervations, which merit the notice of the legislature. In the Appendix, the preservation and construction of roads are created in a manner at once intelligible and scientific. We do not intend to leffen the merit of the author's truly public and patriotic views in this work by observing, that the remarks might have been made with more elegance and much less egotism.---Mr. Scott closes his remarks with these words:
· I have now concluded my Remarks; and if any person Mould suppose that I have treated fome of the subjects on which I have animadverted in a manner toc ludicrous for their nature, I have only this apology to make, that there being so many fair openings for the indulgence of ridicule, I could not help now and then indulging it by way of enlivening my journey through the Dry Defart. I thought further, in case the vicifitudinous disposition of the legislature should soon render part of my text as useless as the last year's labours of Mess. Moore, Partridge, and Gadbury, that the amusement the reader might derive from the pleasantry of my remarks, would make him some small compensation for the purchase of the volume.'
We mean not even to hint that the ridiculous blunders of the legislature deserved a graver commentary, --We would only ob-, serve that Mr. Scott's performance deserves more praises than what are due to the pliajantry of his remarks. Our intention was to have ranked him amongst the few real patriots of the age ; it is his own verdict which has placed bim among the useless retailers of pleasantries : they who take the author's word, that the amusement the reader derives from the pleasantry of the remarks will make him some small compensation for the purchase of the volume,' will find themselves egregiously mistaken. It is a useful and instructive digeft---but the pleasantry is the worst part of it. A Treatise on Agiliment Tithe, in which the Nature, Right, ob
jects, Mode of Payment, and Me hod of ascertaining the Value of cach Species of it, are fully fia:ed and explained. By Thomas Bateman, A. M. 8vo. 2s. 6d. Walter,
Agitment is the feeding or keeping of sheep, or of any kind of cartie ; and the tithe of agiftment is the tenth part of the value of the keeping of such sheep and cattle as are liable to pay it. This tithe, being the tenth part of the value of the produce of the land, is due, communi jure, as indisputably as the tithe of corn and hay. But it has this peculiar difficulty attending it, that it cannot be taken in kind, as it is consumed by the cattle, which feed upon it. This tithe is of considerable importance in parishes, where the greatest part of the land is grazed; and therefore Mr. Bateman, who has obtained several decifions in his favour, in the Court of Exchequer, has very accurately stated and explained the nature of this claim, and the proper mode of payment.
As it is hardly poffible to estimate the value of the tithe of agiftment, by a separate charge upon every article, sheep, heifers, steers, colts, fillies, &c. the author lays down this general rule. In parishes where no more land is ploughed than a fixth
or an eighth part of each farm, the tithe of agiftment will amount, upon a reasonable and moderate calculation, to fixe pence, or, at any rate, to four-pence per acre, per annum, for all the lands, including the ploughed, contained in the said parish: for instance, in any parich in a grazing country contains ing thiee thousand acres, the tithe of the agiftment of Theep and of barren and unprofitable cattle alone, exclusive of all others annually arising in such parih, will amount at leaft to fifty pounds per annum.'
- Near large towns, where the land is exceedingly rich, and lets for, perhaps, three pounds per acre or upwards; and for such paltures, itocked chiefly with feeding beats, not co. vered by any modus for their agiftment tithe, this tithe will amount to much more per acre than is here itated. In some places it is known to amount to two shillings per acre. But these are particular cases which do noc affect the general doctrine here laid down, which relates to large farms or whole parishes in the country, and where the land is not let upon an average for more than fifteen or twenty shillings per acre.
• But what has before been premised, must here and always be remembered, that this tithe will amount to so much
per acre, per annum, only in parishes where the land is good and chiefly grazed. In arable countries, or where a great part of the land is ploughed; it will amount to so little, as, where it has not already been paid, to be scarce worth setting up any new demand for it, even were the occupiers inclined to pay it without litigation.' This treatise
use to those, who are concerned in disputes, relative to the tithe of agiftment; as the author's observations are founded on experience and matter of fact. Thoughts on Tirbes : wiib a Proposal for a voluntary Exchange of
great and Jmall Tirbes, for Land to the Value, to be bold as Giebe, within the respective Parishes of England, between the Ministers and People, &c. 8vo. Is. Flexney.
This writer very juftly observes, that the present eftablishment of tithes is prejudicial to the landed interest of this king. dom, and very disagreeable and inconvenient to the clergy. He therefore proposes that an act of parliament shall be obtained for taking such a portion of land, in each parish, a tha!l be thought a full equivalent, in exchange for the great and small tithes of any particular farm; and that such land shall be held as glebe, or the estate of the church.-It may be objected, that the land thus received in exchange would lie in detached pieces, and consequently be of less value. He answers: the commif. fioners must be satisfied, that the land thus received is, with respect to its situation, equivalent to the tithes; and that afterwards it will be easy to exchange the glebe fo detached, for land more conveniently situated for the minister.
This scheme is modestly and sensibly proposed and explained. And if this, or something to this purpose, were accomplished, most of the complaints about tithes would be removed; the clergy would live amicably with their parishioners, their interests no longer interfering; and they would have leisure to attend to the duties of their function, in peace and tranquility.
Ρ Ο Ι Ι Τ Ι C A L. Tbe Constitutional Criterion. 8vo. 6d. Almon. A fort enquiry into the principles and spirit of the English confitucion, which is conducted by the author with accuracy, An interesting Address to the independent Part of the Penple of Eng
Tand, on Libels, &c. 8vo. 15. 6d. Kearly. Though this pamphlet contains some remarks of importance to civil liberty, it is written in too mean and abusive a strain to be held in any regard by impartial and discerning readers. A Sketch of the H fory of Two Aets of the Irish Parliament of the
2d and 8th of Queen Anne, to prevent the farther Growth of Popery. 8vo. Is. 6d. Murray.
A display of the severe restrictions which had formerly been imposed on the Roman Catholics in Ireland.
PO E T RY. Captain Parolles at Minden. 410. Bew. Captain Parolles is a character which Shakespeare has admirably delineated. I am a man, says the captain, whom fortune hath cruelly scratched. I find my tongue is too foul-hardy ; but my heart hath the fear of Mars before it, and of all his creatures, not daring the reports of my tongue.—You mult needs, replies Helena, be bord under Mars, when he was retrograde, you go so much backwards when you fight.' All's Well that Ends Well.
The author of this piece applies the character of Parolles to lord George Germaine, and throws many sarcasms on his lord, ship’s conduct at Minden, and the orders which he issues out, as fecretary of state for the American department.-An acrimo. nious production. England's Glory, a Poem. 410. 25. Fielding and Walker.
The glory of England may in some degree be sullied, but never can be promoted by a poetafter.
The Conciliation; a Poem. 410. Is. Almon. One of the most despicable effufions in poetry that we remem. ber to have seen. The Haunts of Shakespeare, a Poem, by William Pearce. 410.
Brown. An imitation of an Ode by Mr. Garrick, to whom the poem is dedicated.
Is. 6 d.
Imitationes bas parvulas, Anglicè partim, partim Latinè, redditas,
paucarum levium Horarum Occupationes, benevolo Lectori dicatas verecundè quidem voluit Alumnus Cantabrigienfis. 410. 25. 6d. Dodsley.
Imitations partly in English, and partly in Latin ; but which, for any inftruction or entertainment they cari afford, might as well have been couched in the language of Otaheite.
DI VI NI Τ Υ. A Sermou preacbed at the Ordination of the rev. Ifaac Smith, June
24th, 1778, at Sidmouth, Devon, by Thomas Wright. To which are annexed a Short Discourse, by John Ward, and a Declaration by Isaac Smith, preceding the Ordination Prayer : with a Charge delivered by Joshua Toulmin, M. A. 8vo. is. Dilly.
The first discourse, by Mr. Wright, represents the regard which Christians owe to their ministers, on account of their of. fice and character. The second, by Mr. Ward, is an address to Mr. Smith, recommending a strict adherence to the doctrine and principles contained in the New Testament: the declaration made by Mr. Smith recites his reasons why he chose to exercise his ministry among protestant Diffenters; and the charge, by Mr. Toulmin, shews why, and in what respects, watchful ess is a duty' incumbent on ministers.-Plain and useful discurses.
CONTROVERSIAL. Materialism philosophically examined, or, the Immateriality of the
Soul aferred and proved, on philosophical Principles; in answer to Dr. Priestley's Disquisitions on Matter and Spirit. By John Whitehead. 8vo. 25. 6d. in boards. Phillips.
The principal ooject of these Remarks is to prove, that intelligence and thought neither are, nor can be, the result of any modification of matter : and consequently, that there must be in man a principle distinct from his body.
In the first and second sections the author maintains, that the doctrine of the folidity, impenetrability, and vis inertiæ of matter is well founded, and that these are the only properties efsential to its existence ; that allowing the powers of attraction and repulfion to be esential to the being of matter, they would notwithstanding be utterly incapable of producing sensation, reflection, and judgement; it being just as imposible for attraction and repulfion, however modified, to produce these powers, as it is for any one thing to produce another, with which it has no affinity.
In the third section he asserts, that personal identity, and a resurrection of the fame being, is impoffible on the system of materialism; alledging, that all the parts of the human body are dissolved, and reduced to their priitine state by death; and