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ΕΥΡΙΠΙΔΟΥ ΤΑ ΣΩΖΟΜΕΝΑ. Euripidis quæ extant omnia. Tragoedias fuperftites ad Fidem Veterum Editionum Codicumque MSS. cùm aliorum, tùm præcipuè Bibliotheca Regia Parifienfis recenfuit: Fragmenta Tragadiarum deperditarum collegit : Varias Lediones infigniores Notafque perpetuas fubjecit: Interpretationem Latinam fecundùm probatiffimas lectiones reformavit: Samuel Mulgrave, M. D. Accedunt Scholia Græca in Septem priores Tragedias ex optimis & locupletiffimis Editionibus recufa. 4 Vols. Oxonii, è typographeo Clarendoniano. 410. 41. 15. in boards. Elmfley.

THOUGH Greece produced a very confiderable number of tragic poets, the works of only three of them, Æfchylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, are now remaining.

fchylus was born about 525 years before the Chriftian æra; and, according to Voffius and others, wrote ninety trágedies; of which there are only seven extant*.

Sophocles was born about the year 493, and is said to have written 120 tragedies, of which feyen only are preserved. viz. Ajax, Electra, Oedipus Tyrannus, Antigone, Trachiniæ, Philoctetes, and Oedipus Coloneus.

Euripides was born about the year 478, and wrote seventyfive plays, of which there are nineteen remaining: viz. Hecuba, Oreftes, Phoeniffe, Medea, Hippolytus, Alceftis, Andromache, Supplices, Iphigenia in Aulide, Iphigenia in Tauris, Rhefus, Troades, Baccha, Cyclops, Heraclidæ, Helena, Ion, Hercules furens, Electra, and a small fragment of Danae,

The critics obferve, that Euripides abounds with excellent maxims of morality; that he is tender and affecting, or, as Ariftotle expreffes it †, 7payınwratas, extremely pathetic; but that he is not fo graceful, regular, nervous, and elevated as Sophocles.

The works of this excellent poet have been frequently publifhed, in different forms. The most common editions are: Euripidis Tragoedia xviii. Edit. princeps, apud Aldum, 1503. Electra and the fragment of Danae are not in this impression. The former was first printed by Victorius at Florence, in 1545. The latter in the Commeline edition at Heidelberg, in 1597. -Tragœdiæ quæ extant Gr. Lat. cum Annotat. Stiblini, fol. Baf. 1562. Tragedia xix, cum additione vigefimæ, Gr. Lat. cuin notis Æm. Porti. Heidel. 1597.-Tragœdiæ xix, Gr. Lat. interprete Guil. Cantero, 4to. Genev. 1602.-Euripidis Tragœdiæ, Fragmenta, &c. Gr. Lat. cum Scholis, ftudio Jofuæ Barnes, fol. Cantab. 1694.-Euripides. Gr. Ital. 10 vols. 8vo. à Carmeli, Patav. 1743.-- And many detached plays, by fome † Poet. c. 13.

See Crit. Review for April, p. 241.

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excellent critics, Erafmus, Grotius, Buchanan, Piers, King, Valckenaer, Markland, and others.

Canter boafted, that he had done more fervice to Euripides, than to any other ancient author he had ever published. Barnes made a more oftentatious difplay of his learning. He had read a multitude of books; he was intimately acquainted with Pollux, and Suidas, and other celebrated lexicographers, and could write Greek with great facility; but he was neither an accurate, nor a judicious critic. Valckenaer, Markland, &c. as far as their labours extended, performed more effential fervices to the author, and gave the learned world fome happy.. conjectures and emendations *; but the text was still deformed and obfcured by a multitude of errors; and a more improved edition of Euripides was an important defideratum in the republic of letters.

The prefent edition is greatly fuperior to every other, that has yet appeared, in elegance and accuracy, and in the learned and useful annotations, with which it is enriched.

In this work the editor has not only collected his materials from the first, and the most valuable printed copies; but has had recourse to a confiderable number of MSS. viz. several mas nuscript copies of different tragedies in the royal library at Paris; a MS. at Florence, formerly collated by Ifa. Voffius; two MSS. of Hecuba, Oreftes, and Phæniffe, communicated by the late Dr. Afkew; a MS. of Rhefus and Troades in the British Museum; the Cambridge MS, of the three first plays, collated by Barnes; the MSS. in the library of the Royal Society, and the Bodleian, collated by King, and more accurately by Dr. John Burton; two MSS. at Leyden by Valckenaer; the collations of H. Stephens; some manuscript notes in a copy of Barnes's edition in the Bodleian library; fome few annotations by Tanaq. Faber in a copy of Stephens's edition in the royal library at Paris †; and feveral notes written by Dr. Jortia in the margin of his Euripides.

Befides the Greek text and the Latin interpretation, this edition contains the author's life by Mofchopulus, Tho. Magifter, and Aul. Gellius; a chronological feries of events relative to the Grecian stage; various lections and annotations; the fragments of the tragedies which are loft, with a Latin verfion and notes; the Greek scholia on seven tragedies; and an index to the notes.

* Profeffor Reiske published fome emendations and conjectures on Euripides, at Leipfic, in 1754.

+ We have feen the MS notes of T. Faber in the margin of à copy of Canter's Greek edition, ap. Plant 1571.

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In the collection of fragments, Dr. Mofgrave has rejected fome paffages, which Barnes has afcribed to Euripides without any apparent authority; and has added others, which that compiler has omitted.

It is perhaps to be regretted by every reader, who values his time, that the notes are printed at the end of the three first volumes; and the Latin interpretation and the scholia, se parately, in the fourth.

This edition however, as far as we can judge by a curfory examination, will be received with pleasure by every admirer of the claffics; and will confer immortal honour on the learned and judicious editor.

Mifcellaneous Works of the late Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of

Chesterfield; confifting of Letters, political Tracts, and Poems. Volume the Third; completing the Edition of bis Lordship's Works, began by Dr. Maty. 4to. gs. boards. Williams.

WHEN a pofthumous work is offered to the public, we

might expect that its authenticity fhould be established on the most unquestionable foundation. For this purpose it feems indifpenfably neceffary to be informed not only of the name of the editor, but of the channel by which he obtained the manufcripts of the deceafed author. Nothing on this fubject occurs in the volume before us, which, however, we are far from confidering as a fpurious production on this account; as it bears, in general, ftrong marks of the ftyle and manner of the earl of Chesterfield.

This volume commences with a delineation of the Art of Pleafing, in a feries of fourteen letters addreffed to master Stanhope; which afford additional proof of the noble author's confummate knowledge refpecting the nature of mankind, and the means of conciliating affection.

The defire of being pleafed, fays his lordship, is univerfal; the defire of pleafing fhould be fo too. It is included in that great and fundamental principle of morality, of doing to others what one wishes they fhould do to us. There are indeed fome moral duties of a much higher nature, but none of a more amiable; and I do not hesitate to place it at the head of what Cicero calls the leniores virtutes.

The benevolent and feeling heart performs this duty with pleasure, and in a manner that gives it at the fame time; but the great, the rich, the powerful, too often beftow their favours upon their inferiors, in the manner they bestow their fcraps upon their dogs; fo as neither to oblige man nor dogs. It is no wonder if favours, benefits, and even charities thus

be

beftowed ungraciously, should be as coldly and faintly acknowledged. Gratitude is a burden upon our imperfect nature; and we are but too willing to ease ourfelves of it, or at least to lighten it as much as we can.

The manner, therefore, of conferring favours or benefits, is, as to pleafing, almoft as important as the matter itself. Take care, then, never to throw away the obligations, which perhaps you may have it in your power to confer upon others, by an air of infolent protection, or by a cold and comfortless manner, which stifles them in their birth. Humanity inclines, religion requires, and our moral duties oblige us, as.. far as we are able, to relieve the diftreffes and miferies of our: fellow-creatures; but this is not all; for a true heart-felt benevolence and tenderness, will prompt us to contribute what we can to their ease, their amusement, and their pleasure, as far as innocently we may. Let us then not only scatter benefits, but even ftrew flowers for our fellow-travellers, in the rugged ways of this wretched world.

There are fome, and but too many in this country particularly, who, without the least visible taint of ill-nature or malevolence, seem to be totally indifferent, and do not shew the leaft defire to pleafe; as, on the other hand, they never defignedly offend. Whether this proceeds from a lazy, negligent, and liftlefs difpofition, from a gloomy and melancholic nature, from ill health, low fpirits, or from a fecret and fullen pride, arifing from the confcioufnefs of their boafted liberty and independency, is hard to determine, confidering the various movements of the human heart, and the wonderful errors of the human head. But, be the cause what it will, that neutrality, which is the effect of it, makes these people, as neutralities do, defpicable, and mere blanks in fociety. They would furely be roufed from their indifference, if they would feriously confider the infinite utility of pleafing.'

His lordship next confiders the means of pleasing, which he reduces to the general rule, endeavour to please, and you will infallibly please to a certain degree: proceeding afterwards to fuggeft and enforce, in the ftrongeft manner, the more particular rules for that purpose.

The Letters are fucceeded by Free Thoughts, and Bold Truths; or, a politico-tritical Effay upon the prefent fituation of Affairs. Written in the year 1755. This piece is compofed in the manner of Swift's tritical Effay on the faculties of the mind, which his lordfhip has happily imitated.

Next follows the Lords Proteft against the Convention, in the year 1739, drawn up by lord Chefterfield, and figned by about forty members of the houfe, To which is fubjoined,

The

The Cafe of the Hanoverian Forces, in the pay of Great Britain, impartially and freely examined. This piece was the joint production of lord Chefterfield and Mr. Waller, member of parliament for Chipping Wycomb. It contains much political information, with a clear view of the politics of the feveral European powers, at that period and during many years preceding. The two fubfequent papers in the collection are vindications of this pamphlet against the attacks which had been made upon it by the writers of the minifterial party. We are afterwards prefented with another proteft of the lords, on the first of February 1742, and figned with upwards of twenty names. The next production is a Letter to the abbe de la Ville, on the order against publishing news-papers at Paris; in which are contained several particulars relative to the battle of Fontenoy.

The volume concludes with fome poems, viz. Advice to a Lady in Autumn; on a Lady's drinking the Bath Waters; Verfes written in a Lady's Sherlock upon Death; a Song in Praise of Fanny; another fong; on the Picture of Mr. Nafh at Bath; on the Duchefs of Richmond; a Ballad written by Lord Chesterfield and William Pulteney, Efq. afterwards Earl of Bath; another ballad; on a Knight of the Bath lofing his Badge of the Order; the Petition of the Fools to Jupiter, a Fable by Mr. Garrick, with Lord Chesterfield's Anfwer; and two or three epigrams.

Lord Chefterfield's poetical pieces were evidently fportful fallies of the mind in the hour of gaiety. His political tracts, on which he bestowed greater attention, are always plaufible, generally containing ufeful information, and often strong argument, intermixed with keen ftrokes of farcafm. But, as in his life, fo in his writings, the chief characteristics are thofe of the elegant scholar, the polite gentleman, and the master in the knowledge of mankind; and it is doubtless in the display of thofe eminent qualities, that his literary genius appears to the greatest advantage.

Evelina, or, a young Lady's Entrance into the World. 12mo. 73. 6d. Jerved. Lowndes.

THIS performance deferves no common praise, whether we confider it in a moral or literary light. It would have difgraced neither the head nor the heart of Richardfon. The father of a family, obferving the knowledge of the world and the leffons of experience which it contains, will recommend it to his daughters; they will weep and (what is not fo com

monly

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