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ΕΥΡΙΠΙΔΟΥ ΤΑ ΣΩΖΟΜΕΝΑ. Εuripidis que extant omia.
Tragedias superfiites ad fidem Veterum Editionum Codicumque MSS. cùm aliorum, tùm præcipuè Bibliotbeca Regiæ Parifienfis recensuit : Fragmen:a Tragediarum deperditarum collegit : Varias Lexiones infigniores Notas que perpetuas subjecit : Interpretationem Latinam fecundum probatiffimas le&tiones reformavit: Samuel Musgrave, M. D. Accedunt Scholia Græca in Septem priores Tragædias ex optimis & locupletissimis Editionibus recufa. 4. Vols, Oxonii, è typographeo Clarendoniano. 410. 41. 15, in boards.
Elmney. THO 'HOUGH Greece produced a very considerable number of
tragic poets, the works of only three of them, Æschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, are now remaining.
Æschylus was born about 525 years before the Christian æra; and, according to Voffius and others, wrote ninety tragedies ; of which there are only seven extant.
Sophocles was born about the year 493, and is said to have written 120 tragedies, of which seyen only are preserved. viz. Ajax, Electra, Oedipus Tyrannus, Antigone, Trachinią, Philoctetes, and Oedipus Coloneus.
Euripides was born about the year 478, and wrote seventyfive plays, of which there are nineteen remaining : viz. Hecuba, Orestes, Phoeniffæ, Medea, Hippolytus, Alcestis, Andromache, Supplices, Iphigenia in Aulide, Iphigenja in Tauris, Rhesus, Troades, Baccha, Cyclops, Heraclidæ, Helena, Ion, Hercules furens, Electra, and a small fragment of Danae.
The critics observe, that Euripides abounds with excellent maxims of morality; that he is tender and affe&ing, or, as Aristotle expreffes it to Tpayıxwiatas, extremely pathetic ; but that he is not lo graceful, regular, nervous, and elevated as Sophocles.
The works of this excellent poet have been frequently pubJished, in different forms. The most common editions are Euripidis Tragoodiæ xviii. Edit. princeps, apud Aldum, 1503. Electra and the fragment of Danae are not in this impression, The former was first printed by Victorius at Florence, in 1545. The latter in the Commeline edition at Heidelberg, in 1597. -Tragædiæ quæ extant Gr. Lat. cum Annotat. Stiblini, tol. Baf. 1567.-Tragadiæ xix, cum additione vigefimæ, Gr. Lat. cuin notis Æm. Porii. Heidel. 1597:-Tragœdiæ xix, Gr. Lat. interprete Guil. Cantero, 4to. Genev. 1602,-Euripidis Tram gædiæ, fragmenta, &c. Gr. Lat. cum Scholis, studio Jofuæ Barnes, fol. Cantab. :694.--Euripides. Gr. Ital. 10 vols. 8vo. à Carmeli, Patav. 1743.-- And many detached plays, by some See Crit. Review for April, p. 241.
t Poet. c. 13.
excellent critics, Erasmus, Grotius, Buchanan, Piers, King, Valckenaer, Markland, and others.
Canter boasted, that he had done more service to Euripides, than to any other ancient author he had ever published. Barnes made a more oftentatious display of his learning. He had read a multitude of books; he was intimately acquainted with Pollux, and Suidas, and other celebrated lexicographers, and could write Greek with great facility; but he was neither an accurate, nor a judicious critic. Valckenaer, Markland, &c. as far as their labours extended, performed more essential services to the author, and gave the learned world come happy conjectures and emendations * ; but the text was still deformed and obscured by a multitude of errors ; and a more insproved edition of Euripides was an important desideratum in the republic of letters.
The present edition is greatly superior to every other, that has yet appeared, in elegance and accuracy, and in the learned and useful annotations, with which it is enriched.
In this work the editor has not only collected his materials , from the first, and the niost valuable printed copies ; but has had recourse to a considerable number of MSS. viz. several man nuscript copies of different tragedies in the royal library at Paris ; a MS. at Florence, formerly collated by Isa. Voffius; two MSS. of Hecuba, Orestes, and Phænisfæ, communicated by the late Dr. Askew; a MS. of Rhesus and Troades in the British Museum ; the Cambridge MS, of the three first plays, collated by Barnes ; the MSS. in the library of the Royal Society, and the Bodleian, collated by King, and more accu. sately by Dr. John Burton ; two MS$. at Leyden by Valck. enaer ; the collations of H. Stephens; some manuscript notes in a copy of Barnes's edition in the Bodleian library ; some few annotations by Tanaq. Faber in a copy of Stephens's edition in the royal library at Paris t; and several notes written by Dr. Jortin in the margin of his Euripides.
Besides the Greek text and the Latin interpretarion, this edition contains the author's life by Moschopulus, Tho. Magifter, and Aul. Gellius; a chronological feries of events relative to the Grecian stage ; various lections and annotations ; the fragments of the tragedies which are lost, with a Latin version and notes ; the Greek scholia on seven tragedies; and an index to the notes.
* Professor Reiske published some emendations and conjectures on Euripides, at Leipsic, in 1754.
+ We have seen the MS. notes of T. Faber in the margin of a copy of Canter's Greek cdition, ap. Plant 1571.
In the collection of fragments, Dr. Mörgrave has rejected some passages, which Barnes has ascribed to Euripides without any apparent authority; and has added others, which that compiler has omitted.
It is perhaps to be regretted by every reader, who values his time, that the notes are printed at the end of the three first volumes; and the Latin interpretation and the scholia, fee parately, in the fourth.
This edition however, as far as we can judge by a cursory examination,, will be received with pleasure by every admirer of the clasics; and will confer immortal honour on the learned and judicious editor.
Miscellaneous Works of the late Philip Dormer Stanhope, Earl of
Chesterfield; confifting of Letters, political Trasts, and Poems,
might expect that its authenticity should be established on the most unquestionable foundation. For this purpose it feems indispensably necessary to be informed not only of the name of the editor, but of the channel by which he obtained the manuscripts of the deceased author. Nothing on this sub, ject occurs in the volume before us, which, however, we are far from considering as a spurious production on this account ; as it bears, in general, strong marks of the style and manner of the earl of Chesterfield.
This volume commences with a delineation of the Art of Pleasing, in a series of fourteen letters addressed to master Stanhope ; which afford additional proof of the noble author's consuminate knowledge respecting the nature of mankind, and the means of conciliating affection.
• The desire of being pleased, says his lordship, is universal; the desire of pleasing should be fa too. It is included in that great and fundamental principle of morality, of doing to others what one wishes they should do to us. There are in. deed some moral duties of a much higher nature, but none of a more amiable; and I do not hesitate to place it at the head of what Cicero calls the leniores virtutes.
« The benevolent and feeling heart performs this duty with pleasure, and in a manner that gives it at the same time ; bụt the great, the rich, the powerful, too often bestow their favouss upon their inferiors, in the manner they bestow their scraps upon their dogs ; so as neither to oblige man nor dogs. It is no wonder if favours, benefits, and even charities thus
bestowed ungraciously, should be as coldly and faintly acknow. ledged. Gratitude is a burden upon our imperfect nature; and we are but too willing to ease ourselves of it, or at least to lighten it as much as we can, «
The manner, therefore, of conferring favours or benefits, is, as to pleasing, almost as important as the matter itself. Take care, then, never to throw away the obligations, which perhaps you may have it in your power to confer upon others, by an air of infolent protection, or by a cold and comfortless manner, which stifles them in their birth. Humanity inclines, religion requires, and our moral duties oblige us, as, far as we are able, to relieve the distresses and miseries of our fellow-creatures ; but this is not all; for a true heart-felt be. nevolence and tenderness, will prompt us to contribute what we can to their ease, their amusement, and their pleasure, as far as innocently we may. Let us then not only scatter benefits, but even strew flowers for our fellow-travellers, in the rugged ways of this wretched world.
There are some, and but too many in this country para ticularly, who, without the least visible taint of ill-nature or malevolence, seem to be totally indifferent, and do not thew the least desire to please; as, on the other hand, they never designedly offend. Whether this proceeds from a lazy, negligent, and listless disposition, from a gloomy and melancholic nature, from ill health, low spirits, or from a secret and fullen pride, arising from the consciousness of their boasted liberty and independency, is hard to determine, considering the various movements of the huinan heart, and the wonderful errors of the human head. But, be the cause what it will, that neutrality, which is the effe&t of it, makes these people, as neutralities do, despicable, and mere blanks in society. They would surely be roused from their indifference, if they would seriously consider the infinite utility of pleasing.'
His lordship next considers the means of pleasing, which he reduces to the general rule, endeavour to please, and you will infallibly please to a certain degree : proceeding afterwards to fuggest and enforce, in the strongest manner, the more particular rules for that purpose.
The Letters are fucceeded by Free Thoughts, and Bold Truths; or, a politico-tritical Effay upon the present fituation of Affairs. Written in the year 1755. This piece is composed in the manner of Swift's tritical Effay on the faculties of the mind, which his lordship has happily imitated.
Next follows the Lords Protest against the Convention, in the year 1739, drawn up by lord Chesterfield, and signed by about forty members of the house, To which is subjoined,
The Case of the Hanoverian Forces, in the pay of Great Bri. tain, impartially and freely examined. This piece was the joint production of lord Chesterfield and Mr. Waller, member of parliament for Chipping Wycomb. It contains much polirical information, with a clear view of the politics of the reveral European powers, at that period and during many years preceding. The two subsequent papers in the colle&tion are vindications of this pamphlet against the attacks which had been made upon it by the writers of the ministerial party. . We are afterwards presented with another protest of the lords, on the first of February 1742, and signed with upwards of twenty names. The next production is a Letter to the abbé de la Ville, on the order against publishing news papers at Paris ; in which are contained several particulars relative to the battle of Fontenoy.
The volume concludes with fome poems, viz. Advice to a Lady in Autumn; on a Lady's drinking the Bath Waters; Verfes written in a Lady's Sherlock upon Death ; a Song in Praise of Fanny; another fong ; on the Pi&ure of Mr. Nash at Bath; on the Duchess of Richmond; a Ballad written by Lord Chesterfield and William Pulteney, Efq. afterwards Earl of Barh ; another ballad ; on a Knight of the Bath lofing his Badge of the Order; the Petition of the Fools to Jopiter, a Fable by Mr. Garrick, with Lord Chesterfield's Answer; and two or three epigrams.
Lord Chefterfield's poetical pieces were evidently sportful fallies of the mind in the hour of gaiety. His political tracts, on which he bestowed greater attention, are always plaufible, geperally containing ufeful information, and often strong argument, intermixed with keen ftrokes of farcafm. But, as in his life, so in his writings, the chief characteristics are thofe of the elegant Scholar, the polite gentleman, and the master in the kuowledge of mankind; and it is doubtless in the display of those eminent qualities, that his literary genius appears to the greatest advantage.
Evelina, or, a young Lady's Entrance into ibe World. 12mo. 75.64
Jewed. Lowndes. THIS performance deserves no common praise, whether we
consider it in a moral or literary light. It would have disgraced neither the head nor the heart of Richardson. --The father of a family, observing the knowledge of the world and the lessons of experience which it contains, will recommend it to his daughters ; they will weep and (what is not to com,