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meras.

we feel.

we are seduced, and dazzled by the splendour of brilliant chi

The image of future bliss weakens the happiness that

We are agitated by interest, and ambition; thoughtless joy is succeeded, by corroding care; anxiety, and tumult of mind are substituted for pleasurable sensations. Avarice, and pride continually expose the foul to painful, and violent paroxysms. We wish, we hope, we fear. Sometimes we are successful; we are often unfortunate. At length we find that good is blended with evil. The world has lost its vivid hue ; but it is yet tolerable. As, in the series of our life, adverse or propitious events are more numerous, we form, and inculcate our opinion of the world. Thus, by à calculation, which is relative merely to ourselves, we decide on the merit of men, and ages. If the sum of our pains exceeds that of our pleafures, either the world was always evil ; or it is greatly corrupted since we were born. And if we are provoked by any cross, but common accident, we fay with fir Maurice, " This age is the refuse of ages.”

The style, in which these Letters are written, is lively and animated; the sentiments are just and delicate ; the moral unexceptionable: but the story does not abound with interesting events, sufficient to excite the reader's curiosity, or to warm and interelt his affections with energy and spirit.

The Discipline of the Light Horse. By Captain Hinde, of the

Royal Regiment of Foreffers (Light Dragoons.) Illustrated

with Copper Plates. 8vo. 85. Owen. ΤΗ

HIS work seems to be a complete treatise on every thing

relative to the British cavalry, but more particularly to the light- horse, with regard to their inftitution, management, and importance. Captain Hinde has not divided his subject into any regular chapters, or sections, &c. nor has he kept the different parts of it fufficiently separated. However, he has delivered himself in a plain inielligible style, which is easy to be understood, especially by the gentlemen in the service, who are acquainted with the technical terins, and the matters treated of,

We shall enumerate the articles in the order in which they are placed in the book, and as we collected them in the course of our examinarion. The author begins with the institution of the light cavalry by the duke of Kingston, in the year 1745, giving a fort bistory of their rise, and the manner of it. He ihen lays down full directions concerning riding, to mount, dismount, exercise, march, &r. with instructions for teaching

the

the new men and horses. To manage a squadron in marche' ing, exercising, and fighting. The various phrases or words of command, with the several motions and evolutions to be performed on giving them. The quantity of powder and ball to each man for exercise and for service. The rules and articles for carrying on discipline in quarters, with an account of the necessaries to be found by the colonel, by the captain, and by the men. Methods of encamping. An enumeration of several expeditions and services performed by the light troops on the coast of France in the year 1758, intended to evince the usefulness of that corps ; allo a list of the cavalry now in the British service. Of the particular duties in which light cavalry are to be employed ; with an account of several actions performed in the last war, in which Elliot's troops in Germany, and Burgoyne's in Portugal were very useful. Captain Hinde observes, for these services in Germany and Portugal, the two regiments of Elliot and Burgoyne, were deservedly made the king and queen's royal regiments of light dragoons.

We then meet with a list of the expences of the horse-furniture, accoutrements, and fitting out the light dragoon regiments at the time of raising them; with a farther account of the exercise and evolutions, on horseback and on foot. The manual exercise, with full explanations of the words, orders, and regulations on various occasions. Of the funerals of the cavalry, containing the order and forms observed on all such occasions, from that of the general down to the private men. Regulations concerning standards, cloathing, &c. with the various devices, mottos, and distinctions of the several regi. ments. Warrants for regulating the attendance of the officers, and the stock purse fund of the regiments ; also an account of military honours paid to crowned heads and to other persons ; with forms of muster-rolls, reports, returns, orders, attestations, furloughs, discharges, routes, &c. Regulations for the duty of light dragoons in quarters, relative to the accounts, to arms, furloughs, articles of war, clerks, drills, oeconomy, exercise, farriers, feeding of the horses, guards, inspections, orders, parades, prisoners, riding, fick, marches, jackets, and to the absence of officers. Concerning the care of the horses in time of war, patrols, securing the cavalry's quarters in a plain covered country, night marches, the conduct of officers on grand guards, outposts, and parties. Concerning foraging and foraging parties; the method of embarking and transporting horses; recruiting inftru&ions, deserters, quartering dragoons; the ordinary goards of the cavalry; the officers' commands; the arms and accouirements of an officer ; a new saddle, with an estimate of the whole weight of the troopet and necessaries carried by the horse, and of camp neceffaries. Next follow anecdotes of some actions performed by the light dragoons in the present war in America. Then an account of the pay of all the ranks in the light troops. And, finally, receipts for the cleaning of their clothes, &c.

faddle,

The following extract from the beginning of the book will be a sufficient specimen of captain Hinde's manner of writing.

The first institution of this useful corps that we know of in England, was during the rebellion in the year 1245, when his grace the late duke of Kingfton raised a regiment of light horse for his majesty's service at his own expence, upon an entire new plan, to imitate the huffars in foreign service, to act regularly or irregularly as occafion required, without adhering to the striá rules of the heavy horse, but at any time to co-operate with them; they were mounted upon light horses of various colours, with swish or nick'd tails ; their whole accoutrements were as light as possible, of every sort and species ; their arms were short bullet guns or carbines, sorter than those of the regiments of horse, and Nung to their fides by a moveable fwivel to run op their shoulder belt: their pistols upon the same plan, as they used both carbines and pistols on horseback indiscriminately'; their swords very sharp, and rather inclined to a curve. Their use was sufficiently shown at the battle of Culloden Moor, near Inverness, in Scotland, where his royal highness the duke of Cumberland was mightily pleased with their behaviour and courage, by breaking into the rebel army, and pursuing the scattered remains of it upwards of three miles from the field of battle with a prodigious slaughter. As it is reported several of the light horse killed fifteen and fixteen rebels each man, with a very triling loss to themselves, and in which action they did great credit to the noble peer who raised them, and were so highly approved of by his royal highness the duke of Cumberland, that on their reduction, after the conclusion of the rebellion, he obtained leave of his father, the late king George the fecond, to raise them as his own regiment of light Dragoons. The following order of thanks to them for their fervices at their reduction, Thews the great service they performed. viz.

On Monday the fifteenth of September, 1746, the regiment of horse raised last year by his grace the duke of Kingston, in Nottinghamshire, which did so much service at the battle of Cule loden, was disbanded at Nottingham; the common men had three guineas each given them, with their bridles and faddles, and every officer and soldier had a printed copy of the secretary at war's letter to the duke of Kingston, which was as follows:

“ My lord, “ His majesty has thought fit to order the regiment of horse under your grace's command to be disbanded ; but as the king confiders the zeal and affection expressed for bis person and gavernment, in your grace's offer to raise this regiment in the late important time of national danger, and the chearfulness and alacrity with which it was raised, he cannot part with it without exprefúng his particular satisfaction therein ; I am therefore, by his majesty's command, and in his name, to thank your grace, and your officers, for the seasonable and distinguishing marks you have given of your fidelity and attachment to his majesty on this occafion.

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" I am likewise commanded by his majesty to defire your grace, and the rest of your officers, to thank the private men, in his name, for their services, before they are dismissed, in order that there may be no one person in your regiment unacquainted with the sense his majesty has of their loyalty, activity, and gallant behaviour in his service : qualities which have been so conspicuous in your grace's regiment, that his majesty, willing to retain as many as posible of such soldiers in his service, has been pleased to order a regiment of dragoons to be raised at the same time and place, when and where your grace's regiment shall be disbanded, and to direct that as many of the officers and private men belonging to your grace's regiment, as Thall be willing, may serve in the said regiment of dragoons, of which, as a signal mark of honour and distinction, his royal highness the duke of Cumberland will himself be colonel.

“ As this is a great and most honourable proof of his majesty's royal approbation of your past services, so I doubt not but that your grace, and the other officers of your regiment, will engage as many as may be of your men to enlist themselves, and there by thew, that the same zeal continues for their king and couq. try, which they have already so meritorioully exerted in defence of both.

“ I am, with the greatest respect,

“ My lord, your grace's
« War-Office,

Moft obedient,
Sept. 1746.

Most humble servant,

« H. FOX." • It is very remarkable, that all the men, excepting eight, entered immediately into the duke of Cumberland's, 'new regiment; and those gentlemen who did not enter, gave reafons very satisfactory and honourable*. It is further to be mentioned, that there were three butchers of Nottingham that had entered into the duke of Kingston's regiment, who killed fourteen rebels each at the late battle of Culloden.

• The regiment was now raised again from horse to be light dragoons, but mounted upon the same fort of light nag-tailed

• Some useful bints may be taken from this method of raising a regiment of light dragoons; for a similar conduct at the discharge of the militia regiments, after their time of service expires, to requit the regulars with men fit for immediate service.

horses, horses, from fourteen and a half to fifteen hands high, their arms and accoutrements, furniture, saddles, bridles, and all their appointments entirely on a heretofore new and light plan, the size of the men from five feet eight to five feet nine inches, but wore bats as the heavy dragoons, and not helmets.

• The regiment went over to Flanders under his royal highness the duke of Cumberland's command, and were present at the battle of Val, or Kistelt, July 2, 1747, where they behaved bravely, and had several of their officers and men taken prisoners; but on the peace in 1748 they were entirely disbanded, and no light horse were retained in his majesty's service till just before the ensuing war in 1756, from the gallant behaviour of Kingfton's light horse during the rebellion in 1745, and his royal highness the duke of Cumberland's light dragoons in Flanders, it was thought necessary to have a body of light cavalry in our service, as well as the foreign states : therefore, at the latter end of the year 1755, eleven troops of light dragoons, consisting of 65 men per troop, besides three officers, were added to the eleven regiments of dragoons on the British establish ment, who were disciplined in a different manner from the heavy regiments. Till this time the horse, or troopers, were called light horse, to difinguish them from the heavy dragoons, which on raising this new corps entirely ceased ; the arms of these light troops were a sort of carbine, with the bar and Niding ring, with a bayonet, but no fling; the carbine carried in a bucket, as the heavy horse; the belts tanned leather, the brie dles and bitts fmall and light, as were the saddles, though made like the heavy with burs and a cantle; they carried no fide pouches, like the dragoons, but in lieu of it a swivel, which played up and down their shoulder belt, to which the carbine was sprung or fastened, and hung with the muzzle downwards during exercise, as they fired on horseback as well as on foot, contrary to the horse in general, except the buffars in foreign service. They also used their piftols, but at first they had only one each man, as they carried in their right holster either an ax, hedging bill, or spade ; instead of hats they wore a cap, or helmet, made of strong black jackt leather, with bars down the sides, and a brass bar at top; the front red, ornamented with brass work, with the cypher and crown, and number of the regiment to which they belonged, with a tuft of horse hair on the back of their front, half red, and the other half the colour of the facing of the regiment; just before they were disbanded, they had a new sort of helmet, with a turban behind rowled round the whole, with two tosfels at the back, tied in a knot to fall down over their neck in bad weather, as the for. mer cap had a rowled-up leather flap round it for the same purpose.

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