« PoprzedniaDalej »
we are feduced, and dazzled by the fplendour of brilliant chimeras. The image of future blifs weakens the happiness that we feel. We are agitated by intereft, and ambition; thoughtlefs joy is fucceeded, by corroding care; anxiety, and tumult of mind are fubftituted for pleasurable fenfations. Avarice, and pride continually expofe the foul to painful, and violent paroxyfms. We wish, we hope, we fear. Sometimes we are fuccefsful; we are often unfortunate. At length we find that good is blended with evil. The world has loft its vivid hue; but it is yet tolerable. As, in the series of our life, adverse or propitious events are more numerous, we form, and inculcate our opinion of the world. Thus, by à calculation, which is relative merely to ourselves, we decide on the merit of men, and ages. If the sum of our pains exceeds that of our pleafures, either the world was always evil; or it is greatly corrupted fince we were born. And if we are provoked by any crofs, but common accident, we fay with fir Maurice, age is the refufe of ages."
The style, in which thefe Letters are written, is lively and animated; the fentiments are just and delicate; the moral unexceptionable but the ftory does not abound with interefting events, fufficient to excite the reader's curiofity, or to warm and intereft his affections with energy and spirit.
The Difcipline of the Light Horfe. By Captain Hinde, of the Royal Regiment of Forefters (Light Dragoons.) Illuftrated with Copper Plates. 8vo. 8s. Owen.
T HIS work feems to be a complete treatife on every thing relative to the British cavalry, but more particularly to the light-horfe, with regard to their inftitution, management, and importance. Captain Hinde has not divided his fubject into any regular chapters, or fections, &c. nor has he kept the different parts of it fufficiently feparated. However, he has delivered himself in a plain intelligible ftyle, which is easy to be understood, efpecially, by the gentlemen in the fervice, who are acquainted with the technical terms, and the matters treated of.
We fhall enumerate the articles in the order in which they are placed in the book, and as we collected them in the course of our examination. The author begins with the inftitution of the light cavalry by the duke of Kingston, in the year 1745, giving a short hiftory of their rife, and the manner of it. He then lays down full directions concerning riding, to mount, difmount, exercife, march, &c. with inftructions for teaching.
the new men and horfes. To manage a fquadron in marching, exercifing, and fighting. The various phrafes or words of command, with the several motions and evolutions to be performed on giving them. The quantity of powder and ball to each man for exercife and for fervice. The rules and articles for carrying on difcipline in quarters, with an account of the neceffaries to be found by the colonel, by the captain, and by the men. Methods of encamping. An enumeration of feveral expeditions and fervices performed by the light troops on the coast of France in the year 1758, intended to evince the usefulness of that corps; alfo a lift of the cavalry now in ́ the British fervice. Of the particular duties in which light cavalry are to be employed; with an account of feveral actions performed in the laft war, in which Elliot's troops in Germany, and Burgoyne's in Portugal were very useful. Captain Hinde observes, for these fervices in Germany and Portugal, the two regiments of Elliot and Burgoyne, were defervedly made the king and queen's royal regiments of light dragoons.'
We then meet with a lift of the expences of the horse-furniture, accoutrements, and fitting out the light dragoon regiments at the time of raifing them; with a farther account of the exercise and evolutions, on horfeback and on foot. The manual exercise, with full explanations of the words, orders, and regulations on various occafions. Of the funerals of the cavalry, containing the order and forms obferved on all fuch occafions, from that of the general down to the private men. Regulations concerning ftandards, cloathing, &c. with the various devices, mottos, and diftinctions of the several regiments. Warrants for regulating the attendance of the officers, and the ftock purse fund of the regiments; also an account of military honours paid to crowned heads and to other perfons; with forms of mufter-rolls, reports, returns, orders, attestations, furloughs, difcharges, routes, &c. Regulations for the duty of light dragoons in quarters, relative to the accounts, to arms, furloughs, articles of war, clerks, drills, oeconomy, exercise, farriers, feeding of the horses, guards, inspections, orders, parades, prifoners, riding, fick, marches, jackets, and to the abfence of officers. Concerning the care of the horfes in time of war, patrols, fecuring the cavalry's quarters in a plain covered country, night marches, the conduct of officers on grand guards, outpofts, and parties. Concerning foraging and foraging parties; the method of embarking and tranfporting horfes; recruiting inftru&tions, deferters, quartering dragoons; the ordinary guards of the cavalry; the officers' commands; the arms and accoutrements of an officer; a new
faddle, with an estimate of the whole weight of the trooper and neceffaries carried by the horse, and of camp neceffaries. Next follow anecdotes of fome actions performed by the light dragoons in the prefent war in America. Then an account of the pay of all the ranks in the light troops. And, finally; receipts for the cleaning of their clothes, &c.
The following extract from the beginning of the book will be a fufficient specimen of captain Hinde's manner of writing.
• The first inftitution of this useful corps that we know of in England, was during the rebellion in the year 1745, when his grace the late duke of Kingfton raifed a regiment of light horfe for his majefty's fervice at his own expence, upon an entire new plan, to imitate the huffars in foreign fervice, to act regularly or irregularly as occafion required, without adhering to the ftrict rules of the heavy horfe, but at any time to co-operate with them; they were mounted upon light horfes of various colours, with fwifh or nick'd tails; their whole accoutrements were as light as poffible, of every fort and fpecies; their arms were short bullet guns or carbines, fhorter than thofe of the regiments of horfe, and flung to their fides by a moveable fwivel to run up their fhoulder belt: their piftols upon the fame plan, as they ufed both carbines and piftols on horfeback indifcriminately; their fwords very fharp, and rather inclined to a curve. Their ufe was fufficiently fhown at the battle of Culloden Moor, near Inverness, in Scotland, where his royal highnefs the duke of Cumberland was mightily pleafed with their behaviour and courage, by breaking into the rebel army, and purfuing the feattered remains of it upwards of three miles from the field of battle with a prodigious flaughter. As it is reported feveral of the light horfe killed fifteen and fixteen rebels each man, with a very trifling lofs to themfelves, and in which action they did great credit to the noble peer who raifed them, and were fo highly approved of by his royal highness the duke of Cumberland, that on their reduction, after the conclufion of the rebellion, he obtained leave of his father, the late king George the fecond, to raife them as his own regiment of light Dragoons. The following order of thanks to them for their fervices at their reduction, fhews the great fervice they performed. viz.
On Monday the fifteenth of September, 1746, the regiment of horse raised last year by his grace the duke of Kingston, in Nottinghamshire, which did fo much fervice at the battle of Culloden, was disbanded at Nottingham; the common men had three guineas each given them, with their bridles and faddles, and every officer and foldier had a printed copy of the secretary at war's letter to the duke of Kingston, which was as follows:
"His majesty has thought fit to order the regiment of horfe under your grace's command to be disbanded; but as the king
confiders the zeal and affection expreffed for his perfon and gavernment, in your grace's offer to raise this regiment in the late important time of national danger, and the chearfulness and alacrity with which it was raifed, he cannot part with it without expreffing his particular fatisfaction therein; I am therefore, by his majefty's command, and in his name, to thank your grace, and your officers, for the feasonable and diftinguishing marks you have given of your fidelity and attachment to his majesty on this occafion.
"I am likewife commanded by his majesty to defire your grace, and the rest of your officers, to thank the private men, in his name, for their fervices, before they are difmiffed, in order that there may be no one perfon in your regiment unacquainted with the fenfe his majefty has of their loyalty, activity, and gallant behaviour in his fervice: qualities which have been fo confpicuous in your grace's regiment, that his majesty, willing to retain as many as poffible of fuch foldiers in his fervice, has been pleased to order a regiment of dragoons to be raised at the fame time and place, when and where your grace's regiment fhall be disbanded, and to direct that as many of the officers and private men belonging to your grace's regiment, as fhall be willing, may ferve in the faid regiment of dragoons, of which, as a fignal mark of honour and diftinction, his royal highness the duke of Cumberland will himself be colonel.
As this is a great and most honourable proof of his majesty's royal approbation of your paft fervices, fo I doubt not but that your grace, and the other officers of your regiment, will engage as many as may be of your men to enlift themfelves, and thereby fhew, that the fame zeal continues for their king and country, which they have already, fo meritoriously exerted in defence of both.
"War-Office, Sept. 1746.
"I am, with the greatest respect,
Moft humble fervant,
It is very remarkable, that all the men, excepting eight, entered immediately into the duke of Cumberland's new regi ment; and thofe gentlemen who did not enter, gave reafons very fatisfactory and honourable*. It is further to be mentioned, that there were three butchers of Nottingham that had entered into the duke of Kingston's regiment, who killed fourteen rebels each at the late battle of Culloden.
• The regiment was now raised again from horfe to be light dragoons, but mounted upon the fame fort of light nag-tailed
Some useful hints may be taken from this method of raising a regiment of light dragoons; for a fimilar conduct at the discharge of the militia regiments, after their time of service expires, to reruit the regulars with men fit for immediate fervice.
horfes, from fourteen and a half to fifteen hands high, their arms and accoutrements, furniture, faddles, bridles, and all their appointments entirely on a heretofore new and light plan, the fize of the men from five feet eight to five feet nine inches, but wore hats as the heavy dragoons, and not heimets.
The regiment went over to Flanders under his royal highnefs the duke of Cumberland's command, and were prefent at the battle of Val, or Kiftelt, July 2, 1747, where they behaved bravely, and had feveral of their officers and men taken pri foners; but on the peace in 1748 they were entirely difbanded, and no light horfe were retained in his majesty's fervice till juft before the enfuing war in 1756, from the gallant behaviour of Kingston's light horfe during the rebellion in 1745, and his royal highness the duke of Cumberland's light dragoons in Flanders, it was thought neceffary to have a body of light cavalry in our fervice, as well as the foreign ftates: therefore, at the latter end of the year 1755, eleven troops of light dragoons, confifting of 65 men per troop, befides three officers, were added to the eleven regiments of dragoons on the British establishment, who were disciplined in a different manner from the heavy regiments. Till this time the horse, or troopers, were called light horfe, to diflinguish them from the heavy dragoons, which on raifing this new corps entirely ceased; the arms of these light troops were a fort of carbine, with the bar and sliding ring, with a bayonet, but no fling; the carbine carried in a bucket, as the heavy horse; the belts tanned leather, the bridles and bitts fmall and light, as were the faddles, though made like the heavy with burs and a cantle; they carried no fide pouches, like the dragoons, but in lieu of it a fwivel, which played up and down their fhoulder belt, to which the carbine was fprung or faftened, and hung with the muzzle downwards during exercise, as they fired on horfeback as well as on foot, contrary to the horfe in general, except the huffars in foreign service. They also used their piftols, but at firft they had only one each man, as they carried in their right holfter either an ax, hedging bill, or fpade; inftead of hats they wore a cap, or helmet, made of ftrong black jackt leather, with bars down the fides, and a brass bar at top; the front red, ornamented with brass work, with the cypher and crown, and number of the regiment to which they belonged, with a tuft of horse hair on the back of their front, half red, and the other half the colour of the facing of the regiment; juft before they were dif banded, they had a new fort of helmet, with a turban behind rowled round the whole, with two toffels at the back, tied in a knot to fall down over their neck in bad weather, as the for mer cap had a rowled-up leather flap round it for the fame purpose.'